doc文档 2017年贵州省遵义航天高级中学高三第四次模拟英语试题

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2016~2017学年第一学期高三第四次模拟考试
英语试题
第I卷
第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Marlene Dietrich is finally to be honored by her home city, Berlin.
For more than half a century, the famous film star won huge fame in Hollywood,
but remained a highly controversial(引起争议的)figure in Germany.
When the city’s new film museum is opened on September 26, three of its 15
rooms will show the star’s possessions collected over a lifetime.
In addition to various collections by Marlene, visitors will be able to see all
Marlene Dietrich’s movies. There will also be key except for a vast range of
Germany-made films.
Dietrich became a world star after her wonderful performance in a movie. After
that, she turned her back on Germany, horrified by the sudden movement of Nazi
in her hometown.
A few years after the war, the star was persuaded to pay a short visit to
Berlin. But the trip proved a disaster. At a city hall gathering in West Berlin,
crowds turned out to see her, but not all friendly.
She was attacked at times. She found herself being blamed for wearing an
American uniform during the war to please U.S. troops in Europe. She was also
scolded for “turning her back on the country”.
Dietrich, deeply hurt, decided she would never return to Berlin again. But she
softened her judgment.
When she died in Paris in 1972, it was at her express wish that her body should
be sent back to Berlin for burial alongside her mother in a local cemetery.
1. From the second paragraph, we can get to know that_______.
A. Germans were narrowed-minded B. Germans were difficult to get along with
C. all Germans admired Dietrich D. some Germans disliked Dietrich
2. The underlined sentence “she turned her back on Germany” (in paragraph 5)
means_______.
A. Dietrich looked down upon her country B. Dietrich turned away from her
country
C. Dietrich gave up performance in her country D. Dietrich lost her job in her
country
3. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
A. Visitors can see various collections by Marlene in Berlin’s new film museum.
B. Dietrich was a famous film star in Hollywood.
C. After the war, Dietrich paid a short visit to her country.
D. Wearing an Australian uniform during the war, Dietrich was regarded a
betrayer(背叛者) to her country.
4. The famous film star, as a whole, ________.
A. hated her country because she was once scolded for betraying Germany.
B. enjoyed her life in France
C. loved her country from her heart
D. felt satisfied with her performance
B
A mother’s love
I’M a New York City firefighter. Every day, I see terror – sometimes even
death. But the day I found Scarlett was different. That day I saw life. And
love.
We were responding to a call about a burning garage. Outside, I heard the sound
of cats crying. I couldn’t stop – I would have to look for the cats after the
fire was put out.
It took a long time to finally bring the big fire under control, but we did it.
No one inside was hurt.
At that point I was free to investigate the cat noises. There was still a lot
of smoke and heat coming from the building. I followed the meowing(猫叫) to a spot
on the sidewalk near the front of the garage. There, crying and huddled(挤作一团)
together, were five terrified kittens. They must have been inside the building,
as their fur was badly singed(烫烧).[:.]
I left the five kittens in a box on a neighbor’s porch(门廊).
I wanted to find the mother. It was obvious that she had gone into the burning
garage and carried out all of her babies, one by one – unbelievable.
We finally found her. She was badly burnt: her eyes were blistered (起水泡), her
paws(爪子) were blackened, and her fur was singed all over. You could even see her
reddened skin beneath the burned fur. She could barely move. I picked her up,
and she relaxed in my arms as much as her pain would allow. Sensing her trust, I
shed a tear. I was determined to save this brave little cat and her family.
The vet told me they would observe the kittens and their mother overnight, but
they weren’t optimistic about the mother’s changes.
About a week later, I found out she was going to live. One of the technicians
suggested we name her Scarlett, because of her reddened skin.
Knowing what Scarlett endured(忍受) for her kittens, it melted my heart to see her
reunited with them. She touched each of them again, nose to nose, to make sure
they were all safe. She had risked her life five separate times – and it had
paid off. All of her babies had survived.
As a firefighter, I see heroism(英雄事迹) every day. But what Scarlett showed me
that day was the kind of bravery that can only come from a mother’s love.
5. Which of the following is TRUE according to the article?
A. The author went to rescue the cats as soon as he heard them crying.
B. The firefighters put out the big fire quickly and no one was hurt.
C. The mother cat moved all of her five babies to a safer place despite the
fire.
D. The author didn’t find the cats until the smoke and heat were gone.
6. Why was the author determined to save the cats?
A. He refused to watch someone else die in his work.
B. He was impressed by the mother’s strong love and courage.
C. The cat’s story had made many people concerned.
D. It had taken much time and effort for him to save them.
7. Which best describes the author’s tone in the article?
A. Objective B. Admiring. C. Excited. D. Optimistic.
C
Fighting racial stereotypes(模式化)on US campuses often begins by putting students
of different ethnic backgrounds together – under one dormitory roof.
Sam Boakye was a freshman at Ohio State University and the only black student on
his floor. He was determined to get good grades – in part to make sure his white
roommate had no basis for negative racial views. "You're pushed to do better, to
challenge the stereotype that black people are not that smart," he told theNew
York Times.
Several recent studies have found that having a roommate of a different race can
reduce prejudice(偏见), diversify(使多样化)friendships and even promote students’
academic performance. In a study by Ohio State psychology professor Russell
Fazio, black freshmen who came to college with high test scores earned better
grades if they had a white roommate—even if the roommate’s test scores were low.
Another study on student interaction by Duke University suggests that freshmen
with roommates of a different race were the most likely to diversify their
friendships. “Just having diversity in classrooms doesn’t do anything to
increase interracial friendships,” said Claudia Buchman, an author of the Duke
study. “But living together with a different-race roommate does lead to more
interracial friendships.”
There are, however, some problems with such room assignments. Fazio’s study
found that three times as many randomly(随机地) assigned interracial roommates
weren’t living together at the end of the semester, compared with white
roommates. Interracial roommates also spent less time together, had fewer joint
activities and were less involved with each other’s friends than white pairs.
As for Boakye, this is not the case. “A lot of white students come without much
exposure(暴露)to diversity, so when their first interaction with a black guy isn’t
bad, they will make more black friends. I think I made a good impression on my
freshman roommate. I saw him this year, and he said, ‘Hey dude, you’re not the
only black friend I have.’ That felt good.”
8. Having a roommate of a different race can have the following benefitsEXCEPT
________ .
A. making more friends B. reducing prejudice
C. earning better grades D. improving physical health
9. Sam Boakye was determined to get good grades partly because________.
A. he wanted to prove he was a smart boy
B. he intended to please his parents
C. he wished to earn the scholarship
D. he wanted to show black people are as smart as white people
10. We can conclude that Boakye________.
A. got along well with his white roommate
B. shared fewer joint activities with his white roommate
C. had a negative attitude towards his white roommate
D. is still living together with his freshman white roommate
11. The 4th paragraph is mainly about________.
A. the interracial friendship
B. some problems with having an interracial roommate
C. some comments on the interracial roommates
D. the interaction between the black student and the white student
D
Scientists found that sleeping considerably improves our creativity. After
taking a nap people are able to think faster and put more imagination into their
thinking. Besides, if we dream, the thinking abilities are improved even more.
Researchers consider that sleeping on a problem in most cases leads to
elucidation(解释). They say when a person enters a phase called Rapid Eye Movement
(REM) during sleep, it increases the effect. Such phase takes place right before
we awake and according to scientists it helps our brain make links between
unrelated subjects.
In the study, led by Professor Sara Mednick, scientists made a conclusion that
the REM was “important for assimilating(消化)new information into past experience”
in order to find solutions to creative problems.
Prof. Mednick is a psychiatrist at the University of California. Her study
involved the analysis of 77 adults. Each participant was given several
word-associated creative tasks. All tasks were given in the morning, with
participants being shown a number of groups of 3 words, for example: cookie,
heart and sixteen. They were asked to come up with a word that would be
associated with all three given terms—like sweet. Sometime later, after some
participants were allowed to sleep, they were asked to perform the same tasks
and some new ones. It is worth mentioning that while some people slept,
researchers used brain scans to see the type of sleep each participant entered.
When given the same tasks, participants, who took a nap, were able to give more
varied solutions, some of which were much better than they gave earlier. But
when given new tasks, researchers found that those who entered REM sleep had a
40 percent better result compared to the performance they showed in the morning.
12. What does “it” refer to in the second paragraph?
A. The effect. B. REM. C. Sleep. D. A problem.
13. Why do the researchers study the REM?
A. Because REM takes place just after you sleep. B. Because REM can store more
information.
C. Because REM can help find creative solutions. D. Because REM can make a
creative invention.
14. What can we know from this passage?
A. Taking a short nap is good for your thinking during the day.
B. Sleeping has three processes which is good for creativity.
C. Each adult was allowed to sleep after the task was given.
D. REM is a process taking place right after we awake when we nap.
15. The important stage in the study is________.
A. to think of a creative word B. to show a group of 3 words
C. to give participants time to think D. to let some participants sleep for a
whileZxxkCom
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
To be successful people
Here are some opinions about successful and unsuccessful people.
Make life plans and set goals
You can’t be successful without knowing where you are going. A life vision
board, 10 years’ plan and daily goals are useful tools of the successful people.
16
Keep a “To-be” list for the future
A “To-be” list is a great way to plan for the future. I want to be an elected
official in the future. I want to be the CEO of a public company. 17
Unsuccessful people have no idea what they want to be. How can you achieve
success if you don’t know what you want to be?
Study every day
18 Whether you are reading a magazine or a good book. You can learn and become
knowledgeable as you read. While watching television may be good entertainment,
you will hardly get anything out of TV to help you become more successful.
Want others to succeed
When you are in an organization with a group of people, in order to be
successful, you all have to be successful. 19 If you wish for their failures,
why even work with them at all?
Accept responsibly for your failures
Where there are ups, there are most always downs. Being successful persons means
always having to accept responsibly for your failures. 20 It just puts other
people down and no good comes from it.
A. Blaming others solves nothing.
B. Your failures help your successes.
C. I want to be a great father and husband.
D. We want to make our life plans and goal.
E. Get your vision and goals down on paper.
F. Studying everyday educates you on new subjects.
G. You need to want to see your co-workers improve and succeed.
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)
Traveling in Vietnam was like visiting a mysterious neighbor. You have lived
next door to each other for years but know very 21 about what happened on 22
side of the fence.
I travelled there last August. A(n) 23 180-kilometre trip from a Chinese border
town to Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, 24 an adventurous eight hours. That’s 25
the country still doesn’t have a modern expressway system. The major passage
going through the country is only a two-way road. 26 , many areas are
mountainous.
Vietnamese drivers are 27 and fearless. They compete with each other at full
speeds no matter how scared the 28 feel. When the bus shook us violently for the
hundredth time, the driver made a 29 to make us feel better. “See, this is just
a(n) 30 Vietnamese people give you, a free massage(按摩) service.”
It was midnight 31 I reached that hotel. Switching on the television, I was 32
by something: All the 33 in the TV plays spoke in the same voice. 34 , modern
Korean plays and historical Chinese plays are 35 with the Vietnamese. But it
seemed they didn’t have enough 36 to dub(为……配音)all these programs. So, the same
boring woman appears 37 every TV play to speak for the roles. The next morning
when I opened the window, I found myself in a huge “ 38 ”. The buildings in the
streets were 39 in all kinds of colors you can imagine. Vietnamese are allowed
to 40 their houses as they like. Each one was different. The large number of
colors brought the city alive.
21. A. little B. much C. a lot D. few
22. A. another B. other C. either D. the other
23. A. long B. simple C. pleasant D. easy
24. A. took B. spent C. paid D. devoted
25. A. why B. when C. because D. where
26. A. Therefore B. However C. Also D. OtherwiseZxxkCom
27. A. wonderful B. impatient C. careful D. helpless
28. A. passengers B. policemen C. drivers D. passers-by
29. A. story B. joke C. promise D. statement
30. A. gift B. pleasure C. competition D. surprise
31. A. that B. until C. when D. while
32. A. excited B. embarrassed C. disappointed D. amazed
33. A. actresses B. actors C. characters D. channels
34. A. At present B. To be honest C. Sure enough D. Of course
35. A. satisfied B. received C. content D. popular
36. A. time B. budget C. people D. space
37. A. beside B. under C. over D. behind
38. A. film B. garden C. book D. cup
39. A. put B. set C. dressed D. filled
40. A. rent B. make C. live D. paint
第II卷
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。
When I was young, my parents and I 41 (move) to New York from China. Although
we now live in the US, we follow the customs and 42 (tradition) of China. I have
learned to speak several languages, English 43 (include). I eat all kinds of
foods and celebrate different holidays 44 have something to do with culture.
However, there 45 (be) many disadvantages of being part of two cultures.
Sometimes, speaking a language at home 46 speaking another language in school
can get confusing. Sometimes, I have trouble 47 (express) my thoughts in English
because they don’t understand me well. Sometimes, my culture does make me feel
far away from others because I feel too 48 (difference).
I am closer to the culture of China than that of the US. I don’t listen to
English music as 49 (frequent) as I listen to Chinese music. Therefore, I feel
very far away 50 my friends when I don’t know what song they talking about.
第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Yesterday my English teacher asked each student write a composition title “The
Greatest Achievement of My Life”. I was not sure how to write about it. I’ve
thought it over for a long time. I do many things. Coming to America, get a job
and meeting new people was my achievements. I think my greatest achievement is
learning English. Though sometime I don’t understand everything people are
saying, but each day I get better and better. I told my teacher this was
difficult composition to write. Above all, it is hard to measure everything you
have done.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假如你叫李华,你的朋友李明英语口语不好,他来信征求你的意见。请你给他写一封回信,提出以下的看法和建议:
1. 不要失去信心,不要怕出错,不要怕被别人嘲笑;
2. 争取在课内外尽可能多讲英语,孰能生巧;
3. 多与老师交流,找老师问学习方法;
4. 可以交个外国网友,通过网络用英语交流。
注意:
1. 词数:100左右
2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3. 文章的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Li Ming,
I’m glad to hear from you. Here are some suggestions on how to learn English.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Yours,
Li Hua
四模英语答案(2016.12.6.)
阅读理解
1-4 DBDC 5-7 CBB 8-11 DDAB 12-15 BCAD
16-20EC F GA
完形填空
21-25 ADBAC 26-30 CBABA 31-35 CDCAD 36-40 BDBCD
英语知识运用
41.moved 42.traditions 43.included 44.which/that 45. are
46. and 47. (in)expressing 48.different 49.frequently 50. from
短文改错
1. student 后加to 2. title → titled
3. how → what 4. do → did
5. get →getting 6. was→were
7. Sometime→Sometimes 8. 去掉but
9. was后加a 10. Above→After
书面表达
One Possible Version:
Dear Li Ming,
I’m glad to hear from you. Here are some suggestions on how to learn English.
[:.]
To my point of the view, what matters most in learning English is that you
should be always confident. Instead of being afraid of making mistakes or being
laughed at, you have to overcome your shyness and catch every opportunity to
speak English both in and after class as much as possible, as the saying goes,
“Practice makes perfect.” What’s more important, you should turn to teachers for
help and ask their advice for good learning methods, which will let you make
great progress. With the development of new technology, computer makes it
possible to make friends with the native speakers through the Internet, and you
should make the most of it.
Yours
Li Hua
·11·

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