doc文档 2018年贵州省凯里市第一中学高三下学期《黄金卷》第四套模拟考试英语试题

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2018年贵州省凯里市第一中学高三下学期《黄金卷》第四套模拟考试英语试题 第 1 页 2018年贵州省凯里市第一中学高三下学期《黄金卷》第四套模拟考试英语试题 第 2 页
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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 凯里一中2018届高三下学期《黄金卷》第四套模拟考试 英语试题 第Ⅰ卷 选择题 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A Four Most Beautiful Art Museums in China Yu Qingcheng Gallery, Tianjin Yu Qingcheng is a sculpture artist from North China’s Tianjin, famous for his clay figures depicting lives of people in rural China. The Yu Qingcheng Gallery stands in mountains of Jinxian county, spanning an area of 1,800 square meters. Designed by the Architectural Design and Research Institute of Tianjin University, the gallery features a distinguishing “manifold” structure with different shapes of the buildings, which form a continuous flowing and changing physical space. M Woods Museum, Beijing M Woods is an independent, not-for-profit art museum founded in 2014 by collectors Lin Han and Lei Wanying,and co-founded by Huang Xufii. It’s built in a former munitions (军需品) factory, with renovations using translucent materials. M Woods opens to the public with a permanent collection based on the founders’ private collection of international art. Gongwang Art Museum, Hangzhou The Gongwang Art Museum is one of the most recent designs of famed Chinese architect Wang Shu, who became the first Chinese to win the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2012. The museum stands along rivers in the Fuchun Mountains in East China’s Fuyang, Hangzhou city, where legendary painter Huang Gongwang (1269 -1354), of the Yuan Dynasty, lived and finished his masterpiece scroll painting Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains. Sifang Art Museum, Nanjing The Sifang Art Museum has been praised by many as one of the best private art museums in China, nestled in mountains in suburban Nanjing, East China’s Jiangsu province. The museum also features a lake zone which is open for public visits. 1. Which is the characteristic of Yu Qingcheng? A. The clay sculpture. B. The unique structure. C. The images of rural life. D. The wide area. 2. How is M Woods Museum different from the other museums? A. It is an unprofitable museum. B. It displays private collection. C. It is named after a famous architect. D. It opens to the public. 3. At which museum can you enjoy beautiful lake scenery? A. Gongwang Art Museum. B. Sifang Art Museum. C. M Woods Museum. D. Yu Qingcheng Gallery. B My mom loved wearing the necklace with five figurines (雕像) given by my grandma. She said it was a way to keep the grandkids close to her heart. The thing was that you never knew how many grandkids were close to her heart. Some days all five might be on the chain; other days there might be only three or four. If one of the grandkids behaved badly, she would fling his/her figurine around to the back of the chain. She told them that they could come back to the front of the necklace and join the others when they improved bad behaviors. She was a matriarch who knew how to hold a crowd. Her behaviors reminded me of the Great Pillow Caper. Once, Mom and Dad, completely out of mind, rented a huge van to take 11 of us a fair distance to a family reunion. It was a tight fit, full of crying babies and bad-tempered kids. Quarrels mounted on the long drive home,A conflict happened between a couple of the kids over a pillow. Grandma demanded the pillow be passed up front to her and announced she would “dispose” of the matter. Someone yelled, “Do it, Grandma! Show them what you,re made of!” The fighting stopped immediately and those children, now all adults, are exceptionally well-behaved on long car-trips. The grandma’s baton (指挥棒) has been passed to the next generation. With grandma’s necklace,it seems that I, too, have a means of holding a crowd. Now, there are nine little figurines on the chain. Occasionally, chaos erupts when we are all together and one of the grandkids will run over, check the necklace to make sure he or she is still in place, and then take off yelling, “I’m still on the necklace!” “For now you are! Don’t mish it!” 4. What does the each figurine stand for? A. Grandkid. B. Love. C. Wealth. D. Happiness. 5. Why did my mother move her figurine around to the back of the chain? A. Because she wanted to correct grandkid’s bad behaviors. B. Because the grandkids made her annoyed. C. Because she knew how to hold a crowd. D. Because she wanted to keep her grandma close to her heart. 6. How did grandma dispose the pillow caper? A. Violently. B. Indifferently. C. Unfairly. D. Wisely. 7. What can be a suitable title for the text? A. Children are what the mothers are B. My grandma: a powerful person C. Love is where the figurines are D. The necklace: a special baton C Do you have an adventurous spirit and some serious money to bum? A company called Orion Span wants to organize your next vacation—to outer space. For just $9.5 million, Orion Span will take you on a 12-day journey 200 miles above the Earth’s surface to Aurora Station, and it is called “the first luxury hotel in space.” The company expects to open the hotel in late 2021 and host its first guests in 2022. When operational, the hotel will host six people at a time, including two crew members. Before embarking on your journey to space, you’ll go through a three-month certification program. The first phase will be completed online,and then you’ll head to the company’s Houston facility for in-person training. During their stay...travelers will enjoy the exhilaration of zero gravity and fly freely throughout Aurora Station, gaze at the northern and southern aurora through the many windows, soar over their hometowns, take part in research experiments such as growing food while in orbit (which they can take home with them as the ultimate souvenir), revel in a virtual reality experience on the holodeck, and stay in touch or live stream with their loved ones back home via high-speed wireless Internet access. Orion Span’s ambitions don’t end with operating a luxury hotel in space. “We will later sell dedicated modules as the world’s first condominiums (私人公寓) in space,” CEO and Founder Frank Bunger said in a statement. “Future Aurora owners can live in, visit, or sublease (转租) their space condominiums.” 8. What can we know from the passage? A. The Aurora Station can hold eight guests at a time. B. The space travel is just open to the rich. C. The outer program needs three-month online training. D. The travelers can conduct real-time conversations with their family. 9. What does the underlined word “embarking on” in Paragraph 3 probably mean? A. Keep on. B. Start off. C. Prepare for. D. End up. 10. What can we infer from the last paragraph? A. The owner of the space hotel has the right to sell it. B. The hotel in space will be more luxurious. C. Anybody can afford to go to the outer space in the future. D. The Orion Span will expand its business further. 11. What is the Frank Bunger’s attitude to the future of the space journey? A. Doubtful. B. Optimistic. C. Objective. D. Conservative. D “What we define as pain usually has to do with a nervous system,” Anke Stepphun, an ecologist at the Free University of Berlin, says. When you put your hand too close to a hot stove, nerve cells send an alert to your brain. Your brain decodes that signal as burning pain, which causes you to pull your hand away before any serious damage is done. Plants don’t have nerves or brains, so they can’t feel pain like we do. “But plants definitely do recognize when something is hurting them,” Steppuhn says. And since they can’t escape a potentially dangerous situation, they need other ways of fighting back. The biggest threat to a plant’s life is getting eaten. Some plants stop herbivores from chewing on them by growing thorns or sharp little hairs,like a rose or a cactus does. Other plants produce bad-tasting or even poisonous chemicals, which force a would-be attacker to abandon its meal. But a plant called bittersweet nightshade does something even more ingenious, Steppuhn discovered. When a slug chews holes in a nightshade’s leaf, liquid begins dripping out of the edges of the wound, almost as if the plant were bleeding. The liquid is sugary nectar, and it happens to be a favorite food of ants. In order to collect the nectar, the ants swarm all over the injured nightshade plant and attack anything that stands in their way. Plants also release certain chemicals into the air when they are being eaten. People usually can’t detect these subtle smells. But wasps can. When a wasp senses a cry for help, it races to the scene of the crime. If it finds the right kind of insects chowing down on the plant, the wasp interrupts the bug^ meal by laying its eggs inside the bug’s body. Although plants may look like passive victims, they have armies of cold-blooded killers at their beck and call. 12. Why does author give us the example about touching a hot stove in Para. 1? A. To explain pain is a nervous sensation. B. To prove the nervous system is part of the body. C. To advise people to keep away from a hot stove. D. To state how the nervous system carries messages. 13. According to the passage, which statement is NOT correct? A. The central nervous system is responsible for human pain. B. Plants don5t feel pain the same way people do. C. A cactus protects itself by producing bad chemicals. D. Some plants can rely on animals to protect themselves. 14. Which animal attack slugs to get to a plant’s sweet liquid? A. Wasps. B. Ants. C. Bees. D. Snails. 15. What is the passage mainly about? A. How plants act when they sense danger. B. How the human’s nervous system works. C. How the plants call wasps to kill their enemies. D. Why plants can’t feel pain like people do. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。 Using a child safety seat is the best way to protect kids when traveling by car. Every state in the United States requires that a baby or small child be limited. And with good reason—unintentional injury is the leading cause of death in children. _16_ Child safety seats can greatly reduce the risk of a potentially deadly injury,especially for babies. _17_ When choosing a safety seat, pay attention to the following advice. ● Choose a seat with a label (标签) which states that it meets Federal Motor Vehicle Safety standard. ● _18_ Never use a seat that’s more than 6 years old or one that was in a crash. Avoid seats that are missing parts, are not labeled with the production date and model number, or do not come with an instruction book. Also, check the seat for the recommended expiration date (截止日期). If you have any doubts about a seat’s history, or if it shows signs of wear and tear, don’t use it. ● If you accept a used seat, contact the maker for recommendations on how long the seat can safely be used and to find out if it’s ever been recalled (召回). _19_ And the maker might be able to provide you with a replacement part or new model. ● Be sure to fill out the product registration card so you will be informed of recalls right away. All in all, the best car seat is not always the most expensive one. _20_ Once you select a seat, be sure to try it out, keeping in mind that store displays and posters might not show the correct usage. A. Accept a used seat with caution. B. Read the entire recommendations. C. But many safety seats are used incorrectly. D. And most such injuries are from car crashes. E. The requirement for recalling is quite common. F. It’s the one that best fits a child’s weight, size,and your vehicle. G. Before using the safety seat, read the instruction book thoroughly. 第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 During a visit to South China’s Guangdong province earlier this month to _21_ on the relevance (相关事宜) of the 19th century opium wars in modem China, I spent part of a morning in Shamian. The area was built as a Western concession (租借地) in the 1860s after the ruling Qing Dynasty (1644 — 1911) _22_ for a second time in wars with Britain, which Chinese historians say _23_ fought for colonial expansion in Asia. British, French and some other Western businesses had set up their factories on the _24_ of the Pearl River in Guangzhou during the Qing times. The _25_ was burned down during the conflict, a plaque (匾) tells visitors, which is _26_, in 1859, Britain and France _27_ the governor of Canton (present-day Guangdong) to rent Shamian to them. It wasn’t until 1946 that the Chinese government _28_ the area back. A Cantonese-speaking _29_ and I approached some elderly men _30_ in a tea house among themselves to ask what they thought of the architecture. ^Beautiful — and it has a long history, said one, _31_ he added that the buildings with large rooms and spaces between houses are _32_ facing China’s large population. “I think it is a waste of space.” Shamian is a culture site that’s been under government _33_ since 1996. Its early Chinese residents were civil _34_ whose children have moved out to other parts of Guangzhou. The buildings_35_ consulates (领事馆) from more than 10 countries and dozens of foreign banks in recent decades. There are at least two primary schools and the resident offices of three _36_ governments in Shamian now. But _37_ activity seems to be limited to a handful of cafes and hotels. However,British merchants “dumped” opium on the Chinese market to _38_ the trade loss Britain faced during the Qing rule, according to museum exhibits about the wars and foreign trade in Guangdong. _39_, the poppy flowers from which opium is made have been the _40_ of paintings by European masters such as Claude Monet and Vincent van Gogh. 21. A. report B. express C. organize D. rescue 22. A. attack B. lost C. burst D. survive 23. A. was B. to be C. being D. were 24. A. valleys B. canals C. banks D. sources 25. A. county B. settlement C. dynasty D. reserve 26. A. why B. when C. where D. how 27. A. confirmed B. fooled C. sought D. got 28. A. harvest B. surrounded C. won D. spotted 29. A. audience B. translator C. fan D. performer 30. A. observing B. yawning C. enjoying D. chatting 31. A. but B. therefore C. though D. so 32. A. considerate B. worthwhile C. impractical D. disturbing 33. A. construction B. department C. section D. protection 34. A. victims B. painters C. servants D. guides 35. A. housed B. swallowed C. concluded D. united 36. A. unusual B. provincial C. enjoyable D. cautious 37. A. casual B. endless C. commercial D. random 38. A. make up for B. result in C. put up with D. come about 39. A. Vividly B. Differently C. Firmly D. Ambitiously 40. A. agent B. giant C. tutor D. subject 第Ⅱ卷 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面短文,在空白出填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Umbrellas From the moment that umbrellas were created in Ancient Egypt, Assyria, India and China over 3000 years ago, it started being associated _41_ ceremonies of “sun worshiping” religions, especially in Egypt. As their manufacture came at the great cost, parasols (太阳伞) and umbrellas_ 42_ (view) as objects of power, status symbol, and were used _43_ (protect) the important people, royalty, religious leaders and sacred objects from the heat of the sun. Religion with greatest respect towards umbrellas is Buddhism. Followers of that religion look at the umbrella as a symbol of Earth, center of _44_ universe and spiritual support. There are _45_ (variety) designs of Buddhist parasols, decorated with overhanging skirts, octagonal (三角形) shapes of the dome and more. They respect umbrella so much that they even worship goddess Sitapatra, _46_ name can be translated as “the white umbrella”. Chinese paper umbrellas represent one of the most celebrated umbrellas in modem religions. They are considered as bringers of good _47_ (fortunate), wars against evil spirits and are used in many celebration ceremonies, most notably weddings, and funerals. Because of their scarcity and high cost, the umbrella quickly _48_ (become) symbol of power in China and surrounding Asian countries. To distinguish from the rest of population, Chinese royal members carried only red or yellow umbrellas, _49_ the rest used blue ones. _50_ the centuries went on, cost of Chinese umbrellas went down, which enabled its use by general population and even males. 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 On-line voting becomes increasing popular, and many competitions get people involve in it. It is beneficial for some people, but it puts others into a dilemma whether to vote or not. In my opinion, on-line voting is a inseparable part of modem life and should be welcomed, since it is a way to participate in public life. It is different from ordinary voting events, which candidates go around to seek supports. In addition to, the Internet makes surveying and voting easy and convenient, regardless of time and space. However, voting on the Internet makes instant feedback possible. To be honest, voters sometimes feel annoying, not because they hate voting, and because they are divided between emotion and fairness. Things will turn for the better if we can work out some participation rules for people to obey. Therefore, I held a positive attitude towards on-line voting. 第二节 书面表达(满分25分) 假如你是李华,你在外教Mr.Smith星期一的阅读课上迟到了,请根据以下提示给史密斯先生写一封电子邮件道歉。 1. 道歉原因:因迟到而破坏正常的教学进程; 2. 希望帮老师做点什么事情弥补; 3. 表达以后不迟到的决心。 注意:1.词数100左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 开头语已为你写好,不计入总词数。 Dear Mr. Smith, I am writing to apologize _____________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, LiHua 贵州省凯里市第一中学2018届高三下学期《黄金卷》第四套模拟考试英语试题答案 第一部分 阅读理解 1-5 BABAA 6-10 DDDBD 11-15 BACBA 16-20 DCAEF 第二部分 语言知识运用 第一节 完形填空 21-25 ABDCB 26-30ADCBD 31-35ACDCA 36-40 BCABD 第二节 语法填空 41.with 42.were viewed 43. to protect 44.the 45. various 46. whose 47. fortune 48. became 49. while 50. As 第三部分 写作 第一节 短文改错 On-line voting becomes increasing popular, and many competitions get people involve in it. It is beneficial for ① increasingly ② involved ③to some people, but it puts others into a dilemma whether to vote or not. In my opinion, on-line voting is a inseparable part of modern life and should be welcomed, since it is a way to ④an participate in public life. It is different from ordinary voting events, which candidates go around to seek supports. ⑤ where/ ∧in In addition to, the Internet makes surveying and voting easy and convenient, regardless of time and space. ⑥去掉to However, voting on the Internet makes instant feedback possible. ⑦ Besides\Moreover\Furthermore To be honest, voters sometimes feel annoying, not because they hate voting, and because they are divided ⑧ annoyed ⑨ but between emotion and fairness. Things will turn for the better if we can work out some participation rules for people to obey. Therefore, I held a positive attitude towards on-line voting. ⑩ hold 第二节 书面表达 【参考范文】 Dear Mr.Smith, I am writing to apologize for being late for your reading class on Monday. I am very sorry for any inconvenience that I may cause in your teaching, and I want to express my deep regret. I would appreciate your allowing me to take some make-up action. Maybe I can volunteer to be your assistant in the reading activity sometime soon. If you agree, please let me know when we can arrange to complete this project. I promise that I will never be late for class again and will do my beat to fully contribute to the smooth functioning of the classroom. At last, I hope you can accept my sincere apology. Y ours sincerely, Li Hua 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·12· 
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