doc文档 2018年湖北省武汉市部分学校高三起点调研考试英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 2018届高三9月起点调研测试 英语试题 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. £ 19.15. B. £ 9.18. C. £ 9.15. 答案是C。 1. What did the girl do last summer holiday? A. She went on a trip. B. She stayed at home. C. She visited her parents. 2. What is the man going to do? A. Go home. B. Visit his friend. C. Go to the cinema. 3. Where probably are the speakers? A. In the street. B. In a restaurant. C. At home. 4. How much should the lady pay? A. 120 yuan. B. 200 yuan. C. 240 yuan. 5. What do we know about the boy? A. He’ll feel hungry. B. He often gets up late. C. He must be late for school. 第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。 6. How often does the man play tennis? A. Every day. B. Twice a year. C. Several times a week. 7. What does the woman think of the man’s weight? A. He’s got a problem. B. He doesn’t have to worry. C. He should exercise more. 听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。 8. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Colleagues. B. Classmates. C. Library assistant and student. 9. What is the problem with the man? A. He breaks the new rule. B. He borrows wrong books. C. He hasn’t returned the books. 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。 10. Why does the woman feel worried? A. Her file is gone. B. She’s lost her work. C. Her computer’s crashed. 11. What does the man think of the computer? A. It isn’t new. B. It isn’t expensive. C. It isn’t smart. 12. What kind of a person is Myron? A. Outspoken. B. Helpful. C. Serious. 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。 13. How many people went to the Blue Water World with Tina? A. 3. B. 4. C. 5. 14. Who stayed at home to see to the guests? A. Mary. B. Grace. C. Susan. 15. What did Jim do at the Blue Water World? A. He won a gift. B. He ate ice cream. C. He bought a souvenir. 16. What was probably the most exciting thing for Tina? A. She acted in a film. B. She met a film star. C. She saw many fishes. 听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。 17. What is the text mainly about? A. Tips on writing stories. B. Tips on giving speeches. C. Tips on solving problems. 18. What should a main character be? A. A great hero. B. An acceptable hero. C. A real hero. 19. Which of the following can make your story interesting? A. A big problem. B. A popular character. C. A good structure. 20. What kind of ending is the best? A. The issue is raised. B. The issue is settled. C. The issue is avoided. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A In court at 9 o’clock. Apart from me there are a few old ladies who have come to the court and a class of 14-15 year-olds with their teacher. 9:05 Court starts. First case: Henry P., 47, divorced, charged with being drunk. He refused to leave a pub at closing time and caused a bit of damage when the police tried to arrest him. P. said he had had an argument with his boss and could not face going home to an empty flat. 9:50 Mrs F., 72, shoplifting (店内偷窃). Apparently Mrs F. had stolen a frozen chicken, which she had hidden under her hat (At this the school children burst out laughing and even the judges have difficulty keeping a straight face). The chicken was so cold that she fell unconscious, otherwise she would probably not have been caught. Mrs F, in tears, says she had not eaten meat for three weeks. It turns out that, although she has the old - age pension, she does not know about other forms of support. 10:30 Peter D., 19. D. stole, or rather “borrowed” a motorcycle, intending, he said, to give it back to the owner after trying it out. D.’s father is at sea and the mother is left to bring up four children, of whom Peter is the eldest, by herself. 11:00 Mrs A., 45, a doctor’s wife, president of a local ladies’ club, was caught leaving a fashion shop wearing two dresses, only one of which belonged to her. Admitting that she had wanted to steal the dress, she could not explain why. 21. What did Henry P. do when he was caught? A. He damaged the pub. B. He attacked the police. C. He bothered other customers. D. He quarreled with his boss. 22. How would the author feel about Mrs F.’s life? A. Active. B. Amusing. C. Pitiful. D. Ridiculous. 23. Who had the unclear motivation for his/her crime? A. Henry P.. B. Mrs F.. C. Peter D.. D. Mrs A.. B The full moon climbs over the eastern horizon (地平线) and hangs like a huge orange globe in the sky. A few hours later, the moon is overhead but seems to have changed. The huge orange globe has become a small silver disk. What has happened? Why has the orange color disappeared? Why does the moon seem so much smaller and farther away now that it is overhead? The moon appears orange on the horizon because we view it through the dust of the atmosphere. The overhead moon does not really shrink as it moves away from the horizon. Our eyes inform us that the overhead moon is farther away. But in this position the moon is actually closer to our eyes than when it is near the horizon. The change in size is a trick our eyes and minds play on us. When the moon is low in the sky, we can compare its size with familiar objects. It is easy to see that the moon is much larger than trees or buildings, for example. When the moon is high in the sky, however, it is hard to compare it with objects on earth. Compared to the vastness of the sky, the moon seems small. There is another reason why the moon seems to shrink. We are used to staring at objects straight ahead of us. When an object is difficult to see, our eyes have to try to focus on it. When we move our heads back to look up, we will try hard again. Looking at something from an unaccustomed position can fool you into believing an object is smaller or farther away than it is. However, scientists do not yet understand completely why the moon seems to shrink as it rises in the sky. 24. What makes us puzzled when the moon is high in the sky? A. It looks different. B. It becomes large. C. Its color disappears. D. Its shape changes. 25. What really happens when the moon floats farther away from the horizon? A. It turns orange. B. It comes nearer. C. It goes farther. D. It gets through dust. 26. What does the author intend to suggest by mentioning trees and buirdings in Para. 3? A. They are low on earth. B. They are large objects. C. They can affect our judgment. D. They can attract our attention. 27. What can we infer from the text? A. The size of the moon often changes. B. We do not see the moon as it really is. C. The moon is beginning to shrink much. D. The moon is in fact a huge orange globe. C The sun was slipping down through the trees and it was time to go home. Time was running out. His mother would look at him and she would know. She always knew. A hot tear ran down his cheek. She trusted him. This was the first year she had left him alone for three hours between school and the time she got home from work. She had to work to buy his clothes and to pay for their food and for a place to live. He remembered the nice way she said, “You are a little man now, Joy.” It made him sad when his mother’s words came back to him. She trusted him. Remembering this, he felt as if someone had stuck a sharp stick into his side. Her trust in him was all he could think about now. It drove everything else from his mind. “She trusted me.” He kept saying to himself. “She trusted me.” This was most important. Next to this, the pipe and its magic power meant nothing. Joy looked at the long shadows coming toward him. He now knew what he had to do. And he was in a hurry to get it done. When he took the pipe, he left the store with slow unsure steps. Now his feet were quick, decisive, taking him straight back to the store like an arrow. He was out of breath when he reached the store. Mr. Dow was just inside the door. The big man smiled. Joy wished he had not. Somehow, a bad friendly smile made it more difficult for Joy to do what he wanted to do. Joy was lost for a moment. His feet felt heavy. Suddenly, blindly, he held out the pipe. His voice struggled to come out from deep inside of the painful chest. “Mr. Dow,” he said at last, “I didn’t mean to take it.” “Thanks, Joy.” Mr. Dow said as he gently took the pipe from the boy’s hand. “How about staying around and helping me close up the shop?” Joy felt Mr. Dow, s big hand on his shoulder. And Joy felt his shoulders had become a little broader and stronger. 28. What kind of a life did Joy and his mother live? A. A poor life. B. A new life. C. A happy life. D. A modem life. 29. Why did Joy feel like being hurt by something sharp? A. He felt sorry for his mother. B. He couldn’t help the family. C. He had run away from school. D. He disappointed his mother’s expectations. 30. What do we know about Mr. Dow’s smile to Joy? A. It’s broad. B. It’s warm. C. It’s false. D. It’s secret. 31. Which of the following can be the best title for the text? A. An Interesting Pipe B. A Powerful Smile C. Unconditional Love D. Magic Trust D Americans recognize that there is a past on which the present rests. But they have not developed their sense of the depth of time as much as this has been done in the Middle East and South Asia. The Arab looks back two to six thousand years for his own origins. History is used as the basis for almost any modem action. The chances are that an Arab won’ start a talk or a speech or analyze a problem without first developing the historical aspects of his subject. The American assumes that time has depths but he seldom stresses its importance of it. The American never questions the fact that time should be planned and future events should be fitted into a schedule. He thinks that people should look forward to the future and not talk too much on the past. His future is not very far ahead of him. Results must be obtained in the foreseeable future — one or two years or, at the most, five or ten. Promises to meet deadlines and appointments are taken very seriously. There is real punishment for being late and for not keeping commitments in time. The American thinks it is natural to calculate the value of time. To fail to do so is unthinkable. The American calculates how much time is required to do everything. “I’ll be there in ten minutes.” “It will take six months to finish that job.” “I was in the Army for four and a half years.” The Americans, like so many other people, also use time as a link that chains events together. If one event occurs on the heels of another, we will certainly try to find a causal relationship between them. If A is seen around the area of BN murder shortly after the crime has been committed we automatically form a connection between A and B. However, events which are separated by too much time are difficult for us to connect in our minds. This makes it almost impossible for us as a nation to engage (从事) in long-range planning. 32. How do Americans see past time according to the first paragraph? A. It’s valueless. B. It’s limited. C. It reflects today. D. It helps start a talk. 33. What does the underlined phrase “to do so” in paragraph 2 refer to? A. To calculate the value of the past. B. To plan a schedule for future events. C. To figure out the importance of time. D. To meet deadlines and appointments. 34. When will Americans chain two events together? A. When common evidence is found. B. When the two events happen one by one. C. When A is found near the scene of B’s crime. D. When one event happens long after another. 35. What does the author mainly want to tell Americans to do? A. See time further. B. Make a long-range plan. C. Remember the past time. D. Keep their commitments. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 In the villages of Mexico, as in some other parts of the world, shopping is a kind of game. In the fine department stores, of course, buyers pay the prices listed on the tags (标签). 36 Suppose a merchant is a Mexican shopkeeper who sells handmade silver jewelry to tourists. 37 The merchant names a price. Immediately the tourist makes a much lower offer. The price the merchant puts on an article is not usually the price which will finally be paid. But the merchant pretends to be shocked. 38 It takes a long time to make such remarkable earrings. But at great sacrifice the merchant will let the tourist have the earrings at a lower price. The two bargain. The tourist comes up a little, and then the merchant comes down a little. At last they agree on what both consider to be a fair price. 39 The merchant may talk about life in the village or mention interesting sights the tourist should see before leaving Mexico. The merchant’s way of doing business is much older than the supermarket way. It dates back to Old World times when the town market was the only place where people could exchange news and visit with friends. 40 In Mexico today, bargaining still makes life interesting for some merchants. A. The buyers found bargaining really interesting. B. Bargaining made their lives a little more colorful. C. While the two bargain, they speak of other things as well. D. Among the items of jewelry is a pair of earrings a tourist wants to buy. E. But in most villages, bargaining is a game both buyers and sellers enjoy. F. While in mountain areas, the buyers and sellers have to bargain every day. G. The tourist is told that the earrings are real silver, made by people living in the mountains. 第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Walking across campus with every pair of eyes on you can be embarrassing, especially when you’ve 13 years old. I looked around me in 41 of a friendly face, a smile, anything. I was quite disappointed. And I, 42 , felt somewhat foolish, walking across campus 43 with a false smile plastered (粘贴) across my face. I was simply 44 to follow the advice my mother had given me years before: when things get 45 , smile. No matter where you are, a smile will always be understood. A smile is 46 . At that very moment, however, I felt my mother’s advice didn’t 47 . When the teacher 48 me to the class as the “American girl”, 10 sets of hands immediately shot up. Some students had 49 ; others wanted to practice their English with me. Because I couldn’t speak much Chinese 50 , I communicated with them via gestures mixed in with 51 English and Chinese. Although I was 52 , I wasn’t sure how much of it was 53 . It was almost as if they were 54 about me and I was being examined. 55 , who could blame them? After all, I was the first American ever to 56 the school. Then, from across the room, a Chinese classmate suddenly 57 at me, and my nerves were instantly 58 . Though there are cultural and language 59 , we were sharing something in common. And as usual, my mother was right. A smile does make a 60 . 41. A. favor B. memory C. place D. search 42. A. in turn B. in return C. in addition D. in vain 43. A. steadily B. attractively C. alone D. unwillingly 44. A. helping B. attempting C. pretending D. undertaking 45. A. awkward B. smooth C. ready D. attainable 46. A. ordinary B. small C. universal D. traditional 47. A. last B. change C. exist D. work 48. A. led B. introduced C. took D. invited 49. A. examinations B. explanations C. questions D. thrills 50. A. either B. often C. sometimes D. yet 51. A. broken B. standard C. fluent D. everyday 52. A. spotted B. focused on C. ignored D. watched out 53. A. positive B. direct C. interesting D. open 54. A. hopeful B. nervous C. worried D. curious 55. A. Above all B. Once more C. Then again D. As usual 56. A. attend B. leave C. study D. explore 57. A. shouted B. smiled C. nodded D. waved 58. A. felt B. touched C. calmed D. tested 59. A. similarities B. barriers C. links D. connections 60. A. fortune B. noise C. deal D. difference 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 It’s hard to imagine two societies that deal with their elders as differently as the U. S. and China. And I am pretty sure about that. My wife Junling is a Shanghai native. Last month 61 the first time we visited my father at a nursing home in the U. S.. She 62 (shake) by the experience and later told me, ‘‘You know, in China, it’s a great shame 63 (put) a parent into a nursing home.” In China the tradition has been straightforward for centuries: parents raise children; then the children care for the parents as they become old. For example, Jiang Xiaoli, a high school teacher, and his wife recently bought 64 new, larger apartment in Shanghai. They did so 65 (part) because they know that in a few years, his parents will move in with them. Jiang’s parents will help take care of Jiang’s daughter, and as they age, Jiang and his wife will help take care of 66 (they). As China slowly develops a better and 67 (reliable) social - security system for retirees, 68 it has begun, the economic necessity of 69 (generation) living together will reduce a bit. But no one 70 (believe) that as China gets richer, the family affection will change too much. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 I learned the meaning of been trusted when I was in junior school. At that time, I was the very shy girl and no one ever take notice of me. One day, we were asked for to recite a text. Mr. Liu, our English teacher, saying that only after we recited to him could we go home. My classmate left the classroom one after another. At last, I gathered courage to stand in front of him. But before I started, he said in a low and clear voice, “I trust you.” You can’t imagine that much his words meant to me. Thanks to Mr. Liu, I am confidently in both life and study now. 第二节 书面表达(满分25分) 假定你是李华,打算邀请你在汉留学的英国朋友Leslie与你全家共度中秋节。写一封邮件告知他相关事宜。内容包括: 1.时间(10月4日); 2.简要介绍中秋节; 3.你们家过节安排。 注意: 1.词数100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Leslie, Yours, Li Hua 答案 第一部分 听力 第一节1-5 BCABA 第二节 6-10 CBCAC 11-15 CBACA 16-20 BABAB 第二部分 阅读理解 第一节 21-23 ACD 24-27 ABCB 28-31 ADBD 32-35 CCBA 第二节 36-40 EDGCB 第三部分 语言知识应用 第一节 完形填空 41-45 DACBA 46-50 CDBCD 51-55 ABADC 56-60 ABCBD 第二节 语法填空 61. for 62. was shaken 63. to put 64. a 65. partly 66. them 67. more reliable 68. which 69. generations 70. believes 第四部分 写作 第一节 短文改错 I learned the meaning of been trusted when I was in junior school. At that time, I was the very shy girl and no being a one ever take notice of me. One day, we were asked for to recite a text. Mr. Liu, our English teacher, saying that only took 删除for said after we recited ∧ to him could we go home. My classmate left the classroom one after another. At last, I gathered it classmates courage to stand in front of him. But before I started, he said in a low and clear voice, “I trust you.” You can’t but imagine that much his words meant to me. Thanks to Mr. Liu, I am confidently in both life and study now. how confident 第二节 书面表达 参考范文: Dear Leslie, How’s everything going? It was great when we were playing football together last Sunday. The Chinese traditional festival — Mid-autumn festival is coming soon. I’d like to invite you to our family party. You know, this festival is one of the most important festivals in China. Family members will gather together to enjoy moon cakes as well as admire the round moon, both of which represent the unity and happiness of a family. My family plans to have a feast near Yellow Crane Tower, a nice place to admire the beauty of the moon. By the way, the Mid-autumn festival is on October, 4th this year. Hope to see you then! Yours, Lihua. 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·13· 
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