doc文档 2018年天津市第一中学高三摸底测试英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 天津一中 2017-2018 学年度高三年级摸底测试英语试卷 第 I 卷(选择题,共 90 分) 第一部分:听力 (共两节,满分 15 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. £ 19.15. B. £ 9.15. C. £ 9.18. 答案为 B. 1. What does the man advise the woman to do? A. Go to bed. B. Go to the concert. C. Go to the hospital. 2. How long does it take the slow train to get to New York? A. Two hours. B. Three hours. C. Four hours. 3. What will the woman probably do? A. Leave for home. B. Check the lab. C. Do her experiment. 4. What do we learn about the woman? A. She is upset about the bill. B. She misunderstands the waiter. C. She complains about the food. 5. What does the man imply? A. He will be playing baseball. B. He will be seeing the game. C. He will be studying. 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 听下面几段材料。每段材料后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段材料前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟; 听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段材料读两遍。 听下面一段对话,回答第 6 至第 8 小题。 6. How does the man go to work? A. By bus.	B. By car.	C. By train. 7. How far is it from the man’s home to his workplace? A. Fifteen miles.	B. Forty‐five miles.	C. Fifty‐five miles. 8. When is the worst traffic time during the day for the man? A. In the morning.	B. At noon.	C. At the end of the day. 听下面一段对话,回答第 9 至第 11 小题。 9. What is the conversation mainly about? A. An interview for a TV job. B. A job opportunity at a TV station. C. A successful TV job experience. 10. Why does the man want to get the job? A. To earn a high wage. B. To improve his study. C. To gain working experience. 11. How will the woman help the man? A. Give some advice to him. B. Write a play for him. C. Offer a job to him. 听下面一段独白,回答第 12 至第 15 小题。 12. What is the Student Union responsible for? A. Medical care.	B. Social life.	C. Registration. 13. What is the last step of becoming a member of the Student Club? A. Getting a Student Union membership. B. Getting a registration receipt. C. Getting a student card. 14. When can a student go to the student health centre? A. 10:00 a.m. Wednesday.	B. 8:45 a.m. Thursday.	C. 3:00 p.m. Friday. 15. What is the speech mainly about? A. Campus accommodation.	B. The health centre.	C. Student services. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 16. Experts think that recently discovered painting may be Picasso. A. the; /	B. a ; the	C. a ; /	D. the; a 17. Working with the medical team in Africa has the best in her as a doctor. A. held out	B. brought out	C. picked out	D. given out 18. I’m sure you will do better in the test because you so hard this year. A. studied	B. had studied	C. will study	D. have been studying 19. It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life we’ve actually had that lesson. A. until	B. after	C. since	D. when 20. No matter how low you consider yourself, there is always someone you wishing they were that high. A. getting rid of	B. getting along with C. looking up to	D. looking down upon 21. It is not always easy for the public to see use a new invention can be of to human life. A. whose	B. what	C. which	D. that 22. The state‐run company is required to make its accounts as as possible for its staff to monitor the use of money. A. transparent	B. reasonable	C. secure	D. formal 23. Don’t promise anything you are one hundred percent sure. A. whether	B. after	C. how D. unless 24. Many Chinese brands, their reputations over centuries, are facing new challenges from the modern market. A. having developed	B. being developed	C. developed	D. developing 25. The exact year Angela and her family spent together in China was 2008. A. when	B. where	C. why	D. which 26. I make $2,000 a week. $60 surely won’t make difference to me. A. that a big	B. a that big	C. big a that	D. that big a 27. Every year, makes the most beautiful kite will win a prize in the Kite Festival. A. whatever	B. whoever	C. whomever	D. whichever 28. Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving license reached 200,000, a(n) of 40,000 per year. A. average	B. number	C. amount	D. quantity 29. ‐‐ that company to see how they think of our product yesterday? ‐‐Yes. They are happy with it. A. Did you call	B. Have you called	C. Will you call	D. Were you calling 30. ‐‐‐Do you know if Linda is willing to take charge of the program? ‐‐‐ , does it? A. It makes no time	B. It counts for nothing C. It doesn’t hurt to ask	D. It doesn’t make sense 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从 31‐50 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 For a long time, happiness, in my eyes, is considered as a huge banner(横幅)across the finish line of a long race. I felt that only when I 31 certain things could I finally be happy in my life. Most of the time I felt like a tortoise believing that being slow and 32 would win the race. At other times I would 33 like a rabbit trying different side roads at a dangerous 34 hoping to reach that banner a little faster. 35 , I began to see that no matter how long I raced towards it, the banner was never any 36 . I finally decided one day to 37 and take a break. It was then that I saw my 38 sitting beside me. It had been with me as I 39 hard to support my family, as I played with my children and heard their 40 and even when I was 41 with my wife at my side looking after me. It had been with me as I raced towards that stupid banner. I just didn’t have the 42 to see it. There is an old Chinese proverb that says, “Tension is what you think you should be. 43 is who you are.” Perhaps we all should stop our race towards the 44 life we think we should have and 45 the life we have now. Happiness will never be found under some banner far away. It will be found 46 your own heart, soul and mind. It will be found when you 47 that others love you just as you do. Don’t be a tortoise or a rabbit when it comes to your happiness. Be a playful puppy and carry your stick of 48 with you everywhere you go. 49 yourself out of the race and realize that when it comes to love and happiness you are 50 there. 31. A. forgot B. missed C. overcame D. accomplished 32. A. safe B. steady C. calm D. quiet 33. A. act B. run C. jump D. walk 34. A. place B. height C. speed D. time 35. A. Generally B. Gradually C. Unfortunately D. Firstly 36. A. clearer B. lower C. closer D. smaller 37. A. settle in B. start off C. stop by D. sit down 38. A. happiness B. goal C. success D. friendship 39. A. studied B. fought C. exercised D. worked 40. A. laughter B. complaints C. stories D. breathing 41. A. lonely B. tired C. sick D. hungry 42. A. courage B. chance C. wisdom D. strength 43. A. Stress B. Relaxation C. Failure D. Pain 44. A. real B. perfect C. common D. colorful 45. A. enjoy B. change C. improve D. create 46. A. from B. on C. over D.in 47. A. realize B. believe C. hope D. admit 48. A. sorrow B. responsibility C. fortune D. joy 49. A. Carry B. Make C. Push D. Take 50. A. never B. still C. already D. ever 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A Winners Club You choose to be a winner! The Winners Club is a bank account specially designed for teenagers. It has been made to help you better manage your money. The Winners Club is a transaction account (交易账户) where you receive a key‐card so you can get to your money 24/7‐‐‐ that’s 24 hours a day, 7 days a week! It's a club with impressive features for teenagers: ●No account keeping fees! You’re no millionaire so we don’t expect you to pay large fees. In fact, there are no account keeping or transaction fees! ●Excellent interest rates! You want your money to grow. The Winners Club has a good rate of interest which gets even better if you make at least two deposits (储蓄) without taking them out in a month. Convenient Teenagers are busy ‐‐‐ we get that. You may never need to come to a bank at all. With the Winners Club you can choose to use handy tellers and to bank from home using the phone and the Internet … You can have money directly deposited into your Winners Club account. This could be your pocket money or your pay from your part‐time job! ●Mega magazine included Along with your regular report, you will receive a FREE magazine full of good ideas to make even more of your money. There are also fantastic offers and competitions only for Winners Club members. The Winners Club is a great choice for teenagers. And it is so easy to join. Simply fill in an application form. You will have to get permission from your parent or guardian (so we can organize that cool key‐card) but it is easy. We can’t wait to hear from you. It’s the best way to choose to be a winner! 51. The Winners Club is a bank account intended for . A. parents	B. winners	C. teenagers	D. adults 52. Which of the following is TRUE about the Winners Club? A. Special gifts are ready for parents. B. The bank opens only on work days. C. Fees are necessary for the account keeping. D. Services are convenient for its members. 53. The Winners Club provides magazines which . A. encourage spending	B. help to make more of your money C. are full of adventure stories	D. are free to all teenagers 54. If you want to be a member of the Club, you must . A. be an Internet user	B. have a big sum of money C. be permitted by your parent	D. be in your twenties 55. What is the purpose of this text? A. To introduce a new banking service.	B. To provide part‐time jobs. C. To organize key‐cards.	D. To set up a club. B A dog found shot in the head and face with a pellet (小弹丸) gun, stuffed in a garbage bag and left to die is recovering from his injuries at an animal clinic in Texas. The bag containing the 3‐ year‐old male mixed breed was discovered tied to a fence in Conroe, Texas, earlier this month. When local residents opened the bag, the dog appeared, took a few steps and fell. Augustyn rushed the dog to an emergency animal clinic, where he was treated for many pellets to the face, eyes, mouth, neck and shoulders. The dog was stabilized, but according to Dr. Ron Hendrick, a vet at the Animal Emergency Clinic of Conroe, pellets remain in both eyes and it’s unclear whether the dog nicknamed Buck was left blind forever. A Facebook page, Buck Needs Bucks for His Buckshot Injuries, was launched last week by Augustyn. It was created to help pay for the dog’s medical bills. The page has attracted nearly 7,000 “likes” and, according to its creator, already more than enough donations to pay for his treatment. “The last 24 hours has been overwhelming for me,” Augustyn wrote on the page. “I have gone from not knowing if I would have enough money to pay for Buck’s emergency bill to having an unbelievable amount of money to provide the best possible care for Buck’s recovery. I have thought long and hard about this today and how I should handle this. The conclusion is that I will open a separate bank account for Buck and all donations will be used for Buck’s recovery and necessities.” With the help of Facebook, Buck’s story quickly sparked international interest. “Buck is now walking,” Augustyn says. Police in Montgomery County say they are investigating the incident, and Augustyn says she has been in contact with law enforcement officials about donating a reward for information leading to the arrest of the person who tortured the dog. Sadly, cases like Buck’s are not uncommon, particularly in Texas. 56. When Augustyn found the dog, it was . A. tied to a fence near an animal clinic	B. being shot by its owner C. hiding from its owner inside a bag	D. in a horrible physical state 57. After being treated at the emergency animal clinic, the dog . A. is still not in a stable condition	B. remains blind because of the shots C. has no pellets remaining in his body	D. has completely recovered from his injuries 58. What was Augustyn’s purpose in launching the Facebook page? A. To ask a vet to help treat the dog.	B. To ask for donations for the dog. 59. We can infer from Paragraph 4 that . A. Augustyn is worried about the emergency bill B. many people care about the injured dog’s recovery C. Augustyn will try to help more injured dogs D. Augustyn doesn’t know how to deal with the donations 60. What will the passage most probably talk about next? A. How to stop people from torturing dogs. B. Some people who like torturing animals. C. Some other examples of badly tortured dogs. D. Why the dog’s owner abandoned him. C There are now many products and services on the market which are similar in content though produced by different companies. It is vital, therefore, for a company to distinguish itself from its competitors by having a strong company image which is immediately recognizable. Logos are part of this image. They are symbols which often include a name or initials to identify a company. The logo establishes a visual identity for the company, just as different groups of young people express their identity through hairstyles and clothes. All groups from all cultures and throughout the ages have used colors and symbols to show their identity. In different cultures, different colors carry different meanings. Some colors may be connected with coldness in one culture and with warmth in another; some colors represent life in one culture but death in another. International companies have, therefore, to make sure that their logos will not be misunderstood in different countries. The logos of large international companies are instantly recognizable throughout the world. One of the most famous logos is that of Coca‐Cola. The design of the words “Coca‐Cola” has not changed since 1886, although the surrounding design has been changed from time to time. Many companies have, over the years, renewed their logos to fit in with contemporary design and to present more powerful images. Company logos can be emotive and can inspire loyalty by influencing the subconscious (潜意识的). Some logos include an idea of the product: the steering wheel in the Mercedes logo, for example, and the aero plane tail of Alitalia. appear in newspapers or on television as part of an advertising campaign. Companies need to have a strong corporate identity. The logo helps to promote this image and to fix it in the minds of the consumers. Logos, therefore, need to be original and to have impact and style. 61. The most basic function of a company’s logo is to . A. describe the business the company is engaged for the consumers B. distinguish the company from its realistic and potential competitors C. project a positive image of the company and its products or services D. make the products and services of the company more recognizable 62. What are the usual compositions of a company’s logo? A. The name or initials of a company. B. Symbols and colors representing the company. C. A visual image of the company in colors. D. Symbols including the name or initials of the company. 63. Why should caution be exercised in the use of colors? A. Colors may be misinterpreted in different cultures. B. Colors are not the best tools to identify a company. C. Colors may represent death in some cultures. D. International companies are careful about the use of colors. 64. By citing the logo of Coca‐Cola, the author tries to . A. explain the name of a company should remain unchanged B. ensure that the logo should not be misinterpreted in different cultures C. state the surrounding design of the logo can always be changed D. illustrate the importance of having a recognizable image 65. In the view of the author, a winning logo should aim at . A. fitting in with the contemporary design B. inspiring loyalty from the consumers C. displaying originality and impact D. promoting a strong corporate identity D Half of the world’s population is affected by Asian monsoons(季风), but monsoons are difficult to predict. American researchers have put together a 700‐year record of the rainy seasons, which is expected to provide guidance for experts making weather predictions. Every year, moist(潮湿的)air masses,known as monsoon,produce large amounts of rainfall in India, East Asia, Northern Australia and East Africa. All this wet air is pulled in by a high pressure area over the Indian Ocean and a low pressure area to the south. According to Edward Cook, a weather expert at Columbia University in New York, the complex nature of the climate systems across Asia makes monsoons hard to predict. In addition, climate records for the area are too recent and not detailed enough to be of much use. Therefore, he and a team of researchers spent more than fifteen years traveling across Asia, looking for trees old enough to provide long‐term records. They measured the rings, or circles, inside thousands of ancient trees in more than 300 places. Rainfall has a direct link to the growth and width of rings on some kinds of trees. The researchers developed a document they are calling a Monsoon Asia Drought Atlas. It shows the effect of monsoons over seven centuries, beginning in the 1300s. Professor Cook says the tree‐ring records show periods of wet and dry weather. “If the monsoon basically fails or is a very weak one, the trees affected by monsoons at that location might put on a very narrow ring. But if the monsoon is very strong, the trees affected by that monsoon might put on a wide ring for that year. So, the wide and narrow ring widths of the chronology that we developed in Asia provide us with a measure of monsoon variability.” With all this information, researchers say they can begin to improve computer climate models for predicting the behavior of monsoons. “There has been widespread famine and starvation and human dying in the past in large droughts. And on the other hand, if the monsoon is particularly heavy, it can cause extensive flooding.” said Eugene Wahl, a scientist with America’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. “So, to get a sense of what the regional moisture patterns have been, dryness and wetness over such a long period of time in great detail, I would call it a kind of victory for climate science.” 66. What’s the passage mainly about? A. The effects of Asian monsoons. B. The necessity of weather forecast. C. A breakthrough in monsoon prediction. D. The achievements of Edward cook. 67. It is difficult for experts to predict Asian monsoons because . A. it is hard to keep long‐term climate records B. there is heavy rainfall in Asia C. they influence many nations D. they are formed under complex climate systems 68. What can be inferred from the passage? A. The trees affected by monsoon grow fast if the monsoon is weak. B. The Monsoon Asia Drought Atlas has a monsoon record for about 1,300 years. C. Long and detailed climate records can offer useful information for monsoon research. D. The rainfall might be low although the monsoon is strong in monsoon‐affected areas. 69. What do we know about the research according to Eugene Wahl? A. It will help people prevent droughts and floods. B. It should include information about human life in the past. C. It has analyzed moisture models worldwide. D. It is a great achievement in climate science. 70. Which of the following best describes the tone of this passage? A. Humorous.	B. Matter‐of‐fact. C. Pessimistic.	D. Friendly. 第 II 卷(非选择题,共 30 分) 阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,并根据题目要求用英语回答问题(请注意问题后的字数要求)。 When most people travel, they will spend some time reserving hotel rooms. However, my friend Ashley and I were not most people many years ago. We decided that backpacking through Ireland would be more fun if we “winged it”. Winging it, of course, meant that we’d each buy a one‐way ticket to Dublin, and give ourselves ten days to get back to Bath, England, where we enrolled (报名注册) in the study‐ abroad program. The plan was to visit Dublin, Galway, Cong, and finally in Belfast. And we figured that we could catch a flight back to England there. Unfortunately, Ireland had other plans for us, as nothing worked out the way that we thought it would. After getting stuck in Galway and Cong for about seven days, we finally managed to take a bus trip from Cong to Belfast. The twelve‐hour bus ride started at ten in the morning, which means that we’d arrive in the heart of Belfast around ten at night. However, the bus ran late, and we ended up in Belfast around eleven‐thirty at night. As there were a ton of hotels around the area where it dropped us off, we weren’t too worried about finding a hotel room. But hotel after hotel turned us down. After the third hotel turned us down and the fourth one was locked up for the night, Ashley and I started to realize that we had to spend a long night sleeping on a city bench. Like the soldiers, we slept in turn as we were worried we would get robbed. The system worked, as we were able to stay safe while having as much sleep we could on the bench. From this experience, I really learnt a good lesson. 71. What does the underlined word “reserving” in Paragraph 1 mean? (1 word) 72. How many days did the author and his friend plan to travel in Ireland? (no more than 3 words) 73. How long did it take the author and his friend to get to Belfast from Cong by bus? (no more than 8 words) 74. Why did the author and his friend have to take turns to sleep? (no more than 8 words) 75. What lesson do you think the author and his friend learnt from their experience? (no more than 20 wrods) 第二节	书面表达(满分 20 分) 假定你是天津一中的学生李华,从互联上得知一个国际中学生组织今年八月将在新加坡 (Singapore) 举办夏令营,欢迎各国学生参加。请写一封电子邮件申请参加。 内容主要包括: 1. 自我介绍(包括英语能力等); 2. 说明参加意图(介绍中国、了解其他国家等); 3. 希望获准。 注意: 1. 词数 100 字左右;	2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 邮件开头结尾已为你写好,不计入总字数。 Dear Sir or Madam, Regards, Li Hua参考答案: I. 听力 (20 分) 1‐5 CBAAC	6‐10 BACBC	11‐15 ABCAC II. 单选 (15 分) 16‐20 DBDAC	21‐25 BADAD	26‐30 DBAAC III 完型 (30 分) 31—35 DBACB	36—40 CDADA	41—45 CCBBA	46—50 DADDC IV. 阅读理解 (50 分) 51‐55 CDBCA	56‐60 DBBBC	61‐65 BDADC	66‐70. CDCDB V 阅读表达 (10 分) 71. Booking. 72. Ten days. 73. It took them thirteen and a half hours. 74. Because they were afraid they would get robbed. 75. I think they learnt that it is important to book a hotel room before they travel to somewhere. IV. 书面表达 (25 分) Dear sir or madam, I am Li Hua, a student of Tianjin No.1 High School. I learn from the internet that the International Students Organization will hold a summer camp in Singapore in August, and I am very eager to write to you to apply to this camp. I think it will be a big chance for me to communicate with students from other countries, which will also improve my English very much. I can also make more friends and can learn the culture of other countries. All of this sound so wonderful. It will be my great honor if I can get your permission to take part in the summer camp, Looking forward to your good news. Regards Li Hua 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·24· 
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