doc文档 2015年山东省泰安市高三下学期一模诊断测试英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 泰安市2015届高三下学期一模诊断测试 英语试题 本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。第I卷1至10页。第II卷11至12页。考试结束后,将本试卷和答案卡一并交回。 第I卷(共100分) 注意事项: 1.答第I卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、考试科目涂写在答题卡上。 2.每小题选出答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试卷上。 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下—小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.Where does this conversation most probably take place? A.At a concert. B.At a flower shop. C.At a restaurant. 2.How many students are good at basketball? A.40. B.Most of them. C.80. 3.What is the man’s friend? A.A teacher. B.A doctor. C.A postman. 4.How old is his brother? A.16. B.17. C.19. 5.What can we do through the Internet according to the woman? A.Help our everyday life. B.Communicate. C.Get information and communicate. 第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6至第8题。 6.What is the woman trying to do? A.To persuade Kevin to eat carrots. B.To ask Kevin to turn off the light. C.To tell Kevin how to see in the dark. 7.Why did Kevin turn off the light? A.It was time to go to bed. B.He wanted to prove that his eyesight was good. C.He was trying to prove the woman’s idea was wrong. 8.Which of the following is true? A.The woman could see clearly in the dark. B.The man didn’t like carrots. C.The woman was very humorous. 听第7段材料,回答第9至第11题。 9.What was the man in China for? A.For a tour. B.For a conference. C.For a lecture. 10.How many cities did the woman visit in China? A.Four. B.Five. C.Six. 11.What are the man and the woman? A.A scientist and a traveler. B.A businessman and a traveler. C.A businessman and a scientist. 听第8段材料,回答第12至第14题。 12.What are the two speakers talking about? A.Using the left hand. B.Operating machines. C.Designing machines. 13.What is the possible relationship between the two speakers? A.Fellow workers. B.Boss and secretary. C.Master and servant. 14.What can we learn from the conversation? A.The woman is more skillful than the man. B.The woman only uses her right hand. C.Left-handers can’t run the machines. 听第9段材料,回答第15至第17题。 15.Why does the man think it is bad to take a taxi at first? A.Because these suitcases are not heavy. B.Because the traffic is heavy now. C.Because there’re just a few suitcases. 16.How far is it to get there? A.Fifty minutes on foot. B.Fifteen minutes on foot. C.Fifteen minutes by taxi. 17.How do they probably go there at last? A.By bus. B.On foot. C.By taxi. 听第10段材料,回答第18至第20题。 18.Where is the speaker probably talking? A.On the radio. B.On TV. C.On the telephone. 19.What can we learn about the road M1? A.No traffic is allowed on two sides of the road now. B.Drivers going north are told to take another road. C.Drivers going south are told to take the A508. 20.What can we learn about the road between the airport and the railway station? A.It is being repaired. B.It is being widened. C.It is closed now. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Exhausted,covered in mud and desperately hungry,a team of Swedish athletes sat down for a meal as they prepared to take on a dangerous 20-mile trek through the Ecuadorian rainforest. As they opened their canned meat,a tired Mikael Lindnord noticed a miserable stray dog staring at him out of the corner of his eye. Feeling sorry for him,he fed the dog a meatball and thought nothing of it,but as the team stood up to continue their race the animal started to follow them—and he didn’t stop. As the group of four navigated the final two stages of the 430-mile Adventure Racing World Championship,the dog befriended them and was eventually given the name Arthur. Every tiring task the team face,Arthur would do the same.He swam alongside them while they kayaked down rivers,dragged himself up hills during hikes and pulled through knee—deep mud during treks. Even when the team tried to get rid of their new member out of concerns for his safety—he refused to leave.This meant when he was tired they stopped for a break and when he got stuck in the mud they pulled him out. After six days the team finished the race,and the dog had suffered.They therefore decided to take him to a vet(兽医)while still in South America to have him checked out. During that time Lindord thought to himself that after their experience,they could not leave Arthur,so he decided to adopt him and take him back to Sweden.He applied to the Swedish Board of Agriculture and was made to wait to see if his application was successful.After a tense few days,the team arrived at the airport with Arthur and boarded the plane with him back home. Lindord said:“I came to Ecuador to win the World Championship.Instead,I got a new friend.” 21.After meeting the dog,the team ______________. A.abandoned the dog immediately B.fed the dog with enough food C.adopted the dog for convenience D.continued the race with the dog 22.Why did the team try to get rid of the dog during the race? A.They were concerned about his safety. B.They couldn’t afford the race with him. C.The dog was a burden to the team. D.The dog couldn’t follow the team successfully. 23.Which of the following can best describe the team? A.Friendly and caring. B.Helpful and generous. C.Risky and harsh. D.Cautious and sensitive. 24.What can we infer from the text? A.The dog was sad to have suffered from the race. B.The team won the World Championship many times. C.Lindord was overjoyed to befriend the dog. D.The team felt tense to take Arthur to the airport. B Amazon just released its list of the 10 best-selling books of 2014,and chances all you’ve already seen people reading them on the train.It's not too late to read—or reread—the bestsellers of the year.The following are the top four of them. “The Invention of Wings”by Sue Monk Kid Set in the south in the early 1800s,this Oprah Book Club book follows the complicated relationship between Handful,a slave,and Sarah,her owner,as they grow up together from childhood.Their confusing friendship,in the face of politics and societal norms,becomes a beautiful and difficult thing to watch as it changes over time. “Gray Mountain”by John Grisham When the economic recession(萧条)causes Samantha Kofer to lose her Wall Street law firm job.she takes a job at a legal aid clinic in Virginia until she can hopefully get back to big law.But while her new job,for the first time,puts her front and center in the court room,it also puts her in terrible danger. “All the Light We Cannot See”by Anthony Doerr This National Book Award Finalist follows both Marie—Laure,a blind French girl living with her father during World War II,and Werner,a German orphan with a skill for building and fixing radios.As their paths cross,this moving story will question how life and art are influenced by war. “Twenty Seconds Ago(Jack Reacher,#19)”by Lee Child After years of being out of the Army,Jack Reacher is pulled back into service at the CIA and State Department after someone tried to shoot the president of France.In Child’s latest Jack Reacher installment(系列丛书),Reacher finds himself face to face with all old enemy and old memories. 25.If you prefer emotional(情感)stories,you’ll choose _______________. A.The Invention of Wings and Gray Mountain B.All the Light We Cannot See and Twenty Seconds Ago C.The Invention of Wings and All the Light We Cannot See D.Twenty Seconds Ago and Gray Mountain 26.What is Samantha Kofer? A.A lawyer. b.A doctor. C.A merchant.	D.An official. 27.Which book has won the top honor? A.The Invention of Wings B.All the Light We Cannot See C.Gray Mountain D.Twenty Seconds Ago 28.What type of writing is this text? A.A test report. B.An announcement. C.A book review.	D.Introduction of books. C A team of scientists from University of Freiburg in Germany are developing a shoe with a sensor to automatically tie its laces(鞋带)that could be taken off when users click their heels together. It’s been 26 years since we saw them magically tightening Marty McFly’s Nike boots in the film Back to The Future. Now,self-tying shoelaces could actually become a reality this year,proving right one of the film’s fantastical predictions for what 2015 would be like. Engineers have designed a shoe that can automatically lace up,adjusting itself to the shape of your foot. Simply slip the controller on and pressure sensors will tell the ‘smart shoe’ when your foot is in position,triggering(触发)a tiny motor in the heel that pulls the laces tight. When you want to take off the shoes,you click your heels together twice and the motor will release a spring(弹簧)in the shoe’s tongue,which loosens the laces enough for you to slip them off. And the invention doesn’t even need to be plugged in to charge or have its battery replaced because it runs on power generated by the swing of your foot as you walk· Engineer K1evis Ylli,of the Institute for Micromachining and Information Technology in southern Gemany,said the shoes could help a variety of different people. “One focus is that it could be used in shoes for elderly people who have mobility problems,”he said.“But it could also work for children,or as a lifestyle product.”. The design,which is still in a prototype(雏形)stage,cleverly gets the energy of the foot’s swing when opposing magnets in each shoe move past each other. It then uses that power to charge a battery.An hour of walking is enough to tighten the laces once,and it requires no energy to undo the shoes because that relies on the spring alone. 29.Which of the following can be the best title of the text? A.A fantastical prediction B.A great invention in Germany C.A shoe with self-tying laces D.A popular lifestyle product 30.What can we learn about the shoes? A.They can automatically take off. B.They can adjust themselves to your foot. C.They need to be charged once. D.They have been in design for 26 years. 31.From the last paragraph we can know ____________. A.the shoes have been put into use B.the shoes need power to take off C.the shoes promise to be popular D.how the shoes work to produce energy D Cambridge graduates are the most employable in the world,according to a global league table.The ancient university is the best at producing graduates who are‘ready to work’,a poll of major employers found. Oxford slipped to fourth place in the rankings having taken top spot last year.Harvard and Yale—part of the US‘Ivy League’of universities—were second and third respectively. Five British universities were ranked in the top 20—one more than last year—and 12 were in the full list of 150. But the UK as a country came third—behind the US and Germany—when companies were asked to name the best nation for producing work—ready graduates. The table—the Global Employability(就业能力)University Ranking published by the International New York Times—also showed that universities in Asian countries were rapidly gaining ground on their western counterparts (对手). Asian universities claimed 20 percent of the top 150 places in 2014 compared with only 10 percent when the tables were first published in 2010. The other British universities in the top 20 were University College London,in 14th place,Imperial College London,in 15th,and Edinburgh,18th. The table showed the gap between a small number of top UK universities and less famous institutions. Laurent Dupasquier,managing partner at Emerging,a French human resources consultancy,said:“The top tier players.global brands (which tend to be all American and British).continue to lead,while other Anglo—Saxon universities,those that are mainly regional players,tend to develop less well,with an average of five places lost in comparison with last year.” “Like the Premier League(英超联赛),the champions have an international community of students and think internationally,unlike their more locally oriented counterparts.” The table was made following a survey of 2,500 major companies in 20 countries.Employers were asked to rank universities against a range of criteria including their production of graduates who are ready to work and their links with business. The study claimed that‘the days of ivory towers are over’. 32.Which university had the best work-ready graduates last year? A.Cambridge. B.Oxford. C.Harvard. D.Yale. 33.The underlined phrase“gaining ground”in Paragraph 5 probably refers to ____________. A.falling behind B.coming into conflict C.making room D.becoming more successful 34.What can we learn about the UK universities from the text? A.There are many quality gaps between UK universities. B.The UK produced the most work-ready graduates this year. C.Universities in the UK make up most of the top 20. D.Almost all UK university graduates are employable. 35.Why do regional UK universities tend to develop less well this year? A.They couldn’t raise enough education fund. B.They have students from all over the world. C.They lack international students and think locally. D.The UK government didn’t support them at a11. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。(涂卡说明:选E涂AB,选F涂AC,选G涂AD) Everyone wants love,money,success and so on in life.Yet too many people fail to achieve their goals, and nearly all of them are for the same reason.Generally speaking,getting what you really want out of life is just a matter of the following simple steps. You have to decide what it is you want the most.But do not make a list of wishes. 36 .If you’re not sure about where you want to go,you’d better think it over first and not hurry to perform. 37 .This will be your map for getting from“where you are now”to“where you want to go”.You know what you want,and what steps you are going to take to get it.For example,if you want a better job,start with a skills assessment and maybe some extra training.You’11 need to sell yourself and your skills to your new employer. Other goals will require a bit more thought.Some will really get you lost without a clue of how to get there. 38 . The final step is to carry it out. 39 .Take the steps you outlined on your road map and keep going on all the time.If you run into some people who are against you,simply ignore them. 40 .Keep pushing.Whatever you do,do not lose heart before you have what you desire in your hands.Never think that you can’t turn your dream into a reality. A.Do what you have planned. B.Hold a right attitude to what you’ve achieved. C.Never give up the goal. D.Try to focus on one thing at a time. E.Not to worry,though,books can be of great help. F. Make an action plan with care. G.Form a good habit,whatever the result may be. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节。满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 “The way we choose to respond when others make mistakes can cause them to feel ashamed or can allow them to remember our kindness and share our stories with future generations.” ——Michelle Sedas When I read the above quote I couldn’t help but 41 Doris.She had been a science teacher by 42 ,but she also was a very 43 person.All around her room were dolls that she had made.They were the most interesting dolls I’d ever seen;each was very 44 from the other. By talking to Doris I learned she’d 45 a class in doll making.One day while I was in her room she took one of the dolls out of the case to 46 me.This doll was very 47 with fine artistic work.I was 48 that anyone could do such unique work. As Doris was 49 the doll carefully in her hand,I could see a slight break in the skirt.I was 50 to know what happened.Doris said that on the way to class she 51 the side of the skirt.She expressed how scared she was and almost didn’t go to 52 at a11.When it came her 53 to show the doll to the teacher,she had to point out the 54 in the skirt.Doris felt for sure that the doll would be 55 because of it.Much to her surprise the teacher told her she was just going to 56 this break and grade the doll on the other good 57 it had.Doris shared that this remark and 58 from the teacher changed her life. This teacher could have made Doris feel 59 by her mistake.But 60 her willingness to ignore the mistake,Doris was sharing her kindness with the next generation. 41.A.give up B.call on C.turn down D.think of 42.A.profession B.accident C.birth D.mistake 43.A.energetic B.generous C.creative D.conservative 44.A.far B.safe C.free D.different 45.A.taken B.quitted C.prepared D.organized 46.A.flatter B.show C.comfort D.upset 47.A.common B.cheap C.expensive D.unusual 48.A.disappointed B.amazed C.terrified D.annoyed 49.A.turning B.bending C.mending D.shaking 50.A.sorry B.proud C.curious D.content 51.A.burned B.bumped C.replaced D.decorated 52.A.hospital B.church C.class D.work 53.A.turn B.task C.honor D.choice 54.A.spot B.patch C.hole D.break 55.A.destroyed B.appreciated C.rejected D.removed 56.A.ignore B.value C.notice D.assess 57.A.talents B.quantities C.varieties D.qualities 58.A.responsibility B.attitude C.habit D.standard 59.A.ashamed B.shocked C.puzzled D.overjoyed 60. A.as for B.because of C.despite of D.apart from 第Ⅱ卷(共50分) 注意事项: 第II卷共2页。考生必须使用0.5毫米黑色签字笔在答题纸上各题目的指定答题区域内作答,在试卷上作答无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 My school goes from kindergarten to 6th grade.I 61 (be)a 6th grader.Because of that,the younger 62 (kid)look up to me and my fellow classmates.This is the story about when I used my power 63 (make)a kid feel empowered:One day,some of my friends and I were walking to our lunch period.We were a little late, 64 the halls were empty.Then a little 65 (disable)boy he needs a walker to walk in kindergarten) came from the elevator with his guide.We were 66 (teach)to let those kids go first,so while we waited,his guide told us he refers 67 himself as “Fast Freddy” and then asked him to show as how fast he can go.“Fast Freddy”put a smile on his face and 68 (go)as fast as possible.Without thinking,I said“he’s so fast”,then as if by magic,that little boy’s smile got wider and he went even 69 (fast)!Next his guide gave me a thumbs—up and they went wherever they had to go,and so did we.I said three simple words 70 brightened someone’s day.Three simple words! 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 The saying that practice makes perfect mean that after you have plenty of practice in what you were doing,you will be perfect in it.If you want improve your study and work,remembering that the most important thing is how to put the knowledge you have learned into practice.For example,when learning a language,though you can make full use for your talent,practice is necessary.If you only learn grammar rules by the heart and don’t do enough exercise,it’s certain that you can’t understand the language perfectly.But if you real practise a lot,maybe you will understand them much better.In this way,you can apply that you have learned better. 第二节 书面表达(满分25分) 假设你是李华,你的亲戚在英国布莱顿(Brighton)开了一家中餐馆(Me Old China),请根据下面的广告,给你的英国笔友Peter写封E-mail,推荐这家餐馆。 注意:1.词数100左右; 2.有选择地运用相关信息,不可逐字照抄; 3.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 D ear Peter, ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·15· 
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