doc文档 2018年湖南省长沙市长郡中学高三第一次暑假作业检测英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 湖南省长沙市长郡中学2018届高三第一次暑假作业检测 英语 第I卷 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. £ 19.15 B. £ 9.18 C. £ 9.15 答案是C。 1. Where will the woman go first? A. To a bookstore. B. To the library. C. To the school. 2. When is the game due to finish? A. At 3:20. B. At 3:40. C. At 4:00. 3. What will the boy do next weekend? A. Visit his grandma. B. Slay at home with his friend. C. Have dinner with his aunt’s family. 4. Why hasn’t the man got the letter? A. He forgot about it. B. He has been too busy. C. He couldn’t find the post office. 5. What are the speakers talking about? A. A desk. B. A colleague. C. Piles of paper. 第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对活或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6、7题. 6. What relation is the woman to Dr. Smith? A. His wife. B. His neighbor. C. His assistant. 7. What will the man do next? A. Meet Dr. Smith. B. Wait in the wailing room. C. Go to a bar. 听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。 8. How does the woman feel about her presentation? A. Confident. B. Unsure. C. Terrified. 9. When will the conference be held? A. This Thursday. B. This Friday. C. Next Monday. 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。 10. Where are the speakers? A. At an airport. B. In a hotel. C. In a restaurant. 11. Why do the speaker decide to go to the coffee stand? A. To have a rest. B. To get the luggage. C. To avoid the crowd. 12. Why does the man want to pay for the coffee? A. To show his generosity. B. To repay the woman’s treat. C. To thank the woman for her help. 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。 13. Who is the man probably? A. A house owner. B. A house buyer. C. A housing agent. 14. How much will one room cost in total? A. $ 700. B. $ 730. C. $ 1,000. 15. What attracts the woman most about the house? A. The price. B. The position. C. The heating system. 16. What can people do in the house? A. Do some indoor sports. B. Enjoy an open fire in winter. C. Have a good view of the garden. 听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。 17. What is the speaker trying to do? A. Give advice on the school cafeteria. B. Introduce the school cafeteria. C. Advertise the school cafeteria. 18. What does the speaker think of the menu? A. It’s healthy. B. It’s dull. C. It’s special. 19. Why don’t some students eat in the cafeteria? A. The food is tasteless. B. The kitchen is untidy. C. The prices are unreasonable. 20. What does the speaker say about the cafeteria? A. The staff there are friendly. B. It’s made a few changes to the menu. C. Students have to wait there for a scat. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。 A June Eyre Jane Eyre, a novel written by Charlotte Bronte, was published in 1847 in England. It is Charlotte Bronte’s most famous book. Jane Eyre is a love story. It tells about a young and independent woman called Jane Eyre, who is brave enough to pursue her own love. Uncle Tom’s Cabin Uncle Tom’s Cabin is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel “helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War”, according to Will Kaufman. When Abraham Lincoln met Stowe at the start of the Civil War. Lincoln declared, “So it is the little lady who started this great war.” The character of Uncle Tom in the novel is a longsuffering black slave. The sad novel exposes the reality of slavery. Gone with the Wind Gone with the Wind is a novel by Margaret Mitchell in 1936. It tells the story of Scarlett O’Hara, and her adventures in the American South during the Civil War. She falls in love with Rhett Butler, a city gentleman. It is one of the most famous books of its time, and was made into a movie with the same name. The tide took its name from the lines an Ernest Dowson poem: “I have forgotten much. Cynara! Gone with the wind.” (This line also appears book.) The book won the Pulitzer Prize on May 3,1937. Rich Dad Poor Dad Rich Dad Poor Dad is a book by Robert Kiyosaki and Sharon Lechter. In the story, Robert’s own father was the superintendent of education in Hawaii and end up dying penniless. His best friend’s father dropped out of school at age 13 and went on to become one of the wealthiest men in Hawaii. It advocates financial independence through investing, real estate, owning businesses, and the use of finance protection tactics. 21. Which book is about a woman bravely pursuing her own love? A. Jane Eyre. B. Uncle Tom s Cabin. C. Gone with the Wind. D. Rich Dad Poor Dad. 22. Whose book had a great impact on the Civil War in the U.S.? A. Charlotte Bronte’s. B. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s. C. Margaret Mitchell’s. D. Robert Kiyosaki and Sharon Lechter’s. 23. Where was the name of the book “Gone with the Wind” taken from? A. An adventurous story. B. The Civil War. C. A poem. D. The Pulitzer Prize. 24. Who will be interested in the book Rich Dad Poor Dad? A. A woman who is eager for free love. B. A historian who studies the history of the U.S.A. C. A businessman who wants to be wealthy. D. A politician who warns to enter politics. B One day, a wise man heard some villagers were arguing about whose suffering was the worst. They each thought, “If my pain was as little as my neighbors, I could laugh and be joyous.” The wise man called them together around a tree and handed each person a pencil and an envelope with a string through a hole in the comer, and a blank piece of paper inside. “I’ve been very troubled that many of you feel that Spirit has given you a more severe burden to carry than your neighbors. I took this heartfelt (真心真意的) concern to prayer with me, and Spirit has offered a solution. We will each take the paper out, write down our personal suffering, and put the paper back in the envelope. Write your name on the front of the envelope and find a branch to tic your envelope on. This is our suffering tree. When you tie your envelope, your suffering, onto the tree, Spirit has promised you’ll be free of it. However, as you have left a suffering on the tree, you must lake one from the tree. Every person will be allowed to exchange their sufferings for any other that they pick off this tree as we walk around it. Once all the sufferings have been taken back from this tree, we will be done, and Spirit promises each of us will then be more content with the sufferings we bear.” It took quite a long time to walk around the tree before anyone look any suffering to be their own. But eventually, the first envelope was claimed (认领). Little by little, every envelope came off the tree, each person claiming the suffering of their choice. And each person claimed the very same suffering they had hung on the tree. Each one was more content with what was theirs to bear. 25. What did the villagers think of their neighbors’ suffering at first? A. They think it is as little as their own. B. They think it is worse than their own. C. They think it is not as bad as their own. D. They think it is the worst in the world. 26. Why did the wise man call the villagers together? A. He wanted to let them understand a truth. B. He liked talking with the villagers. C. He wished the villagers to help him solve a problem. D. He was ready to help the villagers get rid of their sufferings. 27. Which of the following statements is the right order? a. The villagers took one envelope from the tree. b. The villagers wrote down their own sufferings. c. The villagers were called together. d. The villager tied their envelopes on the tree. A. b, d, a, c B. b, d, c, a C. c, b, a, d D. c, b, d, a 28. What’s the best title for the passage? A. A Wise Man Likes to Help His Villagers B. Whose Life Would You Like to Live? C. A Suffering Tree Helps Reduce Your Suffering D. Each Person Claims His Neighbor’s Envelope C Being Polite I simply love a tag line: “Isn’t it nice when someone makes you feel special?” I guess we all feel nice when we are given good treatment. So how about being someone else’s reason of delight or even just giving them their due respect? I’m sure you have heard the quote: “Do to others, what you want others to do to you.” Be nice to people around you. Every time we interact (互动) with people, remember that a smile, a raised hand, a small pat on the back, a firm handshake... that’s all it takes to show your appreciation. A lot of times we tend to believe that such small gestures don’t make any difference. Think again and I’m sure you will think otherwise. I agree that while at work, it might be someone’s duty to do a particular job and doesn’t call for a “thank you”. Yet, we should try to be polite with all those we interact. We should respect everyone and not look down upon anyone. As a team manager would agree, every member is important in the team. Everyone is like a piece of the jig-saw pullet (拼图玩具) and the picture wouldn’t be complete without each one of them. A lot of times, we may be facing the anger of someone through no fault of our own. At times, with so much pressure, frustration, and despair all around us we tend to lose control of ourselves and shout, even abuse people for something they do which upsets us. Let me clarify that being polite doesn’t mean being a soft rubber that anyone can tread over (践踏). I strongly believe chat being polite and giving respect is a sign of strength and not weakness. Be strong; take charge of your emotions and channel your energy. I know, it’s easier said than done. 29. What does the author mainly tell us? A. Being polite to others is important. B. Famous quotes make differences. C. Bringing happiness co others. D. Expressing your appreciation. 30. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 is used to ask us to . A. learn how to communicate with others B. smile at those who don’t smile at us C. shake hands with others firmly D. be nice to people around us 31. In the author’s opinion, we should say “thank you” . A. only when others help us when we are in trouble B. even if others do what they should do for us C. when others are not polite to us D. if others do something well 32. What can be learned from the passage? A. It’s easy to take change of your emotions and channel your energy. B. When we face pressure, we are likely to lose control of ourselves. C. Not every member of a team plays an important part in a team. D. Being polite means being a soft rubber. D Tens of thousands of Antarctic penguins are estimated to be unable to return to their colony after a massive iceberg grounded there, according to a newly published study. The B09B iceberg, measuring some 100 square kilometres, grounded in Commonwealth Bay in East Antarctica in December 2010, the researchers from Australia and New Zealand wrote in the Antarctic journal. The Adelie penguin population at the bay’s Cape Denison was measured to be about 160,000 in February 2011 but by December 2013 the number had reduced by 10,000, they said. The iceberg’s grounding meant the penguins had to walk more than 60 kilometres to find food, impeding their breeding attempts, said the researchers. “The Cape Denison population could be extinct within 20 years unless B09B floats or the now fast ice within the bay breaks out,” they wrote in the research published in February. Fast ice is sea ice that forms and stays fast along the coast. During their surveys in December 2013, the researchers said, “hundreds of abandoned eggs were noted, and the ground was littered with the freeze-dried bodies of previous season’s chicks.” “It’s terribly silent now,” UNSW’s Chris Turney, who led the 2013 expedition, told the Sydney Morning Herald. “The ones that are surviving are dearly struggling. They can barely survive themselves, let alone hatch the next generation. We saw lots of dead birds on the ground... it s just heartbreaking to see.” In contrast, penguins living on the eastern fringe of the bay just eight kilometres from the fast ice (固定冰) edge were booming, the scientists said. Sea ice around Antarctica is increasing, in contrast to the Arctic where global warming is causing ice to melt and glaciers to shrink. 33. Why can’t Adclie penguins come back to their home? A. Because the weather is getting too cold. B. Because they like to travel outside. C. Because a massive iceberg stops their way. D. Because men prevent them from going home. 34. How many Cape Denison penguins were likely to live in 2013? A. 150,000 B. 10,000. C. 15,000. D. 135,000. 35. What will probably be discussed in the following paragraph? A. The reason for the increasing of sea ice around Antarctica. B. The relationship between Antarctica and Arctic. C. The future of penguins around Antarctica. D. The introduction of Antarctica. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。 You probably think that you are already skilled in what you are doing, and perhaps you are right. 36 Thus, you need to constantly make great efforts to improve yourself. So, make the best of who you are, and apply these practical tips on how to excel at what you do. 1. 37 It is important that you devote a certain percentage of your time to learning and researching, even if it is only about 30 minutes to one hour per day. You may consider reading blogs, magazines, which can enrich your knowledge. 2. Learn to pay close attention to details. It is a fact that once people have become accustomed to their regular tasks, they rarely check the finer details about their job. 38 3. Get inspired and start working on your flaws. If you find yourself stressed out, maybe what you need is an inspiration. 39 By doing so, you can continue the yearning for improvement and eventually become much better at this task. Additionally, you should begin working on your flaws as this can serve as an excellent way to perform better at work. 4. Be with the right people and always try to improve yourself. 40 Once you have found these inspiring people? you should try to cooperate with them to complete a joint project to do wonders to your organization. With your constant desire to improve, you will be able to enhance your reputation, develop your sense of professionalism and deal well with your colleagues at work. A. Make great efforts to be lost in your learning. B. Spend some time a day learning new things. C. However, you may not be the best you can possibly be. D. There is no denying that you are excellent in your career. E. You may consider looking at others’ work and performance to inspire yourself. F. Unfortunately, neglecting them can lead co misunderstanding, and other negative consequences. G. This step may seem very simple, yet it can get challenging to find someone who is credible and has a good reputation in your company. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 A Simple Wish From a young age, my parents have taught me the importance of giving generously to the less for-tunate. Out of habit, whenever there is something I can 41 , I’ll give it to someone on the streets. Last week, as I left the house to run a few errands (差事), I carried with me some 42 clothes, a handbag and some food to hand over to someone 43 . 44 the car halted at a traffic signal, I saw a girl of five or six asking for money. I 45 her to come to me and quickly collected all the stuff I had. As I started 46 them over, she seemed overwhelmed. She looked up at me with a sweet smile on her face and 47 what was in the bag. I told her there was some food and clothes 48 her. 49 she looked up at me and asked, “Can you give me some 50 ?” It was then that I noticed her dry 51 . It seemed that she had not had a drop of water all day. I took out my bottle of water that I always carried with me and helped her to 52 from it. She finished it 53 and gave me a heartwarming smile of 54 . I was thankful to God that I could fulfill her 55 wish! I realized once again that day that you don’t necessarily have to make big 56 to help some-one. This incident proved my 57 in the simple acts of kindness and 58 they can make someone’s day. The next time you want to do something nice for someone, don’t 59 , waiting for the right 60 . Go ahead and do it! 41. A. buy B. spare C. carry D. lose 42. A. old B. thick C. casual D. fashionable 43. A. modest B. kind C. honest D. needy 44. A. Because B. As C. Since D. Now that 45. A. ordered B. signaled C. requested D. urged 46. A. thinking B. taking C. handing D. turning 47. A. discovered B. examined C. asked D. judged 48. A. with B. for C. of D. on 49. A. Once again B. Suddenly C. After all D. Frequently 50. A. water B. money C. food D. clothes 51. A. eyes B. cars C. cheeks D. lips 52. A. taste B. pour C. fill D. drink 53. A. quickly B. reluctantly C. secretly D. hopefully 54. A. praise B. gratitude C. agreement D. support 55- A. big B. simple C. personal D. special 56. A. differences B. promises C. donations D. decisions 57. A. interest B. ability C. intention D. belief 58. A. how B. why C. when D. whether 59. A. give in B. hesitate C. get away D. accept 60. A. opportunity B. place C. reward D. honor 第II卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 In England, Boxing Day 61 (celebrate) on December 26th, is traditionally a time to give gifts to tradesmen, servants, and friends. It originated in medieval times, when every priest 62 (suppose) to empty the alms box (布施箱) of his church and distribute gifts to the poor. 63 (wealth) people enjoyed huge Christmas feasts, and when they finished, they packed up the 64 (remain) of feasts in boxes and gave them out to their servants. It didn’t become 65 (wide) celebrated though until Victorian England. In Ireland there is 66 Irish custom called “feeding the wren (鹪鹩)”. The custom is based 67 a legend of St. Stephen. Once he was forced 68 (hide) in a bush, but a chattering wren gave him away. In the past Children 69 (cage) the wren to help it do penance (忏悔) for this misdeed. Nowadays children carry a long pole with a holly bush at the top—which is supposed to hide a captured wren. In the UK Boxing Day is still a public holiday; some shops and supermarkets open nowadays, 70 banks and most offices remain closed. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 71. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 I will ever forget the experience of beginning to learn English. I liked English and I could not got the right method of learning. The more I want to remember, the harder I found it was. I was in low spirits. I almost gave in. Luckily, my English teacher was encouraged me and helped me find a good way. I became bravely enough to open my mouth to speak English. How excited about English she was! My confidences came back to me. Believe it or not, I won the first prize in Spoken English Competition in our school. It was first time that I won such a prize in my life! 第二节 书面表达(满分25分) 72. 假如你是长郡中学的学生李华,最近你的同学都在讨论在校着装问题。有人认力不必穿校服,因为青春应该五颜六色:有人认为统一穿校服可以体现中学生的身份,避免奇装异服,形成正确的审美观。请你写信向你的老师说明情况,并发表自己的看法。 要点如下:1.大家对校服的意见; 2.你的看法。 注意:1.词数100左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 参考词汇:校服school uniform;奇装异服weird clothes;审美观aesthetics. 湖南省长沙市长郡中学2018届高三第一次暑假作业检测 英语试题答案 第I卷 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) 1-5 BCBBA 6-10 CCBCA 11-15 CCABB 16-20 AABCA 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 21-24 ABCC 25-28 CADB 29-32 ADBB 33-35 CAA 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 36-40 CBFEG 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 41-45 BADBB 46-50 CCBAA 51-55 DDABB 56-60 CDABA 第II卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 61. celebrated 62. was supposed 63. Wealthy 64. remains 65. widely 66. an 67. on 68. to hide 69. caged 70. but 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 71. I will ever forget the experience of beginning to learn English. I liked English and I could not got the right never but get method of learning. The more I want to remember, the harder I found it was. I was in low spirits. I almost gave in. wanted up Luckily, my English teacher was encouraged me and helped me find a good way. I became bravely enough to open 删除was brave my mouth to speak English. How excited about English she was! My confidences came back to me. Believe it or I confidence not, I won the first prize in Spoken English Competition in our school. It was ∧ first time that I won such a prize in the my life! 第二节 书面表达(满分25分) 72. One possible version: Dear Sir, Recently there is a discussion on what to wear in the school. Some students think it is not necessary to dress in school uniforms, for we are all teenagers and our life should be colorful. We should wear what we like to show our personal styles. But others have different opinion. They are for the idea that we students should be dressed in school uniforms rather than weird clothes. Wearing school uniforms can reflect our identity and help us form the right aesthetics. As far as I am concerned, students in school uniforms are most beautiful and energetic. School uniforms will create a great sense of pride among us. I would be grateful if you could give us some advice. Looking forward to your early reply. Yours, Li Hua 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·14· 
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