doc文档 2016年浙江省台州市书生中学高三上学期第一次月考英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 台州市书生中学 2015学年第一学期 高三英语第一次月考试卷 命题人:吴广超 解题人:崔盼盼 2015. 10 (满分:120分 考试时间:120 分钟) 选择题部分(共80分) 第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分30分) 第一节 单项填空(共20小题;每小题0.5分,满分10分) 1. The young suspect in______ New York Marathon bombings is under______ arrest after being found hiding in a boat in a backyard of a suburb. A. the; / B. /; an C. a; the D. the; an 2. The governments are very______ about setting a new policy and make no decision until they are quite sure it is the right one. A. particular B. concerned	C. cautious D. certain 3. If I can help______, I don’t like working late into the night. A. so B. that C. it D. them 4. ----Which language are you better at, English or French? ----To be honest, ______, English is no easier than French. A. both B. neither C. either D. the latter 5. If you want to own an iPhone 6s ahead, you’ll have to make a(an)____, or you will wait for some time. A. preservation	B. reservation C. order D. application 6. We should take different measures______ different conditions and______ different occasions. A. on; in B. under; on C. under; at D. in; on 7. ______, his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. A. Strange as might it sound B. As it might sound strange C. As strange it might sound D. Strange as it might sound 8. Not having promoted the new digital camera successfully, the company should______ its original marketing methods. A. account for B. reflect on C. work out D. call up 9. Months ago we sailed ten thousand miles across this open sea, which______ the Pacific, and we met no storms. A. was called B. is called C. had been called D. has been called 10.----Can Jeremy Lin lead New York Knicks to win the next game? ----Out of the question now. He______ to do so, but he has just hurt his ankle. A. would expect B. has expected C. was expected D. is expected 11. We had to be patient because it_____ some time before we got the full results. A. has been	B. had been C. was D. would be 12. Who did the persons present at the meeting think it was up to______ a final decision about the matter? A. make B. making C. to make D. to be making 13. ______ approximately 35 feet high, the newly-built shopping mall towers over the surrounding buildings. A. Measured B. Being measured C. Measuring D. To measure 14. Keeping a pet______ be dangerous sometimes, so it remains to be decided whether we’ll adopt the homeless dog. A. must B. should C. can D. shall 15. Supposing you______ the lottery, what would you do with the money? A. would win B. have won	C. had won D. won 16. Bob is in a hopeless situation, ______ we will keep a very close eye on. A. which B. where C. that D. when 17. What impresses me most is______ the goalkeeper appears in the competition, he can skillfully save shots from the opponent. A. that B. where C. that though D. that whenever 18. She is a strong-willed woman and not once______ in to any difficulty in her life. A. she has given B. did she give C. she gave D. has she givengkstkCom 19. “Freeze! ______, and I’ll shoot you,” the policeman with a gun in hand shouted at the robber. A. If you go for one more step B. Going for one more step C. One more step D. You going for one more step 20. ----Did you have a wonderful time at the ball last night? ----______! I’ve never had a more wonderful time all my life. A. You bet	B. No problem C. Don’t mention it D. Got it 第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分) My class and I visited Chris Care Center in Phoenix, Arizona to comfort the old people who needed a little cheering up during the holiday season. The first two 21 there were for persons requiring help in taking care of themselves. We sang 22 for them. They loved our sweet songs and the flowers that we left with them. As we were 23 on the third floor for old people with Alzheimer(老年痴呆症), most of them 24 off at the walls or floor. However, one lady 25 my eye. She was sitting by the door, in a wheelchair, singing songs to herself. They weren’t the songs that we were singing, at least they didn’t 26 like that. As we got 27 with each festive song, she did as well. The louder we got, the louder she got. 28 she was singing, she was also 29 out to us with her hands and body. I knew that I should have gone over to her, but I thought that my 30 were to my students. People who worked at the care center could 31 to her, I thought. Just when I stopped feeling 32 about not giving her the attention she needed, one of my students, Justin, showed me what the holiday season is really about. Justin also 33 the same lady. The difference between us is that he 34 on her needs, but I didn’t. During the last song, Silent Night, Justin walked over to her and held her hand. He looked this aged lady in her 35 and with his actions said, “You are important, and I will take my 36 to let you know that.” This tired, elderly lady stopped singing and held his hand. Then she touched his cheek with the other hand. Tears began to fall down her face. No 37 can completely describe that touching moment… It 38 a boy to teach me, a man, about kindness and love. Justin’s example of a complete, selfless attitude toward another was a 39 that I will never forget. He was the teacher that day, and I consider myself 40 to have witnessed his lesson. 21.A. rooms B. buildings C. floors D. groups 22.A. bravely B. shyly C. madly D. beautifully 23.A.dancing B. meeting C. gathering D. singing 24.A. stared B. shut C. paid D. glared 25.A. looked B. caught C. escaped D. hurt 26.A. appear B. hear C. sound D. feel 27.A. louder B. nearer C. faster D. higher 28.A. Because B. As C. Since D. Though 29.A. moving B. reaching C. coming D. spreading 30.A. interests B. abilities C. feelings D. responsibilities 31.A. speak B. object C. attend D. compare 32.A. afraid B. sure C. guilty D. scary 33.A. feared B. avoided C. helped D. noticed 34.A. called B. acted C. insisted D. kept 35.A. tears B. hands C. eyes D. face 36.A. time B. flower C. body D. cheek 37.A. words B. poems C. expressions D. songs 38.A. took B. wasted C. caused D. made 39.A. message B. lesson C. activity D. class 40.A. clever B. foolish C. right D. lucky 第二部分 阅读理解(第一节20小题,第二节5小题;每题2分,满分50分) A A new generation addiction is quickly spreading all over the world. Web holism, a twentieth century disease, affects people from different ages. They surf the net, use e-mail and speak in chat rooms. They spend many hours on the computer, and it becomes a compulsive habit. They cannot stop, and it affects their lives. Ten years ago, no one thought that using computers could become compulsive behavior that could affect the social and physical life of computer users. This obsessional behavior has affected teenagers and college students. They are likely to log on computers and spend long hours at different websites. They become hooked on computers and gradually their social and school life is affected by this situation. They spend all free time surfing and don’t concentrate on homework, so this addiction influences their grades and success at school. Because they can find everything on the websites, they hang out there. Moreover, this addiction to websites influences their social life. They spend more time in front of computers than with their friends. The relation with their friends changes. The virtual life becomes more important than their real life. They have a new language that they speak in the chat rooms and it causes cultural changes in society. Because of the change in their behavior, they begin to keep themselves apart from the society and live with their virtual friends. They share their emotions and feelings with friends who they have never met in their life. Although they feel confident on the computer, they are not confident with real live friends they have known all their life. It is a problem for the future. This addictive behavior is beginning to affect all the world. 41. The author’s attitude towards web holism is that of being______. A. optimistic	B. disapproving	C. positive	D. acceptable 42. What is the main idea of the passage? A. The influence of web holism. B. The advantage of web holism. C. The popularity of web holism. D. The cause of web holism. 43. What does the underlined word “obsessional” in the second paragraph most probably mean? A. Attractive	B. Professional	C. Addictive	D. Potential 44. We can infer from the passage that______. A. web holism has the greatest effect on teenagers B. students can hardly balance real and virtual life C. people are addicted to games on the Internet D. virtual life is more vivid and attractive anyway B During lectures, my students often ask which is the most difficult language to learn. It’s not easy to answer because there are many factors to take into consideration. For a person’s first language these factors are unimportant because people learn their mother tongue naturally. So the question of how hard a language is to learn is only relevant when learning a second language. Studies have shown that native speakers of Spanish find Portuguese much easier to learn than, say, native speakers of Chinese, because Portuguese is very similar to Spanish, while Chinese is very different. So a person’s first language affects their learning of a second language. The greater the differences between a second language and the first, the harder it will be for most people to learn. Many Westerners think that Chinese is the hardest language to learn because of its writing system and pronunciation. But for Japanese speakers, who already use Chinese characters in their own language, learning writing is less difficult than for speakers of languages using the Roman alphabet. A recent study reported that British embassy staff found that the second hardest language to learn was Japanese. More surprising was the language that they found most problematic----Hungarian. In this case the issue was not the writing system (as both English and Hungarian use a similar alphabet) but grammatical complexity. Hungarian has 35 cases (forms of a noun according to whether it is subject, object, genitive, etc.) and it was this that caused the British diplomatic personnel most difficulty. One suspects they would have even more problems with Tabassaran, a Caucasian(高加索人) language with 48 cases, if they ever had to learn it.:.] Teachers and the circumstances in which a language is learned also play important roles, as does each learner’s motivation for learning. If people learn a language because they need to use it professionally, they often learn it faster than people studying a language that has no direct use in their day-to-day life. Put simply, no language is easy to learn well, though languages which are related to our first language are easier. Learning a completely different writing system is a huge challenge, but that does not necessarily make a language more difficult than another. In the end, it is impossible to say that there is one language that is the most difficult language in the world. 45. According to the passage, who is likely to have the most difficulty learning a new language? A. A Korean person learning French. B. A Spanish person learning Portuguese. C. A German person learning English. D. A Chinese person learning Japanese. 46. Which language do British embassy staff find most difficult to learn? A. Japanese	B. Caucasian	C. Hungarian	D. Tabassaran 47. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor affecting language learning? A. The amount of time spent studying the new language. B. The environment in which language learning takes place. C. The reasons a person has for learning the new language. D. The similarity between a person’s first language and the new language. 48. Why does the author believe there’s no single hardest language? A. All languages are equally difficult to learn well. B. With enough effort, any language can be learned well. C. There is not enough evidence to make any final conclusion. D. People’s background and learning situations determine which language is hardest. 49. The writer is probably______. A. a language learner B. a language teacher C. a newspaper journalist	D. an embassy official. C Since the 1970s, scientists have been searching for ways to link the brain with computers. Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology could help people with disabilities send commands to machines. Recently, two researchers, Jose Millan and Michele Tavella from the Federal Polytechinc School in Lausanne, Switzerland, demonstrated(展示) a small robotic wheelchair directed by a person’s thoughts. In the laboratory, Tavella operated the wheelchair just by thinking about moving his left or right hand. He could even talk as he watched the vehicle and guided it with his thoughts. “Our brain has billions of nerve cells. These send signals through the spinal cord(脊髓) to the muscles to give us the ability to move. But spinal cord injuries or other conditions can prevent these weak electrical signals from reaching the muscles,” Tavella says. “Our system allows disabled people to communicate with external world and also to control devices.” The researchers designed a special cap for the user. This head cover picks up the signals from the scalp(头皮) and sends them to a computer. The computer interprets the signals and commands the motorized wheelchair. The wheelchair also has two cameras that identify objects in its path. They help the computer react to commands from the brain. Prof. Millan, the team leader, says scientists keep improving the computer software that interprets brain signals and turns them into simple commands. “The practical possibilities that BCI technology offers to disabled people can be grouped in two categories: communication, and controlling devices. One example is this wheelchair.” He says his team has set two goals. One is testing with real patients, so as to prove that this is technology they can benefit from. And the other is to guarantee that they can use the technology over long period of time. 50. BCI is a technology that can______. A. help to update computer systems B. link the human brain with computers C. help the disabled to recover D. control a person’s thoughts 51. How did Tavella operate the wheelchair in the laboratory? A By controlling this muscles. B. By talking to the machine. C. By moving his hand. D. By using his mind. 52. Which of the following shows the path of the signals described in Paragraph 5? A. scalp →computer→cap→wheelchair. B. computer→cap→scalp→wheelchair. C. scalp→cap→computer→wheelchair. D. cap→computer→scalp→wheelchair. 53. The team will test with real patients to______. A. make profits from them B. prove the technology useful to them C. make them live longer D. learn about their physical condition 54. Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A. Switzerland, the BCI Research Center B. New Findings About How the Human Brain Works C. BCI Could Mean More Freedom for the Disabled D. Robotic Vehicles Could Help to Cure Brain Injuries D Hilary Smith belonged to a good family. But by the age of twenty, he had spent all the money the good old family had. He then had some trouble with the bank and was put in prison. He escaped from the prison and ran to Australia without delay.[:.] Hilary did not like Australia. What he could do seemed to be one of two things: die or work. Then he remembered that he was not alone in the world. He had an aunt. She was his father’s only sister, but his father used to say she brought no glory to the family. Hilary, of course, tried to discover what she had done. It seemed that she had failed to marry a nobleman. Instead, she had chosen a husband who was concerned with “trade”. Of course as soon as she became “Mrs. Parks”, her brother considered her dead. Later on, Mr Parks died and left her a lot of money; but that did not bring her back to life in her brother’s opinion. Hilary discovered his aunt’s address. Fortunately she remained faithful and honest to him even after she fell ill. So Hilary’s star shone again, and soon he moved into her house and lived as comfortably as a sailor who had just reached harbor. He had only about a six pence in his pocket. One thing was soon clear: his aunt was seriously ill, and nothing could cure her illness. Hilary was very worried. Fate had found a home for him, and was now going to throw him out of it. There was only one thing that could save him: her will. “Will?” she said. “Yes, I have made one. That was when I was a girl and had not much money. I left all my money to some religious people.” “Didn’t you make another will when you were married?” Hilary asked. His aunt shook her head. “No,” she said in a low voice, “There was no need. When I finally had a lot of money I found I had no relations.” On the next day he went to the public library and examined a book of law. It told him what he already believed. When a woman is married, an earlier will lose its value. A new will must be made. If no new will is made, the money goes to the nearest relation. Hilary knew that he was his aunt’s only relation. His future was safe. After a few months had passed. Hilary’s problems became serious. He badly needed money. He had expensive tastes, and owed a lot of money to shopkeepers. They trusted him because his aunt was rich; but the debt was terrible. Unfortunately his aunt did not want to discuss money matters at all. In the end they had a quarrel about the small amount of ten pounds. Hilary was not very angry. He began to wonder about a new problem. Was it kind to want his aunt to live any longer? Was it not better for her to die now? While he was considering what to do, his aunt told him that she was going to send for her lawyer. So she was going to make a new will, Hilary thought. She might leave all her money to someone else. Soon he reached a clear decision. He must do a great kindness to the poor old woman. One night when the old servant who had been nursing his aunt went off, he doubled the amount of some medicine. The total amount was too great and it could just put her to sleep forever. “Thank you,” his aunt took the glass from his hand with a grateful look. “I want more than anything to sleep, and never to wake up again. Is that what you wish, Hilary? Don’t blame me if I have some doubts about what you intended to do. Sick people get these ideas, you know. One thing I ought to explain to you. Mr. Parks never married me. He already had a wife and couldn’t marry again. That made your foolish father very angry with me… …well, if I am alive tomorrow I shall make another will in your favor. If I die tonight, you’ll get nothing… No, Hilary, don’t try to take the glass away. If you do that, I shall know and I don’t want to know. Good night, Hilary.” Then, very carefully, she raised the glass to her mouth and drank. 55. From the story, we learn that Hilary’s aunt was______. A. bad-tempered and lonely	B. kind-hearted and wise C. careless about money	D. cruel to her nephew 56. Why did Hilary’s father consider his aunt dead? A. Because they lost contact with each other after her marriage. B. Because she married a businessman with a wife against his will. C. Because she broke away from the family for a better life. D. Because he thought she was a shame to the family. 57. The underlined sentence “He must do a great kindness to the poor old woman.” in paragraph 11 suggests that Hilary Smith______. A. was determined to put his aunt’s life to an end B. decided to do his aunt a favor to call in a lawyer C. made up his mind to take good care of his aunt D. would help his aunt to donate all her money to religious people 58. Which of the following is the focus of the story? A. Hilary’s aunt’s money.	B. Hilary Smith’s debts. C. The intended murder.	D. Hilary’s aunt’s marriage. 59. According to the law book, ______. A. Hilary’s aunt is not allowed to make a new will B. the money will go to Hilary after his aunt dies without a new will C. Hilary’s aunt must leave the money to the religious people after she dies D. Hilary must look after his aunt till her death because he is the only relation 60. Which detail from the story is the climax(高潮) of the story? A. Hilary escaped from the prison. B. Hilary quarrelled with his aunt about ten pounds. C. Hilary’s aunt drank the medicine her nephew prepared for her. D. Hilary’s aunt made a will to leave all her money to someone else. 第二节 根据短文内容,从A~F选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。 A. The way we learn language B. Unsolved problems about brain C. Early knowledge about brain D. Undeveloped potential of brain E. More researches about brain in the past F. The relation between brain power and frequency of use Man still has a lot to learn about the most powerful and complex part of his body---the brain. 61. ______ In ancient times men did not think that the brain was the center of mental activity. Aristotle, the philosopher of ancient Greece thought that the mind was based in the heart. It was not until the 18th century that man realized the whole of the brain was involved in the workings of the mind. During the 19th century scientists found that each part of the brain controlled a different activity. 62. ______ In the past 50 years there has been a great increase in the amount of research being done on the brain. Chemists and biologists have found that the way the brain works is far more complicated than they had thought. The more scientists find out, the more questions they are unable to answer. 63. ______ Scientists hope that if we can discover how the brain works, the better use we will be able to put it to. For example, how do we learn language? Some children learn to speak and read and write when they are very young compared to average children. But scientists are not sure why this happens. 64. ______ Earlier scientists thought that during a man’s lifetime the power of his brain decreased. But it is now thought that this is not so. As long as the brain is given plenty of exercise it keeps its power. It has been found that an old person who has always been mentally active has a quicker mind than a young person who has done only physical work. 65. ______ Other people now believe that we use only 1% of our brain’s full potential. They say that the only limit on the power of the brain is the limit of what we think is possible. This is probably because of the way we are taught as children. 台州市书生中学 2015学年第一学期 高三英语第一次月考答卷 一、单项填空 (共20题,每小题0.5分,共.10分) 题号 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 答案 题号 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 答案 二、完型填空(共20小题,每小题1分,共20分) 题号 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 答案 题号 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 答案 三、阅读理解(共25小题,每个2分,共50分) 题号 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 答案 题号 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 答案 题号 61 62 63 64 65 答案 非选择题部分(共40分) 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分40分) 短文改错(10分) 文中共有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下面画一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改仅限一词。 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 One day, I was cooking in the kitchen when the telephone rings. I went to answer them immediately. It was from the one of my close friends, Lisa. When we were talked on the phone, the fire alarm sounded. I ran back to the kitchen. The room was full of smoke but the beef was badly burnt. I quickly turned off the gas, opening all the windows, and then went out the house. To my surprise, two fire engine were outside my house. I was rather worried. I told the firemen it was my careless cooking which caused the heavy smoke and that I would be carefully later. 书面表达(30分) 假设你是高三学生李华。最近有家外文网站以“看到有人病倒,是否应该上前救助”为题邀请公众展开讨论。请你写一篇文章参与该网站的讨论。 写作要点:1.你的做法 2. 你的原因 3. 你的倡议 注意:1短文字数100~120; 2.开头部分已写好,不计入总词数。 书面表达: I am Li Hua, a senior three student. About this heated discussion, I _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 高三英语月考 Keys to 1~5 ACCBB 6~10 BDBBC 11~15 DCCCD 16~20 AD	DCA 21~25CDDAB 26~30 CABBD 31~35 CCDBC 36~40 AAABD 41~45 BACBA 46~50 CADBB 51~55 DCBCB 56~60 DAABC 61~65 CEBFD 改错: 1. rings→rang 2.them→it 3.from后 the 去掉 4. talked→talking 5.but→and 6.opening→opened 7.went out ∧ of 8.engine→engines 9.which→ that 10. carefully→careful Writing: One possible version I am Li Hua, a senior three student. About this heated discussion, I will definitely help the persons in need. There is no denying that helping people is a fundamental element of social morality and a symbol of civilized society. If no one help them, it may increase their risk of serious injury, even losing their lives. What’s more, it is better to put ourselves in other’s place, especially in this case. Everyone will become old or in some unexpected trouble. It is a sad situation if such a case occurs to us one day while no one wants to help us. So I strongly hope that such tragedy should never occur in future. Firstly, helping others in need should be advocated. Besides, more efforts should be done to guarantee the benefits of people who offer help. Only in this way are people willing to offer help. 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·12· 
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