doc文档 2015年甘肃省兰州市高三3月诊断考试英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” w ww.ks5u.com 兰州市2015届高三3月诊断考试 英语试题 注意事项: 1.本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考号填写在答题纸相应的位置上。 2.本试卷满分120分,考试用时100分钟。 3.答题全部在答题纸上完成,试卷上答题无效。 第I卷 第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Brownie and Spotty were neighbor dogs who met every day to play together. These two loved each other and played together so often that they had worn a path through the grass of the field between their respective houses. One evening, Brownie’s family noticed that Brownie hadn’t returned home. They went looking for him with no success and by the next week he was still missing. Curiously, Spotty showed up at Brownie’s house alone. Barking, whining (哀叫) and generally pestering (纠缠) Brownie’s human family. Busy with their own lives, they just ignored the nervous little neighbor dog. Continuously,Ted, Brownie’s owner, was disturbed by the angry, determined little dog. Spotty followed Ted about, barking insistently, then rushing toward a nearby empty lot and back, as if to say, “Follow me! It’s urgent!” Eventually, Ted followed Spotty to a deserted spot half a mile from the house. There Ted found his beloved Brownie alive, one of his hind legs crushed in a steel leghold trap. Horrified, Ted now wished he’d taken Spotty’s earlier appeals seriously. Then Ted noticed something quite remarkable. Spotty had done more than simply led Brownie’s human owner to his trapped friend. In a circle around the injured dog, Ted found an array of dog food and table scraps which were later identified as the remains of every meal Spotty had been fed that week! Spotty had been visiting Brownie regularly, in the hope of keeping his friend alive by sacrificing his own comfort. Spotty had evidently stayed with Brownie to protect him from hunger and other dangers, and keep his spirits up. Brownie’s leg was treated by a veterinarian (兽医) and he recovered. For many years thereafter, the two families watched the faithful friends chasing each other down that well worn path between their houses. 1.Why did Ted pay little attention to Spotty at the very beginning? A.Because Ted was tired of listening to Spotty barking. B.Because T ed only cared about Brownie’s safety. C.Because Ted was not free at that moment. D.Because Ted knew where Brownie was. 2.When Ted was led by Spotty to Brownie, he . A.was curious to find out what had happened B.highly appreciated Spotty’s help C.was worried about Brownie’s health D.regretted not following Spotty earlier 3.Not only did Spotty help Ted find Brownie but also . A.he went to see his friend and played with him secretly B.he sent messages to some other persons in his community to save his friend C.he managed to lead a veterinarian to treat his friend D.he sent food to his friend, accompanied him and inspired him to cheer up 4.What can we learn from the story? A.Barking dogs seldom bite. B.A friend in need is a friend indeed. C.Love me, love my dog. D.Every dog has its day. B Your kids learn a lot from their friends—things you can’t teach them, no matter how much you want to. Probably the most important thing kids learn is how to have peer relationships. As a parent, you can’t do this, because you and your child aren’t equals. For example, when you’re sitting on your family room floor and your very young child asks you to pass him the blocks, you probably hand them right over. If your child is sitting with a peer and asks the same thing, though, he might not get what he wants. To succeed, your child will need to learn strategies for getting what he wants. For example, he might simply yank (猛拉) the toy out of his friend’s hand. If he does that, he may learn that it’s not the best way of getting what he wants because it leads to fighting and time-outs. The successful child will learn that he needs to negotiate a trade, to wait patiently, or to find something else equally fun to play with. Friends also provide emotional support, something that is part of the foundation of healthy adulthood. You can’t be with your child on the elementary school playground or at the high school dance. Your child’s friends will be the ones to stick up for her, to include her in games, and later, to tell her she looks great even if her lousy prom (糟糕的舞会) date wanders off instead of dancing with her. Friends also help your children learn. Friends solve problems together, imitate each other, and pass on knowledge . Some experts believe that the single biggest predictor of your child’s success later in life is her ability to make friends. In fact, they claim it’s even more important than IQ and grades. This doesn’t mean that the kids who are most popular in school do the best later on in life. What matters is not the number of friends a child has but rather the quality of the relationships. This is good news for those of us who hate to think that popularity really is the Holy Grail of childhood and adolescence. While it’s true that popularity has many advantages, and that many popular kids really are nice people—and not just the best dressed or best looking—it’s better to have a few good friends than to have the admiration of the masses. 5.By giving the example in Paragraph 3, the author wants to show that . A.kids can learn how to deal with the relationships when they stay with their peers B.parents should spend more spare time playing with their kids C.kids should learn how to be polite when they ask their parents for help D.parents can teach their kids how to be good members in the modern society in their daily life 6.What does the underlined phrase“stick up for” in the fifth paragraph mean? A.envy B.oppose C.support D.ignore 7.In the author’s opinion, is more important than being popular for kids. A.getting high grades B.having some real friends C.developing a good habit D.knowing how to dress themselves up 8.Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A.How to Bridge the Generation Gap B.What It Takes to Be a Good Friend C.Why Friends Are Important D.How to Be Popular in School C Three-dimensional printers are fast becoming everyday devices in the United States. Three-D printers are used to make everything from automobile parts to bone replacements for human patients. American research scientists are now working on creating replacements for living tissue. Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina have been working on creating and manufacturing living tissue since 2003.This process is called biofabrication (生物制造) . It requires special printing equipment and a special kind of ink. Traditional printers require ink to produce an image or design on a piece of paper. For their three-D printer, the South Carolina researchers prepare complex nutritious solutions they call bio-inks. Bio-inks are made of proteins and glucose (葡萄糖) , which n ormally provides energy for most cells of the body. The researchers also add living cells taken from the animal that will receive the new, printed tissue. The bio-inks are then added to a device that researchers call the Palmetto bio-printer. Sarah Grace Dennis is one of the researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina. She says new technology, like the Palmetto bio-printer, is a great help to the biofabrication process. The bio-inks are placed in three dispensers (分配器) , containers, inside the printer. Lasers control both the position of the printing surface and the places where the bio-ink is released. Michael Yost is a leader of the research team. He says the printing process is fully automated— machine-operated. He says that the Palmetto bio-printer makes it possible to create complex tissue types. The researchers say bio-printing is still experimental. But they hope in a few years they may be able to print tissue to replace damaged human organs. But there are still some problems which need to be solved. Some scientists worry about how to get blood to the replacement tissue. The flow of blood is important to keep the printed tissue alive. Michael Yost hopes that more people will believe in the benefits of biofabrication. “Tissue biofabrication is a reality, and it is a reality now, and if you come here and you get to see it. You will get to see it. You can’t touch it, but you will see it and think this is real. And this is really human.” 9.What can we know about the bio-inks? A.They are the necessities of bio-printing. B.They only contain protei ns and glucose. C.They can be placed in the traditional printers. D.They are available in our local drugstores. 10.Which of the following is one of the concerns with biofabrication? A.Researchers can’t find enough living cells of animals to make the bio-inks. B.The price of the bio-printer is too high and most people can’t afford it. C.Scientists have some difficulty in getting the blood to the replacement tissue. D.People are worried about the safety of the biofabrication process. 11.According to Michael Yost, we can infer that . A.the Palmetto bio-printer can work without power B.the Palmetto bio-printer has been used to treat the patients C.the Palmetto bio-printer can only be found in the United States D.the Palmetto bio-printer will have a bright future in medical use 12.The passage mainly tells us about . A.the three-D printer and its working principles B.the bio-inks and their use in bio-printing C.the spread use of the bio-printer in the USA D.the growing demand for biofabrication D BEIJING, (Xinhua) —China’s capital city launched its first underground library, “M Subway Library” on Jan. 12,2015. The theme of its first activity is “Our Characters”. Citizens riding the special tr ain on subway Line 4 now can read e-books provided by the National Library by scanning the QR code in the carriage. “M Subway Library” is a public welfare program initiated by the Beijing MTR and the National Library to provide qualified book resources to the public through the platform of public transportation. The library will organize different themed activities regularly and recommend a dozen free books to the public each year in the long term. XINING, (Xinhua) —A bullet train made its maiden trip from Xining city to Lanzhou city in Northwest China on Dec. 26, 2014, marking the start of the full operations of the Lanxin high-speed railway. The Lanxin high-speed railway links Urumqi in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region with Xining, capital of Qinghai Province, and Lanzhou, capital of Gansu Province, slashing the total travel time from more than 23 hours to 11 hours and 50 m inutes. The 1,776-kilometer high-speed rail line, with a designed speed of 250 kilometers per hour, is China’s first high-speed railway built in a high-altitude region. NINGBO, (Xinhua) —Ningbo Subway Line 1 started running special trains with 3D paintings featuring the city’s culture starting on Dec. 20, 2014.Through the paintings, the city in East China’s Zhejiang province seeks to share its culture and attract more outside visitors. The paintings focus on four themes: rice cake, fishing festival, books and Buddhism. 13.The purpose of launch ing “M Subway Library” is to . A.earn more money by making advertisements in the carriage B.attract more tourists to come to Beijing to take the subway C.make the idea of “Green Travel” go deep into people’s mind D.offer the passengers an additional reading platform 14.Which of the following statements is correct according to the news? A.The Lanxin high-speed railway covers Gansu, Xinjiang and Tibet. B.It is China’s first high-speed railway. C.It has a length of 1,776 kilometers. D.It will take you 11 hours and 50 minutes to travel from Xining to Urumqi. 15.What can you enjoy when you ride the special train on subway Line 1 in Ningbo? A.Chinese classical music. B.3D paintings about Ningbo’s culture. C.Traditional Chinese paintings. D.3D films which were shot in Ningbo. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 One of the best ways to change your looks and improve your health is to lose excessive weight. There are plenty of tips, hints and various techniques to help you cope with the problem. Say good-bye to sugar 16 . Sugar is added to most products to make them more addictive. People like the sweet taste and get used to eating pretty soon. Do not use sugar at all or minimize its amount while cooking. Enjoys fruits and vegetables Eating fruits and veggies is absolutely necessary when you are on a diet and need minerals, vitamins and other nutrients to stay energetic and alert. 17 because we tend to snack on fast food instead. In order not to get bored with vegetables and fruits, be creative and invent something new, such as colorful salads or smoothies. Get enough sleep It has been scientifically proved that people who do not get enough sleep eat more. 18 . It is stressful for the whole organism to stay up late at night. Go to bed before midnight. Avoid snacking on fatty and sugary foods before bedtime. Stop drinking caffeinated drinks a few hours before you go to bed so that you could fall asleep easier. Reduce the amount of meat you consume Eating less meat is good for a variety of reasons. 19 . One of the most expected recommendations you might hear from a specialist is that you should reduce the amount of consumed meat if your goal is weight loss. 20 Being physically active is good for you and not boring at all. It does not require any special skills or equipment. Practice sports for entertainment. Only then will you be able to fully enjoy it and keep on exercising further. A.They need calories to stay alert B.We need to burn excessive calories to keep healthy C.Nowadays it is close to impossible to find foods that would not contain sugar D.People used to be healthier many years ago only because they could not afford meat E.Exercise for Fun F.Exercise regularly G.Most of us would avoid fruits and vegetables 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节: 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 We often see hitchhikers(搭便车的人), standing by the side of the road, thumb sticking out, waiting for a lift. But it is getting 21 nowadays. What killed hitchhiking? 22 is often mentioned as a reason. Movies about murderous hitchhikers and real-life crime 23 many drivers off picking up hitchhikers. 24 no single women picked me up on my journey to Manchester 25 reflects the safety fear: 26 , strangely dressed man is seen as dangerous. But the reason may be 27 complex: hitchhiking happens where people don’t have cars and transport services are 28 . Plenty of people 29 hitchhike in Poland and Romania. Perhaps the rising level of car ownership in the UK means the few people lift hitchhiking are usually considered strange. Why can’t they 30 cars? Why can’t they take the coach or the train? Three-quarters of the UK population have 31 a car; many of the 32 will be quite old. The potential hitchhiking population is therefore small. 33 my trip proves it’s still possible to hitchhike. The people who picked me up were very interesting lawyer, retired surgeon, tank commander, carpenter, man who live in an isolated farmhouse and a couple 34 in the mountains. My conclusion is that only really interesting people are mad enough to pick up fat blokes(家伙) in red, spotted scarves. Most just wanted to do someone a good turn; a few said they were so surprised to see a hitchhiker that they couldn’t help 35 . The future of hitchhiking most 36 lies with car-sharing organized over the Internet, via sites such as hitchhikers. org. But for now, you can still stick your thumb out (actually, I didn’t do much of that, 37 just to hold up my destination sign) and people—wonderful, caring, sharing, unafraid people—will stop. In the UK, with its cheap 38 and reasonable rail service, I don’t think I’ll make a habit of it. But having enjoyed it so much, I’m ready now to do a big trip 39 Europe and beyond. In the 1970s a female friend of my wife’s hitchhiked to India. How wonderful it would be to have another go, 40 Afghanistan might be a challenge. I wish I’d got that tank commander’s mobile number. 21.A.valuable B.hardly C.rare D.little 22.A.Fear B.Safety C.Allowance D.Expense 23.A.has put B.had been put C.has been put D.have put 24.A.What B.Which C.Whether D.That 25.A.no more B.no need C.no reason D.no doubt 26.A.a short B.a clumsy C.a small D.a large 27.A.most B.more C.very D.much 28.A.poor B.heavy C.busy D.convenient 29.A.seldom B.always C.still D.never 30.A.afford B.offer C.affect D.offend 31.A.effect to B.effect on C.access in D.access to 32.A.remain B.rest C.pedestrians D.citizens 33.A.While B.When C.Yet D.Though 34.A.living up B.lived down C.was living up D.was living down 35.A.stopping B.but stop C.stop D.stopped 36.A.likely B.certainly C.positively D.actively 37.A.pretending B.preparing C.preferring D.defending 38.A.vehicles B.coaches C.cars D.helicopters 39.A.across B.through C.for D.over 40.A.as B.though C.because D.when 第Ⅱ卷 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 There is much discussion about the necessity of daily homework for students. Some say homework is necessary since only practice 41 (make) perfect, while others disagree. In my opinion, daily homework is necessary for students. However, this might be misleading that one may believe all forms of homework 42 necessary. Actually , only proper amount of homework in proper form i s 43 ( accept); some homework may not only fail to help the students, but on 44 contrary bore them so much that they may lose their interest in studying. “Proper” homework, in my opinion, should 45 (vary) in its forms, 46 might be some extensive reading, a paper, or even just a game, as well as other ordinary exercise. And it should leave enough 47 (free) to the students so that they could do things they really like to do with self- motivation, rather than unwillingness. We should always remember that homework is something for us to guide the students, rather than 48 (drive) them. Only if a teacher 49 (keep) this 50 his/her mind, the homework could be of most help to the students. 第三部分:写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分, 满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,下文就是你同桌的一篇作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( \)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分 Recently our local government has decided to broaden a narrow road and there is a temple of over 100 years old along a road. Whet her the temple should pulled down have caused a heated discussion. Some agree that we should pull it down to carrying out the construction project because it can solve some traffic problem and make our life convenient. Beside, it helps improve the image of our city. But the people who are for the idea believe that we can have another one solution. How should we pull it down? The temple has a long history and tells us something of our city. We can move it away and keep it as long as we like. So far there had been no conclusion over the matter. 第I卷 第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分40分) 第一节:(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 1—4 CDDB 5—8 ACBC 9—12 ACDB 13—15 DCB 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 16—20 CGADE 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节: 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 21—25 CBDDD 26—30 DBACA 31—35 DBCAA 36—40 ACBAB Recently our local government has decided to broaden a narrow road and there is a temple of o ver 100 years old along a road. Whether the temple should pulled down have caused a heated the / this be has discussion. Some agree that we should pull it down to carrying out the construction project carry because it can solve some traffic problem and make our life convenient. Beside, it helps improve problems Besides t he image of our city. But the people who are for the idea believe that we can have another one against solution. How should we pull it down? The temple has a long history and tells us something of our Why city. We can move it away and keep it as long as we like. So far there had been no conclusion over the matter. has 第二节:书面表达(满分25分) One possible version Dear Mayun, CEO of Ali Baba, My name is Li Hua. I’m a student from Xinhua High School. May I have the honor to invite you to give us an adult ceremony speech on behalf of all the teachers and students of our school? The speech is scheduled to be given on April,28 at the school hall, the theme of which will be how to realize our drea ms through personal efforts. We are eager to hear you talk about your own experiences and unique views. I sincerely hope you can take your time from your busy schedule, and I would appreciate it very much if you can come. Thank you in advance and wish you all the best. I am looking forward to receiving your reply at your earliest convenience. Yours sincerely Li Hua 评分标准: 书面表达评分原则(参照2014高考英语考试说明《课标卷》评分原则) 内容要点 1.说明写信的目的(扣题表述); 2.说明演讲的具体安排(扣题表述); 3.表达感谢与祝福。 三、各档次的给分范围和要求: 第五档:(21-25分) ——完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ——应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 ——语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具 备较强的语言运用能力。 第四档:(16-20分) ——完成了试题规定的任务。 ——语法结构或词汇方面有少量错误,但主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 第三档:(11-15分) ——基本完成了试题规定的主要任务。 ——有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响短文理解。 第二档:(6-10分) ——未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ——有较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。 第一档:(0-5分) ——未完成试题规定的任务,写了一些无关内容。 ——较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·10· 
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