doc文档 2018年广东省惠州市高三第一次调研考试英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 惠州市2018届高三第一次调研考试试卷 英 语 第I卷 第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Artificial intelligence,or AI,has been applied in a wide range of fields to perform specific tasks,including education, finance, heavy industry, transportation, and so on. Education There are a number of companies that create robots to teach subjects to children ranging from biology to computer science,though such tools have not become widespread yet.Advancements in natural language processing,combined with machine learning,have also enabled automatic grading of assignments.AI has also led to an explosion in popularity of MOOCs,or Massive Open Online Courses,which allows students from around the world to take classes online. Finance Use of AI in banking can be tracked back to 1987.Banks use artificial intelligence systems to organize operations,maintain book-keeping,invest in stocks,and manage properties.Also,systems are being developed,like Atria,to translate complex data into simple and personable language.There are also wallets,like Wallet AI,which monitor an individual’s spending habits and provides ways to improve them. Heavy industry Robots have become common in many industries and are often given jobs that are considered dangerous to humans.Robots have proven effective in jobs that are very repetitive which may lead to mistakes or accidents due to failure in concentration and other jobs which humans may find degrading. Transportation Today’S cars can have AI-based driver assist features such as self-parking and advanced cruise controls.AI in transportation is expected to provide safe,efficient,and reliable transportation while minimizing the impact on the environment and communities. Toys and games Companies like Mattel have been creating AI-enabled toys for kids as young as age three.Using proprietary AI engines and speech recognition tools,they are able to understand conversations,give intelligent responses and learn quickly.AI has also been applied to video games,for example video game bots,which are designed to stand in as opponents where humans aren’t available or desired. 21.Which is true about AI and education? A.Robots have been widely used to teach children. B.AI has been used to grade students’homework. C.AI has enabled more students to receive education at school. D.Education was the first field where A1 was used. 22.Which can be inferred from the passage? A.Atria can help people understand complex data. B.Wallet AI can help people make more money. C.Robots’jobs are considered dangerous to humans. D.Robots can help people concentrate. 23. From the last two paragraphs we can know that_______________. A.Today’s drivers needn’t learn to park their cars B.AI ensures safe, efficient, and reliable transportation C.AI-enabled toys is designed to improve kids’intelligence D.Video game bots can fight against you in video games 24.What is the passage mainly about? A.The latest progress in AI. B.AI is of great use. C.Some applications of AI. D.AI is used in all fields. B When 1 was a boy we used to live across the road from a big hill with huge oak trees growing out of it.When winter arrived,thick,heavy snow would fall,and my two brothers would grab their sleds heading over to the hill for a day of fun.I remember watching them with envy because 1 was still too small to go sledding.Finally,one winter 1 was considered big enough and joined my brothers as they carried their sleds up the long hill and prepared to ride down it. The first few trips I rode with one of my brothers and had the time of my life.It was so exhilarating when the wind whipped across my face as I flew down the hillside on the wooden sled.Near the end of the day 1 was overjoyed too when my oldest brother decided to let me try riding the sled all by myself.I climbed on it full of excitement and lay on my stomach.Then with one big push my brother sent me down the snowy hillside.1 was doing pretty well too until I hit an old stump hidden by the snow and went off course,straight towards one of those big oak trees.My heart pounded in my chest and I could hear myself screaming.At the last possible second I rolled off and the sled crashed into the tree.I could hear my brothers running down the hill yelling,“You have to steer(操控)!You have to steer!” Sadly,that wasn’t the last time I failed to steer when some obstacle knocked me off course in my life.Many times problems,troubles,and my own failures have sent me crashing into the trees of anger, frustration, and despair.I am still learning that life isn’t always safe sledding.I am still learning that it is up to me to steer myself back to love, back to kindness, back to goodness, and back to God. Life is a trip,but no one ever said it was a smooth ride.Steer well then.Steer straight.Steer your soul towards the light and the love we are all meant for. 25.What do we know about the author when he was very young? A.He lived on a big hill with huge oak trees on it. B.He was frightened to go sledding with his brothers. C.He longed to go sledding with his brothers. D.He carried his brothers’sleds as they went sledding. 26.Which of the following can replace the underlined word“exhilarating”in Paragraph 2? A.delightful B.Terrifying C.ordinary D.violent 27.Why did the author fall off his sled? A.Because his sled crashed in an oak tree. B.Because he lost control of his sled. C.Because his brother pushed it so hard. D.Because the hillside was snowy. 28.What does the author mean to tell us? A.Losing control of a sled can be dangerous. B.Courage and determination can change one’s life. C.Life can be controlled by one himself D.Life is a mystery full of coincidences. C The popular TV program Readers has prompted more people in China to practice reading aloud in booths(亭)set up in big cities across the country. As the latest TV show to help people’s love for literature recover,CCTV program Readers invites people from all walks of life to read aloud their favorite poems,essays and books,or even personal letters they wrote to their loved ones.Just as the weekly show has been well-received,its reading booths,equipped with professional recording devices and cameras,have become instant hits. A crowd of more than 200 people were pictured lining up outside the Shanghai Library at 11 am on March 4 -- the first day of the booth’s opening to the public in Shanghai.The deadline for registrations was brought forward to 2 pm instead of the scheduled 5:30 pm,as the number of waiting readers continued to grow.Some waited more than nine hours for a try-out in the booth, according to library management. “There is an old photo in the late 1970s capturing people lining up outside the Shanghai Library before it opens.If that was a spring of reading in Shanghai,now I think another spring has arrived again,”library manager Zhou Deming,told the Shanghai-based The Paper. The reading booth is the only one of its kind in the city of economic center at the moment,but more are expected to be put into use in the coming months,according to the library’s website. The Readers program has also led to booths in other cities including Beijing,Hangzhou,Guangzhou and Xi’an to appeal to more people to read and share their life stories. With the recent boom of culture-themed TV shows such as Readers and Chinese Poetry Competition,some are optimistic that this will help the country love literature and reading again in general. 29.CCTV program Readers aims to_______________. A.teach people what to read B.attract people’s attention to CCTV C.invite people to read aloud in the booth D.arouse people’s flesh enthusiasm for reading 30.We can learn from Paragraph 3 that_______________. A.Some people waited for a long time to read in the booth B.March 4 was the first day of the opening of Shanghai Library C.On March 4,200 people read in the booth D.The time for registrations was lengthened for three and a half hours 31.The passage mainly tells US that_______________. A.Many people line up to read aloud in reading booths B.More reading booths will be set up in the future C.Readers has become popular all over China D.Readers has inspired more people to read aloud in reading booths D Following the crowd may not always be in a person’s best interest.But new research suggests that teens who go along with their friends may end up healthier as adults. Scientists have known that close friendships help boost health.That’s true for both teens and adults.The finding inspired Joseph Allen,a psychologist at the University of Virginia,and his team to study whether experiences during teen years would influence adult health. So they followed 171 teens,starting when the kids were just 13.They interviewed each one every year for five years,and also spoke to these teens’closest friends,who provided additional information about the quality of their friendships.The same 171 people were interviewed again at ages 25,26 and 27.This time,the questions surveyed each person’s overall health.When the researchers analyzed the data they found a strong connection between a teen’s behavior and adult health.Teens who had close friends grew up to be the healthier adults.Whether teens held back their feelings or expressed them to a close friends also influenced later health.Those who held back were more likely to be sick as adults.The connection held up even after the scientists accounted for other possible influences on health.Weight,family income and drug use were all examined.So were mental health issues,such as anxiety and depression.And in these people,such other factors did not explain adult health as well as teen friendships did. Going along with the crowd may have benefits,says Allen,but there are also drawbacks.Teens who are more independent tend to do better at school and work.And peer pressure may lead some kids to engage in risky behavior,such as smoking,drinking or using drugs.Dealing with it is an ongoing challenge,Allen acknowledges.“Finding the right balance is the key.Teens shouldn’t lose heart for not finding this easy.”And,he adds,“Parents need to be understanding about the pressures teens face.” 32.Where can you probably read this passage? A.Science fiction B.Health column C.Fashion magazine D.Entertainment newspaper 33.We can learn from Allen’s study that _______________. A.many other factors have a greater influence on adult health than teen friendships B.mental health issues have nothing to do with adult health C.the same 171 teens were interviewed each year from 13 to 27 D.the teens who couldn’t express themselves grew up to be unhealthier 34.According to what Allen said,we can know that _______________. A.in order to do better at school,teens should not follow the crowd B.though it’s challenging for teens to deal with peer pressure,they should not give up C.teens will engage in smoking,drinking or using drugs when facing peer pressure D.parents should understand their teens and stop them going with friends 35.What can be inferred from the passage? A.There is nothing bad for teens to follow the crowd. B.Close friendships are the most important for people’s health. C.Teen friendships may turn out healthier adults. D.Adult health is only influenced by teen friendships. 第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分1O分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 My father used to be an amateur wrestler and national champion. He was forced by his father to give up the sport in order to obtain gainful employment, which meant he wouldn’t be able to win a medal for our country. Therefore, he made a vow that his unborn son would 36 He was about to give up hope when one day, my younger sister Babita and I beat up two boys accidentally in response to critical comments. My dad found our potential to become wrestlers and began coaching us. 37 We were required to do physical training early in the morning and have a short haircuts to avoid lice. 38 We would complain about him all the time. Gradually, I realized that he wanted us to have a good future and not grow up to be ordinary housewives. Motivated, we willingly participated in his coaching. With great efforts, he made us competitive wrestlers and I won the junior and senior championships, providing me with a chance to gain training in a National Sports Academy, where pride and agony fulfilled my mind. 39 As a result, I found myself losing every match at the international level. After that, I tearfully made peace with papa and turned to him for help. Then he coached me patiently. Despite difficulty, I finally became the first Indian female wrestler to qualify for the Olympics, inspiring dozens of Indian women to take to wrestling. Even now, papa’s words are still in my mind “ Geeta, think about all the girls who are thought to be inferior to boys, girls who are forced to do chores, girls who are married and have children. Not only will you compete with other countries, but also with those who look down upon women!”. I will never forget out father’s instruction. 40 . But his methods were cruel. I almost abandoned what papa had taught me. Disappointingly, my mother gave birth to all girls. My sister and I tried to escape. I will always owe all success to him. At first, my sister and I did not understand our father. however,my mother didn’t agree with him. 第三部分英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下而短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 My mother was a giver. The occasion never 41 – Christmas, birthdays, anniversaries or no occasion at all. She was always thinking about who might 42 what. Creativity and 43 went into the gifts she gave, and she 44 a thank you note. Once she sent out a note to her own children and grandchildren who had not acknowledged gifts, 45 that they were now on her “Fecal Roster(黑名单)” and would not be removed 46 she had received a proper thank you. Even if you didn’t 47 a thank you, she’d give you another gift the next 48 she had. She figured 49 manners were your problem, not hers. Every time Mom and Dad 50 to visit, all of us would gather in the driveway as they unloaded luggage. There was always something for the kids, 51 a couple of little toys or a big 52 of homemade cookies. They weren’t gifts for particular occasion. They were 53 “Isn’t life great?” gifts. One spring when they came to visit, she handed me a 54 bag. Inside was a painting that 55 : “A Special Daughter. You’ve 56 laughter and joy to our lives and so much love to our hearts. The most precious things we can 57 for you are the things you have given us… 58 and Love.” Mom was a 59 gift giver, but the best gifts we will always remember her for were her lover for 60 and her love for us. 41 A.mattered B.occurred C.varied D.arose 42 A.wonder B.praise C.enjoy D.approve 43 A.thoughtfulness B.sympathy C.justice D.authority 44 A.ignored B.appreciated C.promised D.resisted 45 A.assuming B.abusing C.stating D.correcting 46 A.once B.after C.when D.until 47 A.send B.purchase C.conduct D.obtain 48 A.time B.chance C.festival D.holiday 49 A.mistaken B.bad C.silly D.ridiculous 50 A.walked by B.wandered around	C.drove over D.rode away 51 A.often B.always C.never D.seldom 52 A.tank B.cage C.container D.holder 53 A.fairly B.apparently C.especially D.simply 54 A.cookie B.toy C.hand D.gift 55 A.read B.told C.wrote D.appeared 56 A.showed B.awarded C.devoted D.brought 57 A.apply B.wish C.recommend	D.ask 58 A.Assistance B.Privilege C.Happiness D.Satisfaction 59 A.extreme B.serious C.grand D.great 60 A.life B.kids C.families D.gifts 第II卷 注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第二节(共1 O小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填人适当的内容 (1个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。 Recent months have seen a return of bike across China. With an increasing number of people choosing cycling instead of 61 (drive) to schools, to workplaces or to do sightseeing. The introduction of bike-sharing programs has brought the trend to a new level. The bikes 62 (equip) with GPS and can be left anywhere in public for the next user. They’re popular among many Chinese people as they provide 63 effective solution in places 64 it’s difficult to change from one kind of transport to another. Bike-sharing is a 65 (green) method of transportation and 65 (provide) a more friendly experience However, the programs have also led to problems such as 67 (legal) parking, deliberate (蓄意的) damaging and theft. To deal with these problems, the company came up with the idea of encouraging people 68 (return) the bikes to stations 69 rewarding free time for their next rides. Now, Chinese service operators are also trying to address these problems,too. For example, Mobike sets a 100-point credit score for each user, with 70 (point) taken in the case of bad behavior. Once a score drops below 80, bike rental is increased to 100 yuan per 30 minutes, up from 0.5-1 yuan. 第四部分写作(共两节满分35) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(八),并在其下而写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下而写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第ll处起)不计分。 Last Friday, we were having our class while our teacher Miss Li suddenly slipped and fall to the ground. All the students were concern about her. Helped by some students, I carried her on back to the clinic immediately. Her left leg was turned out to be broken and she had to stay in hospital for half a month. The following day, we paid a visit for her with flower and fruits. See her leg wrapped in bandages, all of us felt sorry for her, hoping she would recover soon. Unexpectedly, only five days late, Miss Li returned to the class on a wheelchair to give us lessons. We were deep moved, all rising to applaud her. 第二节书面表达(满分25分) 假定你是李华。你的美国笔友Tom对中国文化有浓厚的兴趣。恰好你校今年暑假将为外国学生举办一场汉语夏令营活动(Chinese Summer Camp),请你给他发一封电子邮件,内容包括 1.时间和地点; 2.内容:学习日常汉语、了解中国历史和传统文化、参观博物馆等; 3.报名方式和截止时间 注意: 1.词数100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 Dear Tom, Here comes a piece of good news. Yours, Li Hua 惠州市2018届高三第一次调研考试英语参考答案 【阅读理解】 21—25 BADCC 26—30 ABCDA 31—35 DBDBC 36—40 CAFBE 【完形填空】 41—45 ACABC 46—50 DABBC 51—55 ACDDA 56—60 DBCDA 【语法填空】 61. driving 62. are equipped 63. an 64. where 65. greener 66. provides 67. illegal 68. to return 69. by 70. points 【短文改错】 【书面表达】 Dear Tom, Here comes a piece of good news. Chinese Summer Camp, which is intended for international students, is going to be held in our school this summer vacation. Since you are obsessed with Chinese culture, I’d like to invite you to join it. The Camp is scheduled to last 11 days, from July 18 to July 28. It covers a wide variety of cultural activities, ranging from studying Chinese daily expressions to attending some lectures on Chinese history and traditional culture. As we all know, language is closely related to culture, so I’m convinced that you can dig out Chinese cultural features from language study. In addition, the Camp provides a chance for you to visit some famous museums, which is the best way to learn about the country. By admiring the historical relics, you will definitely gain a better understanding of the country. If you want to be part of it, please sign up for it before July 2nd at our school website. Looking forward to your early reply. Yours, Li Hua 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·12· 
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