doc文档 2018年河南省名校联盟高三上学期适应性考试(9月)英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 河南省名校联盟2018届高三上学期适应性考试(9月) 英语 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.When will the man arrive? A.At 8:15. B.At 8: 30. C.At 8:45. 2.What did the man do? A.He looked at the windows. B.He cleaned the windows. C.He broke the windows. 3.What did the woman play? A.The guitar. B.The piano. C.The violin. 4.How much does it cost to visit the park? A.$5. B.$7. C.$10. 5.What does the woman suggest the man do? A.Speak clearly. B.Dress smartly. C.Be on time. 第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题。每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。 6.What are the speakers mainly talking about? A.School life. B.Different cultures. C.Their teachers. 7.What is the woman weak in? A.History. B.English. C.Math. 听第6段材料,回答第8、9题。 8.What is the relationship between the speakers? A.Teacher and student. B.Husband and wife. C.Doctor and patient. 9.What is the letter mainly about? A.An invitation. B.Wedding ceremony. C.Christmas presents. 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。 10.When does the man leave home? A.At 6:00 am. B.At 6:40 am. C.At 7:00 am. 11.Where is the man between 7:00 and 8:00 in the morning? A.On a bus. B.At home. C.In his office. 12.What does the woman think of the man's life? A.Busy bur lucky. B.Easy but boring. C.Lucky and peaceful. 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。 13.What kind of club is the man interested in? A.One that offers many different activities. B.One that has a big number of members. C.One that has a low entry fee. 14.What does the woman say about the cross-country cycling club? A.It is too expensive. B.It has many members. C.It looks quite interesting. 15.How much does the film club cost? A.$50. B.$30. C.$15. 16.What club will the man probably join? A.The film club. B.The table tennis club. C.The street dance club. 听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。 17.What will be held in the stadium? A.A victory celebration. B.A music festival. C.A football match. 18.Where is the restaurant? A.Next to the small stage. B.On the right of the steps. C.Opposite the information area. 19.Who is the small stage for? A.Poets. B.Visitors. C.Football fans. 20.What is the building quite near the main gate used for? A.Hold exhibitions. B.Having parties. C.Parking cars. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A Most folks know about the Black Dog Tavern and clay cliffs in Aquinnah,here are other well-known attractions and activities on Martha's Vineyard. 1.Rent Bicycles and Bike from Oak Bluffs Edgartown Martha's Vineyard is a great place for riding bikes.The island is fairly flat,especially around Oak Bluffs and Edgartown.You can take in some great scenery if you rent bikes in Oak Bluffs and ride along Seaview Ave towards Edgartown.This route follows the shore and then are many opportunities to stop and walk on the beach. 2.Enjoy Serenity(宁静)in Mytoi Gardens Many folks don’t know Martha's Vineyard has Japanese Gardens,let alone make the effort to enjoy their unique styles and designs.However,the Mytoi Gardens on Chappaquiddick are definitely worth a visit.You will need to have either car or bike to travel to the gardens. 3.Visit Island Alpaca Alpaca are curious,interesting animals.Sort of a cross between a sheep and a camel,these creatures are fun to watch.You might not expect find alpaca farms on the Vineyard,but,Island Alpaca has a large herd.They also have unique products (hats,scarves,blankets etc). Another plus...these are “green” products! 4.Go for a ride on Mad Max Another activity for scenery junkies,this performance catamaran(筏子)sails in Edgartown Harbor and is a great opportunity to enjoy the sun and fresh air and see Martha’s Vineyard from the water. 21.what will attract your attention while riding along Seaview Ave? A.Forests. B.Sea and beach. C.High buildings. D.Small villages. 22.Which place may interest an architect most? A.Edgartown. B.Mad Max. C.Mytoi Gardens. D.Inland Alpaca. 23.Island Alpaca is very popular with_____. A animal lovers B.historians C.bird-watchers D.campers B SACRAMENTO,Calif.(AP)—Ethan Dean was living his dream on Tuesday.Thanks to the Make-A-Wish Foundation,he got to experience what it's like to be a garbage truck driver.The six-year-old boy who has cystic fibrosis,a genetic disease,rode in a real garbage truck through downtown Sacramento,collecting trash and he's always wanted. At his first stop in Sacramento,he was greeted by a crowd of more than 100 people.Wearing a cape that said "Hero Ethan" and a big smile,the boy seemed enthusiastic and surprised.Later,when asked his favorite part of the day so far,he said it was “cleaning up garbage”. When Ethan visited the Make-A-Wish Foundation in February,he was asked a series of questions: What do you want to be?Who do you want to meet?What do you want to have?Where do you want to go?Ethan’s dream is not fantastic—almost all of his answers were garbage truck-related.He really,really wants to be a garbage man when he grows up."We pretty much knew it was going to be about garbage trucks,”said Ethan's dad,Ken Dean,laughing.He's been watching them come down the street since he first learned how to crawl,his dad said. Ethan was diagnosed with cystic fibrosis as a baby and began treatment at eight weeks old.Though he and his parents haven't had a big talk about his diagnosis,his dad said every once in a while Ethan asks him a question or two. He's begun to realize that his friends and younger sister don’t have to go to treatment like he does. His dad hopes none of that will be on Ethan’s mind.The only thing he needs to think about is garbage.And trucks.“I want him to have fun and not have to worry about that day-to-day,"his dad said.“It’s all about him." 24.What did Ethan do on Tuesday? A.Acting as a garbage collector. B.Visiting a charity organization. C.Meeting a garbage truck driver. D.Performing before a big crowd. 25.How did Ken Dean view his son's wish? A.It was interesting. B.It was reasonable. C.It would cost a lot. D.It was far beyond his ability. 26.What does the word “them” in Paragraph 3 refer to? A.Garbage men. B.Garbage trucks. C.Ken's children. D.Ethan's friends. 27.What may be the best title for the text? A.Dreaming can make a wish come true. B.Six-year-old's wish inspires the world. C.Boy fighting rare disease gets rewards. D.Six-year-old boy is garbage man for a day. C Researchers in Seattle revealed last year that captured crows remember the face of their abductor(绑架者). Even though years had passed since they saw the threatening face,the crows in the experiment would dive-bomb him, suggesting the birds held tightly to a negative association. Now the researchers' follow-up study shows that the birds' brains light up much like the human mind when they see a face they know.“The regions of the crow brain that work together are not unlike those that work together in mammals,including humans,”said lead researcher John Marzluff of the University of Washington."These regions were suspected to work in birds but not documented until now." In the study,12 male adult crows were capture by researchers who were all wearing one type of mask,referred to in the study as the threatening face.Then during four weeks of captivity,the birds were fed by people wearing a different mask.Though both disguises had neutral(中性的)expressions,this mask was referred to as the caring face. To see what was going on in the birds’ brains when they saw both faces,the researchers injected a fluid into the bodies of the fully alert crows.The crows were then put in the presence of someone wearing either the threatening or caring mask for about 15 minutes before the birds were given a brain scan.The fluid revealed which parts of their brains were most active around a certain mask-wearer. Marzluff said it appears the smart birds have a region of their that is similar to the amygdale(扁桃体)of mammals."The amygdala is the region of the vertebrate brain where negative associations are stored as memories," he said in a statement,“Previous work primarily concerned its function in mammals,while our work show a that a similar system is at work in birds.” "By feeding and caring for birds in captivity their brain activity suggests that the birds view their keepers as valued social partners,rather than animals that must be feared,"Marzluff said. 28.How would a crow react upon seeing its abductor? A.Flying away at once. B.Trying to attack him. C.Following him quietly. D.Giving loud warnings. 29.What do we know about the crows' brains? A.They keep only negative information. B.They function as well as human brains. C.They work like human brains in some areas. D.They are totally different from mammals’ brains. 30.Which is the correct order of steps in the researchers’ experiment? a.The crows were given a shot of liquid. b.The crows were caught by mask-wearers. c.The crows had their brains examined by machine. d.The crows were fed by people wearing caring marks. A.b→d→a→c B.c→a→b→d C.a→c→d→b D.b→c→a→d 31.Why did the researchers put a fluid into the crows’ bodies? A.To make the birds excited. B.To help locate the amygdale. C.To make the birds calm down. D.To make a brain scan possible. D The Wii is a video game created by Nintendo that uses a wireless controller to show the movements of your body,hands and legs on a television screen.It was first presented to the public in November 2006. Wii controllers have many forms and shapes.For example,they can simulate(模仿)the movement of a tennis racket,a golf club or other things.A fitness pad allows you to do exercises that a fitness trainer on the television screen shows you.The Wii turns a video game into a physical activity that is fun too.It is also used by doctors and therapists who show patients how to balance themselves or build up muscles after an operation or illness. But how does the Wii really work?There are chips and sensors in the Wii remote that can record shifts and angles in your body movements.You can move it in all directions.When the body mows these changes are sent via Bluetooth to a console(控制台).You can shoot at something by pressing a button,move an object on the screen and do many other things with the remote. There are many advantages of Nintendo’s Wii.It is easy to use and the controller is fast and accurate.Objects move on the screen exactly the way you would expect them to. In 2006 Nintendo released a new game console called Wii Fit containing more than forty different kinds of physical exercises.It has a wireless balance board,that you can stand,sit or lie on.It can calculate your body mass index and be your personal fitness trainer.The balance board can also he used for other sports that require a sense of balance,like snowboarding or windsurfing. With the Wii you cannot only compete with other players in your own living room.You can connect the console to the Internet and play with people around the world. 32.What’s most special about the Wii? A.It’s linked directly to a computer. B.It comes in various forms and shapes. C.It’s operated by a wireless controller far away. D.It shows the player’s movements on the screen. 33.What can you do with a fitness pad? A.You gain the membership of a golf club. B.You simulate the movements of a trainer. C.You keep your balance without any effort. D.You play a video game with a trainer on the screen. 34.How does a Wii video player move an object on the screen? A.By pressing a button. B.By operating the console. C.By using the controller. D.By using a balance hoard. 35.What kind of role does a Wii Fit play? A.A controller. B.A fitness trainer. C.A wireless network. D.An advanced calculator. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 What Causes Culture Shock? To understand culture shock,it helps to understand what culture is._36_What you might not know is that your environment—your surroundings—has a big effect on your appearance and behavior as well. Your environment isn't just the air you breathe and the food you eat,though._37_Culture is made up of the common things that members of a community learn from family,friends,media,literature,and even strangers.These are the things that influence how they look,act,and communicate._38_For instance,the way you shake hands with someone when meeting them,when you eat your meals each day,the kind of things you find funny,or how you view religion. When you go to a new place,such as a new country or even a new city,you often enter a culture that is different from the one you left._39_Other times,they can be very different,and even contradictory.What might be perfectly normal in one culture—for instance,spending hours eating a meal with your family—might be unusual in a culture that values a more fast-paced lifestyle. _40_You may encounter unfamiliar clothes,weather,and food as well as different people,schools,and values.You may find yourself struggling to do things in your new surroundings that were easy back home.Dealing with the differences can be very unsettling;those feelings are part of adjusting to a new culture. A.A big part of your environment is culture. B.These things have become second-nature to you. C.You’ll probably find that your difficulties will pass. D.Sometimes your culture and the new culture are similar. E.How can you begin to feel comfortable in your new surroundings? F.You may know that genes determine a big part of how you look and act. G.Cultural differences can make it difficult to adjust to the new surroundings. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In October 2007,with a wildfire burning in the hills nearby,the residents of Julian,California,were under_41_to evacuate(撤退).But less than 24 hours after fleeing to_42_,Christy Connell,owner of the Julian Bakery and Cafe, _43_back home.“I'd heard from one of the volunteers that the firefighters battling the fire didn't have anything to eat,”she says.“And_44_people is what I do best.” The_45_was out in town,so she and a few other residents who hadn't_46_set a grill(烤架)up on the street in front of her_47_and started pots of beef and beans cooking.The fire chief sent out official word to those battling the fire that the Julian Cafe was the place to_48_.Soon the first group of_49_firefighters arrived on their trucks.Coming _50_from the front lines,they took off their gear(装备)and enjoyed their first_51_in 12 hours,showering Christy with_52_.“You get a group of men who haven’t eaten for 12 hours and you’ll see how_53_they can get,”she laughs.“The _54_of just feeding them was enough for me.” For four days,Christy spent nearly 20 hours a day cooking chicken,steak sandwiches and other foods,and_55_ the cafe’s signature apple pie.Every few hours one of the other locals who’d stayed in town_56_her work,giving Christy a chance to go home and get a little_57_.All told,she served 1,100 meals—at no _58_.Steve Sheppard,chief for the Julian Fire Department,says Christy_59_much more than comfort food that week:“To have someone stay behind and say,'I'm here for you guys’—that_60_a lot.” 41.A.ways B.flames C.orders D.conditions 42.A.shelter B.safety C.border D.habitat 43.A.waved B.called C.wrote D.raced 44.A.helping B.feeding C.saving D.guiding 45.A.mess B.power C.source D.crowd 46.A.left B.tried C.joined D.fought 47.A.home B.office C.garden D.restaurant 48.A.eat B.chat C.relax D.explore 49.A.active B.local C.hungry D.superb 50.A.away B.forward C.straight D.around 51.A.holiday B.drink C.meal D.journey 52.A.hugs B.flowers C.honors D.comments 53.A.skilled B.creative C.reliable D.grateful 54.A.joy B.gift C.reward D.opportunity 55.A.folding B.serving C.tasting D.designing 56.A.joined in B.picked up C.gave away D.took over 57.A.food B.warmth C.relief D.sleep 58.A.risk B.charge C.discount D.advantage 59.A.bought B.collected C.provided D.delivered 60.A.means B.costs C.helps D.benefits 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 In 1960,biologist Julian Huxley returned from a research trip to Africa.He was very much shocked by what he _61_(see) there: the hunting of rare animals and the destruction of_62_(they) habitat.Other scientists shared his opinion_63_something had to be done about this.The following year,Huxley and some fellow scientists founded the World Wildlife Fund.It became the_64_(large) conservation group in the world. Today the WWF has 5 million supporters around the world.It has_65_(nation) organizations in more than 50 countries and raises more than 100 million dollars a year. The most important task of the WWF is to protect endangered species around the world.Among them_66_(be) the tiger,whale,elephant and many others.The giant panda,one of the most endangered_67_(animal),has become the WWF logo(标识). The WWF also tries to protect habitats like the tropical rainforest.In_68_past decade alone,it has been able to conserve over 1 billion acres of forest in Asia,South America and Africa. The organization fights against the pollution of natural resources and it is worried_69_the destruction of fish in the world’s oceans. Over the past years the WWF has been working on projects in over one hundred countries.It also gives money to research work and has spent a lot_70_(teach) children and parents about our world in danger. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 On Sunday morning,my friend and I was about to enter Starbucks to have a coffee before we begin our trip.We entered right before a perfectly dressing business lady with a very kindly smile.Thinking that she was probably on her ways to work,I decided to let her to get in front of us.We chatted for the moment and then continued with our day. How a surprise at the checkout—this wonderful lady had paid our coffee!It not only made my day brighter,and it made my week brighter!My heart was smiling. 第二节 书面表达(满分25分) 假定你是李华,你将去澳大利亚圣艾夫斯高中(St Ives High School)参加为期两周的中澳教育文化交流活动。请给你的澳大利亚笔友Henry写一封邮件,了解有关情况,内容包括: 1.该校的历史和课程; 2.当地风俗、名胜等; 3.希望得到帮助。 注意: 1.词数100左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 河南省名校联盟2018届高三第一次段考 英语试题答案 1~5 BABAB 6~10 ABBCA 11~15 CACAC 16~20 BACBC 21~24 CDCB 25~27 DCD 28~31 ACAD 32~35 BCAD 36~40 EGFCA 41~45 DABBC 46~50 CBDAA 51~55 BADCD 56~60 CABDC 61.is given 62.it 63.who/that 64.the 65.written 66.actively 67.to find 68.reference 69.with 70.hours 短文改错: Dear Li Hua, Thanks for your letter.You described ∧ common problem experienced by student all over China.What you a students As have known,the competition to get into a good university are very fierce,and that means a heavy study load for is students.I know it can feel like a terribly burden at times,but my advice to you is to keep on studying as your hard terrible work will pay for in the end.Moreover,do our best to relax.Proper relaxation is extremely importance.Although I off your important know that you are very busy,but I want you to try to set some time aside after class such that you can relax yourself 去掉but so properly. 书面表达: Dear sir or madam, I’m writing the letter to ask about our visiting your company.The English club in our school has decided to visit your company next Sunday with the intention of getting some extra-curricular knowledge and having the chance to communicate with some native English speakers. Here,I have two things needed to be confirmed.Firstly,who will be in charge of treating us students when we arrive?And who can we ask for help when we we visit the company?Secondly,does our identification paper need to be presented to you?I sincerely hope you can answer my questions in detail.I’ll appreciate it if you could give me your telephone number so that I can get in touch with you more conveniently. Yours, Li Hua 听力材料: Text 1 W: What can I do for you? M: May I see some of your best T-shirts? Text 2 W: I’m sorry,sir.I didn’t finish the job as required. M: Oh,no,Sally,don’t say sorry.Anyway,you’ve tried your best. Text 3 M: Would you like to go to the movies tonight at 11 o’clock? W: You must be joking.My train leaves at 6:10 tomorrow morning. Text 4 W: I’m going to the supermarket.What would you like me to buy for you? M: Would you please but some fruit for me while you are there? W: With pleasure. Text 5 M: What shall we do this weekend? W: I have no idea.Which do you prefer,going to the cinema or playing table tennis? M: Neither.I’d like to climb a mountain. W: Sounds good,if the weather is fine. Text 6 W: Good morning,sir.Can I help you? M: I reserved a room in your hotel a week ago.My name is Michael Brown. W: Just a minute,please.Yes.A single room for October 15. M: That’s right. W: Are you paying in cash or by credit card? M: Do you accept traveler’s check? W: Certainly.Here’s your key card,sir.Room 1505.Have a pleasant day. M: Thank you.Bye. Text 7 W: Hello.What have you been up to? M: Well,I’ve started going to evening classes three times a week. W: Evening classes!How can you manage?You already have to put in a lot of overtime at work. M: Well,you know I don’t like my job,and I’ve been looking for another one,but everyone wants the Higher Diploma...so I decided to get a Higher Accounting Diploma. W: Well,good for you! M: Actually I quite enjoy it.The other people doing the course are really friendly,and the teachers are excellent.The most important thing is that I really feel I’m benefiting. Text 8 M: Westbury Theatre.Can I help you? W: Yes.I’d like to book some tickets for the play children,Cinderella. M: When would you like to go? W: The afternoon of the seventh of April.How much are they? M: 12.50 each.Children under sixteen pay only 8.25 if they’re with an adult. W: All right.I’d like tickets for two adults and three children please.And the show starts at 3:15,doesn’t it? M: That’s right,but you need to arrive at 2:30 to get your tickets. W: OK.Thanks.Can you tell me about your Children’s Club on Saturday mornings? M: Call 7722801 and they’ll give you the information you need. W: Great.I will get in touch with them at once.Thanks. Text 9 M: Excuse me,I’m doing research about people’s shopping habit for a university assignment.Can you spare a few minutes to answer some questions? W: Oh,all right. M: Great.How many times a week do you do the food shopping? W: Well,usually once a week. M: Do you usually shop alone or with someone else in your family? W: Oh,I always do it on my own.If I go with the others,they always put too many things in the shopping basket and it costs me a lot! M: Right.And do you always shop at this supermarket? W: Yes.It’s very close to my house so it’s very convenient. M: And do you tend to do the shopping on the same day of the week? W: Yes,actually I always do it on Thursday because I work from Monday to Wednesday and there are fewer people in the supermarket on Thursday than on Friday. M: Great.Finally,would you ever consider using a computer to do your shopping online? W: Well,er what I like is being able to see the products and walking around the shop. M: OK,thanks for your time. Text 10 M: Hello and welcome everyone.My name is Jack Brown and I work in the HR department.I’m the information officer in the company.I want first of all to say just a few words about me.I’m in charge of all communication.And I’m also your guide for the day.Please ask me if you have any problems.Now I want to go on to the second part—the plan for the day.As you can see from the programme,we have a tour of the production area with Matthew Durston, our production manager,then lunch at 12:30.After lunch we have a video to show you at 2:00,then a meeting with John White,our marketing manager.For this evening we have booked dinner for 8:00 at the Hollies,a wonderful restaurant in the town centre.We’ll meet at your hotel at 7:15 and walk there.Does anyone have any questions?No? OK,thank you for listening.Now I’m going to hand it over to Matthew.Have a good day! 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·15· 
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