陕西长安一中 2012—2013学年度上学期期中考试 高二英语试题 命题人 张小燕 审题人 李高辉 本试卷分第1卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分，共150分．考试时间100分钟。 注意事项： 1．答题前，考生务必先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题纸上，认真核对条形码上的姓名、准考证号，并将条形码粘贴在答题纸上的指定位置上． 2．选择题答案使用2B铅笔填涂，如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案标号；非选择题答案用0．5毫米的黑色中性（签字）笔或碳素笔书写，字体工整，笔迹清楚． 3．请按照题号在各题的答题区域（黑色线框）内作答，超出答题区域书写的答案无效． 4．保持纸面清洁，不折叠，不破损． 5．若做选考题时，考生应按照题目要求作答，并用2B铅笔在答题纸上把所选题目对应的题号涂黑． 第Ⅰ卷（两部分，共95分） 第一部分：语言知识运用（共四节，满分55分） 第一节语音知识（共5小题，每小题1分，满分5分） 从每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中，找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 1. challenge A. mask B. apply C. lack D. material 2. housewife A. blouse B. roughly C. countryside D. thorough 3. description A. collection B. electric C. kettle D. receiver 4. characteristic A. switch B. technical C. chief D. chart 5. goods A. stove B. basin C. desert D. fasten 第二节 情景对话（共5小题，每小题1分，满分5分） 根据对话情景和内容，从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两个为多余选项。[来源:Z#xx#k.Com] —I am so excited that we are going to the new shopping center. 6 —Let’s go shopping first. Then we’ll go to KFC . 7 —But wait a minute. I probably couldn’t get to the shops. They are all upstairs and I can’t use escalator since I am in a wheelchair. — 8 They have a special elevator that you can use. —Great！ 9 They always have those small chairs and I can’t roll the wheelchair to the table. —I have an idea！Let’s buy the food at the restaurant and then go and eat outside .It’s much nicer than sitting in a crowded restaurant, anyway. —Cool. It will be like a picnic. —But it would be difficult to get into the seats in the cinema. — 10 However, I am sure I would be able to sit in the aisle. A. Well, I would need help to get into the cinema. B. Where should we go first? C. But what about the restaurant? D. Can you help me? E. After lunch we will go to the cinema. F. It is hard to get into the restaurant to get drink. G. No problem. 第三 节 语法和词汇知识（共15小题，每小题1分，满分15分） 从每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 11. The people ________ to the party were famous American scientists. A. invited B. to invited C. being invited D. inviting 12. I think it is parents that ________ for their son’s bad performa nce at school. A. is to blame B. are to be blamed C. are to blame D. is to be blamed 13. ________ in his work, Carol simply forgot food and sleep. A. Absorbing B. To absorb C. Absorb D. Absorbed 14. For a while, nothing happened. Then ________all shouting together. A. voices had come B. did voices come[来源:学科网] C. voices would come D. came voices 15. The world ________ seven continents and four oceans. A. makes up of B. consists of C. is consisted of D. is made up 16. Only then ________the importance of my health. A. did I realize B. had I realized C. I realized D. I had realized 17. Mark received a letter ________ his mother would come to see him soon. A. said B. says C. saying D. to say 18. A good driver should ________the road when ________. A. concentrate on; drives B. concentrate on; driving C. concentrate in; drives D. concentrate in; driving 19. These articles are written in simple language, ________ makes it easy to read. A. that B. this C. which D. it 20. ________is no need________ about your parents. A. It; complaining B. That; complaining C. There; to complain D. This; to complain 21. She has got herself into a dangerous situation ________she is likely to be accused of. A. where B. which C. while D. why 22. --- Can you climb that tree, my boy? --- ________? A. I B. Myself C. Mine D. Me 23. Jack had traveled six miles across the Channel ________ his engine failed. A. until B. when C. after D. since 24. Children need many things. ________, they need love. A. After all B. Last of all C. First of all D. At last 25. The naughty girl ______ her mother who was trying to hold her by the arm. A. broke off B. broke away from C. broke down D. broke up 第四节 完形填空（共20小题，每小题1.5分，满分30分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题的A、B、C和D四个选项中，选出合适填入对应空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was 26 and when I was 14 he said, “You’re never going to be 27 but a failure.” After five years of 28 jobs, I fell in love with a very nice middle-class girl. It was the best 29 that could have happened to me. I 30 I wanted-to do something positive with my life because I wanted to prove to 31 that what people said about me was 32 . Especially her mother, who had said to me, “Let’s 33 it, you’ve failed at everything you’ve ever done.” So I tried hard with my 34 and went to college. My first novel 35 while I was at college. After college I taught during the 36 in high schools and attended evening classes at London University, where I got a 37 in history. I became a lecturer at a college and was thinking of 38 that job to write full time 39 I was offered a part-time job at Leeds University. I began to feel proud of myself— 40 was a working-class boy who’d 41 school early, now teaching at the univ ersity My writing career took off when I discovered my own style. Now I’m rich and 42 , have been on TV, and met lots of film stars. 43 what does it mean? I 44 wish all the people that have put me down had 45 : “I believe in you. You’ll succeed.” 26. A. bright B. useless C. simple D. hopeful 27. A. anyth ing B. something C. everything D. nothing 28. A. low B. poor C. good D. useful 29. A. support B. happiness C. surprise D. thing 30. A. admitted B. decided C. planned D. told 31. A. me B. them C. her D. it 32. A. wrong B. right C. stupid D. faulty 33. A. see B. know C. understand D. face 34. A. experiment B. practice C. writing D. composition 35. A. came on B. came in C. came out D. came back 36. A. day B. night C. month D. year 37. A. graduation B. pass C. degree D. success 38. A. giving in B. giving back C. giving out D. giving up 39. A. while B. if C. when D. or 40. A. there B. here C. it D. that 41. A. left B. attended C. changed D. graduated 42. A. tired B. calm C. nervous D. famous 43. A. And B. But C. However D. Well 44. A. just B. exactly C. so D. very 45. A. praised B. said C. answered D. advised 第三部分：阅读理解（共20小题，满分40分） 第一节（共15小题；毎小题2分，满分30分） 阅读下列三篇短文，从每小题后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答題卡上将该选项涂黑。 A The students were having their chemistry class. Miss Li was telling the children what water was like. After that, she asked her students, “What’s water?”No one spoke for a few minutes．Miss Li asked again，“Why don’t you answer my question？Didn’t I tell you what water is like？” Just then a boy put up his hand and said，“Miss Li，you told us that water has no colour and no smell．But where to find such kind of water？The water in the river behind my house is always black and it has a bad smell．”Most of the children agreed With him． “I’m sorry，children．”said the teacher，“Our water is getting dirtier and dirtier. That’ s a p roblem． 46．The students were having their _______ class． A．English B．Chinese C．chemistry D．maths 47．Miss Li was telling the children what ______ was like． A．water B．air C．earth D．weather 48．A boy said，“The water in the river behind my house is always _______．” A．white B．black C．clean D．clear 49．Most of the children _______ the boy． A．agreed with B．wrote to C．heard from D．sent for 50．The water in the river has colour and smell because it is getting _______． A．more and more B．less and less C．cleaner and cleaner D．dirtier and dirtier B There are stories about two US presidents，Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren，which attempt to explain the American English term OK．We don’t know if either story is true，but they are both interesting． The first explanation is based on the fact that President Jackson had very little education．In fact，he had difficulty reading and writing．When important papers came to Jackson，he tried to read them and then had his assistants explain what they said．If he approved of a paper．he would write“all correct”on it．The problem was that he didn’t know how to spell．So what he really wrote was“ol korekt”．After a while，he shortened that term to“OK”． The second explanation is based on the place where President Van Buren was born，Kinderhook，New York．Van Bnren’s friends organized a club to help him become President They caned the club the Old Kinderhook Club，and anyone who supported Van Buren was called“OK”． 51．The author A. believes both of the stories B．doesn’t believe a word of the stories C．is not sure whether the stories are true D. is telling the stories just for fun 52. According to the passage，President Jackson A. couldn’t draw up any documents at all B. didn’t like to read important papers by himself C. often had his assistants sign documents for him D .wasn’t good at reading, writing or spelling 53. Acc ording to the first story, the term “OK” A. was approved of by President Jackson B. was the title of some Official docu ments C. was first used by President Jackson D. was an old way to spell “all correct” 54. According to the second story，the term “OK” A. was the short way to say “old Kinderhook Club” B. meant the place where President Van Buren was born C. was the name of Van Buren’s club D. was used to call Van Buren’s supporters in the election 55. According to the second story．the term“OK”was first used __ A. by Van Buren B. in a presidential election C. to organize the Old Kinderhook Club D. by the members of the “Old Kinderhook Club” C Almost every family buys as least one copy of a newspaper every day. Some people subscribe to as many as two or three different newspapers. But why do people read newspapers? Five hundred years ago，news of important happenings--battles lost and won，kings or rulers overthrown(推翻) or killed--took months and even years to travel from one country to another. The news passed by word of mouth and was never accurate. Today we can read in our newspapers of important events that occur in far away countries on the same day they happen． Apart from supplying news from all over the world，newspapers give us a lot of other useful information. There are weather reports, radio, television and film guides, book reviews, stories, and of course, advertisements. The bigger ones are put in by large companies to brin g attention to their products. They pay the newspapers thousands of dollars for the advertising space, but it is worth the money, for news of their products goes into almost every home in the country. For those who produce newspapers, advertisements are also very important. Money earned from advertisements makes it possible for them to sell their newspapers at a low price and still make a profit. 56. The phrase “subscribe to’’ in the first paragraph means “________”. A. go to the newspaper stand and buy B. send their own news stories to C. agree to buy for a specific period of time D. become faithful readers of 57. The habit of reading newspapers is _____ A. widespread B. found among a few families C. not popular D. uncommon 58. Before the time of the newspaper, _____ A. bad news traveled quickly and good news slowly B. few people cared about events that took place in far away countries C. kings and rulers were often overthrown or killed D. news was passed from one person to another 59. The author seems to agree that money spent on advertisements is ______ A. wasted B. not much C. well spent D. of no use to anyone 60. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Five hundred years ago it took a long time for news to reach other countries． B. Newspaper advertisements turn people’s attention away from their products． C. The news that we read in newspapers is mainly about new products． D. When newspapers are sold at a low price, the newspaper producers will lose money． 第二节（共5小题，每题2分，满分10分） 根据短文内容，从下框的A—F选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。选项中有一项为多余项． A．Join learning communities and help each other． B．Expect problems, never be disappointed, and gradually you’ll make it ． C．Anytime is learning time． D．Get interested and arouse your desire for knowledge． E．Cover the same ground from different angles． F．Try to be a good and effective learner． As a student, how we can learn our lessons effectively is a common problem which is always puzzling us．If you follow suggestions below, I'm sure you'll find the solution easily． 61． Your interest in the subject is the essential driver of success．You can' t learn what you do not want to learn．Emotion is an important part of the learning process．If you are even moderately interested in a subject, give yourself a chance．The key is to get started．If you can create some pleasurable routines, you may find that the subject grows on you．Yo u must always remember learning is just like eating．You don' t expect to enjoy your food without appetite．Therefore, you should always try to arouse your interest and desire for knowledge if you want to learn well． 62．__________ Don't expect to understand things, or remember too much, the first time you study them．Think about what problem you will meet with in your study, so that you are well-prepared for it．Never be disappointed no matter what happens．Trust that things will get clearer as your brain comes to grips(理解) with new information．It is like a jig-saw puzzle or a cross-word puzzle．As you start to put the pieces together, or string the words together, the full picture becomes clearer．The brain learns all the time, but on its own schedule．Learning does not take place according to a schedule laid down by a curriculum or teacher．Keep at it, and you will gradually find that things that seem difficult at first, will become second nature with time． 63． Your brain is struggling to form patterns to cope with new input from your learning activities．Sometimes, no matter how long you focus on one subject, your brain is not going to pick it up．If you are stuck, move on．Then cover the same general information from a different source, a different book, or a blog, or an online lecture or a video．Try to become a grazing learner, wandering about the countryside, rather than a feed-lot learner, just standing there in one spot, chewing the same bale of hay．The broader your base, the easier it is to learn．Just as the "rich get richer" , the more you know, the more you can learn． 64． Take full advantage of the Internet, blogs, and various mobile devices, not to mention good old-fashioned books and magazines．Learn during "dead time"．Listen in your car, on the train, or while jogging．Have your learning with you while waiting in the doctor's office, or listen while checking out at the supermarket．Anytime is learning time．Remember, you are learning through exposure, not by nailing things down．It is more like moisture accumulation in a cloud, rather than building a brick wall． 65． The "loneliness of the distance learner" is a thing of the past．Join a learning community on the web, where members share their knowledge and experience．Search for the communities that suit your interests and learning styles．You will find encouragement, advice and stimulus from fellow learners, as well as from tutors, teachers and coaches．In these communities , you can measure your progress against your own goals, or compare your experience with that of other learners．You can even teach and help others, which is a great way to learn． 第Ⅱ卷（非选择题 共55分） 第三部分：写作（共三节，满分55分） 第一节：单词拼写（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分） 66. The new principal is __________（渴望）to make his speech in the lecture hall. 67. The little child was praised for his __________（勇敢）. 68. Some of Mo Yan’s books have been __________（出版）in other countries. 69. Her __________（同事）enjoy watching football matches and relay races. 70. It’s said that China will __________（加速）up development of economy.[来源:学§科§网Z§X§X§K] 71. My little sister works as a tour __________（导游）in Xi’an. 72. By following my advice you can make a good __________（印象）on the boss. 73. It’s a pity that most people are __________（贪婪）for power and money. 74. He held her __________（紧紧地）, never wanting to let go of his angel. 75. Father and mother work in a factory which ___________（加工）food. 第二节短文改错（共10小题，每小题1.5分，满分15分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。 One day I happened find a chatting room on my QQ, there people were chatting in English. I tried to chat with some of them. To my surprised, I found that the oral English of some junior students were better than me. I asked them for advice and they told me to practise more on QQ. But every day after that I would spend one hour practise my oral English on QQ. Day by day I learned of many useful words and expressions. As time going by, I found that I can even communicate with some college students freely. 第三节 书面表达（满分30分） 假设你将参加某英语杂志社开展的一次征文活动，征文的内容要求你在电视、手机（cell）和网络三者中，放弃其中一个并陈述理由。请你以“Which would you give up: TV, cell, or Web?”为题，写一篇英语短文。 注意：1.词数120左右； 2.可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 参考答案 第Ⅰ卷（两部分，共95分） 第一部分：语言知识运用（共四节，满分55分） 第一节语音知识（共5小题，每小题1分，满分5分） 1-5 CADBC 第二节 情景对话（共5小题，每小题1分，满分5分） 6-10 BEGCA 第三节 语法和词汇知识（共15小题，每小题1分，满分15分） 11-15 ACDDB 16-20 ACBCC 21-25 ADBCB 第四节 完形填空（共20小题，每小题1.5分，满分30分） 26~30 BABDB 31~35 CADCC 36~40 ACDCB 41~45 ADBAB 第三部分：阅读理解（共20小题，满分40分） 第一节（共15小题；毎小题2分，满分30分） 46-50 CABAD 51-55 CDCDB 56-60 CADCA 第二节（共5小题，每题2分，满分10分） 61-65 DBECA 第Ⅱ卷（非选择题 共55分）[来源:学.科.网Z.X.X.K] 第三部分：写作（共三节，满分55分） 第一节：单词拼写（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分） 66. eager 67. bravery 68. published 69. colleagues 70. speed 71. guide 72. impression 73. greedy 74. tightly 75. processes 第二节短文改错（共10小题，每小题1.5分，满分15分） 76. to 77. there—where 78. surprised—surprise 79. were—was 80. me—mine 81. But —So 82. practise—practicing 83. without ‘of’ 84. As—With or going—went 85. can--could 第三节 书面表达（满分30分） One possible version We are now living in an information age, in which TV, cells and the Web are widely need. it seems that many people cannot enjoy themselves without them. However, if I had to give up one of them, I would turn off the TV rather than switch off my cell or cut off the Internet. I could do without TV because few shows take my fancy and there’re too many commercials. Besides, most programmes on TV are also available elsewhere. As for cells and the Web, they are more necessary to me. I need a cell to keep in touch with my friends and family, and almost all information can be gathered on the Internet.
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