doc文档 2015年广东省中山市高三下学期第二次模拟考试英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 广东省中山市2015届高三下学期第二次模拟考试 英 语 (本试卷三大题,满分135分。考试用时120分钟。) I. 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) A great many people are disappointed because of unrealistic expectations. Walking up to a department store’s 1 counter, an attractive young woman said, “I want to buy this material for a new dress. How much does it cost?” “Only one 2 per yard,” replied the smirking (自鸣得意的) male clerk. Not to be taken back by the funny words, the woman said, “That’s fine! I’ll take ten yards.” With 3 written all over his face, the clerk hurriedly 4 out and wrapped the cloth, and then held it out teasingly, leaning forward to receive his “ 5 ”. The woman got the package quickly from the clerk and pointed to a little old 6 standing beside her. “Grandpa will pay the bill instead of me,” she 7 . He was no doubt disappointed. But in the course of living, many people are 8 when others do not 9 their expectations. In order to be happy, some expectations must be dropped. These three particular 10 and unhealthy expectations are some of the main causes: 1. Expect too much 11 .When others say, “Thank you,” or in any way to show their gratitude, be happy. It is a gift! 2. Expect others to make you happy. They simply cannot do that. Make yourself happy and 12 your joy with others. 3. Expect not to be 13 . At times, people will simply not come through for you in the way you need. 14 them and move on. Get rid of these three unrealistic expectations and you can begin to expect more 15 right away! 1. A. computer B. cloth C. receptionist D. clothes 2. A. kiss B. pay C. dollar D. yuan 3. A. happiness B. enjoyment C. expectation D. courage 4. A. measured B. carried C. broke D. burst 5. A. budget B. payment C. reward D. money 6. A. guard B. man C. sculptor D. scholar 7. A. smiled B. begged C. waved D. thought 8. A. encouraged B. disappointed C. annoyed D. surprised 9. A. live up to B. go against C. go without D. hope for 10. A. reasonable B. proper C. unimportant D. unrealistic 11. A. profit B. kiss] C. appreciation D. disappointment 12. A. spare B. share C. make D. control 13. A. put down B. let down C. taken down D. thrown down 14. A. Forgive B. Punish C. Blame D. Praise 15. A. happiness B. encouragement C. excitement D. pride 第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) As we all know, games play a very important role in the growth of children. Children should grow along with playing games; for, 16 playing games, they can not only acquire knowledge, but also cultivate their abilities to get along with others. However, most children are 17 (face) with a completely different situation. Most parents fear that games will prevent children from increasing new knowledge and 18 the children will fail in the future examinations. So, instead of 19 (let) the children themselves find and learn naturally from their surroundings, they force their children to take part in 20 (variety) kinds of classes, learning English, playing 21 piano or practising drawing, etc. What’s more, some parents put 22 the children’s toys which are very useful in developing children’s imagination and practical abilities. 23 is a piece of good advice to those parents: 24 you want to expect your child to be able to accomplish something, you must first of all develop his ability to adapt to the new surroundings. That cram education can lead to nothing 25 a failure in the children’s growth. II. 阅读(共两节,满分50分) 第一节 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分) A When I met him, I had a lot of anger inside of me. I’ve lived my whole life in Spanish Harlem, but in my neighborhood, there are shoot-ups all the time. I know kids who have been shot or beaten up. I have friends who ended up in prison. I could have ended up that way, too, but Mr. Clark wouldn’t let that happen. Mr. Clark worked long hours, making sure I did my work. My grades rose. In fact, the scores of our whole class rose. One day, he took our class to see The Phantom of the Opera, and it was the first time some kids had ever been out of Harlem. Before the show, he treated us to dinner at a restaurant and taught us not to talk with our mouths full. We did not want to let him down. Mr. Clark was selected as Disney’s 2000 Teacher of the Year. He said he would draw three names out of a hat; those students would go with him to Los Angeles to get the award. But when the time came to draw names, Mr. Clark said, “You’re all going.” On graduation day, there were a lot of tears. We didn’t want his class to end. In 2001, he moved to Atlanta, but he always kept in touch. He started giving lectures about education, and wrote a bestselling book based on his classroom rules, The Essential 55. In 2003, Mr. Clark took some of us on a trip to South Africa to deliver school supplies and visit the orphanages (孤儿院). It was the most amazing experience of my life. It’s now my dream to one day start a group of women’s clubs, helping people from all backgrounds. 26. Without Mr. Clark, the writer . A. might have been put into prison B. might not have won the prize C. might have joined a women’s club D. might not have moved to Atlanta 27. The Essential 55 is . A. a show B. a speech C. a classroom rule D. a book 28. How many students’ names were finally drawn out of a hat by Mr. Clark? A. None B. Three C. Fifty-five. D. All. 29. What can we learn in the short reading? A. It was in Harlem that we saw The Phantom of the Opera for the first time. B. Mr. Clark taught us not to talk with our mouths full, and we did. C. Mr. Clark was selected as Disney’s 2000 Teacher of the Year in Los Angeles. D. In 2003, Mr. Clark moved to Atlanta, and he always kept in touch with us. 30. In the passage, the writer intends to tell us that . A. Mr. Clark went to South Africa because he liked traveling B. Mr. Clark helped to set up a group of women’s clubs C. a good teacher can help raise his or her students’ scores D. a good teacher has a good influence on his or her students B Imagine you’re at a party full of strangers. You’re nervous. Who are these people? How do you start a conversation? Fortunately, you’ve got a thing that sends out energy at tiny chips in everyone’s name tag (标签). The chips send back name, job, hobbies, and the time available for meeting-whatever. Making new friends becomes simple. This hasn’t quite happened in real life. But the world is already experiencing a revolution using RFID technology. An RFID tag with a tiny chip can be fixed in a product, under your pet’s skin, even under your own skin. Passive RFID tags have no energy source-batteries because they do not need it. The energy comes from the reader, a scanning device, that sends out energy (for example, radio waves) that starts up the tag immediately. Such a tag carries information specific to that object, and the data can be updated. Already, RFID technology is used for recognizing each car or truck on the road and it might appear in your passport. Doctors can put a tiny chip under the skin that will help locate and obtain a patient’s medical records. At a nightclub in Paris or in New York the same chip gets you into the VIP section and pays for the bill with the wave of an arm. Take a step back: 10 or 12 years ago, you would have heard about the coming age of computing. One example always seemed to surface: Your refrigerator would know when you needed to buy more milk. The concept was that computer chips could be put everywhere and send information in a smart network that would make ordinary life simpler. RFID tags are a small part of this phenomenon. “The world is going to be a loosely coupled set of individual small devices, connected wirelessly,” predicts Dr. J. Reich. Human right supporters are nervous about the possibilities of such technology. It goes too far tracking school kids through RFID tags, they say. We imagine a world in which a beer company could find out not only when you bought a beer but also when you drank it. And how many beers. Accompanied by how many biscuits. When Marconi invented radio, he thought it would be used for ship-to-shore communication. Not for pop music. Who knows how RFID and related technologies will be used in the future. Here’s a wild guess: Not for buying milk. 31. The article is intended to . A. warn people of the possible risks in adopting RFID technology B. explain the benefits brought about by RFID technology C. convince people of the uses of RFID technology D. predict the applications of RFID technology 32. We know from the passage that with the help of RFID tags, people . A. will have no trouble getting data about others B. will have more energy for conversation C. will have more time to make friends D. won’t feel shy at parties any longer 33. Passive RFID tags chiefly consist of . A. scanning devices B. radio waves C. batteries D. chips 34. Why are some people worried about RFID technology? A. Because children will be tracked by strangers. B. Because market competition will become more fierce. C. Because their private lives will be greatly affected. D. Because customers will be forced to buy more products. 35. The last paragraph implies that RFID technology . A. will not be used for such matters as buying milk B. will be widely used, including for buying milk C. will be limited to communication uses D. will probably be used for pop music C The literal meaning of philosophy is “love of wisdom”. But this meaning does not tell us very much. Unlike the other disciplines, philosophy cannot be defined by what you study, because it is actually unlimited. Anything can be the subject matter of philosophy: history, law, language, literature, mathematics, and in fact, the other academic disciplines are directly related to philosophy. For this reason you get a Doctorate of Philosophy (Ph. D.) in biochemistry, or computer science, or psychology. Two broad sub-fields of philosophy are logic and the history of philosophy. Logic is the science of argument and critical thinking. It provides sound methods for distinguishing good from bad reasoning. The history of philosophy involves the study of major philosophers and periods in the development of philosophy. Of what use is philosophy? First it is useful in educational advancement. It is necessary for understanding other disciplines. Only philosophy questions the nature of the concepts used in a discipline, and its relation to other disciplines. And through the study of philosophy, one develops sound methods of research and analysis that can be applied to any field. There are a number of general uses of philosophy. It strengthens one’s ability to solve problems, to communicate, to organize ideas and issues, to persuade, and to take what is the most important from a large quantity of data. These general uses are of great benefit in the career field, not necessarily for obtaining one’s first job after graduation, but for preparing for positions of responsibility, management and leadership later on. It is very short-sighted after all, to take a course of studies only for the purpose of getting one’s first job. The useful skills developed through the study of philosophy have significant long-term benefits in career advancement. No other discipline systematically follows the ideals of wisdom, leadership, and capacity to resolve human conflict. 36. According to paragraph 1, philosophy can best be described as the study of . A. social sciences B. natural sciences C. both social and natural sciences D. the subject matter of politics 37. What does “discipline” mean in the first paragraph? A. subject B. science C. literature D. occupation 38. With the study of philosophy, you can . A. become a great leader B. succeed in everything C. find a good job soon after graduation	[来源:] D. make progress in your career development 39. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Philosophy is an independent discipline. B. Logic helps you to become a better thinker. C. The study of philosophy brings you immediate benefits. D. The meaning of philosophy is too limited to define. 40. From the passage, we can conclude . A. not all the subjects have to do with philosophy B. a person will get a Ph. D. if he/she studies philosophy C. philosophy can be helpful for the study of any other subjects D. philosophy is the only solution to all the problems in the world D If you look for a book as a present for a child. You will be spoiled for choice even in a year when there is no new Harry Patten J.K Powling’s wizard. The past decade has been a harvest for good children’s books, which has set off a large quantity of films and an increased sales of classics such as The lard of the Rings. Yet despite that , reading is increasingly unpopular among children. According to statistics in 1997 23% said they didn’t like reading in all. In 2003, 35% did . And around 6% of children leave primary school each year unable to read properly. Maybe the decline is caused by the increasing availability of computes games. Maybe the books boom has affected only the top of the educational pile. Either way, Chancellor Cordon Brown plans to change things for the bottom of the class. In his pre-budget report, he announced the national project of Reading Recovery to help the children struggling most. Reading Recovery is aimed at six year olds, who receive four months of individual daily half-hour classes with a specially trained teacher. An evaluation either this year reported that children on the school made 20 months’ progress in just one year, whereas similarly weak readers without special help made just five months’ progress, and so ended the year even further below the level expected for their age. International research tends to find that when British children leave primary school they read well, but read text often for fun than those elsewhere. Reading for fun matters because children who are been on reading can report lifelong pleasure and loving books is an excellent indicator of future educational success. According to the OECD, being a regular and enthusiastic reader is of great advantage. 41. Which of the following is true of Paragraph 1? A. Many children’s books have been adapted from films. B. Many high-quality children’s books have been published. [ C. The sales of classics have led to the popularity of films. D. The sales of presents for children have increased. 42. Statistics suggested that . A. the number of top students increased with the use of computers B. a decreasing number of children showed interest in reading C. a minority of primacy school children read properly D. a huge percentage of children read regularly 43. What do we know about Reading Recovery? A. An evaluation of it will be made sometime this year. B. Weak readers on the project were the most hardworking. C. It aims to train special teachers to help children with reading. D. Children on the project showed noticeable progress in reading. 44. Reading for fun is important because book-loving children _______. A. take greater advantage of the project B. show the potential to enjoy a long life C. are likely to succeed in their education. D. would make excellent future researchers 45. The aim of this text would probably be _______. A. to overcome primary school pupils reading difficulty. B. to encourage the publication of more children’s books C. to remind children of the importance of reading for fun D. to introduce a way to improve early children reading 第二节 信息匹配(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) A. Agra Fort Near the gardens of the Taj Mahal stands the important 16th-century Mughal monument known as the Red Fort of Agra. This powerful fortress of red sandstone encompasses, within its 2.5-km-long enclosure walls, the imperial city of the Mughal rulers. It comprises many fairy-tale palaces, such as the Jahangir Palace and the Khas Mahal, built by Shah Jahan; audience halls, such as the Diwan-i-Khas; and two very beautiful mosques. B. Taj Mahal Taj Mahal is regarded as one of the eight wonders of the world, and some Western historians have noted that its architectural beauty has never been surpassed. The Taj is the most beautiful monument built by the Mughals, the Muslim rulers of India. Taj Mahal is built entirely of white marble. It was constructed over a period of twenty-two years, employing twenty thousand workers. It was completed in 1648 C.E. at a cost of 32 Million Rupees. C. Keoladeo National Park This former duck-hunting reserve of the Maharajas is one of the major wintering areas for large numbers of aquatic birds from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, China and Siberia. Some 364 species of birds, including the rare Siberian crane, have been recorded in the park. D. Humayun's Tomb, Delhi This tomb, built in 1570, is of particular cultural significance as it was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. It inspired several major architectural innovations, culminating in the construction of the Taj Mahal. The gardens also contain the red-and-white sandstone and black-and-yellow marble tomb of Humayun’s wife and the tomb of Humayun’s barber. E. Grand Canyon National Park The Grand Canyon is perhaps the most awesome sight in the United States--and one of the wonders of the world. Much of the park's beauty is related to its geology and ecology. Schmidt explores the shape of the land, its plants and animals, and its human history. A fascinating book that everyone visiting the Grand Canyon should read. The Skywalk at Grand Canyon West is really exciting. F. Sundarbans National Park The Sundarbans covers 10,000 sq. km of land and water (more than half of it in India, the rest in Bangladesh) in the Ganges delta. It contains the world's largest area of mangrove forests. A number of rare or endangered species live in the park, including tigers, aquatic mammals, birds and reptiles. 请阅读以下旅游者的信息,然后匹配旅游者和他/她拟旅游的景点。 46. Carina is fond of art and likes travelling very much. In order to take part in the following exhibition, she wants to take some photos of birds from all over the world, especially the rare Siberian crane. In the meanwhile, she doesn’t want to spend too much money. 47. Daisy’s major is biology. She is interested in studies of tigers in India. Before graduation, she needs to write an essay on the tiger. She hears that it is one of the largest tiger populations of any of India’s parks. And so she wants to go there to do some research. 48. Alexander is a college student of Physics. He learns that this canyon is a gift from past generations that goes beyond what we experience. He is looking forward to going there and experiencing the Skywalk in the park. 49. Sammy majors in history. He will visit it again this summer. He says it’s built entirely of white Marble and is one of the eight wonders of the world. Its beauty is beyond description, particularly at dawn and sunset. It seems to glow in the light of the full moon. On a foggy morning, the visitors experience it as if suspended when viewed from across the Jamuna river. 50. Nancy comes from the history department. Last summer she visited the ancient markets of Agra and this year she wants to visit it again. Not long ago she said: “Arriving at the Delhi airport, we representatives were warmly received. Our tirdness flew in seconds by the traditional welcome that we got at the hotel’s reception.” The next day they visited the famous tomb. III. 写作(共两节,满分为40分) 第一节 基础写作(共1小题,满分15分) 作为学校英语俱乐部的成员,你准备明天向到访的英国学生游学团介绍5月4日已在广州举行的亚运会5周年的庆祝活动。 [写作内容] 活动时间: 2015年5月4日7:30 a.m. 活动地点: 广州天河体育馆(Tianhe Sports Gymnasium) 活动主题: Dreaming about This Moment 活动意义: 展示广州已经准备好了 活动安排: 1. 龙舟(dragon boat)和武术表演 2. 2000名合唱团成员(chorus)演唱 3. 著名歌手演唱三首亚运会候选主题歌(theme song candidates) 参加人员: 1000多名志愿者, 工人,医务人员,学生,老干部(retirees)等 [写作要求]	只能使用5个句子表达全部内容。(开头已给,不计入总句数) Ladies and Gentlemen, welcome to our school. I’d like to tell you something about Guangzhou Asian Games. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- That’s all. Thank you. [评分标准]	句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务(共1小题,满分25分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 “Can I see my baby?” asked the happy new mother. The bundle(婴儿包)was placed in her arms and when she moved the fold of cloth to look upon his tiny face, she gasped-the baby has been born without ears. Time, however, proved that the baby’s hearing was perfect except his appearance. One day when he rushed home from school and threw himself into his mother’s arms, he cried out bitterly, “A boy, a big boy… called me a f-…freak.” She sighed, knowing that his life was to be endless of heartbreaks. He grew up, handsome for his misfortune. A favorite with his fellow students, he might have been class president, but for that. He developed a gift for literature and music. The boy’s father had a talk with the family doctor. Could nothing be done? “I believe we could graft(移植)on a pair of outer ears, if they could be donated,”the doctor decided. So the search began for a person who would make such a sacrifice a young man. Two years went by. Then, “You’re going to the hospital, son. Mother and I have someone who will donate the ears you need. But it’s a secret,” said the father. The operation was a brilliant success. His talents blossomed (开花)into genius. School and college became a series of successes. Later he married and entered the diplomatic(外交)service. “But I must know!” he urged his father. “Who gave so much for me? I could never do enough for him.” “I do not believer you could,” said the father, “but the agreement was that you are not to know….not yet.” The years kept the secret, but the day did come…. one of the darkest days that ever pass through a son. He stood with his father over his mother’s casket(棺材).Slowly and tenderly, the father stretched forth a hand and raised the thick, reddish-brown hair to let out the secret. [写作内容] 1、 以约30个词概括这个感人的故事; 2、 以约120个词,请就“在受别人的帮助中,学会了帮助别人”的话题写一篇英语短文,表达你内心的感受,并包括如下要点: 1)你看完这个故事后,你如何评价这位母亲的无私行为; 2)请以你的日常生活经历的事情为例,说明别人的善良行为对你的影响; 3)你的感想。 [写作要求] 1、 作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子; 2、 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3、 标题自定。 [评分标准]	概括准确、语言规范、内容合适,篇章连贯。 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ C 【答案与解析】 36—40 CADBC 本文主要讲述哲学的内涵及这一学科的优点。 36. C 细节理解题。根据第一段的“Anything can be the subject mater of philosophy:art, history, law, language…and values”可知选C。任何事物都能成为哲学的范畴,艺术、历史、法律、语言、文学、数学、医学、心理学、宗教、科学及价值观。 37. A 词义猜测题。从第一段可以找到答案。 38. D 细节理解题。根据最后一段“The useful skills developed through…in career advancement”可知通过对哲学的学习而获得的有用技能在以后的事业发展中有着长期重要的影响。 39. B 细节理解题。根据第一段“philosophy is one of the world’s oldest subjects…directly related to philosophy。”可知A项错,C项原文没有提到,根据第一段第一句可知哲学已被定义为 “爱智慧”,故D项错。 40. C 推理判断题。根据第一段第一句“Anything can be the subject matter of philosophy”可知A错,由第一段最后一句可知B项错误,由最后一段第二句可知D错误。 D【答案与解析】 41—45 BBDCD 本文主要讲述许多儿童不喜欢读书,针对这件事,介绍一种提高儿童读书的方法。 ·11· 
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