doc文档 2014年山东省青岛开发区一中高三12月月考(英语试题)

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 英 语 2013.12 本试卷分第I卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分,共12页。满分150分。考试时间120分钟。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡—并交回。 注意事项: 1.答题前,考生务必用0.5毫米黑色签字笔将姓名、座号、考生号、县区和科类填写在答题卡和试卷规定的位置上。 2.第I卷每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号。 3.第II卷必须用0.5毫米黑色签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应的位置;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不能使用涂改液、胶带纸、修正带。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 第I卷(共100分) 第一部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分50分) 第一节单项填空(共20小题:每小题1分,满分20分) 从A、 B、 C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1. Yesterday my aunt sent me an email _______she told me she would come to see me next week. A. which B. where C. that D.when 2. lt's one thing to have theories, but it's_______to put them into practice. A. others B.other C. another D.more 3. To our great relief, the exam turned out to be not so difficult as we_______. A. imagined B. had imagined C. would imagine D.have imagined 4. The inventor was determined to go on with the experiment_______countless failures. A. instead of B .because of C.in favour of D. regardless of 5.I passed by Joan quickly without greeting her, ______not to see her. A. pretending B.to pretend C .pretended D .having pretended 6. If I had known you were coming ,I ______a larger table. A. would have reserved B. should have reserved C. would reserve D .might reserve 7.____I feel sorry about that.I can't really do much to help. A. When B. Even C. while D.A 8. We're sure that________measures will lead to_______Large increase in our production. A. the;不填 B. a;不填 C. a: a D. the; a 9. --l'm really sorry.I'll get you another one. --________. I have got lots of such bowls. A. That depends B. Forget it C. Don't mind D. Go ahead 10. Be patient you_______expect the world to change overnight. A. needn't B. won't C. wouldn't D. can't l1._______you need any help, please don't hesitate to let me know. A. In case B. Now that C. Even if D. Ever since 12. I'm sorry to bother you, ____ can you direct me to the railway station? A. so B. and C. but D. yet 13. 1'll go to the bookstore with you as soon as I finish what I _______. A. have done B. would do C. am doing D. was doing 14. -So you gave Lucy your iPod? -_______ I just lent it to her. A. That's OK B. Not exactly C. It doesn't matter D. No problem 15. He works to get_______, not because he enjoys it. A. paid B. to be paid C. paying D. to pay 16. The secret was finally let out _______she was an abandoned child. A. which B. that C. what D. as 1 7. -Can I call you at 9:00 tomorrow morning? -No. I ________ a meeting at that time. A. will attend B. am attending C. will be attending D. will have attended 1 8. Did_______ ever occur to you that you might be invited to the ceremony? A. that B. what C. who D. it 19. Not a single word ______ when he was asked, which made his father angry. A. Jimmy said B. said Jimmy C. Jimmy did say D. did Jimmy say 20. If you are unable to attend the interview, for ______reason, you should inform us immediately. A. however B . Whenever C. whichever D. whatever 第二节 完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所级的四个选项 (A、B、C和 D) 中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 With a master's degree in aircraft control, Guo used to have a high-paying job working on China's commercial satellite launch projects. However, such a job left him feeling 21 . He spent much of his free time on extreme 22 like gliding(滑翔) and surfing. Then, during a trip to Hong Kong in 2000, he first tried sailing, and he 23 decided that this was his life's passion and 24 his career. 25 this was a risky change for a 35-year-old, he says he simply decided to “ 26 my heart and throw myself into what I love and do my best in it," he said. After sailing professionally for 12 years, Guo 27 on his great journey from his hometown, Qingdao, on Nov 18. He spent about three years "learning the 28 , finding the right boat, testing the boat and 29 with a coach," he told China Daily. The open waters were 30 . On New Year's Day, he had to climb up the six-story-high mast (桅杆) to 31 his foresail. which had been damaged by wild winds in the Southern Ocean. He could only sleep about three hours a day, 32 every 20 to 30 minutes t0 33 the situation. On the return 34 , in the Taiwan Straits, he had to stay 35 for three days, watching out for fishing boats and nets. In order to 36 the weight on the boat. Guo packed mostly dehydrated(脱水的) food and energy drinks. He got his 37 by using desalination(脱盐) tablets on sea water or 38 rain water. He lost 8kg on the voyage, which 39 21,600 nautical miles (40,000 km) around the globe. "Miracles(奇迹) happen only when we believe in our 40 . However, nothing will be achieved by daydreaming. To realize our dream, we have to give it our all and give it our best," he told Guangzhou Daily. 21. A. tired B. excited C. embarrassed D. unchallenged 22. A. career B. sports C.jobs D. incidents 23. A. suddenly B. finally C. strangely D. gradually 24. A. kept B. changed C. achieved D. continued 25. A. Since B. As C. Although D.If 26. A. fill B. break C. lose D. follow 27. A. took off B. set off C. broke off D. got off 28. A. skills B.languages C. customs D. routes 29. A. working B. fighting C. training D. traveling 30. A. interesting B. unpredictable C. dangerous D. favorable 31. A. turn B. make C. replace D. repair 32. A. sleeping B. standing C. waking D. sitting 33. A. control B. observe C. face D. transform 34. A.journey B. trip C. process D. way 35. A. energetic B. calm C. awake D. enthusiastic 36. A. measure B. lose C. reduce D. increase 37. A. food B. water C. milk D. salt 38. A. buying B. finding C. gathering D. pumping 39. A. walked B. sailed C. expanded D. covered 40. A. stories B. dreams C. experiences D. motivations 第二部分阅读理解(共25小题; 每小题2分,满分50分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和 D) 中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Los Angeles is home to two big NBA clubs: the Lakers and the Los Angeles Clippers. While the Lakers are more talked about as title contenders (冠军争夺者) because of superstar player Kobe Bryant, the Clippers are perhaps more exciting to watch – mainly thanks to the crazy slam dunks (扣篮) of Blake Griffin. Before Griffin's game, people always ask, "how many revolutions will he make?", "how high will he leap?" and "how difficult will his moves be?" On April 7, Griffin scored a leading 24 points, which helped the Clippers beat the Lakers 109-95 to win their first Pacific Division title. Griffin, 24, first established himself in the league after he won the 2011 Slam Dunk Contest. He soared (飞跃) over a car and scored a powerful dunk - "a perfect way to show off his combination of athleticism and Hollywood talent," commented The Associated Press. It came as no surprise. Griffin grew up watching and re-watching every dunk contest on videotape, studying the event's development. It wasn't long before many of Griffin's high school mates were asking for his autograph. Young Griffin scored big and won stardom but today he also works for a charity organization known as Dunking for Dollars. He contributes $100 to fight against childhood obesity (肥胖症) for every dunk that he makes. Griffin likes to throw down crowd-pleasing dunks, but he also wants to preserve his body for battles to come. According to Arash Markazi , reporter with ESPN, the goal for the Clippers is "no longer simply beating the Lakers on national television". although they did do so three times this season. "We didn't come into this season 'Oh, it would be great if we could win'... We expected it. It's something to be proud of" said Griffin. "These are the games you really get hyped (炒作) for, but now we know the importance of winning games like this and also the importance of winning games down the stretch(一段时问) and in the playoffs." And their goal, like that of the Lakers, is to win a championship in June. writes Markazi. 41. From the first paragraph we know that ____ A. Blake Griffin is more powerful than Kobe Bryant B. superstars attract more attention C. the Clippers are stronger than the Lakers D. the Clippers have never won a title 42. Why did Griffin's school mates ask for his autograph? A. Because Griffin worked for a charity organization. B. Because Griffin had helped some children with obesity. C. Because he started Dunking for Dollars. D. Because he was becoming famous. 43. We can infer from the passage that Griffin ______ . A. suffered from obesity when he was young B. started to do some voluntary work at an early age C. showed an interest in slam dunk from an early age D. has become a Hollywood star 44. Which of the following statements is true of Griffin? A. He only cares about his own interest - slam dunk. B. He is talented as well as sympathetic. C. He is talented in slam dunk but self-centered. D. He values team work and never shows off his skills. 45. Which is the best title for the passage? A. Wonderful Teams B. Dunk Master C. Powerful Competitors D. Great Giants B Have you ever placed your cup of coffee on top of your car, only to forget about it and drive away, your cup still steaming on top? Have you ever placed your baby's car seat. with your baby tied up inside of it, on top of your car. only to forget that your little one is still up there-so you drive away? 19-year-old Catalina Clouser put her 5-week-old baby on top of her car in his car seat and drove away, apparently forgetting he was there, not even noticing when the seat fell off the car and landed in a crossroad, police said. The baby was discovered in the roadway, uninjured and still tied up in his car seat, by neighbors. The police believe that Clouser was under the influence of something, most likely cannabis (大麻), which damaged her judgment. The baby is now in the care of Child Protective Services. I've forgotten a water bottle on top of my ca. And when l was younger, I had an outdoor cat that liked to sunbathe on the top of my mother's van; and he once stayed up there while my mother began driving to the grocery store (he jumped off at the first stop sign). Forgetting that your baby is on top of the car and driving away seems unbe1ie! Not hearing the car seat fall off. and continuing to drive-still forgetting-seems much crazier. He was 5 weeks old.…how do you forget that? You don't-if you can't be responsible enough to keep your judgment entirely right at all appropriate times, you should not have children. What's the craziest thing you placed on top of your car but forgot about, and then drove away? 46. Which of the following is true according to the text? A. A 19-year-old mum Catalina Clouser left her son in her car. B. Luckily. the baby was discovered without being injured. C. Clouser might be under the influence of being drunk. D. The baby is now in the care of Clouser at her own home. 47. Where did the baby fall down from the running car? A. Not far from her home. B. Exactly where the car started. C. In a grocery store. D. In the Child Protective Service. 48. What caused the accident'? A. The mother's carelessness. B. The mother's inexperience. C. Poor driving skill. D. The effect of drug use. 49. Hearing that the baby is left on the running car, the author may feel _______. A. shocked B. surprised C. unbelievable D. amazed 50. In order to take good care of a child. a mother should _______. A. be responsible B. be wealthy C. take no drugs D. not be forgetful C A 23-year-old pianist, Liu Wei, gave a memorable performance in Vienna's Golden Concert Hall in early 2013. Well-knowledged music fans in Vienna enjoyed a special performance of the famous Chinese piece Butterly Lover's, featuring the unique armless pianist, Liu Wei. Liu lost both his arms when he was ten after a high electrical accident that left him in the hospital for 3 months. Wang Xiangying, Liu Wei's mother, said. "I found the world had collapsed. What could I do?" Two years after the accident, he was introduced to Beijing's swimming team. Despite having no arms. he managed to take two golds in the National Paralyzed Swimming Championship at 14. But two missing arms weren't the last of his physical disease. Soon after his gold medals he suffered allergic purpura(过敏性紫癜) which forbade him from further exercise. Liu's mother said. "The moment I got the bad news, my' heart bled. I shouted to the sky: What have I done wrong to deserve this'?" The door was shut on sports, but it opened in music, a different way for performance. Tapping keys with a set of toes is even more difficult than it looks. Zhong Sheng, music producer, said, “No one believes it is feasible to play the piano with toes." Liu Wei continued,”“knew if I tried.Il might get a chance at success. If I didn't try, I would be condemned." He could not find a teacher to lead him to play with his toes, so he began teaching himself. Liu said, "I tried very hard to get my toes separated." Zhong Sheng said "I tried myself, it was impossible." He carried on a daily 7-hour practice. Liu said, "My improvement gave me hope. I kept practicing and progressed gradually." One year later. he began preforming, and has been unforgettable since Liu Wei believes losing both his arms gave him a chance to own a bigger world. 51. Liu Wei's performance was special and memorable mainly because A. it was about a famous Chinese piece B. the audience were well-knowledged music fans C. the performer was an unusual armless pianist D. it was given in Vienna's Golden Concert Hall 52. From Paragraph 5, we can see Liu Wei's mother _____. A. took pride in her son's achievements B. felt desperate and painful for his sufferings C. accepted what had happened to her son D. was punished for her wrong doings 53. Which o f the following is true according to the passage? A. Zhong Sheng led Liu Wei to play the piano. B. The misfortune discouraged Liu Wei from going forward. C. He took two golds in a swimming championship at 23. D. Liu Wei's determination contributed to his success. 54. The underlined word "feasible" in Paragraph 7 most probably means "_______" A. possible B. meaningful C. important D. difficult 55. What does the passage mainly tell us? A. The famous Chinese piece Butterfly Lovers. B. The National Paralyzed Swimming Championship. C. The inspiring story of an armless pianist. D. The physical disease of Liu Wei. D Restaurateur Mike Anderson says he isn't anti-children. He just felt adults needed a break from dining out with kids. That led to his "no customers under 18" policy at a new sushi restaurant in Del Ray. Anderson already owns four family-friendly restaurants. and visiting his child-packed Mango Mike's gave him the idea for a new restaurant that would ban kids. "There must be 50 kids in that bar. It's in chaos," he said of the Caribbean-themed restaurant. "We ran it by some parents that had kids ,and I would say eight out of 10 thought it was a great idea." Since The Sushi Bar opened a week ago, the restaurant's policy appears to be paying off - it's enjoying a packed house every night. Many major chains make every effort to cater to families. Such as Darden Restaurants' Red Lobster or Chipotle Mexican Grill. which both offer kids menus. "I understand why they would do that. It's not that big of a deal," said one mother of three who was turned away form The sushi Bar ,But not everyone is so understanding .Some people even compared the policy to apartheid(种族隔离制度) on a Patch forum.“I won't be eating there and I'm not going to go to Pork Barrel or Holy Cow frequently any longer," one writer posted, referring to the owners' other restaurants "lt's ironic(讽刺的) how happy they were to take my money for kids meals at Pork Barrel but now my money isn't good enough for fish." Yet as anyone with children who pays up for a babysitter knows, it's sometimes a relief to eat out at a place that's kid-free. At least one other restaurant has put a ban on children. a Pittsburgh-area restaurant that prohibited kids under 6 in 2011. Is it legal? Probably. The federal Civil Rights Act doesn't prohibit discrimination based on someone's being a child - or acting like one. 56. Why did Mike Anderson open The Sushi Bar'? A. He didn't want to deal with children. B. He wanted to be different from others. C. He wanted to offer adults a private zone to relax. D. He wanted to create a better environment for diners. 57. Anderson's idea came from ______ . A. the discussions with his family B. the responses from some parents C. a survey on market demands D. a visit to one of his restaurants 58. We can learn from Paragraph 3 that _______. A. The Sushi Bar has to compete with many major chains B. The Sushi Bar is well received by many parents C. The Sushi Bar is more popular than many major chains D. Red Lobster and Chipotle Mexican Grill are both kid-free restaurants 59. What does Paragraph 4 mainly tell us? A. People respond differently to The Sushi Bar. B. Many people refuse to go to The Sushi Bar. C. It takes time for people to understand the service. D. It's too early to make a judgment on the service. 60. Which of the following is true of The Sushi Bar'? A. It is Anderson's fifth family- friendly restaurant. B. It is the first restaurant to provide the service. C. It is not alone in providing the service. D. It will be closed because it is against the law. E New findings show that musical training affects the structure and function of different brain areas ,how those areas communicate during the creation of music, and how the brain interprets and combines sensory(感官) information. The findings were presented at Neuroscience 2013, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health. These views suggest potential new roles for musical training including training plasticity (可塑性) in the brain. offering an alternative tool in education, and treating a range of learning disabilities. Today's new findings show that long-term high level musical training has a broader effect. Researchers found that musicians have a better ability to combine sensory information from hearing, touch, and sight. The age at which musical training begins influenced brain structure and its function. Beginning training before the age of seven has the greatest effect. Even older adults who took music lessons as children but haven't actively played an instrument in decades have a faster brain response to a speech sound than those who never played an instrument, according to a study appearing November 6 in the Journal of Neuroscience. The finding suggests early musical training has a lasting, positive effect on how the brain deals with sound. "Playing a musical instrument is a multi-sensory and motive experience that creates emotions and movements-from finger tapping to dancing - and engages pleasure and reward systems in the brain. It has the potential to affect brain function and structure when done over a long period of time," said Gottfried Schlaug. MD, PhD, of Harvard Medical School. press conference speaker. also an expert on music. "As today's findings show. musical training brings about new processes within the brain, at different stages of life. and with a range of effects on creativity, cognition(认知), and learning," he added. 61. From the first paragraph, we can see musical training can ______. A. affect one's communication with others B. help musicians create better music C. provide new treatment of mental diseases D. offer an alternative tool in education 62. Why does the author mention "Even older adults ... a speech sound." in Paragraph 3? A. To suggest how new roles for musical training work. B. To prove early musical training affects the function of the brain. C. To explain how the brain interprets sensory information. D. To show how the brain areas communicate in musical training. 63. Which of the following best describes the function of early musical training? A. Difficult but interesting. B. Painful but effective. C. Lasting and positive. D. Important and necessary. 64. According to the passage, we learn that______. A. musical training causes new processes within the brain B. Gottfried Schlaug thinks it hard to learn music C. playing a musical instrument is a single-sensory experience D. people having music lessons as children respond slowly 65. The best title of the passage should be_______. A. Older People and Musical Training B. Musical Training Affects Brain Structure and lts Function C. Long-term High Level Musical Training D. Brain Interprets and Combines Sensory Information 第II卷(共50分) 第三部分书面表达(共两节;满分50分) 第一节阅读表达(第66、67、69、70、71、72题每题3分,第68题2分,满分20分) 阅读下面短文并用英语回答问题,将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意66、68、69、7l利72五个小题后面的词数要求)。 [l] Six-year-old Ethan was a smart, active boy who had been. until very recently. easy to get along with. But lately, Ethan has changed greatly, being rude to others. His mom, Fiona, was working hard to figure out what was bothering Ethan, and talking to him about what it means to play well with others. But in the meantime .she got the sense that the other moms were blaming her for Ethan's bad behavior. She felt embarrassed-but she couldn't really fault them. Who else. she thought, could possibly be responsible? [2] We've long held a tendency to blame parents for how their children behave and develop. Though we most often fault mothers more than fathers, the idea is the same. lf________, our children will turn out okay. lf we're bad parents, well, they won't. Though research has proven that childhood development owes itself to many inf1uences, we can't seem to help but assign blame to us-and it has created a generation of parents who judge themselves, and each other, by how their children do. [3] But to what extent are children really reflections of us ?To some degree, they are, certainly. But not to the fullest degree we often assume. [4] Once kids reach school age they are away from us many hours a day. We have less control over the things. People and behaviors will have a great effect on them. Of course, it's always important to take note of, and work to prevent the bad effect, but being away from parents is a good thing. It gives kids room to grow and explore in new ways. We will still be the most influential people in our children's lives. and there is no doubt that they'll pick up some of our ideas, habits, prejudices, and talents. But they don 't have to be-shouldn't be--our mirror image. 66. For what purpose does the author mention the example of Ethan?(no more than 10 words) ______________________________________________________________________________ 67. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph l into Chinese. ______________________________________________________________________________ 68. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words. (no more than 6 words) ______________________________________________________________________________ 69. Why is it a good thing to be away from parents? (no more than 15 Words) ______________________________________________________________________________ 70. Find a sentence from the passage to replace the following one. Children are deeply affected by people around them. ______________________________________________________________________________ 71. Should we blame parents for what their children do according to the passage? Why? (no more than 30 words) ______________________________________________________________________________ 72. According to the author, children shouldn't be_____________________________________ (no more than 10 words) 第二节写作(满分30分) 假如你校学牛会将组织小校留学生于星期天上午7:30骑自行车到学校农场参观。请你根据表格内容和所给提示,用英语写一个口头通知。 注意: 1.词数:120-150;开头已为你写出,不计入总词数。 2.内容须包括:基地介绍,注意事项(骑车安全、免费午餐、保护作物)等。 3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Hello,everyone!________________________________________________________________. 参考答案 第I卷 第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分50分) 第一节 单项填空( 共20 小题;每小题1 分,满分20分) 1-5 BCBDA 6-10 ACDBD 11-15 ACCBA 16-20 BCDDD 第二节 完形填空(共20 小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 21-25 DBBBC 26-30 DBACB 31-35 DCBAC 36-40 CBCDB 第二部分 阅读理解( 共25小题, 每小题2分,满分50 分) 41-45 BDCBB 46-50 BADCA 51-55 CBDAC 56-60 CDBAC 61-65 DBCAB 第II卷 第三部分 书面表达(共两节;满分50分) 第一节 阅读表达(第66、67、69、70、71、72题每题3分,第68题2分,满分20分) 66. To introduce the topic and arouse the readers’ interest. 67. 但是同时,她感觉到其他的妈妈都为了艾森的不良行为而责备她。 68. we are good parents 69. Because the kids can do whatever they like in their own ways. / It gives kids room to grow and explore in new ways. 70. People and behaviors will have a great effect on them 71. No, we shouldn’t. Because childhood development owes itself to many influences besides parents’ and children are not simply a reflection of their parents. 72. the fullest reflection of their parents 第二节 写作(满分30分) One possible version: Hello, everyone! We’re going to organize a bicycle trip to our school farm this Sunday. It lies in the western suburb of the city, covering an area of about 50 acres. Different kinds of cattle and various vegetables are raised and planted there,without using any harmful things in the feed or the fertilizer. The products are provided to the school canteen, where the teachers and the students enjoy a healthy diet. On the farm the students can combine what they have learned with practice. You’ll start your trip at 7:30AM, and when you get there, you’ll be shown around the farm before you have free lunch served there, and after lunch, you may return to our school. Take care when you cross the streets, and make sure never do any damage to the plants during the visit. Wish you a pleasant trip! Thank you. ·12· 
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