doc文档 2018年甘肃省天水一中高三上学期开学考试英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 甘肃省天水市第一中学2018届高三上学期开学考试 英语 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) A It was a cold March day in High Point,North Carolina.The girls on the Wesleyan Academy softball were waiting for their next turns at bat during practice,stamping their feet to say warm.Eighth-grader Taylor Bisbee shivered(发抖)a little as she watched her teammate Paris White play.The two didn’t know each other well—Taylor had just moved to town a month or so before. Suddenly,Paris fell to the ground,“Paris’s eyes rolled back,”Taylor says.“She stated shaking.I knew it was an emergency.” It certainly was,Paris had suffered a sudden heart failure.Without immediate medical care,Paris would die.At first,no one moved.The girls were in shock.Then the softball coach shouted out,“Does anyone know CPR?” CPR is a life-saving technique.To do CPR,you press on the sick person’s chest so that blood moves through the body and takes oxygen to organs.Without oxygen the brain is damaging quickly. Amazingly,Taylor had just taken a CPR course the day before.Still,she hesitated.She didn’t think she knew it well enough.But when no one else came forward,Taylor ran to Paris and began doing CPR.“It was scary.I knew it was the difference between life and death,”says Taylor. Taylor’s swift action helped her teammates calm down.One girl called 911.Two more ran to get the school nurse, who brought a defibrillator,an electronic devices(器械)that can shock the heart back into work.Luck stayed with them: Paris’ heartbeat returned. “I know I was really lucky,”Paris says now.“Most people don’t survive this.My team saved my life.” Experts say Paris is right: For a sudden heart failure,the single best chance for survival is having someone nearby step in and do CPR quickly. Today,Paris is back on the softball team.Taylor will apply to college soon.She wants to be a nurse.“I feel more confident in my actions now,”Taylor says.“I know I can act under pressure in a scary situation.” 1.What happened to Paris on a March day? A.She caught a bad cold. B.She has a sudden heart problem. C.She was knocked down by a ball. D.She shivered terribly during practice. 2.Why does Paris say she was lucky? A.She made a worthy friend. B.She recovered from shock. C.She received immediate CPR. D.She came back on the softball team. 3.Which of the following words can best describe Taylor? A.Enthusiastic and kind. B.Courageous and calm. C.Cooperative and generous. D.Ambitious and professional. B Reading can be a social activity.Think of the people who belong to book groups.They choose books to read and then meet to discuss them.Now,the website BookCrossing.com turns the page on the traditional ides of a book group. Members go on the site and register the books they own and would like to share.BookCrossing provides an identification number to stick inside the book.Then the person leaves it in a public place,hoping that the book will have an adventure,traveling far and wide with each new reader who finds it. Bruce Pederson,the managing director of BookCrossing,says,“The two things that change your life are the people you meet and books you read.BookCrossing combines both.” Members leave books on park benches and buses,in train stations and coffee shops.Whoever finds their book will go to the site and record where they found it. People who find a book can also leave a journal entry describing what they thought of it.E-mails are then sent to the BookCrossing to keep them updated about where their books have been found.Bruce Peterson says the ides is for people not to be selfish by keeping a book to gather dust on a shelf at home. BookCrossing is part of a trend among people who want to get back to the “real” and not the virtual(虚拟).The site now has more than one million members in more than one hundred thirty-five countries. 4.Why does the author mention book groups in the first paragraph? A.To explain what they are. B.To introduce BookCrossing. C.To stress the importance of reading. D.To encourage readers to share their ideas. 5.What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 2 refer to? A.The book. B.An adventure. C.A public place. D.The identification number. 6.What will a BookCrosser do with a book after reading it? A.Meeting other readers to discuss it. B.Keep it safe in his bookcase. C.Pass it on to another reader. D.Mail it back to its owner. 7.What is the best title for the text? A.Online Reading: A Virtual Tour B.Electronic Books: A new Trend C.A Book Group Brings Tradition Back D.A Website Links People Through Books C At thirteen,I was diagnosed with kind of attention disorder.It made school difficult for me.When people else in the class was focusing on tasks,I could not. In my first literature class,Mrs.Smith asked us to read a story and then write on it,all within 45 minutes.I raised my hard right away and said,“Mrs.Smith,you see,the doctor said I have attention problems.I might not be able to do it.” She glanced down at me through her glasses,“you are no different from your classmates,young man.” I tried,but I didn’t finish the reading when the bell rang.I had to take it home. In the quietness of my bedroom,the story suddenly all became clear to me.It was about a blind person,Louis Braille.He lived in a time when the blind couldn’t get much education.But Louis didn’t give up.Instead,he invented a reading system of raised dots(点),which opened up a whole new world of knowledge to the blind. Wasn’t I the “blind” in my class,being made to learn like the “sighted” students?My thoughts spilled out and my pen started to dance.I completed the task within 40 minutes.Indeed,I was no different from others;I just needed a quieter place.If Louis could find his way out of his problems,why should I ever give up? I didn’t expect anything when I handled in my paper to Mrs.Smith,so it was quite a surprise when it came back to me the next day-with an “A” on it.At the bottom of the paper were these words:“See what you can do when you keep trying?” 8.The author didn’t finish the reading in class because_______. A.He was new to the class B.He was tried of literature C.He had an attention disorder D.He wanted to take the task home 9.What do we know about Louis Braille from the passage? A.He had good sight. B.He made a great invention. C.He gave up reading. D.He learned a lot from school. 10.What was Mrs.Smith’s attitude to the author at the end of the story? A.Angry. B.Impatient. C.Sympathetic. D.Encouraging. 11.What is the main idea of the passage? A.The disabled should be treated with respect. B.A teacher can open up a new world to students. C.One can find his way out of difficulties with efforts. D.Everyone needs a hand when faced with challenges. D Scientists have found that human eyes are more likely to be damaged by UV rays while skiing in the snow- covered areas than sitting on the beach,according to a report by the UK newspaper. The researchers at Kanazawa Medical University,Japan and American company Johnson & Johnson conducted the study together.They looked at the effects of light reflection on newly fallen snow on a ski trail in Ishikawa District,northern Japan.They compared the results with the levels of UV rays on a sand beach in southern Japan’s Okinawa District. The found that on the beach,eyes are exposed to a daily 260 kilojoules(千焦耳)of UV a square meter compared to 658 kilojoules in snow-covered areas. The findings are supported by the Japan Meteorological(气象的)Agency.According to the agency,the reflection rate of UV light on beaches is often between 10 and 25 percent,compared to 80 percent in the new snow areas.The amount of light increased 4 percent with a 300-meter rise in height. Most of us know that UV rays can harm the skin.That’s why er wear sunscreen on our skin before we get out in the sun.But many of us may not realize that UV rays are also harmful to the eyes. If your eyes are exposed to large amounts of UV radiation over a short period of time,you may experience a kind of sunburn of the eye,which is harmful.Your eyes will become red and feel a strange feeling.They may be sensitive to light.Fortunately,this is usually temporary and seldom causes permanent damage to the eyes. Long-term exposure to UV radiation,however,can be more serious.Scientific studies and researches have shown that exposure to small amounts of UV radiation over a period of many years increases the chance of eye damages, which could lead to total blindness. 12.You would most likely find the article in . A.a doctor’s diary B.a travel journal C.a medical magazine D.a physics textbook 13.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A.Too much eye exposure to UV rays may cause total blindness. B.Short-time exposure of the eyes to UV rays doesn’t harm them at all. C.Most people know that UV rays harm the eyes as well as the skin. D.The study was conducted by researchers from Japan,the USA and the UK. 14.Human eyes are more likely to be damaged by UV rays while skiing in the snow-covered areas than sitting on the beach because . A.Snow produces more UV light than water. B.People don’t wear sunscreen while skiing as they do while sitting on the beach. C.The reflection rate of UV light in snow-covered areas is much higher that that on the beach. D.Human eyes are exposed longer to UV light in the snow-covered areas than on the beach. 15.What will the passage most probably talk about next? A.Never ski on newly fallen snow in Japan. B.Go to hospital to have your eyes examined. C.Wearing a hat can provide protection while skiing in new snow areas. D.Take some measures to protect your eyes while skiing in new snow areas. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 How to Do Man-on-the-Street Interviews The man-on-the-street interview is an interview in which a reporter hits the streets with a cameraman to interview people on the spot._16_But with these tips,your first man-on-the-street interview experience can be easy. ●When your boss or professor sends you out to do man-on-the-street interviews for a story,think about the topic and develop a list of about ten general questions relating to it.For example,if your topic is about environmental problems in America,you might ask,“Why do you think environment protection is important in America?”_17_ ●Hit the streets with confidence._18_Say,“Excuse me,I work for XYZ News,and I was wondering if you could share your opinion about this topic.”This is a quick way to get people to warm up to you. ●Move on to the next person if someone tells you she is not interested in talking on camera.Don’t get discouraged. ●_19_Each interview that you get on the street shouldn’t be longer than ten minutes.As soon as you get the answer you need,move on to the next person.Make sure that as you go from interview to interview,you are getting a variety of answers.If everyone is giving you the same answer,you won’t be able to use it.A safe number of interviews to conduct is about six to ten._20_ ●If your news station or school requires interviewees to sign release forms to appear on the air,don’t leave work without them. A.Limit your time. B.As you approach people,be polite. C.If you don’t own a camera,you can but one. D.For new reporters,this can seem like a challenging task. E.To get good and useful results,ask them the some question. F.That number of interviews should give you all the answers you need. G.With a question like this,you will get more than a “Yes” or “No” reply. 第Ⅱ卷 第二部分 英语知识运用(共三节,满分60分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 At my heaviest I weighed 370 pounds.I had a very poor relationship with food: I used it to_21_bad feelings,to make myself feel better,and to celebrate.Worried about my health,I tried many different kinds of_22_but nothing worked.I came to believe that I could do nothing about my_23_. When I was 50,my weight problem began to affect me_24_.I didn’t want to live the rest of my life with this _25_weight any more. That year,I_26_a seminar where we were asked to create a project that would touch the world.A seminar leader shared her_27_story—she had not only 125 pounds,but also raised $25,000 for homeless children. _28_by her story,I created the As We Heal,the World Heals_29_.My goal was to lose 150 pounds in one year and raise $50,000_30_a movement founded 30 years ago to end hunger.This combination of healing myself and healing the world _31_me as the perfect solution. _32_I began my own personal weight program,I was filled with the fear that I would_33_the same difficulties that beat me before.While the_34_hung over my head,there were also signs that I was headed down the right_35_.I sent letters to everyone I knew,telling them about my project.It worked perfectly.Donations began_36_in from hundreds of people. Of course,I also took some practical steps to lose weight.I consulted with a physician,I hired a fitness coach,and I began to eat small and_37_meals.My fund-raising focus also gave me new motivation to exercise_38_. A year later,I_39_my goal: I lost 150 pounds and raised $50,000!I feel that I’ve been given a second life to devote to something that is_40_and enormous. 21.A.add B.mix C.kill D.share 22.A.diets B.drinks C.fruits D.dishes 23.A.height B.ability C.wisdom D.weight 24.A.temporarily	B.recently	C.seriously D.secretly 25.A.ideal B.extra C.normal D.low 26.A.attended B.organized	C.recommended	D.mentioned 27.A.folk B.success C.adventure D.science 28.A.Surprised	B.Amused	C.Influenced D.Disturbed 29.A.project B.business	C.system D.custom 30.A.in search of B.in need of C.in place of D.in support of 31.A.scared B.considered	C.confused D.struck 32.A.As B.Until C.If D.Unless 33.A.get over B.run into	C.look for D.put aside 34.A.excitement	B.joy C.anger D.fear 35.A.row B.hall C.path D.street 36.A.breaking B.flooding	C.jumping D.stepping 37.A.heavy B.full C.expense D.healthy 38.A.regularly B.limitlessly	C.suddenly D.randomly 39.A.set B.reached	C.missed D.dropped 40.A.stressful B.painful C.meaningful D.peaceful 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 A trip to China with the kids could be a test to your nerves,but also a_41_(wonder)experience.This is an ancient civilization which is growing at great speed into the 21st century,meanwhile holding onto the old traditions and way of life. As you travel from area to area,a sea of contrasts is_42_makes it so fascinating.You can find an old fisherman on his bamboo boat_43_(answer) his mobile phone,and modernity and old traditions existing side by side.The only constant thing in China is “change”. _44_first it might seem challenging.But you_45_(find)the people helpful,especially if you are traveling with children.Chinese love children,_46_more the happier. But as far as children_47_(concern),this isn’t a light-hearted trip to Disneyworld.What if they get sick?Will the kids like the food?Is_48_(pollute)really that bad?Will they be bored?Just relax.You can depend on_49_that you’ll end up with plenty of priceless_50_(memory) of that country. 第二节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 I will ever forget the experience of beginning to learn English.I liked English and I could not got the right method of learning.The more I want to remember,the harder I found it was.I was in low spirits.I almost gave in. Luckily,my English teacher was encouraged me and helped me find a good way.I became bravely enough to open my mouth to speak English.How excited about English she was!My confidences came back to me.Believe it or not,I won the first prize in Spoken English Competition in our school.It was first time that I had won such a prize in my life! 甘肃省天水市第一中学2018届高三上学期开学考试 英语试题答案 1-3 BCB 4-7 BACD 8-11 CBDC 12-15 CACD 21-25 CADCB 26-30 ABCAD 31-35 DABDC 36-40 BDABC 41.wonderful 42.what 43.answering 44.At 45.will find 46.the 47.are concerned 48.pollution 49.it 50.memories 短文改错: I will ever forget the experience of beginning to learn English.I liked English and I could not got the right never but get method of learning.The more I want to remember,the harder I found it was.I was in low spirits.I almost gave in. wanted up Luckily,my English teacher was encouraged me and helped me find a good way.I became bravely enough to open 删除was brave my mouth to speak English.How excited about English she was!My confidences came back to me.Believe it or I confidence not,I won the first prize in Spoken English Competition in our school.It was ∧ first time that I had won such a the prize in my life! 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·10· 
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