doc文档 2016年江苏省南通中学高三上学期10月月考英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(” 江苏省南通中学2016届高三上学期10月月考英语试卷 第二部分 英语知识运用 第一节 单项选择 Jane“s grandmother had wanted to write ________ children’s book for many years, but one thing or another always got in________ way. a;不填 B. the;the C.不填;the D. a; the I’m not talking about an aimless hope that’s little more than _______ optimism; I’m talking about hope as the spirit inside us. great B. guarded C. blind D. cautious 23. Body language can         a lot about your mood, so standing with your arms folded can send out a signal that you are being defensive. A. take away       B. throw away       C. put away           D. give away 24. “I’d like to give my thanks to those _______help my son will be able to survive his terrible disease.” said the woman on TV. A. who         B.whose     C. with whose       D. with whom 25. --When shall we start? ---Let"s _____ the time for the trip. What about 8:30 tomorrow morning? A. make B. appoint C. meet D. take 26. ___is the gravity of the situation that we can’t ____the importance of public attention enough.  A. This; deliver   B. Such; underline   C. So;stress D. What; strike 27. ___he once felt like giving up, he now has the determination to push further andkeep on going. A. Where                 B. As                    C. In case                   D. Now that 28. The stories are mirror images of places in my mind, where reality __________ fantasy. A.respects   B. represents   C. meets    D. marks 29. College students should learn to compromise, but some of them only expect people to change for them, not _______ way around. A.another B.the other C.other D.any other 30. Life doesn’t count for much ______ you’re willing to do your small part to leave our children a better world . A. unless B. when C. though D. if 31. The manager wants to see changes in the company, and I am sure he will _______ . A. in particular B. in turn C. in charge D. in time 32. That is why i help brighten people's days, If you ______,who is to say that another person will. A. didn’t B. haven’t C. weren’t D. don’t 33. Much time ______ sitting at a desk, office workers are generally troubled by health problems. A. being spent B. having spent C. spent D. spending 34. Most of us, if we know even a little about where our food comes from, understand that every bite put into our mouths was _______ alive. A. steadily B. instantly C. formerly D. permanently 35. - Why don’t you consider a trip to, say Beijing or Hangzhou? - ________. Let’s call it a day B. I wouldn’t mind that C. Then we’ll get there quickly D. It’s not a requirement 第二节、完形填空 Individuals who often read fiction appear to better understand other people, empathize(共鸣) with them and view the world from their perspective. A study found a(an) __36___ result in young children: the more stories read to them, the __37__ their “theory of mind,” or mental model of other people’s intentions. “Deep reading” —as __38__ to the superficial reading we do on the Web — is an __39__ practice, one we should take steps to __40__ as we would a historic building or a significant work of art. Its __41__ would put in danger the intellectual and emotional development of generations growing up online, as well as literature that can be __42__ only by readers whose brains, quite __43__ , have been trained to understand them. Recent research has demonstrated that deep reading is a __44__ experience, different from the mere decoding of words. __45__ deep reading does not, strictly speaking, require a __46__ book, the built-in limits of the printed page are uniquely conducive(有助于) to the deep reading experience. A book’s lack of hyperlinks, for example, __47__ the reader from making decisions — Should I click on this link or not — __48__ her to remain fully immersed in the narrative. The deep reading of books and the information-driven reading we do on the Web are different, both __49__ the experience they produce and the __50__ they develop. A growing body of evidence suggests that online reading may be less __51__ and less satisfying, even for the “digital natives” for whom it is so familiar. When readers are enjoying the experience the most, the __52__ of their reading actually slows. The __53__ of fast, fluent decoding of words and slow, unhurried progress on the page gives deep readers time to enrich their reading with __54__, analysis, and opinions. It gives them time to establish an close relationship with the author, the two of them engaged in an extended __55__ like people falling in love. 36. A. different B. unbelievable C. efficient D. similar 37. A. quicker B. stronger C. keener D. higher 38. A. contradicted B. equal C. opposed D. relevant 39. A. interesting B. endangered C. authentic D. unconscious 40. A. preserve B. prevent C. reserve D. promote 41. A. practice B. disappearance C. appearance D. existence 42. A. recited B. read C. covered D. appreciated 43. A. differently B. similarly C. literally D. strangely 44. A. distinctive B. difficult C. valid D. reasonable 45. A. Since B. Because C. However D. Although 46. A. complicated B.conventional C. convenient D. confidential 47. A. limits B.bans C. frees D. protects 48. A. forcing B. allowing C. requiring D. encouraging 49. A. in B. by C. from D. with 50. A. confidence B. plot C. hobbies D. capacities 51. A. promising B. engaging C. involving D. supportive 52. A. procedure B. step C. pace D. ratio 53. A. contrast B. combination C. comparison D. conflict 54. A. reflection B. revision C. response D. consideration 55. A. negotiation B. arrangement C. appointment D. conversation 第三部分:阅读理解 A A POETRY BY HEART By Andrew Motion (Viking £16.99) For three years, a terrific national competition has encouraged pupils aged 14 to 18 to learn and recite poetry — and this fat collection is the pool of 200 poems from which they have to make their choice. This anthology makes a fine present for anyone interested in poetry, ranging from the earliest English poem through every century to current poetry with many themes and from different ethnic backgrounds. Some of the choices seem odd to me — but that’s part of the fun, as you wonder why. The notes make the book really useful. Every home should have a copy. P OEMS THAT MAKE GROWN MEN CRY  Edited by Anthony and Ben Holden (Simon & Schuster £16.99) This is a fascinating, wide-ranging selection of poems chosen by 100 well-known men — simply because they find them deeply moving. But grown men aren’t supposed to cry, are they? Some of the poems are about loss, as you’d expect, but others are about deeply held political passions or intense observations of nature. Each is introduced by the chooser, usually with frank personal detail.   BLACK COUNTRY by Liz Berry (Chatto £10) This is a writer I’m thrilled to discover — someone who takes a pride in the Midlands, where she lives. Berry uses some of the dialect words she heard as a child, turning ordinariness into something direct, tender and beautiful. The disagreeable Brummie accent becomes music in the hands of this fine young poet. LEARNING TO MAKE AN OUD IN NAZARETH by Ruth Padel (Chatto £10) Padel is one of our most talented writers. Poet, naturalist, musician and travel writer, she turns her multi-layered poetic attention to the Middle East, seeking peace and harmony through sensitive and moving poems that offer hope even as they reflect upon struggle. Her prolific and passionate creativity is proof that ‘making is our defence against the dark’. 56. Of the four books mentioned above, who are the creators of the poems? A. Andrew Motion and Liz Berry                B. Liz Berry and Ruth Padel C. Anthony and Ben Holden                    D. Ruth Padel and Ben Holden 57. Which of the following statements is true? A. Students aged 14 to 18 can choose a poem from Black Country to take part in a competition. B. Liz Berry can change the unpleasant Brummie accent into a beautiful song. C. Men will cry after they read the poems written by 100 distinguished persons. D. You will read personal perspectives in Poems That Make Grown Men Cry. 58. Which of the four books may probably give the people living in psychological suffering comfort and relief? A. Poems that Make Grown Men Cry B. Poetry by Heart C. Black Country D. Learning to Make an Oud in Nazareth B Every fall, like clockwork, Linda Krentz of Beaverton, Oregon, felt her brain go on strike. "I just couldn't get going in the morning," she says. "I'd get depressed and gain 10 pounds every winter and lose them again in the spring." Then she read about seasonal affective disorder, a form of depression that occurs in fall and winter, and she saw the light literally. Every morning now she turns on a specially constructed light box for half an hour and sits in front of it to trick her brain into thinking it's still enjoying those long summer days. It  seems to work.       Krentz is not alone. Scientists estimate that 10 million Americans suffer from seasonal depression and 25 million more develop milder versions. But there's never been definitive proof that treatment with very bright lights makes a difference. After all, it's hard to do a double-blind test when the subjects can see for themselves whether or not the light is on. That's why nobody has ever separated the real effects of light therapy from  placebo (安慰剂) effects.       Until now, in three separate studies published last month, researchers report not only that light therapy works better than a placebo but that treatment is usually more effective in the early morning than in the evening. In two of the groups, the placebo problem was resolved by telling patients they were comparing light boxes to a new anti-depressant device that gives off negatively charged ions (离子). The third used the timing of light therapy as the control.       Why does light therapy work? No one really knows."Our research suggests it has something to do with shifting the body's internal clock," says psychiatrist Dr. Lewey. The body is programmed to start the day with sunrise, he explains, and this gets later as the days get shorter. But why such subtle shifts make some people depressed and not others is a mystery.       That hasn't stopped thousands of winter depressives from trying to heal themselves. Light boxes for that purpose are available without a doctor's prescription. That bothers psychologist Michael Terman of Columbia University. He is worried that the boxes may be tried by patients who suffer from mental illness that can't be treated with light. Terman has developed a questionnaire to help determine whether expert care is needed.      In any event, you should choose a reputable manufacturer. Whatever product you use should give off only visible light, because ultraviolet light damages the eyes. If you are photosensitive (对光敏感的), you may develop a rash. Otherwise, the main drawback is having to sit in front of the light for 30 to 60 minutes in the  morning. That's an inconvenience many winter depressives can live with. 59. What is the probable cause of Krentz's problem? A. An unexpected gain in body weight.  B. Unexplained impairment of her nervous system.  C. Weakening of her eyesight with the setting in of winter.  D. Poor adjustment of her body clock to seasonal changes. 60. What is the CURRENT view concerning the treatment of seasonal depression with bright lights? A. Its effect remains to be seen. B. It serves as a kind of placebo.  C. It proves to be an effective therapy.  D. It hardly produces any effects. 61. What is psychologist Michael Terman's major concern? A. Winter depressives will be addicted to using light boxes. B. No mental patients would bother to consult psychiatrists.  C. Inferior light boxes will give off harmful ultraviolet lights. D. Light therapy could be misused by certain mental patients. 62. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Winter depressives prefer light therapy in spite of its inconvenience.  B. Light therapy increases the patient's photosensitivity.  C. Eye damage is a side effect of light therapy.  D. Light boxes can be programmed to correspond to shifts in the body clock. C It was once common to regard Britain as a society with class distinction. Each class had unique characteristics. In recent years, many writers have begun to speak the 'decline of class' and 'classless society' in Britain. And in modern day consumer society everyone is considered to be middle class.  But pronouncing the death of class is too early. A recent wide-ranging society of public opinion found 90 percent of people still placing themselves in particular class; 73 percent agreed that class was still a vital part of British society; and 52 percent thought there were still sharp class differences. Thus, class may not be culturally and politically obvious, yet it remains an important part of British society. Britain seems to have a love of stratification. One unchanging aspect of a British person's class position is accent. The words a person speaks tell her or his class. A study of British accents during 1970s found that a voice sounding like a BBC newsreader was viewed as the most attractive voice, Most people said this accent sounded 'educated' and 'soft'. The accents placed at the bottom in this study, on the other hand, were regional(地区的)city accents. These accents were seen as 'common' and 'ugly'. However, a similar study of British accents in the US turned these results upside down and placed some regional accents as the most attractive and BBC English as the least. This suggests that British attitudes towards accent have deep roots and are based on class prejudice. In recent years, however, young upper middle-class people in London, have begun to adopt some regional accents, in order to hide their class origins. This is an indication of class becoming unnoticed. However, the 1995 pop song 'Common People' puts forward the view that though a middle-class person may 'want to live like common people' they can never appreciate the reality of a working-class life. 63. A recent study of public opinion shows that in modern Britain ________.  A. it is time to end class distinction B. most people belong to middle class C. it is easy to recognize a person’s class D. people regard themselves socially different 64. The word stratification in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ________. A.variety B.division C. authority  D. qualification 65.British attitudes towards accent _________. A. have a long tradition B. are based on regional status C. are shared by the Americans D. have changed in recent years 66. What is the main idea of the passage? A. The middle class is expanding  B. A person’s accent reflects his class C. Class is a key part of British society D. Each class has unique characteristics. D My mind went blank when I saw the gun pointing against the car window as we pulled out of the garage. This can’t be happening to me. Then I felt the gun, cold, against my head, and I heard my friend Jeremy saying, “What do you want? Take my wallet,” but at the time I thought of nothing. I remember being a little annoyed when the gunman pulled me from the car by the hair. I remember the walk to the house --- Jeremy, me, the two men with two guns. I remember the fear and anger in the gunmen’s voices because Jeremy was being slow, and I remember wondering why he was being slow. I did not realize that Jeremy had thrown the keys into the bush. But I remember that sound of the gun hitting Jeremy’s head and the feeling as the man who had hold of my hair released me. And I remember the split second when I realized he was looking at Jeremy, and I remember wondering how far I could run before he pulled the trigger. But I was already running, and upon reaching the car across the street, I didn’t crouch(蹲伏) behind it but screamed instead. I remember thinking there was something ridiculous and illogical about screaming “Help, help!” at eight o’clock on a Tuesday evening in December and changing my plea(恳求) to the more specific “Help, let me in, please let me in!” But the houses were cold, closed, unfriendly, and I ran on until I heard Jeremy’s screams behind me announcing that our attackers had fled. The neighbors who had not opened their doors to us came out with baseball bats and helped Jeremy find his glasses and keys. In a group they were very brave. We waited for the police to come until someone said to someone else that the noodles were getting cold, and I said politely, “Please go and eat. We’re O.K.” I was happy to see them go. They had been talking of stricter sentences for criminals, of bringing back the death penalty(处罚) and how the President is going to clean up the country. I was thinking, they could be saying all of this over my dead body, and I still feel that stiffer sentences wouldn’t change a thing. In a rush all the anger I should have felt for my attackers was directed against these contented people standing in front of their warm, comfortable homes talking about all the guns they were going to buy. What good would guns have been to Jeremy and me? People all over the neighborhood had called to report our screams, and the police turned out in force twenty minutes later. They were ill-tempered about what was, to them, much trouble about nothing. After all, Jeremy was hardly hurt, and we were hopeless when it came to describing the gunmen. “Typical,” said one policeman when we couldn’t even agree on how tall the men were. Both of us were able to describe the guns in horrifying detail, but the two policemen who stayed to make the report didn’t think that would be much help. The policemen were matter-of-fact about the whole thing. The thin one said, “That was a stupid thing to do, throwing away the keys. When a man has a gun against your head you do what you’re told.” Jeremy looked properly embarrassed. Then the fat policeman came up and the thin one went to look around the outside of the house. “That was the best thing you could have done, throwing away the keys,” he said. “If you had gone into the house with them…” His voice became weaker. “They would have hurt her” --- he twisted his head toward me – “and killed you both.” Jeremy looked happier. “Look,” said the fat policeman kindly, “there’s no right or wrong in the situation. There’s just luck.” All that sleepless night I replayed the moment those black gloves came up to the car window. How long did the whole thing last? Three minutes, five, eight? No matter how many hours of my life I may spend reliving it, I know there is no way to prepare for the next time --- no intelligent response to a gun. The fat cop was right. There’s only luck. The next time I might end up dead. And I’m sure there will be a next time. It can happen anywhere, anytime, to anyone. Security is an illusion(幻觉); there is no safety in locks or in guns. Guns make some people feel safe and some people feel strong, but they’re fooling themselves. 67. What most possibly drove the two gunmen away? A. Jeremy's fighting. B.The author's screaming. C.Their neighbour's brave action. D.The police's arrival. 68. The author was happy to see the neighbors go because ______. A.she hated to listen to their empty talk B.she did not want to become an object of pity C.she was angered by their being late to come to her help D.she wanted to be left alone with Jeremy to get over the shock 69. The police were rather angry because ______. A.the author was not hurt and gave a false alarm B.they thought it was a case of little importance C.the author and Jeremy could not tell the police anything D.the gunmen had already fled when they arrived on the scene 70. What the author wants to tell us is that______. A.neighbors are not helpful in moments of difficulty B.the police are not reliable when one is in trouble C.preventing robbers entering your house is the best choice is impossible as long as people can have guns 第四部分 任务型阅读 请认真阅读下列短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填1个单词。请将答案写在答题纸上相应题号的横线上。 “I invented a new word. How do I get it into the dictionary?” This is, by far, the question lexicographers(词典编纂者)hear the most. People invent new words all the time, but which ones actually make it into the dictionary? When lexicographers decide what words to add to dictionaries, they try to imagine what words users actually want to look up. There are important factors to keep in mind here. 1)Is the word in widespread usage? The usage question is an important one that gets at the heart of how dictionaries are written. When modem lexicographers try to add words to dictionaries, they tend to approach their work from the angle of descriptivism — that is, they observe how the language is being used, see if it, s a common phenomenon, and then write definitions based on their research. 2)Does the word have staying power? Widespread usage does not, however, guarantee a word a shiny new definition in a dictionary. Is the word going to stay around for a while, or is it just a passing fad? Is it likely to be in use in 5, 10, 20, or even 100 years? These are important questions to ask because there are far more updates and new words to be added to dictionaries than lexicographers have time to write. 3)Are you famous? Do you have influence? If you're famous, that could definitely up your chances of getting a word into a dictionary. Are you a writer? That could help. Take, for example, William Shakespeare, who invented (or at least popularized) hundreds of words and phrases commonly used today. Politicians also make their contributions. Abraham Lincoln invented the word neologize, and Winston Churchill has the first citation(引语)in the OED for many words, including fluffily and fly-in. So if you're a person with influence and a following, the words you use can spread into common usage, which, as discussed above, is very important when it comes to gaining dictionary-entry. 4)Does the word fill a gap in the language? If you're not famous, there are other ways. Maybe you're a scientist introducing new concepts to the public. Take, for example, the Higgs Boson particle(粒子), named after physicist Peter W. Higgs. But you don't have to be a scientist to get your word a dictionary entry. Just look at Dominique Ansel, the pastry chef (糕点师) who captured the stomachs of New Yorkers with his dessert, the cronat. His invention even inspired copycats in the form of doissants and daffins. Apart from these, it does sometimes help if the word is fun to say. The term blog is relatively new, which arose in 1999 when Peter Merholz made a light-hearted comment on the sidebar of his “weblog” telling his readers “I've decided to pronounce the word ‘weblog’ as wee'-blog. Or ‘blog' for short.” And there's also Dr. Seuss, who invented the term nerd. So, why do some words make it into dictionaries while others don't? With the knowledge discussed above in hand, the answer is more than obvious. Go forth! Use language creatively! 第五部分 书面表达 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 A peacock was very unhappy with his ugly voice; and he spent most of his days complaining about it.     "It is true that you cannot sing;" said the fox, "but look how beautiful you are!"     "0b,but what good is all this beauty;" cried the bird, "with such an unpleasant voice!"     "Listen," said the fox, "each one owns something good: You have such beauty; the nightingale has his song; and the owl has his eyes. Even if you had a sweet voice, you would still complain about another thing. Why can't you just be happy about what you have already got?" 【写作内容】 1.以约30个词概括短文的主要内容。 2.以约120个词就“停止抱怨并珍惜自己所拥有的“这一主题发表你的看法,内容包括: (l)你或你身边的人的类似事例;   (2)谈谈你对该主题的看法。 【写作要求】 1.作文中可以使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得 直接引用原文中的句子: 2.文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。 答案: 单选 ACDCB BACBA DDCCB 完形填空 DCCBA BDCAD BCBAD BCBAC 阅读理解 BDD DCDA DBAC BABD 任务型阅读 entry 72. widely 73. define 74. longer 75. increase 76. politicians 77. Filling 78. names 79. sense 80. blog 资源来源网络, ·9· 
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