doc文档 2012-2013年河北省衡水市第十四中学高二下学期期末考试英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 衡水市第十四中学2012-2013学年高二下学期期末考试 英语试题 本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。共150分。考试时间120分钟。考试结束,将答题纸和答题卡一并交回。 I卷(共115分) 第一部分 I.听力(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 第一节 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Who is the girl referred to by the man? A. The woman’s sister. B. The woman’s friend. C. The woman’s baby-sitter. 2. What does the woman mean? Judy is qualified for the job Judy can afford some errors. Judy is a careless person 3. Where is the man , most probably ? A.In a restaurant B. At an airport. C. In a hotel. 4. What can we learn about the woman? A. She was late for the film. B. She didn’t see the film. C. She thought the film was terrible. 5. What will tomorrow’s weather be like? A. Windy. B. Rainy. C. Sunny. 第二节 听下面5段对话。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项. 听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。 6. What did the man do last Saturday? A. He stayed at home. B.He did some reading . C. He went for a picnic. 7.What will the woman do next? A. Borrow a book . B.Take a walk. C. Complete a form. 听第7段材料,回答8至9题。 8.Why does the woman want to quit her job? A. She is not qualified for the job B. She has little chance of being promoted. C. She doesn’t like the work environment there. 9.How long has the woman worked in the company? A. For two years. B. For three years C. For four years. 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。 10. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Husband and wife. B. Workmates. C. Boss and secretary. 11.Where will the conference that the man might not attend be held? A. In Hong Kong. B. In Singapore. C. In Berlin. 12.What will the man do next? A. Watch the in-flight movie. B.Wait at the airport. C. Call Mr.Tang. 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。 13.How will the woman go to Boston? A. By bus. B. By train. C. By air. 14. Why is the woman going to go to Boston? A. For business. B. To visit a friend. C. For a tour. 15.Where did the woman first meet her friend? A. In Boston. B. In Newton. C. In New York. 16. What does the man think of gloves as gifts? A. Risky. B. Ordinary. C. Perfect. 听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。 17. Which may NOT be a benefit of summer camps? A. They make children more likely to live on their own. B. They provide a chance for children to develop new skills. C. They promote understanding between parents and children. 18.For which age group of children are the overnight camps designed? A. Four to sixteen. B. six to sixteen. C. Ten to sixteen. 19.Who may receive help from the Fresh Air Fund? A. Poor children .in the countryside B. Poor children all over the country. C. Poor children in New York city. 20.How many children are helped by the Fresh Air Fund per year? A. Around 13,000. B. Around 30,000. C. Around 17,000. 第二部分 英语知识运用 第一节单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 21. —Do you like classical music? —________.I'm quite keen on jazz. A.It doesn't matter      B.My pleasure C.Sure D.Not really 22. We planned to climb the mountain today, but in such ________ bad weather, it seems out of ________ question. A.不填; the B.不填; 不填 C.a; a D.a; the 23. The governor is occupied ________ the meeting at the moment. May I take a message? A.with B.at C.in D.for 24. It is recommended that the project ________ not be started until all the prepara tions have been made. A.must B.can C.need D.should 25. ________ is often the case with elder people, my grandma talked about my new hairstyle for at least 50 minutes nonstop. A.That B.Which C.As D.It 26. We are bound ______ with difficulties in carrying out this research. A.to meet B.to have met C.meeting D.having met 27. The child is much too young; I object ______ him alone at home. A.to leave B.leave C.leaving D.to leaving 28. Although a teenager, Fred could not resist ______ what to do and what not to do. A.telling B.to tell C.being told D.to be told 29. Though we take a great risk of investing in the project, yet it will ______ in the long run. A.go off B.turn up C.pay off D.come up 30. ______a terrible storm would take place in Hainan. A.Word came which B.Word came that C.Word that came D.Words came that 31.Ronaldo was ______ to win the 100-meter hurdle race, but he fell to the ground and missed the chance. A.possible  B.probable C.likely D.maybe 32. The lake by the village is believed ______ a number of victims in the past 3 years. A.to claim B.to have claimed C.claiming D.being claiming 33. Don't be ______by products promising to make you lose weight quickly. A.taken off B.taken out C.taken away D.taken in 34.She managed to climb out of the car, ______ unhurt. A.apparently B.occasionally C.freely D.peacefully 35. ______ the students in our school go to college in their teens. A.A good many B.A great many of C.A great deal of D.A great deal 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,掌握其大意后从36—55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项填入答题卡. A young student was one day taking a walk with a professor, who was commonly __36_ the students’ friend. As they went  37, they saw lying in the path a pair of old 38_, which they supposed to belong to  a poor man who was working in a 39 . The student turned to the professor, saying: “Let us play the man  40: we will hide his shoes, and 41ourselves behind those bushes, and wait to see his 42 when he cannot find them.”   “My young friend,” answered the professor, “we should never  43 ourselves at the  44of the poor. But you are  45, and may give yourself a much greater  46 by means of the poor man. Put a coin into each shoe, and then we will hide ourselves and  47 how the discovery affects him.” The student did so, and they both placed themselves behind the bushes. The poor man soon finished his work and came   48the field to the path  49 he had left his coat and shoes. While  50his coat he slipped his foot into one of his shoes; but feeling something 51, he bent down to feel  52 it was, and found the coin. Astonishment and wonder were seen upon his face. He then looked around him on all sides, but no person was to be seen. He now put the money into his pocket, and continued to put on the other shoe; but his53was doubled on finding the other coin. He fell upon his knees, looked up to heaven and said aloud a fervent(热烈的) thanksgiving, in which he  54 his wife, sick and helpless, and his children without bread. The student stood there deeply55, and his eyes filled with tears.  36. A. held        B. kept    C. named       D. called 37. A. along     B. on       C. over    D. back 38. A. socks  B. gloves   C. shoes   D. trousers 39. A. field  B. factory    C. company   D. shop 40. A. a game    B. a trick    C. a joke    D. a word 41. A. hide       B. have    C. let    D. make 42. A. pleasure    B. sorrow    C. disappointment   D. anxiety 43. A. make    B. treat    C. amuse    D. laugh 44. A. price    B. expense    C. value    D. pay 45. A. poor    B. kind    C. honest    D. rich 46. A. pleasure    B. money    C. thought   D. good 47. A. notice    B. watch    C. realize   D. find 48. A. about   B. across   C. into    D. by 49. A. where     B. that   C. there     D. which 50. A. wearing    B. dressing   C. putting on    D. pulling 51. A. soft    B. terrible   C. strange   D. hard 52. A. what     B. how    C. whether   D. why 53. A. confidence   B. embarrassment     C. surprise    D. joy 54. A. mentioned    B. remembered   C. recommended   D. reminded 55. A. amazed    B. defeated      C. puzzled   D. affected 第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题,每题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A “Our aim is to take our art to the world and make people understand what it is to move,” said David Belle, the co­founder of parkour (跑酷). Do you love running? It is a good exercise, yet many people find it boring. But what if making your morning jog a creative one?Like jumping from walls and over gaps and ground rolls? Just like the James Bond in the movie Casino Royale? Bond jumps down from a roof to a windowsill and then runs several blocks over obstacles on the way. It is just because of Bond's wonderful performances that the sport has become popular worldwide. Yes, that's parkour, an extreme street sport aimed at moving from one point to another as quickly as possible, getting over all the obstacles in the path using only the abilities of the human body. Parkour is considered an extreme sport. As its participants dash around a city, they may jump over fences, run up walls and even move from rooftop to rooftop. Parkour can be just as exciting and charming as it sounds,but its participants see parkour much more than that. Overcoming all the obstacles on the course and in life is part of the philosophy (哲理) behind parkour. This is the same as life. You must determine your destination, go straight, and jump over all the barriers as if in parkour and never fall back from them in your life, to reach the destination successfully. A parkour lover said,“I love parkour because its philosophy has become my life, my way to do everything.” Another philosophy we've learnt from parkour is freedom. It can be done by anyone, at any time, anywhere in the world. It is a kind of expression of trust in yourself that you earn energy and confidence. 56.Parkour has become popular throughout the world because of ________. A.its co­founder, David Belle B.the film, Casino Royale C.its risks and tricks D.the varieties of participants 57.The underlined word “obstacles” in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to “________”. A.streets B.objects C.barriers D.roofs 58.Which of the following is TRUE of parkour? A.It challenges human abilities. B.It is a good but boring sport. C.It needs special training. D.It is a team sport. 59.Which of the following is the philosophy of parkour? A.Sports and extremes. B.Excitement and popul arity. C.Dreams and success. D.Determination and freedom. B Baby girls make their way directly for dolls as soon as they can crawl, while boys will head for the toy cars, a study has shown. The findings, the first to show differences in very young babies, suggest there is a biological(生物学的) basis to their preferences(偏爱). Psychologists Dr. Brenda Todd from City University London carried out an experiment involving 90 infants(婴儿) aged nine months to 36 months. The babies were allowed to choose from seven toys. Some were stereotypically boys' toys - a car, a digger, a ball and a blue teddy. The rest were girls’ toys: a pink teddy, a doll and a cooking set. They were placed a meter away from the toys, and could pick whichever toy they liked. Their choice and the amount of time they spent playing with each toy were recorded. Of the youngest children (nine to 14 months), girls spent significantly longer playing with the doll than boys, and boys spent much more time with the car and ball than the girls did. Among the two-and three-year-olds, girls spent 50 percent of the time playing with the doll while only two boys briefly touched it. The boys spent almost 90 percent of their time playing with cars, which the girls barely touched. There was no link between the parents’ view on which toys were more appropriate for boys or girls, and the children’s choice. Dr Brenda Todd said: “Children of this age are already exposed to much socialization(社会化). Boys may be given ‘toys that go’ while girls get toys they can care for, which may help shape their preference. But these findings agree with the former idea that children show natural interests in particular kinds of toys. There could be a biological basis for their choices. Males through evolution have been adapted to prefer moving objects, probably through hunting instincts(本能), while girls prefer warmer colours such as pink, the colour of a newborn baby.” 60. Baby boys and girls have different toy preferences probably because__________. A.baby boys are much more active B.baby girls like bright colours more C.there is a natural difference between them D.their parents treat them differently 61.What can we infer from Paragraph 3? A.Nine-month-old baby boys don’t play with dolls at all. B.Two-year-old baby girls sometimes play with cars and balls. C.Parents should teach their babies to share each other’s toys. D.The older the babies are, the more obvious their preference is. 62.What conclusion did Dr. Brenda Todd draw from the results of the study? A.Babies’ preference isn’t affected by social surroundings. B.Adults purposely(故意地) influence their babies preference. C.Baby boys preferring to moving toys will be good at hunting. D.Baby girls preferring warmer colors will be warm-hearted. 63.We may read this article in a_________ section of a newspaper. A.health B.science C. education D.entertainment C How could we have thought so wrongly of as banana peel that it always hits the garbage? Utility of anything seems to be in the eyes of the beholder. The banana peel hasn't been an exception. What most of us looked at as waste was converted to a thing of utility by Prithwis Mukhopadlyay, a 14-year-old prodigy. This Bengali boy, nourished in the US, Lake Junior High in Woodbury, Minnesota, has come up with an idea to convert banana peels to biogas.(生物气). It's well known that almost any organic waste can be converted to biogas. But why biogas from banana peel has hit the news is because it produced five times as much biogas as manure(粪), a commonly used source for producing biogas, in the experiments Prithwis conducted. He filled two airtight containers, one with manure and the other with banana peels. Then he mixed each content with water and connected them to empty jars via pipes to collect the gas produced. He placed a heater next to each jar and measured the gas collected for 60 days. His studies proved that banana peels produced five times more biogas than manure. This project titled 'Comparison analysis: Eco-friendly source of energy for the future,' earned him a spot in Discovery Channel Young Scientist Challenge. This weekend, the young whiz is to showcase his research work along with 40 other finalists at Washington. "Initially, I thought of doing a project that would reduce global warming. Things changed after I visited a biogas plant in a village in India during my summer vacations. It was an amazing experience," Prithwis says. 64. Why could Prithwis's finding receive the attention of the media? A. Because he is a prodigy. B. Because he is of Bengali descent. C. Because he used an extremely rare organic waste to produce biogas. D.Because his research proved that banana peels can produce more biogas. 65.Where did Prithwis derive his inspiration from? Lake Junior High. B Discovery Channel. C. India. D.His laboratory at home. 66. This article probably appeared in a _________ magazine. A. gourmet B. science C. computer D. fashion D World Health Day is celebrated on 7 April to mark the anniversary of the founding of WHO in 1948. Each year a theme is selected for World Health Day that highlights a priority area of public health concern in the world.  The theme for 2013 is high blood pressure. High blood pressure increases the risk of heart attacks, strokes(中风). If left uncontrolled, high blood pressure can also cause blindness, irregularities of the heartbeat and heart failure. The risk of developing these complications is higher in the presence of other risk factors such as diabetes(糖尿病). One in three adults worldwide has high blood pressure and this increases with age, from 1 in 10 people in their 20s and 30s to 5 in 10 people in their 50s. High blood pressure is most common in some low-income countries in Africa, with over 40% of adults in many African countries thought to be affected. However, high blood pressure is both preventable and treatable. In some developed countries, prevention and treatment of it has brought about a reduction in deaths from heart disease. The risk of developing high blood pressure can be reduced by: reducing salt intake; eating a balanced diet; avoiding harmful use of alcohol; taking regular physical activity; keeping a healthy body weight; and avoiding tobacco use. The final and most important goal of World Health Day 2013 is to reduce heart attacks and strokes, which includes as follows: 1.to raise awareness of the causes and consequences of high blood pressure; 2.to provide information on how to prevent high blood pressure 3.to encourage adults to check their blood pressure and to follow the advice of health-care professionals. 67.High blood pressure can cause medical problems like_____. heart diseases, strokes and blindness B. strokes, heart failure and diabetes heart attacks, blindness and diabetes D. heart troubles,strokes and cancers 68.Who are most likely to be affected by high blood pressure? A. Those who are in their 20s B. Those who are in their 30s C. Those who are in their 40s D. Those who are in their 50s 69.Which of the following can NOT reduce the risk of developing high blood pressure? A. Less salt intake B.Putting on weight C.Regular exercise D.No smoking 70.The text is mainly about______. the theme for World Health Day 2013 B. the causes of high blood pressure the treatment of heart attacks and strokes D. how to reduce the risk of high blood pressure 根据短文内容,从短文后选项中选出能够填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。(每个选项为2分,共10分)(E=AB F=AC G=AD) Everyone knows that the Frenchmen are romantic, the Italians are fashionable and the Germans are serious. Are these just stereotypes or is there really such a thing as national character? And if there is, can it affect how a nation succeed or fail? At least one group of people is certain that it can. A recent survey of the top 500 entrepreneurs (企业家) in the UK found that 70% felt that their efforts were not appreciated by the British public. Britain is hostile (敌意的) to success, they said. It has a culture of jealousy(嫉妒). 1 Jealousy is sometimes known as the “green – eyed monster” and the UK is its home. Scientists at Warwich University in the UK recently tested this idea. They gathered a group of people together and gave each an imaginary amount of money. 2 Those given a little were given the chance to destroy the large amount of money given to others – but at the cost of losing their own. Two thirds of the people tested agreed to do this. 3 . But there is also opposite evidence. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development recently reported that the UK is now the world’s fourth largest economy. That is not bad for people who are supposed to hate success. People in the UK also work longer hours than anyone else in Europe. So the British people are not lazy, either. “It is not really success that the British dislike,” says Carey Cooper, a professor of management at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology. “It’s people using their success in a way that seems proud or unfair or which separates them from their roots.” 4 They set out to do things in their way. They work long hours. By their own efforts they become millionaires. 5 . It hardly seems worth following their example. If they were more friendly, people would like them more. And more people want to be like them. A. This seems to prove that the entrepreneurs were right to complain. B.The one who owns most money in the end is the winner. C.As a result, the survey said, entrepreneurs were “unloved, unwanted and misunderstood.” D.It is not true that British people are born jealous of others` success. E. Some were given a little, others a great deal. F. But instead of being happy they complain that nobody loves them. G. Perhaps it is the entrepreneurs who are the problem. 第II卷  非选择题(共35分) 第四部分: 写作(共两节, 满分35分) 第一节:短文改错 (共10分,每小题1分,满分10分) 该文中共有十处错误,每句中最多有两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( \)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改十处, 多者(从第11处起) 不计分。 Manager, I am an exchange student from China. Yesterday, I went to your cinema to see a film. The film was very well, but I did not enjoy it because there were some problem in the cinema. First, the film was delayed as there were so much advertisements at the beginning. It was rather annoyed. Second, the sound of the film was too loud that I could hardly bear. The EXIT signs could not be seen clearly, which presented potential safety hazards. If something terribly should happen, it will be difficult for people to get out quickly. As a visitor to your city, I’m disappointed with my experience in your cinema. I am writing a letter in the hope that you can consider about these problems and make more improvements. Yours faithfully, Li Hua 第二节:书面表达(满分25分) 假定你是李华,David是美国笔友。他对中国鼓励使用环保购物袋很感兴趣,来信向你询问此事。请你给他写封回信。主要内容如下:1,感谢他的关注。2,简要介绍相关情况。3,谈谈你的感想。 注意: 1.可在所给内容的基础上做适当的发挥; 2.词数100字左右. 3.参考词汇: 环保袋 environment-friendly shopping bag Dear David, _____________________________________________________________ 英语答题纸 注意:将答案写在答题纸上。写在试卷上无效。 第四部分: 写作(共两节, 满分35分) 第一节:短文改错 (共10分,每小题1分,满分10分) 该文中共有十处错误,每句中最多有两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( \)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改十处, 多者(从第11处起) 不计分。 Manager, I am an exchange student from China. Yesterday, I went to your cinema to see a film. The film was very well, but I did not enjoy it because there were some problem in the cinema. First, the film was delayed as there were so much advertisements at the beginning. It was rather annoyed. Second, the sound of the film was too loud that I could hardly bear. The EXIT signs could not be seen clearly, which presented potential safety hazards. If something terribly should happen, it will be difficult for people to get out quickly. As a visitor to your city, I’m disappointed with my experience in your cinema. I am writing a letter in the hope that you can consider about these problems and make more improvements. Yours faithfully, Li Hua 第二节:书面表达(满分25分) 假定你是李华,David是美国笔友。他对中国鼓励使用环保购物袋很感兴趣,来信向你询问此事。请你给他写封回信。主要内容如下:1,感谢他的关注。2,简要介绍相关情况。3,谈谈你的感想。 注意: 1.可在所给内容的基础上做适当的发挥; 2.词数100字左右. 3.参考词汇: 环保袋 environment-friendly shopping bag Dear David, 高二期末考试英语答案 改错答案 书面表达 ·16· 
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