doc文档 2018年河南省郑州一中高三上学期一轮复习单元检测(一)英语试题

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2018年河南省郑州一中高三上学期一轮复习单元检测(一)英语试题 第 1 页 2018年河南省郑州一中高三上学期一轮复习单元检测(一)英语试题 第 2 页
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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 18届高三一轮复习英语单元检测(一) 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分	听力(共两节,满分 30 分)(略) 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节	(共 15 小题;每题 2 分, 满分 30 分) A The National Postal Museum is divided into galleries that explore America's postal history. Visitors will have a full picture of the creation and fantastic varieties of postage stamps. World of Stamps Video imagines bring stamps to life and attract visitors who explore the surrounding displays. Visitors encounter the world’s first postage stamp — the 1840 Penny Black and learn how it revolutionized communication. Stamp images, including Dr. Martin Luther King’s “I have a dream” speech and the stamp that helped raised almost $72 million dollars for breast cancer research, explain how stamps have shaped history and honored people and places worldwide. Gems of American Philately Visitors have the opportunity of examining 13 of the most rare and highly valued stamps in the world of the stamp collection, including the most famous American stamp of all, the 1918 Inverted Jenny. A video explains why the Inverted Jenny and other stamps displayed here are the most valuable. The treasure in this area are rarely available for public viewing. Each tells a story about an important event in US history. Mail Marks History The markings on mail provide valuable clues to the surprising ways mail has been transported over time, including challenges and even disasters encountered along the way. You will understand these markings by following the journeys of three historic letters. Connect with US Stamps Visitors explore their own connections with stamps. At three touch screen tables, they create their own stamp collection based on the topics that interest them most. They can also create their own stamp designs. Visitors have the chance to view videos in which stamp designers talk about their craft, stamp collectors explain what they collect and why, and footage(片段) shows the process of making stamps. 1. What can you do at World of Stamps? A. Photograph some nice stamps on display. B. Learn more about the great importance of stamps. C. Donate money to cancer research. D. Listen to a speech by Martin Luther King on video 2. What can you see at Gems of American Philately? A. Some famous designers in the US. B. Some newly released stamps in the US. C. Some of the most valuable US stamps. D. Some important public reviews of stamps. 3. Where can you see how stamps are created? A. Connect with US Stamps	B. Gems of American PhilatelyC. Mail Marks History	D. World of Stamps 4. Where does this text come from? A. An official report.	B. An exhibition guide. C. An announcement.	D. An art show review. B Two of the saddest words in the English language are “if only”. I live my life with the goal of never having to say those words, because they convey regret, lost opportunities, mistakes, and disappointment. My father is famous in our family for saying “Take the extra minute to do it right.” I always try to live by the “extra minute” rule. When my children were young and likely to cause accidents, I always thought about what I could do to avoid an “if only” moment, whether it was something minor like moving a cup full of hot coffee away from the edge of a counter, or something that required a little more work such as taping padding (衬垫) onto the sharp corners of a glass coffee table. I don’t only avoid those “if only” moments when it comes to safety. It’s equally important to avoid “if only” in our personal relationships. We all know people who lost a loved one and regretted that they had foregone an opportunity to say “I love you” or “I forgive you.” When my father announced he was going to the eye doctor across from my office on Good Friday, I told him that it was a holiday for my company and I wouldn’t be here. But then I thought about the fact that he was 84 years old and I realized that I shouldn’t give up an opportunity to see him. I called him and told him I had decided to go to work on my day off after all. I know there will still be occasions when I have to say “if only” about something, but my life is definitely better because of my policy of doing everything possible to avoid that eventuality. And even though it takes an extra minute to do something right, or it occasionally takes an hour or two in my busy schedule to make a personal connection, I know that I’m doing the right thing. I’m buying myself peace of mind and that’s the best kind of insurance for my emotional well-being. 5. Which of the following is an example of the “extra minute” rule? A. Start the car the moment everyone is seated. B. Leave the room for a minute with the iron working. C. Move an object out of the way before it trips someone. D. Wait for an extra minute so that the steak tastes better. 6. The underlined word “foregone” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to . A. abandoned	B. avoided	C. lacked	D. taken 7. The author decided to go to her office on Good Friday to . A. join in the holiday celebration of the company B. keep her appointment with the eye doctor C. finish her work before the deadline approached D. meet her father who was already an old man 8. What is the best title for the passage? A. The Two Saddest Words B. The Most Useful Rule C. The Peace of Mind D. The Emotional Well-being C Melinda Skaar wasn't expecting any phone calls. Skaar was working late in her office at the First Internet bank of California. By 10:45 that night she was almost ready to go home when the phone rang. Picking it up, she heard a guard shouting, “There is a fire! Get out of there.” Skaar didn't panic. She figured that it was just a small fire. Her office building was huge. There were 62 floors and her desk was on the 37th floor. Skaar called out to office mate Stephen Oksas, who also stayed late to work. But when they got out to the hallway, they were met by a cloud of black smoke. Rushing back, Skaar shut the door and filled the space at the bottom of the door with her jacket to keep the smoke out. Then they called 911. Before they could call their families, however, the line went dead. That meant that they were completely cut off from the outside world. All they could do was wait and hope someone would come to rescue them. Minutes ticked by. Smoke began to float into the office. Soon it became hard for them to breathe. Looking around, Skaar noticed a small workroom. It seemed to have cleaner air. So they crowded there. That helped for a while, but in time even the workroom was filled with deadly smoke. Hopeless, they tried to break the windows, but the glass was not breakable. Everything they threw at it just bounced back. Defeated, they struggled back to the workroom. They felt weak and dizzy. Soon Skaar found Oksas had passed out. As Skaar and Oksas lay near death, rescuers were rushing to find them. At last, at about 4 a.m., firefighters found them. Skaar and Oksas knew they were lucky to be alive. Sunday is my birthday, Skaar told a reporter. She would be turning 29. but she knew she had already got the best present possible— the gift of life. 9.	What did Skaar and Oksas do when they were stopped by the fire? A. they tried to run down the stairs. B. they called their families. C. they waited where they were. D. they rushed back and shut the door. 10.	The following helped Skaar and Oksas survive the fire except . A. calling 911 for help B. shutting the door and keeping the smoke out with a jacket C. breaking the windows to get some fresh air D. crowding in a small workroom for clean air 11.	what can we conclude from Skaar's action in the fire? A. she was trained as a firefighter B. she was cleverer than Oksas C. she had had the experience of being caught in fire. D. she remained calm in the face of danger D A new study has discovered that meditation( 冥 想 )and oxygen sport together reduce depression. The Rutgers University study found that this mind and body combination, done twice a week for only two months, reduced the symptoms for a group of students by 40 percent “We are excited by the findings because we saw such a meaningful improvement in both clinically depressed and non—depressed students,”said lead author Dr.Brandon Alderman. “It is the first time that both of these two behavioral ways have been looked at together for dealing with depression.” Researchers believe the two activities have an interactive effect in combating depression. Alderman and Dr. Tracey Shors discovered that a combination of mental and physical training (MAP)enabled students with major depressive disorder not to let problems or negative thoughts defeat them. Rutgers researchers say those who participated in the study began with 30 minutes of focused attention meditation followed by 30 minutes of oxygen sport. They were told that if their thoughts drifted to the past or the future they should refocus on their breathing, enabling those with depression to accept moment-to-moment changes in attention. Shors, who studies the production of new brain cells in the hippocampus—part of the brain involved in memory and learning—says scientists have shown in animal models that oxygen sport exercise keeps a large number of certain cells alive. The idea for the human intervention( 干 预 )came from her laboratory studies, she says, with the main goal of helping individuals acquire new skills so that they can learn to recover from stressful life events. By learning to focus their attention and exercise,people who are fighting depression can acquire new learning skills that can help them process information and reduce the overwhelming recollection of memories from the past,Shors says. “We know these treatments can be practiced over a lifetime and that they will be effective in improving mental health.”said Alderman. “The good news is that this intervention can be practiced by anyone at any time and at no cost.” 12.	What made the research so different? A. Adopting a way of meaningful talk B. Combining the two ways to treat depression C. Comparing the depressed with the non-depressed D. Treating depression with special medicine 13.	The underlined word “combating” in Paragraph 3 can be replaced by A. identifying	B. distinguishing C. fighting	D. examining 14.	What did the participants do in the research? A. They took exercise while thinking quietly. B. They did oxygen sport half an hour before thinking. C. They took exercise longer than they thought. D. They thought quietly and then took exercise. 15.	What is Shors’main purpose of her studies? A. To offer people a new method to treat stress. B. To study the production of new brain cells. C. To find out certain brain cells of humans. D. To decide the links between stress and exercise. 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) You’re growing up. That means you’re probably experiencing lots of changes, all at once. Your body is changing. It might even seem as if your entire self is changing. It can be confusing and even scary. 16. And it’s good! Growing up means that you can do more, learn more, and start to make your mark on the world. In order for that to happen, your body produces chemicals called hormones that help both body and mind grow. Hormone levels changeconstantly, rising and falling. 17. But it’s partly to blame for intenseemotions, surprising reactions, and mood swings. Because of the way your brain develops, it is somewhat ruled by emotion now and through your teen years. As a result, growing up can seem like an emotional roller coaster! 18. ●Take care of yourself. If you eat right, sleep enough, and get good exercise, your brain will be much more able to deal with the stress ● 19. When you feel your moods swinging or you’re upset, orconfused, some quiet time will allow you to gather your thoughts and get calmer. ●Practice relaxing your body and deep breathing when you wake up and when you go to bed. 20. Plus, when stuff happens during the day, you’ll be able to calm yourself quickly with a deep breath or two before you react. Your body is changing. A.Take a timeout. B.But the truth is, it happens to every teen. C.Work out regularly to keep physically fit. D.This changing is needed for your body’s development. E.It will help you fall asleep—and start the morning right. F.Here are a few things you can do to make the ride smoother. G.Usually, these feelings settle down when you realize what is going on. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) It was a freezing, windy winter night in Manhattan. I was walking to catch a train home, totally 21. in the next day's to-do list, not paying any attention to my surroundings. “Hey man, I love your nice hat!”, said a voice to me from the sidewalk. When I 22. to see where it came from, I saw a man 23. dressed, carrying a garbage bag, standing outside a 24. —with a warm smile on his face. As I was about to say thank you, a woman walkedby. “Hey lady, you have the most beautiful eyes. Can you 25. some change?" This homeless man had no 26. of talking to anyone and he was excellent at 27. up others. I felt pulled to help him use that 28. . I introduced myself, and 29. him to dinner inside. “Ralph's the name. Thank you so much, sir!” he said. As we sat down and ate, I told Ralph that I felt he had an amazing talent for 30. with people. 31. at first, he eventually began to open up. He spoke much about how he used to love to 32. . He was like a fisherman's encyclopedia ( 百科全书). I asked him what he could see himself doing, and he said that he thought he could be a good 33. . So I asked him if he ever 34. going to the store right down the street and telling them he would help them sell their fishing equipment. There was a pause. Ralph put his hands over his face 35. he spoke through tears. I'll never 36. what he said next. “ I had a job and a family. 37. , I didn't know how to handle these things. I 38. my problems. For 11 years, no one has ever done anything like this for me. It's time for me to make things 39again. " By the end, I was in 40. as well. Ralph thanked me for my help, and we went our separate ways. 21. A. interest B. absorbed C. set D. taken 22. A. turned out B. settled down C. got off D. looked back 23. A. casually B. formally C. shabbily D. fashionably 24. A. station B. store C. bookshop D. restaurant 25. A. spare B. show C. make D. introduce 26. A. fear B. tendency C. sign D. courage 27. A. setting B. bringing C. lighting D. picking 28 A. opportunity B. potential C. qualification D. reputation 29. A. pushed B. forced C. guided D. invited 30. A. bargaining B. competing C. connecting D. parting 31. A. Aggressive B. Hesitant C. Cheerful D. Confident 32. A. travel B. beg C. fish D. read 33. A. salesman B. secretary C. fisherman D. teacher 34. A. recalled B. considered C. resisted D. avoided 35. A. unless B. until C. though D. as 36. A. remember B. appreciate C. forget D. forgive 37. A. Otherwise B. Besides C. Therefore D. However 38. A. ran away from B. came up with C. faced up to D. put up with 39. A. easy B. right C. practical D. diverse 40. A. tears B. rags C. panic D. sorrow 第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) In the West we are familiar with ballets like Swan Lake. But there’s another classical dance form with a long history 41. has only recently burst onto the world scene. It is called classical Chinese dance. Classical Chinese dance is 42. incredibly demanding, refined, and expressive dance form. Alongside ballet, it is also one of the most comprehensive dance systems 43. (know) to humankind. 44. recently , few people outside China had ever heard of classical Chinese dance. One major reason was that when Chinese companies performed abroad, they often mixed Chinese dance with western dance styles. So the audience left the theater not sure exactly 45. they had just seen. In 2005 , however, a performing arts company 46. ( establish) in New York. Its mission was to promote 47. (tradition) culture, and this included 48. (present) classical Chinese dance in its purest form. Not quite a decade later, classical Chinese dance has become much 49. ( well) recognized and is starting to influence western ballet. Although they have significant differences,both ballet and classical Chinese dance have the ability to vividly tell 50. (story) and move us through beautiful art. 18 届高三一轮复习英语单元检测(一) 答题卷 题号 第 I 卷 第 II 卷 总分 答题卡 七选五 短文填空 短文改错 书面表达 得分 阅读理解 第二节(七选五)16—20 英语知识运用 第二节 短文填空 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 第四部分	写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节	短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) I almost didn’t wake up in time for school this morning. I stayed up late last night, prepare my lessons. The alarm clock did go off, but I didn’t hear them because I was too tired. It was already 7 o’clock when I opened my eye. The first thing I was aware was that I would be lately. Terrified, I ran to school and without having breakfast. I didn’t want to be criticized by the teacher, nor do I want to be laughed at by my classmates. Lucky, I rushed into the classroom in the last minute. We had a test today, for that I was well-prepared and it was so easy a exam that I got high marks. What an exciting experience! 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是李华,你的美国笔友 Mike 将来你的城市郑州度假,以下是他给你发的电子 邮件。请给他回信,欢迎他的到来,答复他的疑问,并提出合理建议。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。Dear Li Hua,I’m going to your city for a two-week holiday in September. I’m so excited that I finally have the chance to meet you and see your city. However, I am a bit worried about the traffic problems. From what I know, traffic jams are serious in big cities. Do you think I should rent a car? How should I travel around efficiently when I’m in Zhengzhou? Can’t wait to see you. Yours, Mike 18 届高三一轮复习英语单元检测一答案 第一部分听力(略) 第二部分阅读理解 1——20 BCAB CADA DCD BCDA BDFAE 第三部分英语知识运用 21——40 BDCDA ACBDC BCABD CDABA 41. which/that 42. an 43. known	44. Until 45. what 46. was established 47. traditional 48. presenting 49. better 50. stories 第四部分 第一节短文改错 1. prepare 改为 preparing 2. them 改为 it 3. eye 改为 eyes 4. aware 后加 of 5. lately 改为 late 6. and 去掉 7. do 改为 did 8. Lucky 改为 Luckily 9. that 改为 which 10.a 改为 an 第二部分书面表达略 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·13· 
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