doc文档 2018年河南省洛阳市高三下学期尖子生第二次联考英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 河南省洛阳市2018届高三下学期尖子生第二次联考 英语试题 第I卷 第一部分 听力(百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节,满分30分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. When will Cold Feet start to be shown? A. Thursday. B. Friday. C. Saturday. 2. Where is the man going? A. The shoemaker’s. B. The baker’s. C. The chemist’s. 3. What is the man most probably? A. A lecturer. B. A writer. C. An athlete. 4. What can we infer about the man from the dialogue? A. He’ll stop smoking. B. He doesn’t like smoking. C. He can hardly quit smoking. 5. Where are the speakers? A. At a restaurant. B. In the library. C. In the kitchen. 第二节(共l5小题;每小题l.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段対话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。 6. Why is the woman looking for a new apartment? A. She’s a lost her job. B. She lives too far from work. C. She hopes to move to the city. 7. Where does the woman live now? A. In the east of the city. B. In the south of the city. C. In the north of the city. 8. What does the woman often do in the evening? A. Work in a supermarket. B. Teach at a university. C. Learn a night class. 听第7段材料,回答第9至10题。 9. Where is the man? A. In a hotel. B. In a bar. C. In a shop. 10. What does the man want? A. Juice and tea. B. Juice and coffee. C. Coffee and tea. 听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。 11. Where does the man want to go? A. Eiffel Tower. B. The Oriental Tower. C. Tokyo Tower. 12. How much yen should the man pay for the ticket? A. 20. B. 100. C. 120. 13. How often does the train come? A. Once every 6 minutes. B. Once every 16 minutes. C. Once an hour. 听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。 14. What do the man’s friends think of his situation? A. Too bad. B. Very good. C. Disturbing. 15. What do many people dream of according to the woman? A. Learning some skills. B. Taking part-time jobs. C. Opening their own business. 16. What does the man hope to do? A. Go to work every day. B. Make a change often. C. Have more free time. 听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。 17. Where was the glasshouse? A. Near a path. B. Near a school. C. Near a garden. 18. What was Mr Flowers’ dream? A. To grow more flowers. B. To grow a rose of a new color. C. To win a gold medal. 19. What did the boys do? A. They stole his flowers. B. They picked the roses. C. They broke his glasshouse. 20. How did Mr Flowers settle the trouble? A. By asking the policeman for help. B. By doing something himself. C. By reporting to the headmaster. 第二部分 阅读理解(百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Doing voluntary work abroad is a great way for you to learn about service learning and know better about the world and different cultures. Visit our website for further details. Global Vision International Experience everything in our adventure when you join us in a team of international volunteers under 18. Assist with the projects that will benefit poor children’s development and education. Discover the area’s splendid beaches, explore beautiful jungles and immerse yourself in the friendly local culture. Cost: $2,990 Tel: 1-888-653-6028 Email: irrfo@gviworld.com Website: www. Volunteer and Adventure Experience in Costa Rica.com Broadreach Summer Adventures Since 1993, Broadreach has taken over 12,000 students on their worldwide summer adventure volunteer programs for middle school,high school students. Their 75 + program offerings include marine biology, sailing, medicine, culture, arts, community service and leadership adventures. Programs are located in 40+ countries. Cost: Starting at $3,880 Tel: 919 -256 -8200 Email: info@gobroadreach.com Website: www.gobroadreach.com Cross - Cultural Solutions CCS teen summer service trips are for high school students aged 15 —17. The High School Volunteer Abroad program offers you an awesome opportunity to volunteer side-by-side with local people. You can also meet new friends on a teen-only group volunteering project in Costa Rica, India, Peru, Ghana, and so on. You’ll participate in many cultural activities during the week and on weekends. Cost: Contact us for pricing and availability Tel: 1 —800 —380 —4777 Email: info@crossculturalsolutions.org Website: www. crossculturasolutions.org United Planet United Planet offers volunteer abroad programs in four destinations for those under 18. Volunteers may work in nursing homes, Community Service Stations or in environmental conservation projects. Destinations include Romania, Peru, Ecuador and Chile. Candidates 16 years and older can apply. Cost: According to the length of your stay Tel: 617 — 267 — 7763 Email: quest@unitedplanet.org Website: www. uniteplanet.org 21. What can you do if you join Broadreach Summer Adventure? A. Know something about medicine. B. Experience with the guide. C. Learn how to construct a building alone. D. Journey worldwide with 12,000. 22. What is United Planet age limit? A. Over 16. B. Under 16. C. Between 16-18. D. Under 18. 23. Who may show interest in all the programs? A. Those intending to travel abroad. B. Students planning to study abroad. C. Adults dreaming of working abroad. D. Teens wishing to volunteer abroad. B I entered high school having read hundreds of books. But I was not a good reader. Merely bookish, I lacked a point of view when I read. Rather, I read in order to get a point of view. I searched books for good expressions and sayings, pieces of information, ideas, themes— anything to enrich my thought and make me feel educated. When one of my teachers suggested to his sleepy tenth-grade English class that a person could not have a “complicated idea” until he bad read at least two thousand books, I heard the words without recognizing either its irony or its very complicated truth. I merely determined to make a list of all the books I had ever read. Strict with myself, I included only once a title I might have read several times. How, after all, could one read a book more than once? And I included only those books over a hundred pages in length. Could anything shorter be a book? There was yet another high school list I made. One day I came across a newspaper article about an English professor at a nearby state college. The article had a list of the “hundred most important books of Western Civilization.” “More than anything else in my life,” the professor told the reporter with finality, “these books have made me all that I am.” That was the kind of words I couldn’t ignore. I kept the list for the several months it took me to read all of the titles. Most books, of course, I hardly understood. While reading Plato’s The Republic, for example, I needed to keep looking at the introduction of the book to remind myself what the text was about. However, with the special patience and superstition (迷信) of a schoolboy, I looked at every word of the text. And by the time I reached the last word, pleased, I persuaded myself that I had read The Republic, and seriously crossed Plato off my list. 24. Why was the author keen on reading? A. Because he was literary in style. B. In order to make himself knowledgeable. C. Because he had his own point of view. D. Merely in order to be updated. 25. How many book lists did the author provide in the passage? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. D. Five. 26. What does the underlined word “he” in Paragraph 1 refer to? A. The teacher. B. A student in the class. A. A reader. D. An author. 27. How did the author read The Republic? A. He figured out the main idea thoroughly. B. He was confused and quit halfway. C. He looked up the new words frequently. D. He got it through with great carefulness. C Environmental health is defined as the control of the factors in the environment that may have harmful effects on people’s physical, mental, or social well-being. Because natural disasters expose people to danger by bringing up or threatening their immediate environment, effective management of environmental health after a natural disaster is of great importance. The environmental health measures that must be considered after a natural disaster include the supply of appropriate shelter for individuals or groups of people left homeless, the distribution of safe and accessible water, and the protection and distribution of safe food products and so on. To effectively manage environmental health during and after a disaster, it is important that a state of preparation is in effect before the event actually occurs. During an emergency, success lately depends on making good, rapid judgment and appropriate response measures. High-level decision makers, therefore, must be familiar with sound measures beforehand and should be given an accurate judgment of the disasters specific effects as quickly as possible. This book is intended to serve as a guide for those who may be called upon to make emergency decisions after disaster strikes. The recommended environmental health measures have been listed in the order of priority in which they should be taken during an emergency. However, each natural disaster is unique in the degree or type of emergency. In response to any given disaster, decision makers may find it necessary to change the priority assigned to any particular measure. 28. Why is it significant to take effective measures after a natural disaster? A. Victims may be at strike without immediate controls. B. Victims may be at the risk of losing their properties. C. Victims may be exposed to poisonous or radioactive minerals. D. Victims may be threatened by environmental health problems. 29. What is the main idea of Paragraph 3? A. Good preparation beforehand is vital. B. Rapid judgment is quite beneficial. C. Effective measures sound familiar. D. Slow responses sound ineffective. 30. Whom is the book mainly written for? A. A researcher quite into environment health. B. An organizer to handle domestic disastrous situations. C. A possible decision-maker to handle a disaster emergency. . D. A holidaymaker fond of the topic of effective management. 31. What does the underlined word “priority” in Paragraph 4 refer to? A. Perfection. B. Preference. C. Possibility. D. Popularity. D Last night, my elder cousin Gorge came back looking sad. When asked why, he said that he was worried that he’d become unemployed. He later explained that he was afraid drones (无人机) would take his job. I don’t think George is alone. However, chances are that a drone isn’t coining to take your job. A new report estimates that drones could replace $ 127 billion worth of labor and services over the next several decades. It’s easy to conclude from the number that drones are on the way to take your place. But the truth is a little more complicated. Some industries probably won’t be severely affected. Much of the agricultural section is already mechanized, for instance. Drones to be used in crop inventory (清查) might just replace satellites currently used for the same purple. That doesn’t mean drones won’t replace any jobs, however. Some tasks — like collecting data or quickly delivering medical supplies — can be done more efficiently using drones. Drones can also make it easier to survey land and plan mining projects. In general, .there’s little question that automation (自动化) is going to greatly change the way people work over the next few decades. Nearly half of the activities people get paid to do could be automated right now using existing technology. It’s not just low-wage jobs that could vanish. While jobs that pay less than $ 20 an hour are most at risk of disappearing, even highly- paid jobs involve some activities that could be automated. But automating certain tasks isn’t the same as replacing entire occupations. And even when robots take old jobs, they often create new ones. For instance, robots require people to repair and maintain them — jobs that often take significant skills and training. While these technologies are both real and important, and some jobs will disappear because of them, the future of jobs overall isn’t really as disappointing as many people believe. In fact, automation will contribute to the growth of many new jobs — including some entirely new job categories. To conclude t automation is surely going to shake things up. But there’s no use worrying until we know exactly how. 32. What’s the authors attitude towards drones? A. Drones will take take some low-paid jobs alone. B. Not all employees like Gorge will be fired. C. Loneliness will accompany Gorge in case he loses his job. D. It’s doubtful whether drones will take some jobs. 33. The example of of the agriculture section shows that . A. some industries consider automation vital B. jobs in some industries will just get slightly affected C. automation is not appropriate for every field D. satellites will not be equally significant 34. What does the underlined word “vanish” in Paragraph 4 most probably mean? A. Develop. B. Change. C. Disappear. D. Improve. 35. Which of the following is a benefit of automation according to the passage? A. New job chances might be created. B. People will live a more comfortable life. C. The public will enjoy better service. D. Low-paid jobs will increasingly decline. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Traffic police in North Wales have been equipped with tape measures to fine drivers who park more than 19 inches from the edge. 36 Half of the fine is needed if it is paid within 14 days. Council in North Wales announces that the new rule targets thoughtless and irresponsible drivers. 37 Parking in this way can limit people, visibility and make roads dangerous for those on foot. In the past, the traffic police could do nothing about the situation but the new rule will allow them to ticket vehicles parked irresponsibly. There have also been cases where the emergency services and other essential services could not get through because drivers had parked over an access to a driveway or too far from the edge. 38 They accused Council of introducing another tax on them. Some of them said, “The new rule is a shame. All this means we have to get our own tape measures and make sure we have parked close enough to the edge.” The Automobile Association said that while packing too far from the edge could block the road and cause danger, common sense must be applied when it came to lines. 39 A spokesman refused their request and said, “ 40 ” “National parking laws which came into force in 2009 allow police to fine drivers if they park their cars more than 19 inches from the edge. However, it is up to local government to decide whether to carry it out. A. Drivers will face a £ 70 fine if they break the rule. B. Not all the regions in the nation carry out the new rule. C. Tape measures are necessities for irresponsible drivers. D. But drivers have totally different ideas about the new rule and reacted fiercely. E. They requested the Council to give drivers a warning before “giving them a ticket”. F. This is one of those rules that can anger drivers but seem perfectly reasonable to local people. G. In recent years, officials have received many complaints about people parking too far from the edge. 第三部分 英语知识运用(百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Last year, I was not doing well in high school. I lost hope. But here was one person who gave me 41 . This person was my case manager, Mr. Logue. He gives special help to 42 learners. His job is to help watch the grades of the kids he is 43 to. He watches these kids to make sure they are doing 44 in their classes. Mr. Logue is a short, Italian man, who can be 45 , but also humorous. He is indeed the 46 kind of person. I have never seen anyone do a better job at case management. With Mr. Logue, I told myself “ 47 is not a choice”. I was not doing well in my 48 and Mrs. Logue helped me get my 49 work turned in and he helped me with my study 50 . Thanks to him, I was able to 51 my grades by the end of the year. The sense of 52 he taught me will 53 with me for the rest of ray life. He has taught me that there are going to be things we don’t understand, but we still have to 54 all the difficulties to get things done. Mr. Logue once told me he wasn’t the 55 guy when he was in high school. This made me 56 myself, and motivated me through the rest of the year. What makes Mr. Logue so helpful is how strict he is to get the job done. If he hadn’t been so strict, 57 , I wouldn’t have done 58 I did. Mr. Logue will help you no matter what the 59 is. I haven’t had a more helpful case management in my life. He was the best help I’ve ever had. Thank you, Mr. Logue, for giving me the hope I needed to 60 the school year. 41. A. praise B. motivation C. concern D. appreciation 42. A. disabled B. original C. slower D. amateur 43. A. devoted B. contributed C. dedicated D. assigned 44. A. actively B. alright C. quick D. obediently 45. A. serious B. hard C. careless D. generous 46. A. knowledgeable B. caring C. patient D. get-it-done 47. A. Education B. Achievement C. Schooling D. Failure 48. A. classes B. management C. fields D. assignment 49. A. excellent B. late C. poor D. absent 50. A. designs B. talents C. skills D. papers 51. A. improve B. revise C. witness D. redo 52. A. self-awareness B. persistence C. responsibility D. sacrifice 53. A. share B. involve C. compete D. stick 54. A. challenge B. conquer C. ignore D. foresee 55- A. most diligent B. earliest C. cleverest D. most promising 56. A. suspect B. evaluate C. neglect D. trust 57. A. besides B. thus C. or else D. as a consequence 58. A. as well as B. as far as C. as good as D. as soon as 59. A. background B. situation C. grade D. ambition 60. A. finish off B. break through C. go over D. get across 第II卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 What’s the one thing every child desires in school? More break time! And that is exactly 61 four public schools are giving students, which turns out to be beneficial for everyone. The four schools are carrying out the LiiNK program, a project that satisfies every 62 (kid) hunger for more rest and therefore helps to encourage 63 (create), develop character and promote academic success. LiiNK was inspired by Finnish approaches to 64 (learn) based on the simple concept of giving children more outside playtime. In Finland, where the learning system has been in place 65 decades, students have some of the 66 (high) scores on global assessment tests. Instead of spending increasing amounts of time inside the classroom, they’re spending more and more time on physical activity. 67 studies discovered that the additional breaks of actually helped students improve their performance inside the classroom and it provides the platform for them to be able to function at their best level. Other studies have shown that outdoor playtime decreases restlessness, tiredness and has a number of benefits such as 68 (improve) motor skills, physical fitness, and social development. All the children in these schools where the program 69 (carry) out are happier because of it. So the best way to raise happy and successful children is to 70 (simple) let them be kids every once in a while. 第四部分 写作(百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、刪除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 My cousin is called Li Shichun. The “Chun” stands for spring. That is where she was born. But that’s not all. He is also named after a Sui Dynasty engineer, Li Chun. Her father thought him admire because he has built bridges you can really count on. But her mother thought that sounded very much like a boy name. So they added “Shi” to her grandmothers name. She eventually went to university or became an engineer. She becomes quite famous when she invented new way of holding up suspension bridges during the building process. 第二节 书面表达(百强校英语解析团队专供)(满分25分) 假定你是李华,你的外籍教师Mr. Black昨天夜里把手机落在了出租车上,现在你帮助他找了回来,请给他写一封邮件,说明以下情况: 1. 寻找过程:求助出租车公司; 2. 手机状况:完好无损; 3. 预约今天上午10:00司机来送还手机。 注意:1.词数100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 河南省洛阳市2018届高三下学期尖子生第二次联考 英语试题答案 第一部分: 1 -5 AABCA 6-10 BBCAB 11 -15 CCABC 16 -20 CABCB 第二部分: 21-23ACD 24 -27 BACD 28-31 DACB 32 -35 DBCA 36 -40 AGDEF 第三部分 41 -45 BCDBA 46 -50 DDABC 51 -55 ACDBC 56 -60 DCABA 61. what 62. kid,s 63. creativity 64. learning 65. for 66. highest 67. Some 68. improved 69. is carried 70. simply 第四部分: 第一节: 1. where 改为 when 2. He 改为 She 3. admire 改为 admirable 4.去掉 has 5. very 改为 too 6. boy 改为 boy’s 7. to 改为 from 8. or 改为 and 9. becomes 改为 became 10. new 前加 a 第二节: one possible version: Dear Mr Black, I am wring to tell you a piece of good news that your cellphone has been found. On hearing that you lost your phone last night, I made a phone call to the local taxi company, for which the taxi driver works. They got in touch with the driver the moment they received my call, and within several minutes, a driver called back and said he had found a phone on the back seat of the car. Your phone is kept very well and the driver promised to come to our school to return it at 10:00 o’clock this morning. I wonder if it convenient to you. Looking forward to your reply as soon as possible. Yours, Li Hua 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·13· 
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