doc文档 2018年湖南省学海大联考高三名校模拟试卷(五)英语试题

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2018年湖南省学海大联考高三名校模拟试卷(五)英语试题 第 1 页 2018年湖南省学海大联考高三名校模拟试卷(五)英语试题 第 2 页
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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 学海大联考·高三名校模拟卷· (五) 英 语 第I卷 第一部分听力(共两节。满分30分) 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 昕下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.Where does the woman want to go? A.The Art Gallery. B.The Art Museum C.The Art Theatre 2.Which sport does the man like best? A .Swimming. B.Football. C.Basketball 3.Why does Mr. Smith move to Chicago? A He finds a new job there. B.He wants to study abroad. C.He decides to go sightseeing. 4.HOW much are the shoes on the second shelf? A.$60. B.$100. C.$120. 5.What will the speakers probably do tonight? A. Tour the city on a boat. B.Go to a concert. C. Enjoy the special food. 第二节(共1 5小题;每小题1.5分,满分2 2.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。 6.What is the man busy doing these days? A.Signing contracts. B.Receiving local customers. C.Designing new advertisements. 7.What will the man get as a reward? A.A salary rise. B.A paid vacation. C. A job promotion. 听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。 8.When did the headmaster’s speech end? A.At 8:30. B.At 9:30. C.At 10:00. 9。What kind of club is the man going to sign up for probably? A.A film club. B.A chess club. C.A music club. 听第8段材料,回答第1 0至1 2题。 10.Why does the woman want to go to the bank? A.To open a bank account. B.To withdraw some money. C.To exchange RMB for dollars. 11.When will the woman be on a business trip? A.Next Tuesday. B.Next Thursday. C.Next Friday. 1 2.What will the speakers do this afternoon probably? A.Do some cleaning. B.Write a report. C.Go shopping. 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。 13.What might the woman be doing now? A.Taking a driving test. B.Paying the traffic fine. C.Learning the traffic rules. 14.What is the speed limit in the housing area? A.5 km per hour. B.10 km per hour. C.15 km per hour. 15.Where does the man ask the woman to park the car? A.At the garage. B.Beside the sidewalk. C.At the parking lot. 16.What does the man think of the woman’S driving at last? A.Unskilled. B.Dangerous. C. Experienced. 听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。 1 7.What does Bella impress the judges of“Incredible People”with? A.Her excellent memory ability. B.Her outstanding language ability. C.Her remarkable acting ability. 1 8.Which country does Bella come from? A.Germany. B.Britain. C.Russia. 1 9.How old was Bella when she learned her first foreign language? A.One year old. B.Two years old. C. Three years old. 20.What does the language expert suggest Bella do? A.Keep practicing. B.Learn more languages. C.Focus on one language. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Britain seems to have great creativity——especially in the performing and visual arts. . Theatrical tradition Theaters in Britain date back at least to the 16th century,and the most famous playwright is of course William Shakespeare.A company was founded in his name,with a stage at his birthplace,Stratford-upon-Avon.It has trained generations of actors.In the 20th century,classical and more modern plays were also performed at many regional theaters,where actors and writers gained experience. Film stars The world of film-making has involved British creative talent from the beginning.Charlie Chaplin.born in poverty in London’s East End,began as a child entertainer in music halls.He then became a pioneer of silent movies in Hollywood and created many black-and-white classics during the First World War.British actors,who were often classically trained in theater,Laurence Olivier and Alec Guinness became house-hold names after the Second World War. Supporting talent Film-making creativity has been supported by two major studios.Productions at Shepperton have included Richard Attenborough’s Gandhi and Ridley Scott’s Alien. Pinewood’s most famous products must be the James Bond films.Both theater and film have their own annual festivals, including one of the biggest festivals in Scotland’s capital, Edinburgh. Visual expression The visual arts also show Britain’s creative spirit,from Romantic Age painters like Turner and Constable to groups such as the Pre-Raphaelites and the modernist sculpture of Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth.Today’s famous artists—Damien Hirst or Tracey Emin—regularly show in the newspapers,and their works are sold at high prices. 21.Which of the following helps actors and writers a lot? A.Musical theaters. B. Stratford—upon-Avon. C.London’s West End. D.Regional theaters. 22.What can we learn from the passage about Charlie Chaplin? A.He came from a rich family. B.He went to theater school as a child. C.He began as a child entertainer in Hollywood. D.He contributed to the early film industry in Hollywood. 23.What do we know about Damien Hirst and Tracey Emin? A.You have to pay a lot to buy their works. B.They have both invented new art forms. C.They mainly learnt from Romantic Age painters. D.You can buy their works from many major galleries. B For the past 45 years,Martin and Sinforosa Colomer have been the only two residents of La Estrella,an abandoned village in Spain.It’s a strange way to live,without any human contact,as if they’re the last two people on the Earth.But the tiny village was not always isolated 1ike this.It was once filled with life,with hundreds of inhabitants,a church,two schoolhouses and several bars. According to various sources,a terrible storm in 1 883 killed nearly half the inhabitants and destroyed at least 1 7 houses.The village square and the church remained unharmed,and a memorial was built for all those who died.The place lost its charm after that and locals gradually began to abandon their homes. Martin and Sinforosa’s story began about 70 years later,when they became one pair of the few youths still living in La Estrella.“I met her one day when she was bringing the cattle in from the fields,"Martin recalled.“1 went to the farm and brought the cattle in,too.” They later met at one of the two remaining clubs in the village,fell in love,and married. The Colomers raised a family in La Estrella,choosing to stay even when many of their fellow villagers left for cities in search of work.“Some 1 50,200 people lived here before,”Martin said.“We had teachers,some professionals,a mayor,a sheriff,the undertaker and a priest.In a year or two,almost everybody left.” “Many people say how well we live,but I say,‘Come and live here for a while and see how long you can stand it,,”he said.‘‘Because my wife was born in this place,she has always been living here.She doesn’t want to leave.Had it been up to me,we would have left the town a long time ago.But I can’t leave her by herself.What else can we do?" 24.What can we learn from the first paragraph? A.People in La Estrella live happily. B.La Estrella used to be an active village. C.The couple hates living with other people. D.La Estrella isn’t suitable for people to live in. 25.What probably happened to La Estrella after the terrible storm? A.The residents left the village slowly. B.People began to repair the village. C.The village square was well protected. D.The memorial remained in good condition. 26.When did Martin and Sinforosa probably fall in love with each other? A.In 1883. B.In 1953. C.In 1973. D.In 1993. 27.Why didn’t Sinforosa leave the village? A.She couldn’t leave Martin by himself. B.She had to look after her children. C.She didn’t dare to leave by herself. D.She had been used to the village life. C The number of times,a heart beats or contracts per minute(BPM)is known as heart rate(HR).Heart health depends upon various factors like age,gender,activity level, overall health,etc.The ideal rate for men,women,children,babies is different.While checking the overall fitness,or any health problem,doctors first check the resting heart rate (RHR)of an individual and then refer to the recommended rate for the age and gender. The maximal number of times that one’s heart can contract per minute(without any damage)is called maximum heart rate(Max HR).The resting heart rate(RHR)is calculated when the person is resting.The working heart rate(WHR)is calculated during exercise,or immediately after performing strong exercise.The average of heart rates measured at different times during a workout is called average HR.The recovery HR,which is measured two minutes after the exercise,can be used to evaluate your fitness level.For example,you exercise at 155 WHR,and when you stop exercising,your HR decreases to 95,then 95 is called your recovery HR. The RHR calculator helps calculate RHR.When you wake up in the morning,rest for 10 minutes and then measure the pulse rate for 10 seconds,and multiply it by 6,to get the RHR.The unit of HR is Beats Per Minute(BPM).If you know the normal RHR for your age and gender,you can compare yours with it.The normal‘RHR for adults can be anywhere between 60 to 70 BPM.Lance Armstrong,the racing cyclist,regularly records an excellent HR of 30 to 35 BPM! The heart can pump the blood to all parts of the body more efficiently as the fitness level rises.An efficient heart beats less number of times per minute,especially when you are resting.The higher level of RHR shows how harder the heart has to work.The condition where RHR of more than 1 00 beats per minute is noticed is called tachycardia(心动过速). 28.What can we refer about the measurement of heart rate in Paragraph 1 ? A.It cures the patient of his/her heart disease in time. B.It gives the patient some kind of comfort in crisis· C.It helps doctors to find abnormal signs of heart pumping· D.It is recommended to be a regular check of overall health. 29.What is the working heart rate according to the passage? A.It is calculated during exercise. B.It is calculated when the person is resting. C.It is measured after the exercise. D.It is measured two minutes before exercise. 30.What is the third paragraph mainly about? A.How to develop RHR. B.What is the unit of HR. C.How to measure RHR. D.What is the ideal RHR. 31.Why is Lance Armstrong mentioned? A.To inspire US to be an excellent racing cyclist. B.To tell us the lower RHR level is better than the faster. C.To advise US to get into the habit of record the heart rate· D.To inspire US to exercise regularly to lower the heart rate· D One of the biggest complaints I hear from people is that their friends just aren’t there for them. More than that,sometimes friends are quite rude or even mean· You can’t change people,but you can surround yourself with more positive people.Here are some benefits that spending time with positive friends can provide. With positive friends,you don’t need to beg for hell5 when you need it because chances are that they will be there for you without asking.Positive individuals want others to be happy,and will go out of their way to help you when you’re feeling down. As dotdash. corn’s Guide to Stress states,“Ideal friendships provide support when you’re down,fun when you’re up.wisdom when you’re lost.” Compare that to toxic friends,who might snipe at(中伤)you or even laugh at you behind your back.Negative people celebrate the downfall of others,and as a result you’ll end up feeling worse about yourself or the situation you’re dealing with.Friends who aren’t positive will add to whatever amount of stress you are feeling. Your positive friends will not only help you recover from negative hits you take in life,but they will also inspire you to be the best you can be.For example,perhaps you always wanted to be a writer.The negative people in your 1ife will probably tell you all the reasons why you won’t succeed.But who needs that? Chances are you have already gone over the reasons why you might fail and this is what has prevented you from trying.But with positive people in your life,you’11 feel more comfortable sharing these types of goals because your friends will give you the emotional push you need to go after what you want in life. You naturally attract the kinds of friends who are most like you.So if you’re a downer,you’ll probably find that negative people come to you.The same is true for being positive. The more you are able to maintain a positive attitude,the more like-minded people you’ll attract in return. 32.Who are probably your true friends according to the passage? A.Those who you can change gradually. B.Those who will stay with you when you’re in need. C.Those who will not turn to you whenever in trouble. D.Those who are always polite and never waste anything. 33.Why does the writer mention the statement of dotdash.com’s Guide to Stress? A.To emphasize the importance of friendship. B.To point out everyone may meet with difficulties. C.To explain to US what ideal friendships are in reality. D.To compare the differences between success and failure. 34.What does the underlined sentence“The same is true for being positive”in the last paragraph mean? A.It is true that everyone is positive in life. B.If you are positive,you’ll attract positive friends. C.The negative people don’t like the positive ones. D.The positive people would like to stay with everyone. 35.Which of the following is conveyed in this passage? A.Positive friends can benefit you a lot. B.Friendship is love with understanding. C.Old friends and old wine are the best. D.A friend in need is a friend indeed. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 You’ve finally climbed the ladder and earned your first management role.Now what? Welcome to a new world with a new set of challenges.Chances are you were a top individual performer and that’s why you were promoted to a management position.Ironically(讽刺地), those skills aren’t going to be much use to you now.36._____ It’s all about your team. Welcome to a world where your success is no longer dependent on your individual performance.37._____.You probably didn’t worry too much if a colleague was struggling. Certainly,you helped them out where you could but ultimately you had your own work to focus on.Now that your team members are pulling down your team’s performance improving their performance curve is a key priority. Communication is the key. Your team members aren’t mind readers or robots.As a leader,you need to communicate with your team clearly and consistently.38.___.If your team doesn’t know what you want from them,how can you expect them to deliver? Learn to explain the goal clearly and consistently.This is more difficult than it sounds.You aren’t leading a team of robots.39.___.A few well—placed words of encouragement or a well—timed check—in can make a huge difference to an employee having a tough time.Similarly a small piece of public praise for a high—performing employee can remind the rest of the team that you do notice when they work hard and perform well. Leadership isn’t something you’ve mastered.40.____一that’s the joy and frustration of leadership. A.Let’s take a quick look at a couple of the most important B.Your behavior will have a great impact on their motivation C.Setting clear goals and expectations is a key part of leadership D.Showing genuine relationship will ultimately lead to complete success E.You will only succeed by ensuring that every member of your team is successful F.You’11 have worked hard for your promotion and have rich experience in your chosen field G.All leaders,no matter how skillful or experienced,are always working on improving their skills 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Every Christmas,the firm 1 worked for raised money for poor kids in the area.And every Christmas I’d dress as Santa and 41 out with my colleagues to 42 gifts. Some years ago,we were returning to work in my truck,and 43 in the middle lane at a crossroads as the lights turned red.Then I became 44 of an SUV coming up directly behind us at speed.At the last moment,it 45 the right—hand lane.But it ran too fast to stop and 46 into another vehicle. I jumped out and ran to the SUV.Inside,I saw a man slumped over(伏在)the steering wheel.As I shouted at my workmates to call the police,there was a loud“bang”and 47 leapt from the car’s 48 .I knew the car’s battery had 49 and that there was no time to lose.Still wearing my costume,I rushed to the passenger side 50 the fire.The door was locked and was slightly out of 51 ,but by trying to 52 the window frame hard,I managed to tear it open.It was a cold day,but flames were now rolling over the hood(引擎盖)and I was 53 in my suit.I leaned in,untied the driver’s 54 and started to pull him across to the passenger side.That’s when he 55 up,and confused,started yelling and trying to fight me off.“Sir,”I said,“your ca’s on fire—let’s get out of here.”He 56 down,and 1 walked him over to the safety of my truck. I headed back to the crossroads 57 I directed traffic around the 58 vehicle until the police arrived.The first two police officers laughed as they jumped out of their car.“What’s happened here, 59 ?”one of them asked.I briefed them,then they joked,“OK,you can probably ride your 60 away.We’ll take over from here.” 41.A.get B.drive C.put D.walk 42.A.deliver B.collect C.show D.receive 43.A.waved B.directed C.stopped D.spied 44.A.careful B.nervous C.tired D.aware 45.A.jumped over B.run down C.switched to D.moved from 46.A.broke B.crashed C.looked D.turned 47.A.flames B.dust C.noise D.petrol 48.A.side B.middle C.back D.front 49.A.changed B.charged C.exploded D.used 50.A.avoiding B.watching C.fanning D.making 51.A.breath B.shape C.control D.fashion 52.A.knock B.clean C.fix D.pull 53.A.dying B.sweating C.worrying D.counting 54.A.tie B.watch C.belt D.clothes 55.A.came B.cheered C.got D.woke 56.A.1ooked B.sat C.jumped D.calmed 57.A.where B.when C.which D.how 58.A.broken B.burning C.damaged D.frightening 59.A.boy B.guy C.Santa D.God 60.A.truck B.horse C.bike D.reindeer 第Ⅱ卷 第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 After lunch I visited some of Suzhou’S gardens.Suzhou is famous 61.____ China’s “city of gardens”.62.___(it)art of gardening 63.____(go)through a history of 1,500 years.The artistic belief in the gardens expresses a call for the return to Nature.Hills and waters,flowers and trees,pavilions,towers 64.____hails make up the basic garden elements,while the main tone is expressed in 65._____dark color of roof tiles,the gray of bricks,and the brown of wooden posts.The gardens in Suzhou enable one 66.____(feel)the presence of mountains forests and springs without going out of town.The gardens show the human spirit of architecture,poetry and painting,so that today their 67.______(delight)creativity,lines and rhythm can 68.______(imagine)by everyone.When69.____ (enjoy)tea,poems,flowers or playing music in the garden,one gains the most natural 70._______(inspire). 第四部分写作(共两节,满分3S分) 笫一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 Please forgive me for quarrelling with you so bad last week. I am ashamed of me for losing my temper over a silly reason and for calling you names.I didn't mind the other guy laughing at me.I only felt very sad when you joined them and started tease me for getting bad marks in a exam.You know I value our friendship a lot。f and I felt hurt when you treat me in such an indifferent way.Please understand my position but kindly don't feel angry for what I said that day.I hope you will accept my apology and our friendship will be as better as ever before. 第二节书面表达(满分25分) “ 假定你是李华,在你校国际班学习一个月的美国男孩CalVin不太适应这里的生活,请给他写一封信,内容包括:1.给予安慰;2.提建议;3.邀请他下周六参加你的生日聚会。 注意:1.词数100左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1—5 ABAAB 6—10 AB(:BC 11—15 ACACB 16—20 ABCBA 本文是一篇说明文。主要讲了英国在表演和视觉艺术方面的创造力。 21.D细节理解题。根据Theatrical tradition中最后一句可知:在二十世纪,古典戏剧 和现代戏剧也在地区剧院演出,演员和作家都可以在那里获取经验。因此,在地区剧院演员和作家可以获得很多经验。故选D。 22.D细节理解题。根据Film stars中第三句可知:他后来成了好莱坞无声电影的先锋,在第一次世界大战期间创造了许多黑白经典电影。因此,卓别林在好莱坞早期的无声电影 事业中做出了贡献。故选D。 23.A细节理解题。根据Visual expression中最后一句可知:当代著名艺术家Damien Hirst或者Tracey Emin经常出现在报刊上,他们的作品售价很高。因此,购买他们的作品需 要花费很多钱。故选A。 ’ 本文是一篇记叙文。强烈的暴风雨使得许多人丧生,许多房屋也受到了毁坏。之后村子 里的人就慢慢地离开了。几十年以来,整个村子就只有Martin和他妻子在那里生活。 24.B推理判断题。根据第一段最后一句可知:这里曾经充满生命力,有数百名居民、一座教堂、两间校舍和几家酒吧。因此,该村子过去是充满活力的。故选B。 25.A细节理解题。根据第二段最后一句可知:(暴风雨)之后,这个地方就失去了魅 力,当地人开始慢慢地遗弃他们的家园。故选A。 26.B细节理解题。根据第三段第一句可知:大约七十年后,Martin和Sinforosa的故 事开始了,那时他们成为仍然居住在La Estrella村中少有的年轻人中的一对。再联系第二段 暴风雨发生的时间在1883年可知,他们相爱大约是在1953年。故选B. 27.D推理判断题。根据最后一段第二句可知:因为我妻子在这个地方出生,她一直居 住在这里。因此,Sinforosa已经习惯了这里的生活,这是她没有离开村子的原因。故选D。 本文是一篇说明文。谈到了与心率有关的各种知识,包括各种心率的名词的解释、测量方法和健康的心率的标准等。 28.C推理判断题。根据第一段最后一句可知:在全面体检或者检查疾病时,医生会首 先检查个人的静息心率,然后把所得的数据与所推荐的该年龄和性别的心率进行比较。很显 然,这样做的目的,就是通过比较能帮助医生发现胸膛泵血时一些不正常的迹象。故选C。这样做只是检查,不是治疗手段,故A错;B、D表达都是正确的,但是第一段没有提到。 29.A细节理解题。根据第二段第三句可知:劳动心率是在运动期间或者剧烈运动一 结束,就马上测量的心率。故选A。 · 30.D段落大意题。该段首先谈到怎样测量静息心率,然后将测到的数据与正常数据进 行比较,最后谈到了心动过速的情况。可见,本段谈到的就是理想静息心率。故选D。 31.B推理判断题。根据最后一段提到Lance Armstrong时,谈到他的心率是30—35次 每分钟,这个数字是非常健康的;接着文章又解释了超过每分钟100次的,就是心动过速。可见作者提到他就是为了证明心跳慢的比心跳快的要好。故选B。 本文是一篇议论文。作者以“什么样的朋友是真正的朋友”为切人点,通过分述和归纳的方式,分析积极的朋友和消极的朋友的不同特征,从而说明积极的朋友会带来的各种好处。 32.B细节理解题。根据第二段第一句可知:拥有积极的朋友,当你需要帮助时就不需 要乞求帮助,因为他们可能不用要求就在你身边。因此,真正的朋友是在你处于困境时和你在一起的人。故选B。 33.C推理判断题。根据第二段最后一句中可知:理想的友谊是在你低落时提供支持, 在你开心时感到高兴,在你迷茫时给予智慧。因此,作者的意图是解释现实中理想的友谊到底是什么样的。故选C。 34.B句意猜测题。根据最后一段第二句可知:因此如果你是令人沮丧的人,你可能会 发现消极的人会走近你。如果你是积极的人,就会吸引积极的朋友和你在一起。故选B。 35.A主旨大意题。根据第四段第一句可知:积极的朋友不仅会帮助你从生活中受到 的打击中恢复过来,他们还会激励你成为最好的自己。结合第四段中所给出的事例,可知作者的目的是说明积极的朋友的各种好处。故选A。 本文是一篇议论文。升职以后,你完全进人一个新世界,面对新的挑战。你的成功不是你的个人工作表现,而是你的团队的表现。在新的领导岗位上,沟通成了团队成功的关键。 36.A本文的结构为“总——分——总”结构,第一段的尾句应该是从“总”到“分”的过渡句,A选项能够很好地起到承上启下的作用,故选A。 37.E根据此空前一句可知,你的成功再也不是个人的表现,从而可以联想到“不是…… 而是……”,E选项能够有效地承接上文,这也与本段的小标题相呼应。 38.C根据此空后两句可知,团队要了解领导者的目标,需要领导者有较好的沟通能力 把目标告知所有团队成员,是领导工作的重要的一部分。故选C。 39.B根据此空后两句可知,领导者的一言一行对团队有着很大的影响。B选项能够恰 如其分地概括这两方面的影响,故选B。 40.G根据此空前一句可知,领导力并不是已经掌握的能力,而是靠不断地学习而提高 的技能。关键句中的isn’t something you’ve mastered与G选项中的are all ways working on improving their skills前后呼应。 本文是一篇记叙文。在一次返回公司上班的途中,十字路发生了交通事故。事故车辆电 池发生爆炸,引发大火。作者勇敢地营救出被困在燃烧车辆里的司机,并指挥交通直到警方赶到现场。 41.B drive out意为“开车外出”。根据下文in my truck可知,“我”和同事一起开车 外出。 42.A根据常识可知,圣诞老人在圣诞节时要向孩子们分发(deliver)礼物。 43.C wave意为“挥手”;direct意为“指挥";stop意为“停止";spy意为“侦查;发现”。根据as the lights turned:red可知,当红灯亮起时,“我”把车停(stopped)在十字路口的中间车道上。 44.D become aware of意为“意识到”。这时,“我”意识到(aware)一辆SUV在“我们” 正后方快速驶来。 . 45.C jump over意为“跳过”;run down意为“缩减;撞伤”;switch to意为“切换到”; move from意为“……离开……”。那辆SUV原本在“我"的正后方。现在到了右车道,说明车变道了。 46.B break into意为“闯入”;crash into意为“撞上”;look into意为“调查’’;turn into意为“变成’’。根据下文可知,那辆SUV撞到(crashed into)另一辆汽车。 47.A dust意为“灰尘";noise意为“噪声";petrol意为“汽油”。根据下文可知,随着“嘭”的一声响,火苗(flames)蹿了出来。且后文有原词复现。 48.D根据下文flames were now’rolling over the hood可知,火苗蹿出的地方位于汽车 的前部(front)。 ‘ 49.C change意为“变化";charge意为“充电”;explode意为“爆炸”;use意为“使用"。根据上文there was a loud“bang"推断,车用蓄电池爆炸了。 50.A avoid意为“避开”;watch意为“观察’’;fan意为“煽风";make意为“制作”。“我"跑到副驾驶位置,并小心避开(avoiding)大火。 51.B out of breath意为“上气不接下气”;out of shape意为“变形”;out of control意为“失控";out of fashion意为“不流行的’’。根据两车相撞的情节可知,只有车门变形(out of shape)符合情节和逻辑。 52.D knock意为“敲”;clean意为“清除”;fix意为“修理”;pull意为“拉”。车门锁着,而且有些变形。因此,“我”用劲拉(pull)窗框,把车门打开了。 53.B 由于车引擎盖着火,离“我”很近,而且“我”穿着圣诞老人的服装。因此,“我”被烘烤得直冒汗(sweating)。 54.C tie意为“领带’’;watch意为“手表”;belt意为“安全带”;clothes意为“衣服”。根据常识可知司机在开车时要系安全带。故“我"把身子探到车里,解开系在司机身上的安全带(belt)。 55.D wake up意为“醒来"。根据下文的confused推断,司机之前昏迷,现在苏醒了。 56.D calm down意为“镇定”。他镇定了下来(calmed down),“我”搀扶着他走到我的 车旁的安全地带。 57.A where在此引导非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词crossroads。 58.B broken意为“坏的”;burning意为“正在燃烧的”;damaged意为“受损的”; frightening意为“令人恐惧的”。根据上文可知,汽车着火了,故“我"指挥车辆绕过正在燃烧的(burning)那辆SUV。 59.C根据上文every Christmas I’d dress as Santa和Still wearing my costume可知, “我”身上还穿着圣诞老人的服装。因此,警察开玩笑地说,“发生了什么事,圣诞老人 (Santa)?” 60.D根据常识可知,圣诞老人是骑着驯鹿去分发礼物的。故警察开玩笑说让“我”骑着驯鹿(reindeer)离开。 本文是一篇记叙文。文章介绍了苏州园林。 61.as考查介词。固定短语be famous as作为……而著名。 62.Its考查人称代词。形容性物主代词表示所属的含义,修饰后面的名词art。 63.has gone考查时态。“经历1500年的历史”,从过去一直到现在,用现在完成时。 64.and考查连词。连接几个名词。 65.the考查冠词。特指“黑色’’这种色彩。 66.to feel考查不定式。固定结构enable sb.to do sth.使得某人能做某事。 67.delightful考查形容词。此处用形容词做定语修饰名词creativity。 68.be imagined考查语态。根据空后的by的短语,再结合上下文的含义可知用被动 语态。 69.enjoying考查现在分词。当从句的主语与主句的主语一致时,从句的谓语用现在分 词的形式。 70.inspiration考查名词。形容词后接名词,一起作动词gain的宾语。 写作: One possible version: Dear Calvin, I'm Li Hua,one of your schoolmates.Learning that you fail to adapt yourself well to the school life here,I am writing to express my earnest comfort to you.Meanwhile,I’d like to share with you some useful suggestions. On the one hand,you can try communicating with us more,sharing with us your concerns as well as joys and pleasure.On the other hand,it must be of great help if you can join us in our activities,experiencing our life more and exploring Chinese culture more. Before I conclude my letter,I would like to invite you to my birthday party next Saturday.Let’s have fun together! Yours sincerely, Li Hua 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·17· 
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