doc文档 2019年宿迁市2018~度第一学期期末考试高二英语试题卷

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宿迁市2018~2019学年度第一学期期末考试
高 二 英 语
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,共120分。考试时间120分钟。
第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共85分)
第一部分听力(共20小题;每题1分,满分20分)
第一节听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关
小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. How much are the jackets?
A. $15. B. $25. C. $50.
2. What was theweather like yesterday?
A. Warm and sunny.B. Cloudy and windy.C. Wet and cloudy.
3. What does the man think of the food in the restaurant?
A. Terrible.B. Cheap.C. Expensive.
4. What is the man doing?
A. Borrowing a book. B. Calling Macy. C. Leaving a message.
5. What is the speakers’ impression of the museum?
A. Very old.B. Quite big. C. Quite modern.
第二节听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项
中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。
6. What is the woman’s final destination?
A. Xiamen. B. Shanghai.C. Nanjing.
7. How much does the woman give the man?
A. 357 yuan.B. 400 yuan.C. 430 yuan.
听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
8. Who is Mr. Lee?
A. Mr. Black’s uncle. B. Mr. Black’s boss.C. Mr. Black’s neighbor.
9. How long has Mr. Black been here?
A. 3 years.B. 7 years.C. 20 years.
10. Why does the man think that Mr. Black is special?
A. He goes to work early every morning.
B. He went from being poor to being successful.
C. He helps poor students in the man’s hometown.
听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。
11. Who is the man?
A. A teacher. B. A college student. C. An office worker.
12. What is the advantage of being a teacher according to the man?
A. The high income. B. The respect from society. C. The long holidays.
13. What can a teacher experience each term according to the man?
A. The challenge of teaching new students.
B. The excitement of teaching new material.
C. The benefit of increasing salaries.
听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。
14. What do the speakers have in common?
A. They like going to parties.
B. They like going camping.
C. They like listening to music.
15. What does the woman probably dislike?
A. Swimming. B. Writing. C. Dancing.
16. What do teachers at the man’s school often tell students to do?
A. Memorize a lot of things. B. Do a lot of homework. C. Learn independently.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17.When does this talk probablytake place?
A. InNovember.B. In December. C. In January.
18. Which of the following is the cheapest?
A. T-shirts. B. Sweaters. C. Winter coats.
19. How much do socks cost?
A. Two dollars a pair. B. Eight dollars apair. C. Eight pairs for two dollars.
20. What can we learn about the sale?
A. Itwill last for a month.
B. Saturday will be the last day.
C. The first customer will get $20.
第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)
第一节单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
请阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
21. It has been pointed out ________plays a vital role in driving away one’s
anxiety is one’s sweet childhood memories.
A. what thatB. which C. that D. that what
22. Michael Jackson’s black jacket, which he wore on his first tour, ________ a
high price of $ 298, 000.
A. donated B. contributed C. fetched D. performed
23. I really show my appreciation to my parents, under________ financial
umbrella I have started my own business.
A. whichB. whom C. who D. whose
24.I ________more careful in that quiz. Imade too many stupid mistakes.
A. must be B. could have been C. must have been D. could be
25.The more petrol and electricity we consume, the more carbon we will ________.
A. let off B. put off C. pay off D. take off
26. On this year’s Single’s day, the Tmall Site smashed the 10 billion-yuan
threshold in just two minutes and five seconds, ________ last year’s record of 3
minutes and one second.
A. to breakB. breaking C. having broken D. being broken
27. This winter vocation, my family are going to visit the Great Wall, but I
would rather we ________ to Shanghai Disneyland.
A. go B. had gone C. would go D. went
28. I dislike ________when Jim said the UN was not a worthy organization,
________ bringing everyone closer together.
A. one; one B. it; one C. one; which D. it; which
29. ________ cloning may be used for medical treatment, everyone doesn’t support
it.
A. While B. As C. Since D. Unless
30. By this time tomorrow, I ________ the novel being written at the moment.
A. complete B. have completed
C. will have completed D. will be completing
31.Walter’s work________ efficiently, the boss decided to promote him tosenior
manager.
A. finished B. had beenfinished C. finishing D. to finish
32.Some netizens use “beat a call” as an ________ to “cheering for” to show
their approval or support for others.
A. alternative B. account C. apology D. acquaintance
33. We look towards strengthening cooperation with universities all overthe
world ________
scientific research.
A. in response to B. in regard to C. in defense of D. in case of
34. He didn’t make ________ preparations,or he would have succeededin the job
interview.
A. vacant B.urgent C. adequate D.primitive
35.—I’ve never seen Mike in low spirits.
—He didn’t pass his driving test a third time. He’s been ________ ever since.
A. on cloud nine B. over the moon
C. down in the dumps D. flying off the handle
第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Without warning, my father would knock on the door in the middle of night,
drunken and begging my mother to open it. Later on, they lived their 36 lives
and my mother was 37my family independently.
My father was always claiming he had been planning to do something for us, but
he had no 38 . The man who was 39 to love us, in fact, lacked the 40 of what it
truly meant to love a child.
Maybe it was his complicated relationship to his father that made him 41 . Maybe
it was the pain 42 with a life of misfortune. Who knows? Whatever it was, it
stole him from us, and 43 from me. Not understanding me, he simply 44 me—not
just emotionally, but 45 as well. Never once did he hug me.
My best memories of him were from his 46 at participation. Once every month or
two, he would 47 and drive us to Trucker’s Paradise. To me, the games were fun
but easily forgotten. It was the 48 of my father that was most treasured.
It wasn’t until I was much older that I would find evidence of my father’s love.
When my favorite personal computer came onto the market, I convinced myself that
I had to have it even though its price was far 49 my mother’s reach. I mowed
(割草)every yard I could find that summer, 50 it still wasn’t enough. Then my dad
agreed to help me 51the rest of the money by selling watermelons. This was the
first time that I had ever spent time alone with him. He laughed and repeatedly
52 me as “my boy”, a phrase he relayed with a sense of 53 .
It just goes to show that however distant the father and however broken the 54 ,
there is still a need for even the smallest bit of 55 of a father’s love.
Although he had never told me that he loved me, I would regard that day as the
greatest evidence of that fact.
36. A. brief B. separateC. severe D. unbearable
37. A. wishing for B.lookingforC.applyingforD.providing for
38. A. intentionB. permissionC. possession D. attention
39. A. advised B. required C. supposedD.instructed
40. A. allocation B. affection C. guaranteeD.comprehension
41. A. cautiousB.distantC. greedy D. selfish
42. A. connectedB. related C. faced D.decorated
43. A. directlyB.officiallyC. temporarilyD.particularly
44. A. supported B. ignoredC. appreciated D. blamed
45. A. physicallyB. mentally C. spiritually D. psychologically
46. A. comments B. responses C. attemptsD.focuses
47. A. light us up B. bringus up C.putus up D. pick us up
48. A. absence B. reference C.presenceD.preference
49. A. beyondB.withinC.belowD. over
50. A. otherwiseB.yetC.soD.or
51. A. raise B.riseC. arise D. arouse
52. A. recognized B. regarded C. introducedD.treated
53. A. shameB.prideC. achievement D. guilt
54. A. surroundings B. feelingC. gesture D.bond
55. A. warning B. signal C.evidenceD. mark
第三部分阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
请阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Some people find visiting ordinary museums to be a bit dull. Fortunately for
them, there are unusual museums to check out, such as underwater museums!
How can you visit and what can you see?
Many underwater museums are supported by companies that offer guided tours. A
trained guide leads groups around a stunning underwater display of statues in
each museum. Depending on the depth of the museum, visitors may be able to view
the sculptures from a glass bottomed boat or by swimming on the surface. Other
underwater museums are deeper and are most accessible to scuba divers.
Why are the museums underwater?
Underwater museums have many functions. One of their aims is to create a
man-made reef environment where sea creatures can live. That’s why some of the
museums are located in areas that were damaged by hurricanes or are considered
underwater ‘‘deserts’’. The statues in the museum are designed in a way that
encourages the growth of coal and plant life. Over time, the statues and plants
attract a growing number of fish to the area.
Florida, U.S.A.
Florida is home to different types of underwater museums. The state’s newest
underwater museum, the Underwater Museum of Art, can be found off the coast of
Grayton Beach. This part of the Gulf Mexico is an underwater desert, so creators
hope that the exhibit will improve the marine ecosystem.
Cancun, Mexico
For years, Cancun has been a popular tourist destination. And one of the major
draws is the water. The Museo Subacuatico de Arte is an ideal place for
snorkelers and first-time divers. There they can enjoy more than 500 statues
that help to make up a man-made reef. This museum was created to offer visitors
a replacement for the areas natural reef, which has been damaged.
Canary Island, Spain
Museo Atlantico, off the coast of Lanzarote, has an impressive display of more
than 300 statues. They were created by the same sculptor who made the Cancun
statues. They focus on man’s interaction with the marine world.
56. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
A. If the underwater museum is very deep, viewers can pay a visit by boat or by
swimming.
B. Underwater museums are partly intended to rebuild the damaged ecosystem in
the sea.
C. The underwater museum in Cancun gives tourists a chance to view the natural
reef.
D. States in Museo Atlantico are similar to those of Cancun because of the same
sculptor.
57. What is the author’s purpose of writing this essay?
A. To persuade. B. To amuse. C. To inspire. D. To inform.
B
Beyoncé Knowles can do something that many humans struggle with: sing and dance
at the same time. But, it turns out this great ability is not unique to humans.
The superb lyrebird, already known to be a gifted singer, can perform
coordinated(协调的)song­and­dance routines(一套舞蹈动作)that put most humans to shame.
The superb lyrebird is one of only two lyrebird species living in Australia, the
other named Albert’s lyrebird. Male lyrebirds have tails in the shape of an
ancient musical instrument when spread out. Like most animals with beautiful
body parts, the males use their tails to attract females. Each one sets up a
small mound(小丘)on the forest floor, where he walks around proudly and sings. He
also shows his tail by holding it over his head.
Lyrebirds are gifted mimics(模仿者), so their songs combine their own calls, the
songs of other species, and sounds they have heard in the forest. That would be
enough showing off for other animals, but male superb lyrebirds also dance.
Anastasia Dalziell of the Australian National University in Canberra filmed 12
lyrebirds in the wild. She found that males only danced during four song types,
and that each song type was accompanied by a specific move. “Lyrebirds match
different dance styles to different types of songs, ”she says. For example, when
the male sang a series of rapid notes he also stepped to the side and held his
tail wide. Another song type was accompanied by jumping and moving up and down,
with the tail held narrow.
“Our results suggest that the coordination between song and dance—like movements
we see in humans can occur in other animals,” says Dalziell. Female lyrebirds
might prefer males that are better at coordinating song and dance, although
there is no evidence of that yet.
58. Beyoncé Knowles is mentioned in Paragraph 1 to ___________.
A. put most humans to shame
B. introduce the topic of lyrebirds
C. show the author’s admiration for her
D. share the experience of the famous singer
59. According to the passage, male lyrebirds attract females by ___________.
A. performing on a mound and showing their tails
B. walking in the forest with the heads held up
C. having tails shaped like a musical instrument
D. singing and dancing with other male lyrebirds
60. What may Anastasia Dalziell agree with?
A. Both human beings and animals are born singers and dancers.
B. Female Albert’s lyrebirds are fond of copying and showing off.
C. Male superb lyrebirds are gifted at coordinating song and dance.
D. Male lyrebirds can sing four songs, each accompanied by a move.
C
Artificial intelligence (AI) technology may soon be a useful tool for doctors.
It may help them better understand and treat diseases like breast cancer in ways
that were never before possible.
Rishi Rawat teaches AI at the University of Southern California’s (USC) Clinical
Science Center in Los Angeles. He is part of a team of scientists who are
researching how AI and machine learning can more easily recognize cancerous
growths in the breast.Rawat provides information about cancer cells to a
computer. He says this data helps the machine learn. “...You can put the data
into them and they will learn the patterns and the pattern recognition that’s
important to making decisions.”
David Agus is another USC researcher. He believes that “machines are not going
to take the place of doctors.” He adds, “Computers will not treat patients, but
they will help make certain decisions and look for things that the human brain
can’t recognize these patterns by itself.”
Once a confirmed cancerous growth is removed, doctors still have to treat the
patient to reduce the risk of cancer returning. The form of treatment depends on
the kind of cancer. Currently, researchers take a thin piece of tissue, put it
on a small piece of glass and add color to better see the cells.Thisprocess
could take days or even longer. Scientists say artificial intelligence can do
something better than just count cells. Through machine learning, it can
recognize complex patterns, or structures, and learn how the cells are
organized.The hope is that machines will soon be able to make a quick diagnosis
(诊断)of cancer that is free of human mistakes.
“All of a sudden, we have the computing power to really do it in real time...We
couldn’t have done this, we didn’t have the computing power to do this several
years ago, but now it’s all changed.”Agus adds that the process could be done
“for almost no cost in the developing world.”He says that having a large amount
of information about patients is important for a machine to effectively do its
job in medicine.
A doctor faces a series of criticaldecisions every day. The best a doctor can do
is to make those decisions as informed as possible. Some of them are still hard
to make. A doctor can ask people of whom he values their opinions and that’s it.
Imagine discussing these with an AI system that is even more rational(理性的)than
anyone else.
The University of Southern California researchers are now only studying breast
cancer. But doctors predict artificial intelligence will one day make a
difference in all forms of cancer.
61. According to Rawat and David Agus,AI can be used to ___________.
A. takethe place of doctorsB. treat all forms of cancer
C. remove doctors’mistakes D. help doctors diagnose cancer
62. From the passage, we learn that doctors may benefit from AI because it can
___________.
A. use data to recognize patterns of cancer
B.decide on the form of cancer treatment
C.reducethe risk of cancer returning
D. monitor the medical procedure
63.What does the underlined word “critical”inParagraph 6 mean?
A. reliable B. important C. evident D. doubtful
64. What’s the best title for the passage?
A. HowDo AISystemsWork?B. Can AI Cure Cancer?
C. Can AI Make Doctors Better? D. How Can Doctors Use AI?
D
In my class in middle school, there was a girl who was considered the outcast of
our class. No one actually knows how this exclusion originated, but we all
followed it for no reason at all. One day after lunch, we girls sat on the track
field, talking about little things that happened in our little lives. Someone
brought her up, and soon the topic transformed to mocking the funny texture of
her hair, the awkward way she walked and…. I felt extremely uncomfortable but
kept silent, because I didn’t want to be the one “supporting”the common enemy.
After all, it’s just a mild ranting session among a trusted group of friends,
why should I bring unnecessary tension?
Suddenly, one of my friends pointed her finger towards somewhere behind me. All
of us turned around and saw that exact girl, hand still in the air, with a
twisted look on her face. She lowered her hand in slow motion, blinked really
hard for a few seconds, then turned around and ran off. For a second I wanted to
stand up and chase her down to tell her that no one meant what they said, and
that she is an amazing person being who she is. But my legs felt so heavy: I
didn’t want to make a fool out of myself—why bother taking care of the class
clown(小丑)? People would think that I was crazy as well!
No one spoke a word for a long time; we were all so caught up in our thoughts. I
tried opening my mouth but couldn’t—no words were coming out. Then one person
started talking about the weather, and all of us were more than glad to follow
this flow.
A few weeks later, the teacher told us that a classmate dropped out of school—it
was that girl. Her parents told the school that it was the peer pressure that
made her want to leave. The teacher wanted to know who the bully was. Again, no
one spoke a word. Perhaps it was exactly this cold, hard silence that drove her
away. I certainly did not raise my hand—I had never even said anything bad about
her; it was my friends who loved to make fun of her awkwardness every day.
Surely, I didn’t bully her physically or with my language, but I kept silent
when others did. By failing to stand up for her and offering her support, I was
giving tacit(心照不宣的)agreement. This agreement made others think that it was okay
to mistreat her, because “no one cares anyways”. Perhaps I did realize I was
bullying her—but by convincing myself that I had nothing to do with her leaving,
I wouldn’t have to bear the burden of heavy shame on my shoulders.
Real life is not like a Hollywood movie, and theprotagonistsdon’t always have
the courage to compensate for our mistakes. In that classroom, my feet were
glued to the ground once again, thinking of all the possibilities that could
embarrass me in front of the whole class. What if she doesn’t appreciate my
effort and just walk off? What if she misunderstands my actions as sympathy and
gets upset? Worst of all, what if my own group mates disapprove of my decision?
Am I really willing to risk my friendship just to help out one girl that I’ve
seldom spoken to?
To be honest, I still don’t have answers to these questions. I don’t know if the
answers to those questions even exist. However, what I do know is that nothing
will change if I keep thinking and never take actions. Talking to someone in
need of support would mean the world to them, while it takes little to none
effort for me. So what if those actions are under appreciated? At least I will
be satisfied knowing that I did the right thing.
65. What can we conclude from the underlined sentences in Paragraph 2?
A. The author cared about others’opinions. B. The author’s legs gave out after
running.
C. The author was fooled by the classmates. D. The author didn’t like the class
clown.
66. Why did the girl drop out of school?
A. Becauseshehad to support her family. B. Because she was bullied by her peers.
C. Because she was scolded by her teacher. D. Because she had conflicts with her
peers.
67. Seeing the girl being bullied, the author felt ___________.
A. cheerful and amused B. surprised and stressed
C. frightened and awkwardD. uncomfortableand concerned
68. The author didn’t support the girl for the following reasons EXCEPTthat
___________.
A. the author wanted to follow the flow
B. the author didn’t want to betray friends
C. the author was prevented by the group mates
D. the author worried about the girl’s misunderstanding
69. Who does the underlined word“protagonists”in Paragraph 5 refer to?
A. people living in real life B. people in Hollywood movies
C. people who are bullied D. people who respect others
70. What will the writer probably do when meeting the same situation next time?
A. She will keep silent and walk away.B. She will stand up for her group mates.
C. She will report the case to the teacher. D. She will not tolerate bullying
again.
第II卷(非选择题,共35分)
第四部分任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
请阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。
注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。
Every January for the past 20 years, I have taken a few moments to consider the
answer to the big question, “What is themeaning of life?”. The reason I ask this
question year after year is that my answer changes over time, which I find
interesting and insightful. There is no objectively correct answer, I
believe—only answers that are right for you at any given time. This question is
so important—­philosophically and practically in terms of how we live our lives—
yet we are unable to really think about the answer.
Doing this simple exercise might even help you live longer. According to two
separate studies —onewith 9,000 participants around age 65 and anotherwith 6,000
people between 20 and 75—those who could explain the meaning and purpose of
their lives died later than those who saw their lives as aimless. It didn’t seem
to matter what meaning participants ascribed to their lives, whether it was
personal (such as happiness), or creative (such as making art). It was having an
answer to the question that mattered. The connection to longevity(长寿)could be
causal—having purpose may help one manage daily stress, as other research has
shown. But it could also be that those who think about life’s meaning are more
likely to do other activities that promote good health.
Great thinkers have given the question thought. Leo Tolstoy wrote, “The sole
meaning of life is to serve humanity.” Albert Einstein said: “Only a life lived
for others is a life worthwhile.” My favorite answer, though, is “The purpose of
life is a life of purpose.”
Some have concluded that life’s meaning is subjective. “There is not one
standard meaning for all,” author Anaïs Nin once said. “There is only the
meaning we each give to our life, an individual meaning, an individual plot,
like an individual novel, a book for each person.” I agree, which is why I
recommend formulating(构想)your own answer. Taking a few moments to record your
response to the question “What is the meaning of life?” is the kind of simple
exercise that effectively adds meaning to your life.
And then I suggest answering it every year. Looking back at how your thinking
has evolved and been influenced by experience tells you something more about
yourself. Then, it gets you closer to a deeper self-understanding.
If you do the annual “meaning” exercise, I suggest not looking at past answers
before answering anew. I write them down on the same now-yellowing piece of
paper and keep it someplace safe.
The last suggestion is to turn your answer into action. If you conclude, as
Tolstoy and Einstein did, that the meaning of life is helping others, that
should help motivate you to do more of it.
This is not a theoretical exercise. Whatever small step you take toward finding
the meaning of life is a step toward a more meaningful, and longer life. Why not
do this simple annual “meaning” exercise from now on?
Knowing Your (71) ▲ in Life Can Help You Live Longer
Introduction
Many of us (72) ▲ to consider the answer to the question “What is the meaning of
life?”, though it is important.
(73) ▲ of studies
Those who know the meaning and purpose of life enjoy longevity. With
purpose, they may (74) ▲ with stress and get involved in
activities (75) ▲ good health.
Answers to the question
Some famous people think the meaning of life is (76) ▲ others. I
think a meaningful life is a life with purpose.
Suggestions
★Add meaning to your life by recording the answers, which(77)▲ depending on
individuals.
★Answer the question yearly, which helps you (78) ▲yourself better.
★Don’t (79) ▲ to the previous ones while forming a new
answer.
★Turn your answer into action, doing what you think right and meaningful.
Conclusion
Your ever-changing answers may help you live longer and better. Every small step
you take toward finding the answers (80) ▲ .
第五部分:书面表达(满分25分)
81.请认真阅读下面文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。
Henderson Island is a tiny, unpopulated(无人居住的)island in the middle of the
Pacific Ocean,3,000 miles from major city centers. Though it is half the size of
Manhattan, more than 19 tons of plastic waste litter its white, sandy beaches.
Researchers estimate(估计) that it has the highest concentration of waste of any
place in the world with a total of over 37 million pieces of trash in all on the
small island. For every square meter you walk, on average you’ll find 672 pieces
of trash.
Mismanaged waste from land goes into waterways, which feed into larger rivers,
which in turn empty into ocean. In this way, plastic from far inland can travel
many miles to the coastline, bringing an estimated 9 million tons of plastic
every year.
Meanwhile, ocean plastic is estimated to kill millions of animals every year.
Nearly 700 species have been reported to be affected by it. Species of all
sizes, from zooplankton(浮游动物)to whales, now eat microplastics, the bits smaller
than one-fifth of an inch across.
[写作内容]
1.用约30个单词写出上文概要;
2.用约120个单词发表你的观点,内容包括:
(1)造成“塑料垃圾污染海洋”的原因;
(2) 你对如何解决这一问题的建议(至少两条)。
[写作要求]
1.不能直接引用原文语句;
2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;
3.不必写标题。
[评分标准]
内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。
_
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
高二年级调研测试英语答案
一、听力:1-5 CBCCB 6-10 CBAAB 11-15 BCAAB 16-20 CBACB
二、单项选择:21-25 DCDBA 26-30 BDBAC 31-35 AABCC 三、完型填空:36-40 BDACD 41-45 BADBA 46-50
CDCAB 51-55 ACBDC
四、阅读理解:56-57 BD 58-60 BAC 61-64 DABC 65-70 ABDCAD
五、任务型阅读:71. Purpose/ Meaning /Aim/ Goal 72. fail 73. Result(s)/ Findings/
Discovery (Discoveries) 74.deal/ cope 75. promoting 76.helping/ serving
77. differ/ vary 78. understand 79. refer 80.matters/ counts
六、书面表达:What happened to Henderson Islandtells us that plastic waste from far
inland can travel many milesto remote islands, polluting the ocean and posing
great threat to marine life.
What are the reasons behind? In some sense,marineplastic pollution seems to
trace back to one cause---over-consumption of plastic. For the sake of
convenience,peopleuse plastic in their daily life, leaving large amounts of
waste. But the bad news is that many countries lack waste-collection systems,
which leads to mismanaged plastic waste. When the waste empties into rivers and
oceans, pollution happens.
We shouldn’t meet our own needs at the cost of the environment. It’s time we
changed our life-style completely, limiting the use of plastic products. Also,
alternative materials should take the place of plastic. Meanwhile, plastic trash
should be managed effectively. It’s mankind’s responsibility to find answers
that are good for everyone, and everything else (150)
录音原文:
(Text 1)
W: Excuse me. Did you say that these jackets were fifteen dollars?
M: No, I said fifty dollars. Here’s the price on the back.
(Text 2)
M: I think it’s going to be a nice day.
W: It’s certainly a big improvement over yesterday.
M: But it’s supposed to get cloudy and windy again this afternoon.
(Text 3)
M: I don’t like the prices on this menu. They always seem too high.
W: You never want to eat anywhere else, though.
(Text 4)
W: I’m sorry. I didn’t write that down.
M: Tell her to meet me at the corner of 17th Street and 8thAvenue. Tell her to
remember to bring the magic book.
W: Ok. Got it. I’ll give it to Macy as soon as she comes back.
(Text 5)
M: The museum is just ahead.
W: Oh, there it is. From the outside, it looks like it will take a long time to
see everything there.
M: It certainly will. I’ve been there many times and I still haven’t seen
everything.
(Text 6)
W: Excuse me, sir. What time does the next bullet train from Xiamen to Nanjing
leave?
M: At 11:25.
W: Is it a direct train?
M: No, you have to change trains in Shanghai.
W: I see. Well, I guess I’ll take one ticket to Shanghai, please.
M: Single or return?
W: Single, please.
M: 357 yuan, please…Here’s your ticket and 43 yuan change.
W: Thanks. By the way, are there many trains from Shanghai to Nanjing?
M: Yes. There are frequent direct trains.
W: Thanks.
(Text 7)
M: Do you know anything about our new neighbor, Mr. Black?
W: Nothing, except that he goes to work at 7:00 every morning.
M: He is actually quite special.
W: Special? What’s special about him?
M: Well. For one thing, he is Mr. Lee’s nephew. He came here to live with him
several years ago when Mr. Lee lost his son.
W: Where is he from?
M: He’s from a distant village. Three years ago, he came here with only 20
dollars in his pocket. Now, he has his own company with about 200 employees. I
heard that he built a new school in his poor hometown.
W: A rags-to-riches story!
(Text 8)
W: John, what are you going to do after you finish college?
M: I think I want to be a teacher.
W: That sounds interesting. Why do you like teaching? You know, teachers are not
paid as well as office workers.
M: I like the long holidays. If you work in an office, you never have long
holidays. It’s so boring to always be working for the whole year. Also, teachers
used to be paid quite poorly, but their salaries have been increasing, and I’m
pretty sure that will continue. Education is the most important thing for this
nation.
W: I think you’ll be bored teaching the same material year after year.
M: Well, for me, teaching will be a challenge. There’s something new to learn
every day, and every term, there are new students to help. I’ll feel young.
Also, students love their favorite teachers for life.
(Text 9)
M: What do you like to do in your free time, Lora?
W: Oh, I like lots of things, swimming, dancing, going to the movies, and I love
going to parties, of course.
M: So do I. I like going to parties a lot.
W: I like going camping, too. It’s fun. There are so many interesting things to
do.
M: I don’t like going camping. I prefer staying at home, reading, watching TV,
and listening to music. Do you like music?
W: Music? Not really.
M: That’s surprising. What else do you dislike?
W: Well, I don’t like cooking very much and I hate going to school.
M: Why don’t you like studying? I like studying very much.
W: I can’t stand it! It’s so boring. At my school, the teachers make us repeat
things until we learn them by heart.
M: That’s too bad. At my school, our teachers are quite different. They give us
time to study and discover things by ourselves.
W: You are so lucky.
(Text 10)
Come on down to Crazy Mike’s Christmas Sale! We’re selling clothes at prices so
low, you’ll think we’ve gone mad! Check this out: T-shirts are only two dollars,
and long-sleeve T-shirts are only three dollars! Get your winter coats for ten
dollars and sweaters for only six dollars… that’s right, six dollars! These are
crazy prices, folks, and I’m just getting started! Get eight pairs of socks for
two dollars! How about underwear? We’ve got you covered, and I mean really
covered! How does buy two, get three free sound?! Ladies and gentlemen, you will
not find better deals on clothes this winter. I’m so confident in our low prices
that I will give you a $ 20 gift certificate if you find a lower price on any of
our items at another store! But you’d better hurry. This unbelievable sale at
Crazy Mike’s won’t last long. Come in before Sunday to take advantage of these
great deals. Merry Christmas and happy shopping from all of us here at Crazy
Mike’s!
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