pdf文档 2019年河南省洛阳市汝阳县实验高中高三(卫星班)入学摸底考试英语试题

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2019年河南省洛阳市汝阳县实验高中高三(卫星班)入学摸底考试英语试题 第 1 页 2019年河南省洛阳市汝阳县实验高中高三(卫星班)入学摸底考试英语试题 第 2 页
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19 届(高三)上期入学摸底测试 英语科目试题 说明: 1.本试卷分不包含听力,满分 120 分,考试时间 100 分钟。 2.将选择题答案代表字母填(涂)在第Ⅱ卷的答题表(答题卡)中。 第一部分 听力(略) 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A The Costa Book Awards consistently pick winners that are both of the moment and subsequently endure. It’s our pleasure to confirm this year’s Category Winners. First Novel Award Winner Book: Eleanor Oliphant is Completely Fine Author: Gail Honeyman Eleanor is 31 years old; work finishes on a Friday and begins again on a Monday. Between, her only company will be two bottles of vodka and her own solitary, unique wit . It is contentment, of a kind, but an unexpected shared experience suddenly opens the door to possibility. Challenging reader expectations with a living, breathing character, Gail Honeyman’s debut is a funny and moving diamond. Biography Award Winner Book: In the Days of Rain Author: Rebecca Stott The Exclusive Brethren were a closed community who believed the world is ruled by Satan. Into this is born Rebecca. Her father had been an influential Brethren Minister. As her father lay dying, he begged her to help him write the memoir. He wanted to tell the story of their family who for generations had all been members of a fundamentalist Christian sect. Poetry Award Winner Book: Inside the Wave Author: Helen Dunmore To be alive is to be inside the wave, always travelling until it breaks and is gone. These poems are concerned with the borderline between the living and the dead — the underworld and the human living world – and the acutely intense being of both. Children's Award Winner Book: The Explorer Author: Katherine Rundell, Hannah Horn Four children survive their aircraft plunging into the Amazon jungle, but for Fred and his friends it’s only the beginning of a cruel battle for survival. Brimming with adventure and a real command of character and incident, Rundell has few peers in superb children’s fiction. 21. What kind of life does Eleanor lead? A. boring and lonely. B. funny and touching. C. exciting and complex. D. ordinary and happy. 22. Why did Rebecca Stott write In the Days of Rain? 高三  英语试题 第 1页(共 8 页)  A. To introduce beliefs of the Exclusive Brethren. B. To help her father fulfill his last wish. C. To share the life of fundamentalist Christians. D. To pass on her family traditions. 23. For a young adventurous soul, which book seems more appealing? A. Eleanor Oliphant is Completely Fine B. In the Days of Rain C. Inside the Wave D. The Explorer B The freezing Northeast hasn't been a terribly fun place to spend time this winter, so when the chance came for a weekend to Sarasota, Florida, my bags were packed before you could say “sunshine”. I left for the land of warmth and vitamin C, thinking of beaches and orange trees. When we touched down to blue skies and warm air, I sent up a small prayer of gratefulness. Swimming pools, wine tasting, and pink sunsets(at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon) filled the weekend, but the best part—particularly to my taste, dulled by months of cold­weather root vegetables—was a 7 am adventure to the Sarasota farmers' market that proved to be more than worth the early wake­up call. The market, which was founded in 1979, sets up its tents every Saturday from 7 am to 1 pm, rain or shine, along North Lemon and State streets. Baskets of perfect red strawberries; the red­painted sides of the Java Dawg coffee truck; and most of all, the tomatoes: amazing, large, soft and round red tomatoes. Disappointed by many a broken, vine­ripened( 蔓 上 成 熟 的 ) promise, I've refused to buy winter tomatoes for years. No matter how attractive they look in the store, once I get them home they're unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless. But I homed in, with uncertainty, on one particular table at the Brown's Grove Farm's stand, full of fresh and soft tomatoes the size of my fist. These were the real deal—and at that moment, I realized that the best part of Sarasota in winter was going to be eating things that back home in New York I wouldn't be experiencing again for months. Delighted as I was by the tomatoes in sight, my happiness deepened when I learned that Brown's Grove Farm is one of the suppliers for Jack Dusty, a newly opened restaurant at the Sarasota Ritz Carlton, where—luckily for me—I was planning to have dinner that very night. Without even seeing the menu, I knew I'd be ordering every tomato on it. 24. What did the author think of her winter life in New York? A.Exciting. B.Boring. C.Relaxing. D.Annoying. 25. What made the author's getting up early worthwhile? A.Having a swim. B.Breathing in fresh air. C.Walking in the morning sun. D.Visiting a local farmers' market. 26. What can we learn about tomatoes sold in New York in winter? A.They are soft. B.They look nice. C.They taste great. D.They are juicy. 27. What was the author going to do that evening? 高三  英语试题 第 2页(共 8 页)  A.Go to a farm. C.Eat in a restaurant.  B.Check into a hotel. D.Buy fresh vegetables. C  The World Health Organization warns that millions of people are dying every year from indoor air pollution. The WHO finds that poor cooking, heating and lighting technologies are killing millions of people each year. Indoor air pollution results from the use of dangerous fuels and cook­stoves in the home. To help fight the problem, the WHO announced, new guidelines aimed at reducing household pollutants. WHO officials say nearly three billion people are unable to use clean fuels and technologies for cooking, heating and lighting. And they say more than seven million people die from exposure to indoor or outdoor air pollution each year. Of that number, the WHO says about 4. 3 million people die from household air pollution given off by simple coal cook­stoves. WHO officials say indoor pollution leads to early deaths from stroke, heart and lung disease. The main victims are women and girls in developing countries, where they usually stay at home and do the household work. Carlos Dora is Coordinator in the WHO’s Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health. He says people should not use unprocessed coal and kerosene (煤油) fuel indoors. He says opening a window or door to let out the harmful air will not improve the situation. It will only pollute the outdoors. Nigel Bruce is a professor of Public Health at the University of Liverpool. He says researchers are developing good cook­stoves and other equipment to burn fuels in a more efficient way. WHO experts note some new, safe and low­cost technologies that could help are already available. In India, you can buy an induction (电磁) stove for about $ 8.00. And in Africa you can buy a solar lamp for less than $ 1. 00. But, this, the agency says, is just a start. It is urging developing countries to use cleaner fuels and increase access to cleaner and more modern cooking and heating appliances. 28. What does “the problem” in paragraph 1 refer to? A. Indoor air pollution. B. Cooking habits. C. Poor cook—stove. D. Use of natural gas. 29. Why are women and girls the main victims of the indoor pollution? A. They are very weak in the developing countries. B. They are more sensitive to the indoor pollution. C. They are exposed to the indoor pollution more. D. They are lack of doing more exercise outdoors. 30. Which of the following is a good way to avoid indoor air pollution? A. To open a window while cooking. B. To use unprocessed coal indoors. C. To promote the cleaner and modern cooking appliances. D. To popularize the traditional cook— stoves in the home. 31. What is the best title of the text? 高三  英语试题 第 3页(共 8 页)  A. How to prevent pollution B. How to protect women and girls C. Indoor pollution kills millions each year D. The importance of health in developing countries D Decision-making can be extremely difficult. Decision-making styles are significantly different. in different cultures. In any approach to a problem and in any negotiations, the Western world turns to the "I to you" approach while Japan, the "you to you" approach. The former means both sides present their arguments openly from their own point of view. Naturally, often comes a confrontation ( 冲 突 ) situation, which Westerners are very skillful in dealing with. The latter is based on each side trying to understand the other person's point of view. Thus, the direction of the meeting is a mutual (相 互的) attempt to reduce confrontation and achieve harmony. Besides, Western decision-making goes mostly from top management and often does not consult middle management or the worker. However, in Japan great consideration is given to the thoughts and opinions of everyone at all levels. Based on "bottom-up direction", ideas can be created at the lowest levels, travel upward through an organization and have an effect on the final decision. Difference in decision-making also comes from different communication styles. The Japanese business person works to achieve harmony, even if the deal falls through, and will spend whatever time is necessary to determine a "you to you" approach, communicating personal views only indirectly. They put a thorough job above the Western deadline approach. So the Japanese are thorough in their meetings. Thus Americans are often annoyed by the many meetings in many Japanese businesses. But where the American is pressing for a specific decision, the Japanese is trying to think up a rather broad direction. On the other hand, once a given agreement is made, it is the Japanese who sometimes wonder at the slow pace in which Westerners carry out the decision. The Japanese are eager to move forward and Westerners, perhaps, lag behind as they take the time for in-depth planning. 32. A Japanese business bases its decision _____. A. on top-down direction B. on nothing but its workers' views C. on bottom-up direction D. only on its top leaders' opinions 33. The text mainly tells us that Japan and the Western world _____. A. face great difficulty in making decisions B. are different in decision-making styles C. have all members contribute to a decision D. have two approaches:"I to you" and "you to I" 34. Which of the following is TRUE of the Westerners? A. They carry out the decision once it is made. B. There are many meetings in their businesses. C. They work to achieve harmony in doing business. 高三  英语试题 第 4页(共 8 页)  D. They are good at handling confrontation situation. 35. The author's attitude towards Japanese decision-making is _____. A. positive B. critical C. negative D. casual 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Teenagers are especially likely to suffer loneliness. Here are some suggestions for speeding a recovery from loneliness. Reach out to others, but start small. A smile and a friendly greeting for the student behind It also can make it easier to you in line at the cafeteria won’t make you best friends. 36 interact the next time. Find a safe place to make connections. If going to the school dance makes you feel like you just don’t belong, try joining a special-interest group. Maybe it’s the drama club or the marching band. 37 Find other ways of making connections. Lonely people hunger for acceptance and friendship, Sometimes feeling accepted and liked comes more easily when you do something for others. 38 Teach a child in reading. Take notes for a disabled classmate. You might be surprised at the connections you make after reaching out in these ways. Loneliness is an absence of quality friendships, not of a particular quantity of friends. 39 That’s why it’s important to know how to select a friend. The best friendships are those based on similar values and attitudes. You get what you expect, so expect the best. If you expect others to be friendly, you will behave in similar ways. It goes away as teens learn how to find their way through their social world and 40 connect with others. A. But it will make you both feel pretty good. B. So consider becoming a volunteer. C. Some teens aren’t so adaptable, however. D. Encourage people to be friendlier to you. E. Choose the right people. F. For most young people, loneliness is only temporary. G. Look for a group that allows you to ease in gradually. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The requirements for high school graduation have just changed in my community. As a result, all students must 41 sixty hours of service learning, 42 they will not receive a diploma. of service learning Service learning is academic learning that also helps the community. 43 高三  英语试题 第 5页(共 8 页)  include cleaning up a polluted river, working in a soup kitchen, or tutoring a student. 44 a about what they have service experience, students must keep a journal and then write a 45 learned. Supporters claim that there are many 46 of service learning. Perhaps most importantly, students are forced to think 47 their own interests and become 48 of the needs of others. Students are also able to learn real life skills that 49 responsibility, problems solving, and 51 service learning. working as part of a team. 50 ,students can explore possible careers For example,if a student wonders what teaching is like, he or she can choose to work in an elementary school classroom a few afternoons each month. 52 there are many benefits, opponents 53 problems with the new requirement. First, they 54 that the main reason why students go to school is to learn core subjects and skills. Because service learning is time­consuming, students spend 55 time studying the core subjects. goes against the law. By Second, they believe that forcing students to work without 56 requiring service, the school takes away an individual’s freedom to choose. In my view, service learning is a great way to 57 to the community, learn new skills, and explore different careers. 58 , I don’t believe you should force people to help others­­­­­the to help must come from the heart. I think the best 60 is one that gives students choices: 59 a student should be able to choose sixty hours of independent study or sixty hours of service. Choice encourages both freedom and responsibility, and as young adults,we must learn to handle both wisely. 41.A.spend B.gain C.complete D.save 42.A.and B.or C.but D.for 43.A.Subjects B.Ideas C.Procedures D.Examples 44.A.With B.Before C.During D.After 45.A.diary B.report C.note D.notice 46.A.courses B.benefits C.challenges D.features 47A.beyond B.about C.over D.in 48.A.careful B.proud C.tired D.aware 49.A.possess B.apply C.include D.develop 50.A.Gradually B.Finally C.Luckily D.Hopefully 51.A.through B.across C.of D.on 52.A.So B.Thus C.Since D.While 53.A.deal with B.look into C.point out D.take down 54.A.argue B.doubt C.overlook D.admit 55.A.much B.full C.less D.more 56.A.cost B.pay C.care D.praise 57.A.contribute B.appeal C.attend D.belong 58.A.Therefore B.Otherwise C.Besides D.However 59.A.courage B.desire C.emotion D.spirit 60.A.decision B.purpose C.solution D.result 高三  英语试题 第 6页(共 8 页)  第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Today I spent time talking to an old friend about some of the 61 (choose) that we have made in our lives. We both agree that life has 62 (actual) been good to us. And we are very 63__ (thank)for what we have been blessed with. Today I would like you to think about your journey and where you see yourself in 64 next five years. Do you see that you have become exactly who you set out to be? I work on my goals because I am excited about that opportunity. However, I do realize that sometimes life can get 65 the way of our goals. I remember 67 when my friend 66 (decide)to buy her first home. She was ready and had everything (prepare). But during this time her father died and she had to move home 68 (help)take care of her mother. Her goal was delayed, 69_ she didn’t give it up completely. And that’s exactly the key to this all. In order to achieve your goals, you have to keep working on 70 . 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I have many friends and Lily is one of the best. We have been playing together before we were young. She is such pretty girl that when people meet him, they always say, “Oh, how lovely!” Lily is also very brave. One evening two weeks ago, my mum sent me to buy some salt or sugar downstair. When I was back on the stairway, I sudden saw a black shadow behind me. I was frightening and cried, “God!” On that very moment, Lily came. She rushed to the shadow and shout loudly until it disappeared. Then we ran to home safely.  高三  英语试题 第 7页(共 8 页)  第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,你的家乡剪纸艺术负有盛名,你写了一篇英文宣传稿,想请外籍教师 Bob 帮助润色。请根据提示,用英语给 Bob 写一封求助信。内容包括: 1.求助事由; 2.求助内容; 3.表达感激。 注意:1.词数 100 左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________  高三  英语试题 第 8页(共 8 页)  2019 届高三英语入学测试 第一部分 第二部分  阅读 DBD BDBC ACCC 第三部分  CBDA  AGBEF  英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)  完形 CBDCB BADCB ADCAC BADBC 62.actually 63.thankful 语法填空 61.choices 66.decided 67.prepared 68.to help 69.but 第四部分  考试答案  听力(略) 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)  64.the 65.in 70.them  写作(共两节,满分 35 分)  短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 71.before 改为 since 72.such 后加 a 73.him 改为 her 74.or 改为 and 75.downstair 改为 downstairs 76.sudden 改为 suddenly 77.frightening 改为 frightened 78. On 改为 At 79.shout 改为 shouted 80.删掉 to 书面表达(满分 25 分)参考作文 One possible version: Dear Bob, I'm writing in the hope that you will be kind enough to do me a favor. When it comes to paper-cutting , there is no denying that it enjoys a great reputation in my hometown.For a long time I have been longing to write an appealing article to make it better known. However , only when I put the idea into practice did I find that my English is far from satisfaction. As far as I'm concerned,you have a good command of written English,which impresses me a lot. Would you like to do me a favor to have my draft polished?I will pay you a visit at your earliest convenience. I would appreciate it if you could take my request into consideration. Yours, Li Hua  
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