doc文档 2018年湖北省沙市中学高三高考冲刺第二次考试英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 2015级高三高考冲刺第二次考试英语试卷 考试时间:2018年5月21日 第I卷 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. £ 19.15. B. £ 9.18. C. £ 9.15. 答案是C 1. What are the speakers talking about?? A. Living in China. B. Shopping in Shanghai. C. Traveling around the world. 2. How did the girl feel when she heard the result? A. Surprised. B. Ashamed. C. Worried. 3. What does the man think of Tony White? A. A talented painter. B. A famous pianist. C. An ordinary artist. 4. Where is Mr. Tailor now? A. In the school. B. In the office. C. In the canteen. 5. How is the man likely to pay on his journey? A. In cash. B. By check. C. Via the smart phone. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料, 回答第6、7题。 6. What are the speakers doing? A. Waiting in the line. B. Enjoying their lunch. C. Talking about a course. 7. Who is Miss Clark? A. A businesswoman. B. Their acquaintance. C. The woman speaker. 听第7段材料, 回答第8至9题。 8. What’s the relationship between the two speakers? A. Mother and son. B. Husband and wife. C. Father and daughter. 9. How is the woman feeling when she hears the news? A. Calm. B. Thrilled. C. Unhappy. 听第8段材料, 回答第10至12题。 10. Where might the two speakers be? A. At home. B. In a clinic. C. On a plane 11. What did the man probably do for his illness? A. He took a day’s sleep. B. He took some medicine. C. He took the lady1s advice. 12. What is the woman going to do right away? A. Lie down. B. Call for help. C. Look after the man. 听第9段材料, 回答第13至16题。 13. What was wrong with Don? A. He dirtied the shirt. B. He broke the cup. C. He wore wrong clothes. 14. What is the man advised to do with his pants? A. Buy a new pair. B. Get them cleaned. C. Change them. 15. Where are the speakers heading for finally? A. The park. B. The dry cleaner. C. The wedding. 16. What do you think of the man? A. He’s caring. B. He’s careful. C. He’s careless. 听第10段材料, 回答第17至20题。 17. What was amazing about Vin Cox’s journey around the world? A. He traveled alone. B. He set a new record. C. He cycled half a year. 18. How did he choose the way? A. By accident. B. On purpose. C. At random. 19. What made his journey difficult? A. Bad weather. B. Local people. C. Other cyclists. 20. Why did Vin Cox make the journey? A. To help the sick. B. To visit some people. C. To get new treatments. 第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分) A Rocky Mountain Summer Adventure Camps Bring Learning to Life! The Museum of Idaho Rocky Mountain Adventure Camps are available for students aged 6—14. Participants will have amazing outdoor experiences combined with adventure and fun. Space is limited to 20 participants each session and registration is not complete until payment has been received by the Museum of Idaho. Registration fee is non-returnable. Junior Adventure Camp Children aged 6-9 (must have completed first grade). We’ll conduct experiments, go on field trips, and discover the fun and excitement of science! This year, we will learn about colonial(殖民主义的) science to go along with our exhibit, America’s Revolution! Instructor: Chloe Doucette Dates: June 27- June 30 Time: 9:00 a.m. - noon Cost: $75 per child, $60 per child for MOI members, $50 each additional brother or sister Original Camp Children aged 9-12 (must have completed third grade) Original Camp is for children who are ready for an exciting full-day outdoor camp. Participants visit various habitats and ecosystems as we explore eastern Idaho. We’ll go bird watching, hiking in the mountains, and lots more! Instructors: Alana Jensen, Jerry Petty Dates: July 18- July 21 Time: 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (9:00-6:00 on the last day) Cost: $150 per child, $125 per child for MOI members, $100 each additional brother or sister High Adventure Camp Youth aged 11-14 (must have completed fifth grade) High Adventure Camp is for youth who are looking for an amazing summer adventure! This outdoor camp is full of exciting physical challenges and involves participants in even more in-depth activities than the Original Camp. This year, students will study how rattlesnakes experience the outdoors! Instructors: Chloe Doucette, Mike Winston, Jerry Petty Dates: August 8- August 11 Time: 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (9:00 – 6:00 on the last day) Cost: $150 per child, $125 per child for MOI members, $100 each additional brother or sister Participate in both Original and High Adventure for only $200! Call 522-1400 ext.3002 to take advantage of this great offer. If you have any questions about the Museum of Idaho’s education programs, contact Chloe Doucette, Education Director at (208) 522-1400 ext. 3002. 21. If participants want to register successfully, they need to . A. choose their favorite instructors B. make up a team of 20 participants C. be accompanied by family D. get their payment received 22. To make experiments, what will a 9-year-old boy choose? A. Original Camp. B. Junior Adventure Camp. C. High Adventure Camp. D. Three of them. 23. How much will a child and his brother spend at least if they sign up for both Original and High Adventure Camp? A. $400. B. $450. C. $500. D. $550. B My husband and I had been married nearly twenty-two years when I acquired Stevens-Johnson syndrome, a disorder where my immune system responded to a virus by producing painful blisters. Although my long-term evaluation was good, I, who had been so fiercely independent, rapidly became absolutely helpless. My husband, Scott, stepped up to the plate, taking care of kids and cooking dinners. He also became my personal caretaker, applying the medicine to all of my blisters because my hands couldn’t do the job. Needless to say, I had negative emotions, bouncing from embarrassment to shame caused by total reliance on someone other than myself. I recovered from my illness, but I couldn’t seem to recover from the thought that I loved my husband less than he loved me. This seeming distinction in our love continued to annoy me for the year following my illness. Then recently Scott and I went on a long bike ride. He’s an experienced cyclist; I’m quite the green hand. At one point with a strong headwind and sharp pain building in my tired legs, I really thought I couldn’t go any further. Seeing me struggle, Scott pulled in front of me and yelled over his shoulder, “Stay close behind me.” As I followed his steps, I discovered that my legs quit burning and I was able to catch my breath. My husband was pulling me along—again. I pray my husband will always be strong and healthy. But if he should ever become the struggling one, whether on a bike ride or with an illness, I trust I’ll be ready to call out to him, “Stay close behind me—my turn to pull you along.” 24. The author felt helpless because . A. She lost the previous independence B. She failed to get the medical treatment C. Her marriage was in a terrible state D. She suffered from mental disorder 25. Which of the following best describes the author’s husband according to Paragraph 2? A. Impatient. B. Independent. C. Considerate. D. Aggressive. 26. When going on the long bike ride, the author’s husband . A. followed her closely B. backed her up all the way C. gave in to her depression D. stopped to take care of her leg 27. What message does the author convey in the passage? A. Strong will. B. Selfless love. C. Reliance on each other. D. Optimistic attitude to life. C Everyone loves a hot shower, except maybe your skin and hair. As it turns out, hot water dries out skin and leaves hair dry and easily broken, Sejal Shah, MD(Doctor of Medicine) in New York City, told Women’s Health. And, if you dye(染) your hair, the color is likely to fade faster once the water gets steamy. To make matters worse, by making your skin lose natural oils, hot showers – above 99 degrees Fahrenheit – may bring about health problems. You may not like it, but the showers temperature that offers the greatest hair and skincare benefits is, well, cold. Cold showers “strengthen the contractile fibers around pores(毛孔), muscles, and hairs which improves the firmness of skin”, says Carl Thornfeldt , MD with over 30 years of skin research experience. Though many people believe hot showers open and clear pores, it’s actually wiser to close them.” Closing pores helps keep pollution from getting into the skin, at least temporarily”. The benefits of cold shower are numerous, but surely we can’t be expected to stand under cold water shivering, every day especially in winter – not to mention that too cold (below the body’s average temperature of 96.6 degrees Fahrenheit) is also bad. Fortunately, Dr. Thornfeldt recommends a happy medium. “The best solution is to take a warm, not too hot shower and then finish off with running cold water for the last few seconds to still gain the rewards of the cold water,” he says. That doesn’t sound too unbearable. Considering the fact that our beloved, steamy showers may cause so much damage to skin and hair, it’s best to switch to slightly warm temperatures to avoid losing natural oils and drying out, especially in winter when indoor heat is already sucking moisture(水分) out of skin. So, when the main part of an extremely comfortable warm shower is completed, finish off with a cool splash. Your hair and skin will thank you! 28. Why does your hair dislike a hot shower? A. It leads to hair loss. B. It makes your hair fragile. C. It makes your hair go grey. D. It causes hair-related illness. 29. How do cold showers benefit skin? A. They brighten skin color. B. They drive dirt out of skin. C. They make skin stronger. D. They make pores nearly unseen. What does the underlined word “shivering” probably mean? A. shaking with cold. B. trembling with fear. C. recovering from pain. D. fighting with courage. 31. What kind of water is advised to use for showers? A. Completely cold water. B. Water as warm as your body. C. Warm water and cold water by turns. D. Warm water mainly and cold water at the end. D Until recently, scientists believed memories were first stored in the hippocampus (海马体) then gradually “transferred” to the cortex (大脑皮层)for long-term storage However, a new study conducted by the Riken—MIT Center for Neural Circuit Genetics challenges this theory, suggesting that memories are stored in the hippocampus and Cortex at the same time, but remain “silent” in the cortex for about two weeks before reaching a mature state Scientists have assumed that the engram(记忆印痕)cells in the cortex that store memory were produced slowly. “The cells actually develop rapidly,” said Takashi Kitamura, a lead author of the study. The past theory that short-term memories in the hippocampus transfer to long-term memories in the cortex was developed in the 1970s, when a patient named Henry Molaison experienced a damaged hippocampus, and he lost his ability to make new memories. Until recently, scientists lacked a reliable way to test memory consolidation (实变)theory, Kitamura explained. “Most previous studies of memory were based on analyzing how damage to certain brain areas affects memory, “he said. In 2016, when Tonegawa Laboratory, a research lab at MIT, developed a way to label engram cells, opening the door to new ways to test memory consolidation theory. Researchers used some mice during the experiment. A day after the mice received an electric shock; its memories of the fear-causing event were stored in engram cells in both the hippocampus and the cortex. The engram cells in the cortex, however, remained silent. These cells did slight behavior when artificially awakened by light. Furthermore, when the connection between the hippocampus and cortex was blocked, long-term memory was unable to mature. Researchers discovered that memory engram cells naturally change their status from active to silent and from silent to active. “ If we identify the principles behind how silent memory can be active, we may find a treatment for amnesia(失忆症), ” Kitamura said. 32. In which aspect did the new study get a breakthrough? A. The effect that our memories have on people. B. The meaning of the storage of memories. C. The place where our memories form D. The order of the storage of memories. 33. What contribution did researchers in Tonegawa Laboratory make? A . They found a new way to test memory consolidation theory. B. They discovered the connection between hippocampus and cortex. C. They analyzed how damage to certain brain areas affects memory. D . They discovered the way to awaken the engram cells in the cortex. 34. What can be inferred from the text? A. The theory of the new study has been accepted by scientists B . The previous theory has nothing to do with the new study. C. Amnesia won’t be an awful illness for patients in the future. D. Scientists need more research to figure out the memory storage. 35. Which of the following can be the best title for the text? A. Arguments about How Memories are Stored B . New Findings of the Way to Treat Amnesia C. -New Study Challenges Assumptions about Memory Storage D. Achievements of the Development of Engram Cells in the Cortex 第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。 Each year thousands of Chinese tourists visit Cambridge, not to see the beauty of a great university, but to pay homage(敬意) to a poem—Xu Zhimo’s Farewell to Cambridge. 36 As one of the most famous romantic poets of Chinese literature, he is known for his promotion and contributions to modern Chinese poetry. To honor him, in July 2008, a stone of white marble was set up at the Backs of King's College, Cambridge (near the bridge over the River Cam). 37 It records the poet’s feelings of sorrows at departing from Cambridge where he had studied between 1920 and 1922. 38 He was also influenced by French romantic and symbolist poets at that time. The poem is his signature work, most frequently recited at shows. He was one of the first Chinese writers to successfully naturalize Western romantic forms into modern Chinese poetry. 39 It is a good embodiment(典型) of his life-long devotion to explore poetic qualities— poetic licence(诗的破格), creation and beauty. He creates a beautiful poetic imagery just like the fresh bridge, rainbow and cloud. In such imagery, poem can tell about its own aesthetic(美学的) feelings. 40 A. Xu Zhimo got the honor in Cambridge. B. The beauty of this poem impressed the readers. C. Xu Zhimo was an early 20th century Chinese poet. D. It was at Cambridge that he fell in love with English romantic poetry. E. On it are written the first two and last two lines from this poem. F. The poem possesses true feelings, fresh language and elegant style. G. Music and color can appeal to the imagery by use of the two senses, ear and mind. 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) Olly Neal was a rather troubled high school senior. One day,he cut class and wandered into the __41__ library. He was attracted by a book written by African­American author Frank Yerby. He wanted to read it. There was one problem: If Neal took it to the __42__, he was certain that the librarians would tell his friends.“Then my __43__ would go down, because I was reading books,” Neal said. He wanted them to __44__ all he could do was fight and cuss(骂人).Finally,he decided to __45__ the book. A week later, Neal __46__ the book and put it back. He found there was another book by Yerby.“So I thought,‘Maybe I'll __47__ that,too.’ So I hid it under my jacket,” Neal said.“Later, I brought it __48__, and there was still another book by Yerby! So I took it.” Neal read four of Yerby's books that semester—__49__ none of them. Yerby's books were so readily __50__, he thought. Attending his thirteen­year high school reunion, Neal __51__ the school's librarian, Mildred Grady. She said she had seen him __52__ to take away the first book secretly years ago. Grady's first thought was to go over there and __53__ him. Then she realized what his __54__ was—he could not let anybody know he was reading. Grady decided __55__ Neal was showing an interest in books, she and Mrs. Saunders would drive to Memphis and find another one for him to read.__56__, every time Neal took a book home, the __57__ would set off for the city to find another book for him, which was not an easy __58__ in the 1950s. The two librarians' efforts __59__: Neal went on to attend law school and later became a well respected local judge. They changed a __60__ teenage boy's life. 41.A. record B.university C.city D.school 42.A. house B.writer C.counter D.shelf 43.A. strength B.choice C.habit D.reputation 44.A. know B.argue C.forget D.challenge 45.A. steal B.cover C.borrow D.copy 46.A. understood B.finished C.reviewed D.returned 47.A. renew B.stock C.read D.buy 48.A. down B.up C.back D.out 49.A. dropping out B.storing up C.giving up D.checking out 50.A. available B.unique C.mysterious D.useful 51.A. looked at B.ran into C.talked about D.thought of 52.A. hesitating B.attempting C.bothering D.waiting 53.A. stop B.frighten C.watch D.discourage 54.A. behavior B.result C.situation D.excuse 55.A. before B.unless C.though D.if 56.A. However B.Besides C.Instead D.Therefore 57.A. pair B.group C.crowd D.couple 58.A. life B.matter C.request D.trip 59.A. took over B.paid off C.broke down D.set out 60.A. shy B.lazy C.tough D.lucky 第II卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Have you ever tasted or perhaps heard of sugar painting? As fewer people choose to make this kind of painting, the traditional Chinese folk craft might have become a 61 (distance) memory in some ways. 62 , a 38-year old craftsman, Li Jianzhong, is committed to 63 (keep) the art of sugar painting alive. Li worked as a miner for more than ten years. After 64 mine closed down, Li turned to housing decoration, until he 65 (force) to give that up due to a finger injury. Earlier this year, he discovered sugar painting, something he really had an interest in and a strong desire to learn. Since there was no sugar painting craftsman in his village, he studied by himself through large quantities of 66 (video) and information on the Internet. Li loved painting when he was young, and he found it easy 67 (learn) the skill in sugar painting. He soon mastered the skill and could make a 68 (vary) of sugar paintings. A sugar painting is made with melted brown or white sugar. Craftsmen 69 (normal) paint animals and flowers on a stone board with the syrup(糖浆). When the sugar cools down, 70 appears is a piece of sugar art. 第四部分 写作 (共两节, 满分35分) 第一节 短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删减:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改:在错词下面划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。 Dear Peter, How time flies! It had been almost a year since you left China to Sweden. During your home stay at my home, we had such wonderful time that it seemed as if everything was happened yesterday. I have been long to hear all about you and missing you so much. Fortunate, I was selected as one of the student representative to pay a visit to your school. The visit will last on July 7th to 20th. And as a super soccer fan, I’d really love to visit our local soccer club. I can’t wait for the day to come where I can see you. 书面表达 (满分25分) 假设你是李华,端午节期间你的一个朋友Smith准备到你所在的城市来旅游,因你要参加”高中生机器人比赛”并作为代表要在开幕式上发言而不能接机,故写信给他。要点如下: 1. 解释你不能接机的原因; 2. 说明端午节期间将安排朋友接待。 注意:1. 词数120左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 参考词汇:粽子sweet rice dumpling, 高中生机器人比赛High School Student Robot Competition 模拟冲刺卷(二)参考答案 听力部分:1-5 BACCB 6-10	ABBCA	11-15 BCABC	16-20 CBBAA 阅读理解:21-23 DBA 24-27 ACBC 28-31 BCAD 32-35 DADC 七选五:36-40 CEDFG 完形填空:41-45DCDAA	46-50 BCCDA	51-55 BBACD 56-60 DABBC 语法填空:61.distant 62. However 63. keeping/keep 64. the 65. was forced 66. videos 67. to learn 68. variety 69. normally 70. what 短文改错: 1.had--has 2. to ----for 3. 在such后加 a 4. 去掉was 5. long—longing 6. Fortunate---Fortunately 7. representative---representatives 8. on---from 9. our--your 10. where---when 书面表达:One possible version: Dear Smith, I am more than thrilled to know that you are coming to my city during the Dragon Boat Festival. However, I am exceedingly sorry that I can’t meet you at the airport for the following reasons. I am planning to take part in a High School Student Robot Competition to be held in another city during the time of your visit. Many top scientists in the field will show up. More importantly, I am lucky enough to have been selected to deliver a speech on behalf of my school at the opening ceremony. I hope you can understand my situation and accept my apologies. To guarantee you a pleasant journey, I have asked my roommate to meet you at the airport and you can stay in my room. He is a very nice person and will keep you company during the festival! At the same time, you will taste the traditional Chinese food ­— sweet rice dumplings and enjoy the Dragon-boat Race. I am sure you will have a good time. 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·12· 
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