doc文档 2018年高考英语试题总复习真题研练(牛津译林版80套打包)

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 真题研练61 Task 1:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 (2015·天津,B)Whether in the home or the workplace,social robots are going to become a lot more common in the next few years.Social robots are about to bring technology to the everyday world in a more humanized way,said Cynthia Breazeal,chief scientist at the robot company Jibo. While household robots today do the normal housework,social robots will be much more like companions than mere tools.For example,these robots will be able to distinguish when someone is happy or sad.This allows them to respond more appropriately to the user. The Jibo robot,arranged to ship later this year,is designed to be a personalized assistant.You can talk to the robot,ask it questions,and make requests for it to perform different tasks.The robot doesn't just deliver general answers to questions;it responds based on what it learns about each individual in the household.It can do things such as reminding an elderly family member to take medicine or taking family photos. Social robots are not just finding their way into the home.They have potential applications in everything from education to health care and are already finding their way into some of these spaces. Fellow Robots is one company bringing social robots to the market.The company's “Oshbot” robot is built to assist customers in a store,which can help the customers find items and help guide them to the product's location in the store.It can also speak different languages and make recommendations for different items based on what the customer is shopping for. The more interaction the robot has with humans,the more it learns.But Oshbot,like other social robots,is not intended to replace workers,but to work alongside other employees.“We have technologies to train social robots to do things not for us,but with us,” said Breazeal. 【语篇解读】 本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍的是社交机器人未来的发展情况。无论是在家里或工作场所,社交机器人将在未来的几年中变得更为常见。 1.How are social robots different from household robots? A.They can control their emotions. B.They are more like humans. C.They do the normal housework. D.They respond to users more slowly. 答案 B [推理判断题。根据第一段第二句“Social robots are...in a more humanized way.”和第二段内容可知,社交机器人更人性化。] 2.What can a Jibo robot do according to Paragraph 3? A.Communicate with you and perform operations. B.Answer your questions and make requests. C.Take your family pictures and deliver milk. D.Obey your orders and remind you to take pills. 答案 D [细节理解题。根据第三段的第三句及末句可知,Jibo机器人在服从人们的指令的同时也能提醒人们按时吃药,D项所述符合题干要求。A项中的“做手术”在文中未涉及;文中第三段第三句话提到机器人可以回答我们的问题,但没有提到它可以向我们提出请求,故B项所述错误;C项中的“送牛奶”在文中未涉及。] 3.What can Oshbot work as? A.A language teacher.	B.A tour guide. C.A shop assistant.	D.A private nurse. 答案 C [细节理解题。根据倒数第二段第二句“The company's ‘Oshbot’ robot is built to assist customers in a store...”可知,Oshbot机器人可以作为店员帮助顾客查找需要的东西。] 4.We can learn from the last paragraph that social robots will ________. A.train employees B.be our workmates C.improve technologies D.take the place of workers 答案 B [推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“But Oshbot,like other social robots...but to work alongside other employees.”可知,社交机器人将会成为我们的同事,和我们一起工作。] 5.What does the passage mainly present? A.A new design idea of household robots. B.Marketing strategies for social robots. C.Information on household robots. D.An introduction to social robots. 答案 D [主旨大意题。通读全文可知,本文主要是对社交机器人的介绍。故答案为D。] Task 2:词汇积累 1.technology n.技术 2.distinguish vt.区别,区分,辨别 Speeches distinguish human beings from animals. 人类和动物的区别在于人会说话。 3.potential adj.潜在的,可能的 4.make recommendations 提建议 5.respond to 响应,回答 6.humanized adj.人性的,拟人的 7.household adj.家庭的,日常的 8.potential applications 潜在的应用 9.a personalized assistant 个性化的助手 Task 3:单句语法填空 1.________ in the home or the workplace,social robots are going to become a lot more common in the next few years. 2.It can do things such as ________ (remind) an elderly family member to take medicine or taking family photos. 3.The Jibo robot,________ (arrange) to ship later this year,is designed to be a personalized assistant. 4.It responds ________ (base) on what it learns about each individual in the household. 答案 1.Whether 2.reminding 3.arranged 4.based Task 4:单句改错 1.While household robots today do the normal housework,social robots will be many more like companions than mere tools. 2.This allows them to respond more appropriate to the user. 3.It can also speak different languages and make recommendations for different items based on that the customer is shopping for. 4.But Oshbot,like other social robots,is not intending to replace workers,but to work alongside other employees. 答案 1.many→much 2.appropriate→appropriately 3.that→what 4.intending→intended Task 5:攻克长难句(分析句子结构,尝试翻译成汉语) The company's “Oshbot” robot is built to assist customers in a store,which can help the customers find items and help guide them to the product's location in the store. 分析:which引导非限制性定语从句,先行词是The company's “Oshbot” robot,由于放在主语位置会使句子头重脚轻,所以放在后面以平衡句子结构。 译文:公司的“Oshbot”机器人在商店帮助顾客,它可以帮助顾客寻找商品,引导他们找到产品所在商店的位置。 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·3· 
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