整理 资源来源网络（https://www.kuaiwen.net）” 湖北省稳派教育2015届高三一轮复习质量检测英语试题 考试时间：120分钟 试卷满分：150分 第 一部分 听力（共两节，满分30分） 第一节（共5小题；每小题1.5分，满分7.5分） 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where is the boy’s mobile? A. On the top of the fridge. B. On the table. C. In the woman’s pocket. 2. When will the speakers discuss the matter again? A. On Wednesday. B. On Thursday. C. On Friday. 3. Where does the conversation take place? A. On a train. B. On a plane. C. In a restaurant. 4. What does the man think is wrong with the plant? A. It needs to be watered at present. B. It should be moved into a large pot. C. It is not getting enough sunshine. 5. Which kind of T-shirts may the man choose? A. The one with a picture. B. The one with words on. C. The one with shapes on. 第二节（共15小题；每小题1.5分，满分22.5分） 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题5秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出5秒钟的做答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料，回答第6和第7两个小题。 6. What is the weather like today? A. It's hot. B. It's cold. C. It’s warm. 7. What is the woman? A. The man's sister. B. A nurse. C. A baby-sitter. 听第7段材料，回答第8和第9两个小题。 8. According to the doctor, what's wrong with the man? A. His right hand is hurt seriously. B. His left arm has broken. C. His right arm is swollen. 9. Why does the man say it's a pity? A. He wants that little boy to pay for his X-ray. B. He has to go to school. C. He wants that little boy to buy a new bike for him. 听第8段材料，回答第10至12题。 10. Why doesn’t the woman take the direct flight? A. She wants to visit Chicago. B. It’s much more expensive. C. Its time is too early. 11. What can we learn from the woman? A. She will arrive in Chicago in the afternoon. B. She will take a four-hour flight to Florida. C. Her round trip will cost her $680. 12. What is the probably relationship between the speakers? A. Customer and travel agent. B. Manager and secretary. C. Guide and tourist. 听第9段材料，回答第13至16题。 13. What do we know about Charles’s childhood? A. He dreamed to be an astronaut. B. He loved watching space programmes. C. He showed no particular interest in space travel. 14. What did the man do just before he became an astronaut? A. A captain. B. A pilot. C. A trainer. 15. What did Charles consider to be the hardest part of the training? A. Practising landing and taking off endlessly. B. Wearing a spacesuit eight hours a day. C. Being unable to move his arms. 16. What will the man talk about next? A. His future plan. B. His experience on the moon. C. His feeling of being chosen to go to the moon. 听第10段材料，回答第17至第20 小题。 17. Who are the listeners probably? A. Award-winners. B. Reporters. C. Donators. 18. Why does Whitney Anderson introduce two graduates? A. To tell the audience their support is worthwhile. B. To show the effort of Overcoming Challenges. C. To present the future of Overcoming Challenges. 19. What has Jenny done in the past two years? A. She has become a professional athlete. B. She has made great progress in her study. C. She has studied business in her spare time. 20. Which college will Dylan go in the fall? A. Rutgers University. B. Hunter College. C. Washington University. 第二部分：词汇知识应用（共两节，满分30分） 第一节：多项选择（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分） 从A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. Along with the rapid economic rise of the past 20 years, the Internet has changed several ______ of Chinese life----information, communication, entertainment and so on. A. attitudes B. aspects C. behaviors D. experiences 22. The rapid expansion of the domestic financial services industry, especially the ________ in e-payment services in recent years, has added a lot of job opportunities. A. assessment B. boom C. identification D. approval 23. BEIJING - China on Saturday ________ its first National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims, and the live reporting service gained worldwide media attention. A. observed B. honour C. investigate D. classify 24. Eco-environment Taizhou has endeavored not to ________ on environmental protection during industrial development. A. concentrate B. compromise C. proceed D. complain 25. It’s not easy for my message to ________ as I wish. He doesn’t speak a word of my language. A. get about B. get through C. get down D. get across 26. The international community should make every effort together to _______ the barriers of fear and unfriendliness which divide the two countries. A. break out B. break down C. break through D. break into 27. The advanced entire production process is paperless and much faster than that of ______ factories. A. profitable B. comparable C. conventional D. flexible 28. If the ________ friend responds warmly and you believe you are both enjoying the small talk, you may want to take another step to establish friendship with him. A. original B. previous C. permanent D. potential 29. Her parents’ quarrelling with each other _________ is the main cause of her family’s breaking up. A. constantly B. occasionally C. roughly D. hardly 30. It should be ________ that the civil servant should be dismissed for drunk driving. A. out of control B. out of practice C. out of question D. out of place 第二节：完形填空（共20小题；每小题1分，满分20分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Two sailors ran into each other in a pub. Over a few 31 , one of the men told the other about his last voyage. “After a month at sea,” he said, “we 32 our masts (桅杆) had been 33 through by termites (白蚁)！Almost nothing left of them.” “That’s terrible,” said the second sailor. “That’s what I thought at first, too,” the first sailor said, “but it 34 out to be good luck. As soon as we took the sails 35 to fix the masts, we were hit by a(n) 36 wind so suddenly and so hard, it would 37 have blown us over if our sails were up at the time.” “How 38 !” exclaimed the second sailor. “That’s 39 what I thought at the time, too. But because our sails were down, we couldn’t 40 ourselves, and because of the wind, we were blown 41 a reef(礁). The hole in the hull was too big to fix. We were stranded(搁浅).” “That’s a bad luck indeed,” sighed the second sailor. “That’s what I thought, too, when it first happened. But we all 42 it to the beach alive and had plenty of food to eat. But now here’s the real 43 : While we were on the island 44 about our terrible fate, we discovered a buried treasure!” As this story proves, you don’t know if an event is “good” or “bad” except you look 45 , and even thinking about a past event you don’t really know, 46 life keeps going. The story is not over yet. Just because something hasn’t turned out to be an advantage, yet it doesn’t mean it is not ever going to. 47 , you can simply 48 whatever happens is “good”. So get in the habit of saying “That’s 49 !” Since you don’t know for sure whether something will eventually work to your 50 or not, you might as well assume it will. 31. A. fights B. quarrels C. beers D. kisses 32. A. discovered B. imagined C. distinguished D. denied 33. A. broken B. eaten C. destroyed D. gotten 34. A. put B. came C. turned D. went 35. A. down B. up C. over D. away 36. A. immediate B. violent C. normal D. gentle 37. A. probably B. instantly C. dangerously D. surely 38. A. lucky B. dangerous C. exciting D. unexpected 39. A. approximately B. apparently C. accidentally D. exactly 40. A. criticize B. guide C. enjoy D. behave 41. A. into B. off C. onto D. up 42. A. made B. took C. brought D. hold 43. A. problem B. luck C. challenge D. privilege 44. A. complaining B. concerning C. demonstrating D. condemning 45. A. down B. forward C. back D. up 46. A. because B. though C. when D. unless 47. A. However B. Moreover C. Instead D. Therefore 48. A. assume B. believe C. confirm D. define 49. A. simple B. serious C. good D. impossible 50. A. advantage B. knowledge C. memory D. credit 第三部分：阅读理解（共20小题；每小题2分，满分40分） 阅读下列短文，从每题短文所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Nowadays, people demand convenience. They eat fast food and use paper towels. Some even wear disposable (一次性的) underwear. The containers, packaging and trash left in the wake of this convenience fills our landfills and pollutes our environment. So while we save time and effort, we are slowly killing the environment. Fortunately, governments are beginning to force us to change our wasteful habits. Free plastic bags, a major fault of disposable culture, have been banned at supermarkets and stores around the world—and most recently in China. The ban has drawn people’s attention to the dangers of a disposable culture. “About 94 percent of the materials used in making durable (耐用的) products become waste before the product is manufactured. Eighty percent of what we make is thrown away within six months of production,” a book titled Natural Capitalism and written by Paul Hawken, Amory B. Lovins, and L. Hunter Lovins warns us. There are many causes of disposable culture. Desire for convenience is one of them. People are working longer hours, therefore they have less time and energy for tasks like cooking and cleaning. This makes us more likely to buy things that save us time, such as pre-cooked meals and magical cleaning products. “Everyone these days wants their homes to be absolutely spotless, but they can’t handle the idea of touching something dirty,” reads a post on a blog titled “Life Less Plastic”. Psychology (心理学) also plays a role in encouraging disposable culture. Someone who carries a cloth bag to a supermarket like Carrefour might be sneered at and thought to be “granny-like”. If someone refills a Coke bottle with water, people might whisper: “Is he that poor?” Disposable culture is also driven by fashion and technology. People constantly replace things they own for a bigger TV, a more–stylish mp3 player, a multifunctional cellphone. This need for “new” contributes to our wasteful culture. Regulations against plastic bags generally only give governments the right to ban retailers (零售商) from handing them out for free. They’re not banned altogether. But it’s a good start. “Be of good cheer,” writes Bibi van der Zee in a Guardian blog. “Where plastic bags lead, the rest can surely follow”. 51. Many people are in favour of the disposable culture because . A. 80% of durable products can last very long B. They are too busy to finish the tasks of housework C. Psychology plays a leading role in promoting disposable culture D. They tend to enjoy the convenience brought by disposable culture 52. The underlined words “sneered at ”is closest in meaning to . A. shouted at B. looked at C. laughed at D. knocked at 53. What’s the attitude of the author towards the ban? A. neutral B. positive C. negative D. indifferent 54．Which is the best title of the passage? A. Costly convenience B. Dangers of a disposable culture C. Killing the environment D. Life Less Plastic B When America appeared from the ashes of a bruising war with Britain in 1814, the nation was far from united. Noah Webster thought that a common language would bring people together and help create a new identity that would make the country truly independent of the British. Webster’s dictionary, now in its 11th edition, adopted the Americanized spellings familiar today—er instead of re in theatre, dropping the u from colour, and losing the double l from words such as traveller. It also documented new words that were uniquely American such as skunk, opossum, hickory, squash and chowder. The Internet is creating a similar language evolution, but at a much faster pace. There are now thought to be some 4.5 billion web pages worldwide. And with half the population of China now on line, many of them are written in Chinese. Still, some linguists predict that within 10 years English will dominate the Internet—but in forms very different to what we accept and recognize as English today. That’s because people who speak English as a second language already outnumber native speakers. And increasingly they use it to communicate with other non-native speakers, particularly on the Internet where less attention is paid to grammar and spelling and users don’t have to worry about their accent. Users of Facebook already socialize in a number of different “Englishes” including Indian English, or Hinglish, Spanglish (Spanish English) and Konglish (Korean English). While these variations have long existed within individual cultures, they’re now expanding and coming online. “On the Internet, all that matters is that people can communicate—nobody has a right to tell them what the language should be,” says Baron. Some words are adaptations of traditional English; in Singlish, or Singaporean English, “blur” means “confused” or “slow”: “She came into the conversation late and was blur as a result.” Others combine English words to make something new. In Konglish, “skinship” means intimate physical contact: handholding, touching and caressing. “While most people don’t speaking English as their first language, there is a special commercial and social role for English driven by modern forms entertainments,” says Robert Munro, a language expert. 55. The writer mentioned Webster to prove __________. A. the cruelty of the war with Britain B. the spelling mistakes in dictionary C. the difficulty in editing a dictionary D. the origin of American English 56. Some linguists think that in 10 years ___________. A. English won’t be what it is now online B. Chinese will replace English online C. web pages will be ruled by Chinese D. users won’t care about grammar 57. The writer develops the 7th paragraph mainly by __________. A. making some comparisons B. giving some examples C. defining some words D. analyzing the cause and effect 58. According to Baron, the most important on the Internet is __________. A. to teach non-native speakers meaningful English B. to find out what the language should be C. to have a better communication with each other D. to give speakers a right of expressing themselves C We are not who we think we are. The American self-image is spread with the golden glow of opportunity. We think of the United States as a land of unlimited possibility, not so much a classless society but as a place where class is mutable—a place where brains, energy and ambition are what counts, not the circumstances of one's birth. The Economic Mobility Project, an ambitious research led by Pew Charitable Trusts, looked at the economic fortunes of a large group of families over time, comparing the income of parents in the late 1960s with the income of their children in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Here is the finding: The “rags to riches” story is much more common in Hollywood than on Main Street. Only 6 percent of children born to parents with family income at the very bottom move to the top. That is right, just 6 percent of children born to parents who ranked in the bottom of the study sample, in terms of income, were able to bootstrap their way into the top. Meanwhile, an incredible 42 percent of children born into that lowest are still stuck at the bottom, having been unable to climb a single rung of the income ladder. It is noted that even in Britain---a nation we think of as burdened with a hidebound class system-children who are born poor have a better chance of moving up. When the studies were released, most reporters focused on the finding that African-Americans born to middle-class or upper middle-class families are earning slightly less, in inflation-adjusted dollars, than did their parents. One of the studies indicates, in fact, that most of the financial gains white families have made in the past three decades can be attributed to the entry of white women into the labor force. This is much less true for African-Americans. The picture that emerges from all the quintiles, correlations and percentages is of a nation in which, overall, "the current generation of adults is better off than the previous one", as one of the studies notes. The median income of the families in the sample group was $55,600 in the late 1960s; their children's median family income was measured at $71,900. However, this rising tide has not lifted all boats equally. The rich have seen far greater income gains than have the poor.
Even more troubling is that our nation of America as the land of opportunity gets little support from the data. Americans move fairly easily up and down the middle rungs of the ladder, but there is "stickiness at the ends" —four out of ten children who are born poor will remain poor, and four out of ten who are born rich will stay rich. 59. What did the Economic Mobility Project find in its research? A. Children from low-income families are unable to bootstrap their way to the top. B. Hollywood actors and actresses are upwardly mobile from rags to riches. C. The “rags to riches” story is more fiction than reality. D. The “rags to riches” story is only true for a small minority of whites. 60. It can be inferred from the undertone of the writer that America, as a classless society, should ________. A. perfect its self-image as a land of opportunity B. have a higher level of upward mobility than Britain C. enable African-Americans to have exclusive access to well-paid employment D. encourage the current generation to work as hard as the previous generation 61. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. The US is a land where brains, energy and ambition are what counts. B. Inequality persists between whites and blacks in financial gains. C. Middle-class families earn slightly less with inflation considered. D. Children in lowest-income families manage to climb a single rung of the ladder. 62. What might be the best title for this passage? A. Social Upward Mobility. B. Incredible Income Gains. C. Inequality in Wealth. D. America Not Land of Opportunity. D Dorothy was in a bit of a quandary (不知所措). She was undecided about whether she should go or not, but she had worn out all of her excuses. The only solution was to seek support, so she rang a friend. “I’m just going to the university to donate blood. What do you think? Does that sound like a good idea to you? ”After some communication and persuasion, Xiaohui agreed to go too. On arrival at the university clinic, they found about 20 other students also donating blood. Their primary task was to register with the nurse. She started by interviewing each of them for a few minutes and filling in a form. Then she used a surprisingly sharp small razor to take a spot of blood from each of them to check their blood group. Both of them felt a little nervous but they did their best not to show it. When there was a bed free, Dorothy was asked and she lay down. The nurse checked her blood pressure and then gently inserted a needle into her left arm. Dorothy felt the tiniest prick (刺痛) but otherwise it was painless. She didn’t feel courageous enough to examine the contents of the bottle filling up beside her so she just relaxed on the bed and thought carefully about who might be the recipient (接受者) of her life-giving blood. The nurse came back after about 15 minutes and checked on her progress; she announced that the bottle was full. She removed the needle from Dorothy’s arm and handed her a small piece of cotton wool to press on the spot.“You lie there and relax for a few minutes,”she said and then she disappeared to look after Xiaohui. About ten minutes later she came back. “Thank you very much”, she said. “That’s all for now. You can go and have a drink and a biscuit if you like.” She indicated a table at the far end of the room. Dorothy sat up gingerly (小心地). “I thought I was going to feel giddy (眩晕的) and sick but I feel just the same as normal.” The nurse glanced up at her. “Well, there are no dangerous side effects,” she laughed. “But you’ve just donated a pint of blood so don’t try running a 100-meter race this evening or you’ll definitely notice!” The girls both sauntered (漫不经心地走) over to the table as if they gave blood every day. They sat down and had a glass of orange juice and a couple of biscuits. “That wasn’t too bad,” said Xiaohui “I thought it was going to be a little frightening, but that was fine.” “Yes” said Dorothy “no problem at all” We should do this more often!” 63. Dorothy was not certain she wanted to donate a pint of blood but she __________. A. couldn’t think of any reason for not going B. couldn’t think of any reason for going C. wanted to go for a drink and a biscuit D. telephoned Xiaohui who persuaded Dorothy to go 64. Dorothy didn’t want to look at the bottle filling up with her blood because she __________. A. knew it would make her feel unwell B. was thinking about who was going to get it C. thought the sight of the bottle would disturb her D. was afraid to sit up while the needle was in her arm 65. After giving blood, the nurse told them __________. A. not to take part in a running competition B. not to be too energetic C. not to worry about the side effects D. not to be too nervous 66. The girls walked in a relaxed way after giving their blood because they __________. A. felt a little tired and frightened B. wanted a glass of orange juice and a couple of biscuits C. were feeling a little proud of themselves D. wanted to give the impression that they were clever E According to many reviewers, we are in an “age of science”. From genetics to information technology, we look to the science to provide the answers to our problems. And society at large is influenced by the scientific method. Is it practical? Is it provable? Can we measure its effects? These are the questions people ask. And when people choose what college course to take, the questions tend to be: what kind of job am I going to get? How much will it pay? This leads to some difficult decisions. Many students have a natural talent for literature or arts. Should they leave that behind and study something more practical instead? Roger Knight doesn’t think so. As a senior lecturer at Leicester University, he is one of the people responsible for teaching the teachers of English. And as a former president of the English Association, the world’s oldest promotional group for English studies, he is passionate about the importance of English in global society. “Every year I teach classes in Singapore, and every year I notice a real difference between the students who just learn the language and those who studied the literature as well. These students were used to thinking and feeling in English. They had a better understanding of how the language is used and what it is used for”. According to UK government, English Literature graduates get into employment lightly less quickly than science graduates. But many more use their degree as a platform for future study. Even without this, large numbers find their way into managerial jobs, especially in sectors like media, advertising, human resources and publishing. “An English literature graduate should have the skills to analyze situations in depth, to argue a case based on evidence and to understand human actions and what motivates them. It helps students reach out to different cultures,” says Roger Knight.” “That’s why literature is regarded as a vital part of the set of courses in Britain. It deepens language skills and broadens understanding of the world.” Studying English in the UK also puts students in the same environment as many of the classic authors. They can see what they saw and perhaps have some of the same experiences. “Taking a degree in literature means that you are exposed (暴露) to the work of people who were masters of language. But they were also masters of human psychology, who saw deep into the human mind and put down what they saw with great beauty,” says Roger. A degree in English Literature offers more than just work skills. It offers wisdom as well. And the world could surely do with more of that. 67. From the passage we can know that in Britain, literature is a(n) __________ subject. A. popular B. advanced C. required D. additional 68. When the students choose college courses the first thing they consider is whether __________. A. they are well paid B. they can find jobs C. they can make full use of talents D. they are practical 69. According to Roger Knight, __________. A. language study is different from literature study B. literature study can give something more to the students C. language study is as valuable as literature study D. English language students should think and feel in English 70. The passage implies that English literature students __________. A. can develop themselves in many more fields with the foundation of their degree B. may be employed much more slowly than science students C. can have the more skills to analyze situations in depth than science students D. can see deeper into the human mind and put down more things they see 第四部分：书面表达（共两节，满分50分） 第一节: 完成句子（共10小题；每小题2分，满分20分） 阅读下列各小题，根据汉语提示，用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子，并将答案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。 例：______ was that the young player performed extremely well in the table tennis tournament. (delight) 令球迷欣喜的是那位年轻的球员在乒乓球锦标赛中表现得极为出色。 答案：What delighted the fans/made the fans delighted 71. ___________________________ soon learns that nothing pleases everybody. (resolve) 任何试图解决冲突的人很快就会发现，没有事情让每个人满意。 72. When television was first introduced, the extent __________________________ human society could not have been foreseen. (affect) 人们最初发明电视的时候，它将在多大程度上影响人类社会并未能被预见。 73. If President John F Kennedy had been in a covered bulletproof car, his death _________________ ____________________. (prevent) 如果肯尼迪总统当时坐在一个防弹汽车里，他的死也许可以被阻止。 74. One more year, _____________________________ enough money to pay for a small house in Wuhan. (save) 再过一年， 我就能攒到足够的钱在武汉买套小房子。 75. The Chinese word for crisis is divided into two characters, one ___________________ and the other opportunity. (mean) 中文中的“危机”分为两个字，一个意味着“危险”，另一个意味着“机会”。 76. Over the past few years, many towns in the United States ______________________ with neighboring communities to share the costs of government. (join) 在过去几年中，美国的许多城镇一直在和邻近的社区合并，以降低政府的费用开支。 77. Much ____________________________, I can’t agree with his analysis of the situation. (as) 尽管我很尊敬他，我不能同意他对情况的分析。 78. I didn’t see the film, so I had no idea who it was ______________________________ it. (star) 我没有看过那部电影，所以不知道谁是主演。 79. Most of the victims were high school children, who were told to stay _______________________ for their own safety and were trapped in the ship. (be) 大部分遇难者为高中生，他们被要求呆在原地等待救援，因此困在船中。 80. ______________________________ are young people from Africa, exchanging ideas about their own cultures with our students. (seat) 那些非洲年轻人席地而坐，和我们的学生一起交流他们对自己文化的看法。 第二节：短文写作（共1题；满分30分） 请根据以下提示，并结合具体事例，用英语写一篇短文。 Being happy doesn't mean that everything is perfect. It means that you've decided to look beyond the imperfections. 注意：①无须写标题； ②除诗歌外，文体不限； ③内容必须结合你生活中的具体事例； ④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称； ⑤词数不少于120，如引用提示语则不计入总词数。 稳派2015年二月高三联合调研考试英语试卷参考答案 一、听力理解：1－5 CBBCC 6－10 BCCBB 11－15 BACBA 16－20 CCABB 二、多项选择：21—25 BBABD 26—30 BCDAC 三、完形填空：31－35 CABCA 36－40 BDADB 41－45 CABAC 46－50 ADACA 四、阅读理解：51—54 DCBA 55—58 DABC 59—62 CABD 63—66 ACBC 66—70 CBBA 五、完成句子 71. Whoever tries to resolve a conflict/conflicts 72. to which it would affect 73. could have been prevented 74. and I will save 75. meaning danger 76. have been joining 77. as I respect him 78. that starred in 79. where they were 80. Seated on the ground 六、书面表达：One possible version Happiness is the ultimate goal of human beings. However, not everyone can find it. Some people think happiness means being perfect, and being perfect means wealth, beauty and owning everything they want. So no matter how they strive for it, they are not content with what they are. I used to be such a person. When I entered my high school in a city far from my hometown. I felt inferior to some of my classmates, because I thought I was not so beautiful and clever compared to them. What’s more, I came from a family where my parents tried to make ends meet. I could not own what I wanted. I was not happy about what I was. Then, one of my good friends encouraged me to think out of the box. She said: “You are unique! You are kind and helpful. You work hard to pursue your dream. Nobody will look down upon you.” Ever since, I have tried to look at myself and the world around from a new perspective. Now I know my strengths and weaknesses, and that’s what I am. I regain my confidence. I try to look forward and be positive. My world is full of sunshine again. Happiness lies in your attitude. Life is just like a mirror. You cry and the one in the mirror will cry. To be the one who laughs. The world can never be a perfect place. Nobody is perfect. Accept yourself and tolerate others, and you will embrace happiness. 稳派2015年二月高三联考英语试卷答案详解 一、听力理解：1－5 CBBCC 6－10 BCCBB 11－15 BACBA 16－20 CCABB (略) 二、多项选择：21—25 BBABD 26—30 BCDAC 21. B. [解析]题意为：在过去的20年中，在经济快速增长的同时，因特网改变了中国人生活的方方面面，如信息、交流、娱乐等等。A. attitudes态度；B. aspects方面；C. behaviors 行为；D. experiences经历。故答案B符合题意。 22. B. [解析]题意为：近些年快速发展的国内金融服务业，特别电子支付，提供了很多的就业机会。assessment意为“评估”；boom意为“繁荣，兴旺，激增”；identification意为“辨认；确定；身份证明”；approval意为“赞同；批准”。 23. A. [解析]题意为：中国在周六首次为南京大屠杀死难者举行了国家公祭日，此次纪念活动赢得了世界媒体的广泛关注。observe意为“遵守或奉行（习俗）”，此处指按照中国传统习俗进行祭奠；honor意为“尊重”“表彰”；investigate意为“调查”； classify意为“分类”，由此可知A符合题意。 24. B. [解析] 题意为：生态环境友好城市泰州努力做到不因为工业化发展而在环境方面进行妥协。compromise意为“在……妥协”； concentrate意为“集中注意力”； proceed意为“前进、前行”； complain意为“抱怨”。 25. D．[解析]题意为：我的信息为他所理解非常不易，因为他根本不懂我说的语言。get about意为“走动；传播”；get through意为“做完；通过；接通电话”；get down 意为“写下；下来”；get across意为“被理解；穿过”。 26. B. [解析]题意为：国际社会应该共同努力来消除分裂两个国家的由恐惧和不友好而形成的障碍。break out 意为“爆发”；break down意为“清除，扫除”；break through 意为“突破”；break into意为“突然闯入”。 27. C. [解析]题意为：整个的生产过程是无纸化的，比传统工厂要快很多。profitable意为“有盈利的，有好处的”；comparable意为“可比较的”；conventional意为“传统的”；flexible意为“灵活的”。 28. D.[解析]题意为：如果这个潜在的朋友对你进行了热情的回应，那么你就能相信你们都在享受这个简短的交谈，这时你就可以进行下一步了----和他建立友谊。A. original最初的；B. previous先前的；C. permanent永久的；D. potential潜在的。故答案为D. 29. A.[解析] ]题意为：“她父母不停的争吵，这是她的家庭破裂的主要原因。”A. constantly不停地，经常； B. occasionally偶然，偶尔；C. roughly粗略地，大概；D. hardly无乎几。 30. C. [解析] 题意为：毫无疑问那个公务员因为因为醉驾应该被清理出去。out of control 意为“失控”；out of practice 意为“荒疏”；out of question 意为“毫无疑问”；out of place 意为“不合时宜”。 三、完形填空：31－35 CABCA 36－40 BDADB 41－45 CABAC 46－50 ADACA [完形大意]本文作者通过一个故事告诉我们一个哲理：既然我们不能确定所发生的事是否最终会变成对我们有益的事，那么我们就不妨假定它一定会吧。 31. C[解析]因为两个水手进入了酒吧，边喝酒边聊天。因此选C。 32. A[解析]在海上航行一个月后应该是偶然发现桅杆被白蚁所啃噬。 33. B[解析]因为后文提到白蚁，所以应该是啃噬。 34. C[解析]turn out 表示“结果却……”，符合题意。 35. A[解析]根据37空后的内容if our sails were up at the time 可知他们因为桅杆的问题而选择sail down 而不是sail up. 36. B[解析]根据后文的blow us over 可知风很大。 37. D[解析]因为风暴来势汹汹，所以如果不降桅杆的话，暴风雨肯定把船吹翻了。 38. A[解析]另一个水手听说了因为桅杆降袭来从而避免了帆船，所以认为是很幸运的。 39. D[解析]第一个水手说：我最初也正是这么想的。exactly表示：正是，恰好。 40. B[解析]因为桅杆没有升起来，所以他们没有办法给自己导航。 41. C[解析]风暴将他们吹到一个礁石上。 42. A[解析]make it 表示：成功地做了某事或者到达某地。 43. B[解析]从后文可知：他们因祸得福，在岛上搁浅之后居然发现了宝藏。 44. A[解析]当我们都在抱怨命运不济的时候。while 表示对比。 45. C[解析]当一个事件发生的时候，只有当你回首的时候也许你才知道那是好事还是坏事。 46. A[解析]甚至在回顾过去的事件时因为生活在不停地变化，你仍然不知道那是“好”还是“坏”。 47. D[解析]一件事情它到现在还没有变成优势并不一定意味着它将来不会变成优势，因此，你只需简单的假设所发生的一切都是好的。 48. A[解析]同47。 assume 意为“假设；假定”。 49. C[解析]因此，要习惯性地说“这是好事”。 50. A[解析]既然你不能确定所发生的事是否最终会变成对你有益的事，那么你就不妨假定它一定会吧。 四、阅读理解：51—54 DCBA 55—58 DABC 59—62 CABD 63—66 ACBC 66—70 CBBA [A篇大意]本文主要介绍现在，因为各种原因人们强烈要求得到一次性的产品带给他们的生活的便利。然而这种一次性的产品让环境付出了沉重的代价。 51. D. [解析]推理判断题。由第一段They eat fast food and use paper towels. Some even wear disposable (一次性的) underwear可推断出答案D。 52. C. [解析]推断短语意义题。由下一句中的people might whisper可知此处的be sneered at应为be laughed at。 53. B. [解析]作者态度题。由倒数第二段的最后一句But it’s a good start和最后一段引用一位博客的话“Where plastic bags lead, the rest can surely follow”可推知答案为B。 54. A. [解析]主旨大意题。本文主要介绍人们喜欢一次性产品，而这种产品让环境付出了沉重的代价。故答案为A. Costly convenience。 [B篇大意]本文主要介绍美式英语是从英式英语脱离出来，然而它与英式英语有很大区别。它有很多变种，即它兼收各种语言的部分内容，从而使它与英式英语相比有更大的灵活性。 55. D[解析]推理判断题。根据第一段的Noah Webster thought that a common language would bring people together and help create a new identity和第二段的It also documented new words that were uniquely American可知，是Webster确立了美式英语的独特性，使之与英式英语有所区别，从语言上让国人感到独立。 56. A[解析]细节理解题。根据第三段的some linguists predict that within 10 years English will dominate the Internet—but in forms very different to what we accept and recognize as English today可以得出该答案。 57. B[解析]写作方式题。根据第七段中所举的Singlish, Konglish 中所举的例子可得出答案。 58. C[解析]细节理解题。根据Baron 说的话“On the Internet, all that matters is that people can communicate—nobody has a right to tell them what the language should be,”可以得到答案。 [C篇大意] 文章介绍了Economic Mobility Project的研究发现，美国并不是一个到处充满机会的地方，白人和黑人之间还是存在不平等的。由穷到富有的故事与其说是现实不如说是幻想。 59. C[解析]细节理解题。根据第三段中的Here is the finding: The “rags to riches” story is much more common in Hollywood than on Main Street. Only 6 percent of children born to parents with family income at the very bottom move to the top.可以得出答案。 60. A[解析]推理判断题。根据第二段的内容可以得出答案A正确。根据第五段的It is noted that even in Britain---a nation we think of as burdened with a hidebound class system-children who are born poor have a better chance of moving up.可以得出B错误。根据第五段的African-Americans born to middle-class or upper middle-class families are earning slightly less, in inflation-adjusted dollars, than did their parents.可以得出C错误。根据第七段的the current generation of adults is better off than the previous one"无法选项D。 61. B[解析]细节理解题。根据第六段的One of the studies indicates, in fact, that most of the financial gains white families have made in the past three decades can be attributed to the entry of white women into the labor force. This is much less true for African-Americans.可以得出B项正确。 62. D[解析]归纳标题题。文章开始提出我们想象中的美国是一个充满机会，不论出身的地方，然后根据科学调查得出现实并非如此，到文章结尾给出具体数据，说明我们先前的想法是错误的，因此D项为标题紧扣文意。 [D篇大意]本文主要介绍Dorothy和Xiaohui献血的过程以及献血时的心理。 63. A. [解析]细节理解题。由第一段第一句Dorothy was in a bit of a quandary. She was undecided about whether she should go or not, but she had worn out all of her excuses可知答案A正确。 64. C. [解析]推理判断题。由第三段中的第四句She didn’t feel courageous enough …so she just relaxed on the bed and thought carefully about who might be the recipient of her life-giving blood可知答案C正确。 65. B. [解析]细节理解题。由最后一段中的“But you’ve just donated a pint of blood so don’t try running a 100-meter race this evening or you’ll definitely notice!”可知答案B正确。 66. C. [解析]推理判断题。由最后一段中的The girls both sauntered over to the table as if they gave blood every day等信息可知答案C正确。 [E篇大意]本文主要叙述在这个科技时代，虽然科学变得日益重要，然而文学也很重要。 67. C. [解析]细节理解题。由倒数第三段第三句““That’s why literature is regarded as a vital part of the set of courses in Britain.可知答案C正确。 68. B. [解析]细节理解题。由第二段第一句And when people choose what college course to take, the questions tend to be: what kind of job am I going to get? How much will it pay?可知答案B正确。 69. B. [解析]细节理解题。由最后一段第一、二句A degree in English Literature offers more than just work skills. It offers wisdom as well可知答案B正确。 70. A. [解析]推理判断题。由第五段可推知答案A正确。 五、完成句子 71. Whoever tries to resolve a conflict/conflicts 本题考查主语从句 72. to which it would affect 本题考查定语从句 73. could have been prevented 本题考查虚拟语气和被动语态 74. and I will save 本题考查特殊句式 75. meaning danger 本题考查doing形式作伴随状语 76. have been joining 本题考查时态 77. as I respect him 本题考查让步状语从句 78. that starred in 本题考查强调句型 79. where they were 本题考查地点状语从句 80. Seated on the ground 本题考查倒装句式 六、书面表达：按照高考评分标准评分 听力录音稿 Text 1 M: Have you seen my mobile, Mum? I left it on top of the fridge last night. W: I think it’s on the table by the front door, William. M: That’s yours, Mum. W: Oh, ... Well, yours is in my coat pocket then! Sorry! I thought it was mine. Text 2 M: I’ll attend a lecture on Wednesday. Let’s discuss this further at the Friday meeting. W: Unfortunately, I’ll be leaving for London Thursday afternoon. Maybe we can talk that morning over breakfast. M: Sounds great. Text 3 W: Dear passenger, welcome aboard Flight A712. We’re offering our lunch service now. M: What do you have? W: We’re offering fish or chicken today. What would you like? M: Fish, please. Text 4 W: It doesn’t look as though these plants have been watered for a long time. M: I came around with the watering pot just two days ago. Are you sure the leaves are getting enough light? W: Maybe that’s the answer. Can you help me move this plant closer to the window? M: No problem. Text 5 W: They’ve got three types of T-shirts—a picture like this one with boats on it, or some with words on it, and this type has shapes on it. Which one do you prefer? M: Well, I don’t really like writing. And those pictures are awful... W: Then I know your answer. Text 6 W: Would you mind if I took John to the park, Mr. White? M: You'd better not take him out. He has a heavy cold. And today is cold. W: OK. I see. What about his bedtime? M: Let him go to bed earlier because he can't sleep well this afternoon. W: Yes. But do you think you will be home earlier? M: Oh, I don't have any appointments. Why? W: Well, you know I usually don't mind baby-sitting later. But tomorrow is school day, and I have an important exam. M: I see. I'm sure to be back before 9:00. Text 7 M: Doctor, my right arm hurts so badly that I can't even move it. W: How did it happen? M: I was riding along on my bike. When a little boy ran toward me, I turned the handlebar immediately to avoid hitting him. When I did, I knocked into a wall and fell off. W: Let me take a look at your left arm first... Now your right. Your right arm is swollen a little. M: I think it's probably broken and I'd like to have an X-ray taken if you think it's necessary. W: Yes. Let me take the X-ray for you. M: Is it serious? W: Oh…I’m happy to tell you that you didn’t break your arm at all. According to the X-ray, it's not serious. M: What a pity! If I had broken my arm, I needn't go to school. Text 8 M: What can I do for you? W: I’d like to go to Walt Disney World, but I have never been there before. So I need your help to plan my trip. Can you tell me some information on flights to Florida? M: Ok. Do you want to go first class, business class, or economy class? W: Oh, economy class, of course. I’d like the lowest fare you can find. M: All right. And that’s one way or round trip? W: Round trip. I’d like to leave on Sunday the 12th and return on Saturday the 18th. M: Well, there’s a very low fare. It’s only $345, but it’s not direct. You have to change planes in Chicago. There’s a direct, nonstop flight, but the fare on that one is $680. W: That’s OK. I’ll change planes in Chicago. M: OK. That’s flight 690. It departs at 8:15 a.m. on Sunday the 12th and arrives in Orlando at 12:15. W: That sounds good. Text 9 W: My guest today is Charles Duke, a famous astronaut. Charles, have you always been interested in space travel? M: Frankly, as a child, it’d never entered my head. I’d seen science fiction films. I used to wonder what space travel might be like, but I was never absorbed in it. W: So, how did you become interested in space travel? M: It was at the Naval Academy. W: Not in the Air Force? M: No, but I was a navy pilot. I had fallen in love with planes and that gave me the chance to start—to get selected for the astronaut programme. W: And how did you find the training? M: Well, the lunar surface training in the spacesuit was physically demanding. In spacesuits you had to fight to bend your arms and move your fingers inside the gloves. But actually, the most challenging part was worrying about how to land and then take off on the moon. If you did something wrong, you were in trouble and we often spend 8 hours a day trying to lean what to do. W: So how did you feel when you first heard that you were actually going to the moon? M: ... Text 10 W: Good evening! My name is Whitney Anderson, and I’m the Director of Overcoming Challenges. I’d like to welcome you all to this year’s Overcoming Challenges Awards Dinner. As you all know, Overcoming Challenges could not do all the good work it does in city schools without your support. Each one of you makes a big difference in the lives of these kids. And that’s why tonight I’m so proud to honor two graduates of the Overcoming Challenges. Your generous support has enabled us to provide these students with full four-year scholarships to college. Please welcome Jenny Rivera and Dylan Tran. Jenny is a senior at Gordon Parks High School in Jersey City. In the past two years she has brought her grade-point average up from a 68 percent to 92 percent. In addition, she is secretary of her class and plays on the tennis team. She will be attending Rutgers University in the fall and is planning to major in business. Dylan is a senior at George Washington High School in the Bronx. Last year he was arrested for breaking and entering, but in the past 16 months he has earned straight A’s, joined the chess team and Olympics of the Mind, and works 10 hours a week at a copy shop. He will be attending Hunter College in the fall and plans to major in economics. 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·18·
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