doc文档 2016年江苏省灌云县第一中学高三第二次学情检测英语试题

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2016年江苏省灌云县第一中学高三第二次学情检测英语试题 第 1 页 2016年江苏省灌云县第一中学高三第二次学情检测英语试题 第 2 页
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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 灌云一中2015—2016学年第一学期高三年级阶段测试 英 语 试 题 (考试时间∶120分钟 总分:120分 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分20分) (共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) What is the weather like today ? A. Rainy B. Sunny C. Windy How long is the restaurant open every day ? A. About three hours B. About seven hours C. About ten hours What does the woman ask the man to do? A. Meet Anna B. Send an e-mail C. Answer a call Who is the woman? A. A doctor B. A chemist C. A computer programmer Where did the man put the old cases? A. In the yellow boxes B. In the drawers C. In the bookcase 第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 听第六段材料,回答第6、7题。 Where is Monica? A.In the Personnel Department B. In a meeting room C. In the man’s office What does the man want Monica to do? A. Talk with Kelly B. Return to her office C. Ring him back 听第7段材料,回答第8.9题。 What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Host and guest B. Boss and employee C. Interviewer and interviewee What does the man think of his last boss? A. Boring B. Respectable C. Demanding 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。 Where is the waterfall? A. In Galina Park B. In Waleria Park C. In National Park When can people visit the waterfall? A. In April B. In February C. In January How high is the waterfall? A. 10 meters B. 28meters C. 42 meters 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。 How did Erica first get to know koalas? A. She saw them on TV. B. Her parents told her about them. C. She saw them on her first trip to Australia. What does Erica say about koalas? A. They look like bears. B. They eat a little every day. C. They are not good at climbing trees. How long can koalas live? A. 7 years B. 10 years C. 17 years What mainly leads to a decrease in the number of koalas? A. People kill them for their fur. B. They get injured by other animals. C. Their living places are damaged. 听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。 When did the Weston Museum of science first open? A. In 1859 B. In 1899 C. In 1951 When is the museum open for 12 hours? A. On Thursday B. On Friday C. On Saturday What is the subject of the children’ s activity this week? A. Planets B. Photography C. Travel What does the speaker remind people? A. The museum car park isn’t open until July 24. B. The cafe will open in a few days. C. The museum is under repair now. 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 21. Owing to his______ understanding of the Western culture, we avoided being misunderstood on many occasions. A. apparent. B. ambitious C. thorough D. ambiguous. 22. Many local people_________ being charged parking, so the decision maker had to compromise. A. resigned to B. subscribed to C. submitted to D. objected to 23.—Oh, I am sick of the weather here. —So am I. It_______ since last Friday. Wish it could stop raining tomorrow. A. rained B. has rained C. has been raining D.was raining 24. President Xi’s visit to the UK creates a win-win situation, _____ both China and the UK will benefit a lot in economic and social development. A. one where	B. on C. which D. the one in which 25. How_______ these idioms_______ if they_________ in the modern world? A. did; go; were invented B. would; go; had been invented C. had; gone; would be invented D. would have; gone; had been invented 26. --How do you think I can make up with Tom? --Put aside ____you disagree and try to find ______you have in common. A. what; what B. what; where C. where; what D. what; whether 27.—What did David demand in the meeting just now? —________ a chance to join the Debating Club. A. Being offered B. To be offered C.Having been offered D. To have been offered 28. He invented a new game_______ children, but it never really________. A. intended for; caught on B. intended to; counted on C. for; caught up on D. intended to; caught on 29. It is apparent that the Qing Tombs are influenced by the Ming Tombs, especially_________ architeoture and the way _____ they are placed among the surrounding mountains and valleys. A. in view of; that B. in terms of; in which C. on top of; / D. on account of; which 30.–Thank you for your assistance, without _____I might have been in danger. --That’s all right, anyone in my place ________ the same thing. that; will do B. it, would C. which; can have done D. which; would have done 31.He got into the old truck and off _______ to one of the far corners of the farm to fix the fences. A. did they rush B. they did rush C. they rushed D. rushed they 32.According to the job advertisement, ________ will be given to the candidates with working experience. A. presentation B. preference C. profession D. production 33. Look, _______ fashionable clothes is he wearing that all the eyes are fixed on him! A. so B. what C. such D. how 34.He paid back the money he owed us _______ he returned home. A. frequently B.temporarily C. instantly D.	approximately 35.---Hey, Franc, join us. Don’t you know “All work and no play make a dull boy”? ---Thanks for inviting, but I think _____ and I have fallen behind. A. Great minds think alike, but fools seldom differ B. Make hay while the sun shines C. Don’t count your chicken until they are hatched D. The early bird catches the worm 第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Optimism and pessimism(消极) are both powerful forces. Each of us must choose which we want to ___36___ our future and our expectations. We can choose to laugh or cry, bless or ___37___. It’s our decision: from which perspective do we want to view life? Will we look up in ___38___ or down in desperation? I believe in the upward look. I choose to ___39___ the positive and skip right over the negative. An optimistic attitude is not a luxury(奢侈品); it’s a(n) ___40___. The way you look at life will determine how you feel, how you perform, and how well you will get along with other people. ___41___, negative thoughts, attitudes, and expectations ___42___ themselves; they become a self-fulfilling prophecy (预言). Pessimism creates a dark place where no one wants to live. Years ago, I drove into a service station to get some gas. It was a beautiful day, and I was feeling great. As I walked into the station to pay for the gas, the attendant said to me, “How do you feel?” That seemed like a(n) ___43___ question, but I felt fine and told him so. “You don’t look well,” he replied. This ___44___ me completely by surprise. A little ___45___ confidently, I told him that I had ___46___ felt better. Without hesitation, he continued to tell me how bad I looked and that my skin appeared yellow. By the time I left the service station, I was feeling a little ___47___. About a block away, I ___48___ over to the side of the road to look at my face in the mirror. How did I feel? Was I affected with jaundice(黄疸)? Was everything all right? By the time I got home, I was beginning to feel a little nauseous(恶心). Did I have a bad liver? Had I ___49___ some rare disease? On another beautiful day, when I went into that gas station, feeling ___50___ again, I figured out what had happened. The place had recently been painted a bright, distasteful ___51___, and the light reflecting ___52___ the walls made everyone inside look as though they had hepatitis(肝炎)! I wondered how many other folks had ___53___ the way I did. I had let one short conversation with a total ___54___ change my attitude for an entire day. He told me I looked sick, and before long, I was actually feeling sick. That single ___55___ observation had a great effect on the way I felt and acted. The only thing more powerful than negativism is a word of optimism and hope. When a whole culture adopts an upward look, incredible things can be accomplished. 36. A.decide B. shape C. preview D. transform 37. A. forgive B. praise C. curse D. regret 38. A. hope B. anger C. action D. vain 39. A.analyze B. highlight C. evaluate D. introduce 40. A.quality B. opportunity C. necessity D. identity 41. A. Actually	B. Contrarily C. Similarly D. Consequently 42. A. rely on B. feed on C. go on D. take on 43. A. familiar B. ordinary C. easy D. odd 44. A. took B. got C. stopped D. made 45. A. more B. too C. quite D. less 46. A. ever B. never C. once D. always 47. A.unaffected B. unconcerned C. unsatisfied D. uneasy 48. A. got B. came C. took D. pulled 49. A. picked up B. brought up C.come up D. put up 50. A. sick B. upset C. fine D. calm 51. A. gray B. yellow C.blue D. red 52. A. off B. over C. in D. through 53. A. quit B. adapted C. answered D. reacted 54. A. liar B. onlooker C.stranger D. attendant 55. A. positive B. negative C. careful D. rigid 第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Proper arrangement of classroom space is important to encouraging interaction. Most of us have noticed how important physical setting is to efficiency and comfort in our work. College classroom space should be designed to encourage the activity of critical thinking. We are in the 21st century now, but step into almost any college classroom and you step back in time at least a hundred years. Desks are normally in straight rows, so students can clearly see the teacher but not all their classmates. The assumption behind such an arrangement is obvious: Everything of importance comes from the teacher. With a little imagination and effort, unless desks are fixed to the floor, the teacher can correct this situation and create space that encourages interchange among students. In small or standard-size classes, chairs, desks, and tables can be arranged in a variety of ways: circles, U-shapes or semicircles. The primary goal should be for everyone to be able to see everyone else. Arrangement of the classroom should also make it easy to divide students into small groups for discussion or problem-solving exercises. Small classes with movable desks and tables present no problem. Even in large lecture halls, it is possible for students to turn around and form groups of four or six. Breaking a class into small groups provides more opportunities for students to interact with each other, think out loud, and see how other students’ thinking processes operate---all these are essential elements in developing new modes of critical thinking. In courses that regularly use a small group format, students might be asked to stay in the same small groups throughout the course. A colleague of mine, John, allows students to move around during the first two weeks, until they find a group they are comfortable with. John then asks them to stay in the same seat, with the same group, from that time on. This not only creates a comfortable setting for interaction but helps him learn students’ names and faces. 56. The final purpose of arranging desks in circles or U-shapes is __________. A. for teachers to divide students into small groups B. for teachers to find out how students think C. to make it possible for students to interact with each other D. to give students more opportunities to practice speaking 57. The expression “step back in time at least a hundred years” is intended to convey that________. A. college classrooms often reminded people of their past B. critical thinking was encouraged even one century ago C. desk arrangement in a classroom was quite different from that a hundred years ago D. today’s arrangement of college classroom space has little difference from past’s 58. The way of arranging desks in classrooms in straight rows indicates that ________. A. students can be easily prevented from cheating during tests B. teachers play a significant role in a classroom C.it is convenient for teachers to monitor students D. it is good for students to concentrate on listening to teachers B The Catskill Mountains are a year-round playground for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers. You will find a number of relaxing inns ready to meet your needs. Caleb Street’s Inn Located in the historic village of Catskill at the base of the mountains, Caleb Street’s Inn was built in 1785. It provides a view of the garden and Catskill Creek or guests can step outside for a walk along the Hudson River. A full breakfast is served every morning. Each of the four Pet-friendly rooms offers a private bath and a view of the river and neighboring buildings. Hiking trails(小路), golf courses and historic sites are only a short drive away. Winter Clove Inn Nature lovers can enjoy a pleasant location in the Northern Catskill Wilderness Preserve at Winter Clove Inn. With wood floors, each room has a private bath and air conditioning(空调). With active days of tennis, hiking or cross- country skiing ahead, guests don’t have to go far for a breakfast, lunch or dinner beside the fireplace at inn’s restaurant. Windham House A former pub built in 1805, Christman’s Windham House is the oldest inn continually operating in the Catskills. The 300 acres of grounds in the town of Windham include a tennis court, golf course, heated pool and a restaurant. Guests can relax on private balconies (阳台) overlooking a golf course and take their meals at Christman’ s Windham House Restaurant. The inn is less than 2 miles from the hiking trails of Windham Mountain. Washington Irving In If you’re looking for a mountain inn with a Victorian feel, Washington Irving Inn has much to offer. Furnished with antiques, each of the 15 rooms has a private bath. Free breakfast is served. Hikers are a short walk from Kaaterskill Falls and Hunter Mountain trails. 59. What is special about Caleb Street’s Inn? A. It has a golf course for guest B. It provides a beautiful view of Kaaterskill Falls C. It’s decorated with wood floors D. It allows guests to take their dog or cat with them 60. All the four inns in the passage ______ A. have private bathrooms B. are convenient for hiking C. has air conditioning in the rooms D. serve free breakfast in the morning C Sleep deprivation(缺失)is an important hidden factor in lowering the achievement of school pupils, according to researchers carrying out international education tests. It is a particular problem in richer countries with sleep experts linking it to the use of mobile phones and computers in bedroom late at night. Sleep deprivation is such a serious problem that lessons have to be dragged down to a lower level to suit sleep-deprived learners, the study found. The international comparison, carried out by Boston College, found the United States to have the highest number of sleep-deprived students, with 73% of 9- and 10-year-olds and 80% of 13- and 14-year-olds identified by their teachers as being negatively affected. In literacy(读写能力) tests there were 76% of 9- and 10-year-olds lacking sleep. This was much higher than the international average of 47% of primary pupils needing more sleep and 57% among the secondary age group. Other countries with the most sleep-deprived youngsters were New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, Australia, England, Ireland and France. High-performing Finland is also among the most lacking in sleep. Countries with the best records for getting enough sleep include Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Portugal, the Czech Republic, Japan and Malta. The analysis was part of the huge date-gathering process for global education rankings, the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study(TIMSS)and Progress in International Reading Literacy Study(PIRLS) “I think we underestimate the impact of sleep. Our data show that across countries internationally, on average, children who have more sleep achieve higher in maths, science and reading. That is exactly what our data show,” says Chad Minnich of the TIMSS and PIRLS International Study Center. “It’s the same link for children who are lacking basic nutrition,” says Mr Minnich, based at the Lynch School of Education, Boston College. “If you are unable to concentrate, to attend mentally, you are unable to achieve at your best level, because your mind and body are in need of something more basic. Sleep is a fundamental need for all children. If teachers report such large proportions of children suffering from lack of sleep, it’s having a significant impact. But worse than that, teachers are having to adjust their instruction based on those children who are suffering from a lack of sleep. The children who are suffering from a lack of sleep are driving down instruction.” That means that even the children who are getting enough sleep are still suffering from this sleep-related lowering. 61. What did the researchers of Boston College try to find? A. Why children don’t get enough sleep B. How many hours children sleep every night C. The relationship between sleep and health D. The relationship between sleep and test results 62. Many children suffer from sleep deprivation because _________. A. they sit in front of the TV for too long B. modern technological devices consume a lot of their time C. their homework occupies too much of their time D.they can hardly sleep soundly and deeply 63. Which of the following countries has the most sleep-deprived students? A. Japan B. Malta C. Finland D. Portugal 64. Why are children who get enough sleep also victims? A. Because they are disturbed by sleep-deprived students B. Because the teachers waste time disciplining sleep-deprived students C. Because they have to spend time helping sleep-deprived students D. Because teaching is driven down by sleep-deprived students D A four-year-old girl sees three biscuits divided between a stuffed crocodile and a teddy bear. The crocodile gets two; the bear one. “Is that fair?” asks the experimenter. The girl judges that it is not. “How about now?” asks the experimenter, breaking the bear’s single biscuit in half. The girl cheers up: “Oh yes, now it’s fair. They both have two.” Strangely, children feel very strongly about fairness, even when they hardly understand it. Adults care about fairness too --- but how much? One way to find out is by using the ultimatum (最后通牒) game, created by economist Werner Guth. Jack is given a pile of money and proposes how it should be divided with Jill. Jill can accept Jack’s “ultimatum”, otherwise the deal is off, and neither gets anything. Suppose Jack and Jill don’t care about fairness, just about accumulating cash. Then Jack can offer Jill as little as he likes and Jill will still accept. After all, a little money is more than no money. But imagine, instead, that Jack and Jill both care only about fairness and that the fairest outcome is equality. Then Jack would offer Jill half the money; and Jill wouldn’t accept otherwise. What happens when we ask people to play this game for real? It turns out that people value fairness a lot. Anyone offered less than 20-30% of the money is likely to reject it. Receiving an unfair offers makes us feel sick. Happily, most offers are pretty equitable; indeed, by far the most common is a 50-50 split. But children, and adults, also care about a very different sort of (un)fairness, namely cheating. Think how many games of snakes and ladders have ended in arguments when one child “accidentally” miscounts her moves and another child objects. But this sense of fairness isn’t about equality of outcome: games inevitably have winners and losers. Here, fairness is about playing by the rules. Both fairness-as-equality and fairness-as-no-cheating matter. Which is more important: equality or no-cheating? I think the answer is neither. The national lottery(彩票), like other lotteries, certainly doesn’t make the world more equal: a few people get rich and most people get nothing. Nevertheless, we hope, it is fair --- but what does this mean? The fairness-as-no-cheating viewpoint has a ready answer: a lottery is fair if it is conducted according to the “rules”. But which rules? None of us has the slightest idea, I suspect. Suppose that buried in the small print at lottery HQ is a rule that forbids people with a particular surname (let’s say, Moriarty). So a Ms Moriarty could buy a ticket each week for years without any chance of success. How would she react if she found out? Surely with anger: how dare the organisers let her play, week after week, without mentioning that she couldn’t possibly win! She’d reasonably feel unfairly treated because ___________________. To protest(抗议) against unfairness, then, is to make an accusation of bad faith. From this viewpoint, an equal split between the crocodile and the bear seems fair because (normally, at least), it is the only split they would both agree to. But were the girl to learn that the crocodile doesn’t like biscuits or that the bear isn’t hungry, I suspect she’d think it perfectly fair for one toy to take the whole. Inequality of biscuits (or anything else) isn’t necessarily unfair, if both parties are happy. And the unfairness of cheating comes from the same source: we’d never accept that someone else can unilaterally(单方面地) violate agreements that we have all signed up to. So perhaps the four-year-old’s intuitions(直觉) about fairness is the beginnings of an understanding of negotiation. With a sense of fairness, people will have to make us acceptable offers (or we’ll reject their ultimatums) and stick by the (reasonable) rules, or we’ll be on the warpath. So a sense of fairness is crucial to effective negotiation; and negotiation, over toys, treats etc, is part of life. 65. It can be inferred that in the ultimatum game, _____. A. Jack keeps back all the money B. Jack has the final say in the division of money C. Jill can negotiate fair division with Jack D. Jill has no choice but to accept any amount of money 66.	From Paragraph 2 to 4, we can conclude _____. A.something is better than nothing after all B. fairness means as much to adults as to children C. people will sacrifice money to avoid unfairness D. a 30-70 split is acceptable to the majority 67. Which of the following does fairness-as-no-cheating apply to? A. divisions of housework B. favoritism between children C.schooling opportunities D. banned drugs in sport 68. Which of the following best fits in the blank in Paragraph 7? A. the lottery didn’t follow the rules B. she was cheated out of the money C. the lottery wasn’t equal at all D. she would never have agreed to those rules 69. The chief factor in preventing unfairness is to _____. A. establish rules B. observe agreements C. strengthen morality D. understand negotiation 70. The main purpose of the passage is to ______ A. suggest how to achieve fairness B. declare the importance of fairness C. present different attitudes to fairness D. explain why we love fairness 第四部分:任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。 ID systems are used as a means for people to prove their identity, as a means of access control, or for many other situations. ID cards also contain a lot more information than simply the name of the holder. All ID cards contain information that is relevant to the institution that released them, so there is no single model that applies to all ID cards. Different institutions have different rules when it comes to ID cards, and ID cards used by students, in universities, will not have the same security features as those used in the military, for example. The more important the institution is, the more important the security is, and the more security features will be used to prevent duplication(复制) of an ID card. Anyone with a printer that can print ID cards can duplicate in ID card, if it does not have any security measures. There have been lots of cases, especially in low security institutions, where ID cards have been duplicated and this was not noticed, since the person holding the card usually flashed it when it was requested, and that was not enough to notice that it is a fake. That may not be extremely important when it is simply a case of a student trying to enter the campus of another university, but it can be of vital importance if it happens in a military institution. Checks in military institutions are much stricter and the personnel checking the card are always trained to spot fakes in a short amount of time. Some may think that creating an ID card is extremely difficult, but it is not. All it takes is a special printer that can print ID cards, a model and a photo ID. The fact that such printers can be freely ordered online has raised security issues with lots of companies and institutions, and most have decided to either create their own ID cards, or simply use more advanced security features that regular home-users do not have access to. This includes magnetic stripes(磁条), chips, barcodes(条形码),and other methods. This does increase the cost of the card per person, so the total cost of the cards increases based on the number of employees the company has, but it also reduces security risks to a minimum. So ID systems, as basic as they seem, are an excellent security measure for any institution. To ensure that the IDs look good and function properly, the company that handles the card printing services should be top-class. Trying to save some money by choosing a cheaper provider is not really wise. While some companies offer bonuses for large orders, if the quality provided is not of the highest standard, it is not worth it. ID systems Passage outline Supporting details (71) ______ to ID system There is not a single model (72)______ to all ID cards because of different information contained in different ID cards. Different security features are decided by the degree of the (73)_____ of the institutions Security features of ID cards With no security measures quite a lot of (74)_______ of ID card duplication have happened. In a military institution ID cards are (75)_______ more strictly (76)_______ of ID cards It is not (77)_______ to make ID cards with special printers. Using magnetic stripes, chips and barcodes (78)_______ the safety of ID cards. The author’s advice (79)_______ basic and simple, ID systems are an excellent security measure. It’s wise to (80)_______ top-class providers or services to ensure ID cards of a fine quality. 第五部分:书面表达(满分25分) 阅读下面短文,然后按要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 There was once a farmer who had a fine olive orchard(果园). He was very hardworking, and the farm always prospered(蒸蒸日上) under his care. But he knew that his three sons did not like the farm work, and were eager to reach the goal at a single leap. When the farmer felt that his time had come to die, he called the three sons to him and said, “My sons, there is a pot of gold hidden in the olive orchard. Dig for it, if you wish it.” After the farmer was dead, the sons went to work to find the pot of gold.” Since they did not know where the hiding-place was, they agreed to begin in a line, at one end of the orchard, and to dig until one of them should find the money. They dug until they had turned up the soil from one end of the orchard to the other, round the tree-roots and between them. But no pot of gold was to be found. It seemed as if someone must have stolen it, or as if the farmer had been wandering in his wits. The three sons were bitterly disappointed to have all their work for nothing. The next olive season, the olive trees in the orchard bore more fruit than they had ever given; when it was sold, it gave the sons a whole pot of gold. And when they saw how much money had come from the orchard, they suddenly understood what the wise father had meant when he said, “There is gold hidden in the orchard. Dig for it, if you wish it.” 【写作内容】 1. 以30个词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 以约120个词就“Dig for it, if you wish it.”的话题谈谈你的想法,内容包括: ①你对这句话的理解。 ②试举例说明。 ③这个故事给你的启发。 答案 听力:1-5 BACAB 6-10 BCCBA 11-15 ACCAC 16-20 CABBA 21-25 CDCAB 26-30 CBABD 31-35 CBCCD 36-40 BCABC 41-45 BBDAD 46-50 BDDAC 51-55 BADCB 56-58 CDB 59-60 AB 61-64 DBCD 65-70 BCDDBA 任务型阅读: Introduction 72.applying 73.importance 74.cases 75.checked 76creation/production 77. difficult/hard 78.increase 79.Seeming/Looking 80.choose/use/select 作文 The story narrates that a dying farmer instructed his three sons to dig for a pot of hidden gold in his orchard, through which they eventually understood their hardworking father’s intention. (31个词) The story sets me thinking we should be dedicated to the goal of life. However, it’s not uncommon in our life that there do exist many people who are dying to seek a fortune by virtue of luck rather than through steadfast diligence. Anyway, Rome is not built in one day. Once a young man, JiaZuosheng, who dropped out of middle school due to poverty, has had an unbelievable craze for English since his childhood. He took his position as a security officer at Tsinghua University, bearing the dream to hone English both at work and during the intervals. Though living in adversity, he eventually realized his dream. Just as a saying goes, “You reap what you sow.” It is devotion and perseverance that pay off. 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·12· 
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