doc文档 2015年山东省济宁市高三第一次模拟考试英语试题

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 整理 资源来源网络(https://www.kuaiwen.net)” 试卷类型:A 2015年济宁市高考模拟考试 英 语 试 题 2015.03 本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 注意事项: 1.答第I卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。 2.选出每小题答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。 第I卷 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) 做题时,建议先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A.£19.15 B.£9.18 c.£9.15 答案是C。 1.What is the most probable relationship between the speakers? A.Husband and wife. B.Passenger and clerk. C.Friends. 2.When must you turn on your TV for the football program? A.20:25. B.21:30. C.19:00. 3.Where is the man going? A.To a bank. B.To a hotel. C.To Oxford Street. 4.What happened to the woman? A.She had an accident. B.She hurt her leg. C.She broke the stairs. 5.Where are the speakers now? A.At a party. B.At a bus stop. C.In a shop. 第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。 6.At what time is the man going to leave for Brazil? A.7:00 P.m. B.7:40 P.m. C.9:40 P.m. 7.What are the speakers going to do this evening? A.Meet at the airport. B.Have a dinner out. C.Go on business. 听第7段材料,回答第8~9题。 8.What is the man’s telephone number? A.6854—1733. B.6854—1377. C.6894—9495. 9.Who is the woman speaker? A.Liza’s classmate. B.Mary’s classmate. C.Jane’s classmate. 听第8段材料,回答第10~12题。 10.What was the woman’s driving speed on the mad just now? A.131 miles per hour. B.120 miles per hour. C.113 miles per hour. 11.What is the woman going to attend? A.A meeting. B.A wedding. C.An exam. 12.Where will the woman hand in the fee? A.In the police station. B.In the bank. C.In the railway station. 听第9段材料,回答第13~16题。 13.What color is the first overcoat? A.Dark blue. B.Light red. C.Silver gray. 14.Why does the woman buy the second overcoat instead? A.It’s the right color. B.It’s the right size. C.It’s the right price. 15.What’s wrong with the jacket? A.It’s too expensive. B.It’s too small. C.It’s too large. 16.How much will the woman pay for what she buys? A.$ 250. B.$ 420. C.$ 170. 听第10段材料,回答第17~20题。 17.Where is the speaker now? A.In Finland. B.In South Africa. C.In Canada. 18.Why did the speaker come to this new place? A.To buy clothes. B.To experience the weather. C.To attend a meeting. 19.What was the speaker’s biggest problem for the trip? A.Getting the air ticket. B.Choosing suitable clothes. C.Getting enough money. 20.What do we know about Julia? A.She makes clothes. B.She’s from Finland. C.She’s been to Northern Europe. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A If the word researcher brings to mind someone who works in a laboratory doing experiments or reads a11 day in a library,then meet Dr.Sylvia Earle.Dr.Earle has carried out much of her research deep under the sea.Her outstanding work at sea has included leading around 70 expeditions(探险)and spending over 6,500 hours under the water.She also holds the world record for the deepest walk alone on the ocean floor at a depth of 381 metres.It’s no wonder she has been given the nickname“Her Deepness”. As a child,Dr.Earle was always interested in wildlife and was never afraid to find out about nature.Her parents told her to touch animals and insects,and not to be afraid of them.When she was older,she was given the opportunity to develop this interest thanks to scho1arships to study botany at university.She also took courses in sea diving and decided to devote herself to marine(海洋的)biology.It was this decision and her determined character that led her to have a truly remarkable career. After several years of diving,Dr.Earle took part in a research expedition in an underwater laboratory.The laboratory was called a Tektite Habitat and it allowed divers to remain under the water to carry out research for weeks at a time.In 1970 an all-female group went on the sixth expedition of the Tektite II scientists—in—the—water programme.Dr.Earle was asked to lead the expedition.Along with another four women—three scientists and an engineer—she stayed in the Tektite Habitat for two weeks. Marine life has always been at the centre of Dr.Earle’s work and she is highly respected for her authority in this field.She is often asked to give talks by environmental groups about marine life as well as her plan to create a global network of marine protected areas. What makes her extra special is that she doesn’t look upon her work as a job,but as her vocation(天职)in life. 21.In what way is Dr.Earle different from most researchers we know about? A.She works in a laboratory doing experiments all day. B.She reads all day in a library. C.She carries out much of her research deep under the sea. D.She has broken lots of world records. 22.What’s the main idea of Paragraph 2? A.Dr.Earle’s interest in wildlife led her to a truly remarkable career. B.Dr.Earle’s success is chiefly due to her family background. C.Dr.Earle’s success is chiefly due to the scholarships to study botany at university. D.Various factors have contributed to Dr.Earle’s success. 23.Which of the following is true according to Paragraph 3? A.Five women took part in the expedition. B.Five scientists took part in the expedition. C.Dr.Earle was an ordinary member of the group. D.The group stayed under water for three weeks. 24.What does Dr.Earle hope to achieve in the future? A.To keep marine life at the centre of her work. B.To create protected areas in the oceans around the world. C.To travel around the world giving talks. D.To look upon her work as her vocation in life. B A paperclip,made of steel wire bent into a looped(环形的)shape,is an instrument used to hold sheets of paper together.This common device is a wonder of simplicity and function.But where did this simple,cheap,and practical invention come from? In the late 19th century,the most common way to hold papers together was by using a pin.Although the pin was an inexpensive tool and was easily removable,it would 1eave holes in the paper.Later,as steel wire became more common,inventors began to notice its elastic(有弹性的)feature.With this feature,it could be stretched and twisted into various clip—like objects.In the years just before 1900,quite a few paperclip designs appeared.The name most frequently associated with the paperclip invention is Johan Vaaler,a Norwegian inventor.However,Vaaler's clips were not the same as the paperclips currently in use.Specifically,they did not have the inside loop we see today.The familiar looped design was invented by Gem Manufacturing Ltd.in England.This clip is therefore sometimes known as the Gem clip. Because of Vaaler,the paperclip played an important historical role in Norway.During World War II,Norway was occupied by the Nazis.Norwegians were prohibited from wearing any symbol of their national unity(团结),such as buttons with the initials of their king.Thus,in protest,they started wearing paperclips to show their unity.The reason for doing this was simple:Paperclips were a Norwegian invention whose original function was to bind together.After the war,a giant paperclip statue was put up in Oslo to honour Vaaler—even though his design was never actually produced. 25.According to the first paragraph,the paperclip is________. A.made of paper B.for holding clothes together C.shaped like a pin D.inexpensive and useful 26.One way the paperclip is better than the pin is that_________ A.it is cheaper B.it is simpler C.it doesn’t damage the paper D.it can be removed more easily 27.Which of the following best shows what the Gem clip looks like? 28.The last paragraph is mainly about_________. A.how widely used Vaaler’s clip is B.how Vaaler’s clip became a national symbol C.how the Nazis ruled the Norwegian people D.why Norwegians had the initials of their king on their buttons C I was born on the last day of February.I've always felt sorry for February,squeezed between the big months of January(named for the Roman god Janus,keeper of gateways)and March(after Mars,the god of war). The first Roman calendar,it is said,had 10 months and no February.Beginning at the vernal equinox(春分)with March,it ended with December.In an agricultural society,winter was of little importance,and thus went undivided. January and February were added about 700 B.C.by the second king of Rome,Numa Pompilius.He made all the months 29 or 31 days,but shortened February,the last month of the year,by giving it only 28. Next,it was the church’s turn.In 1582 Pope Gregory XIII announced a new calendar in Europe.Many changes were made,but the Pope passed up yet another chance to give February equality with the other months. It’s messy,even dangerous,changing how we measure time,but Pope Gregory was hardly the last one to try.The League of Nations received over 150 new calendar designs,and the United Nations has considered more proposals since.Each proposal involves something that supposedly modernizes the calendar. But I have a simpler proposal that won’t lead to chaos,and will correct the historical injustices against February:move the last day of January and the last day of March into February to make it a normal month with 30 days,and a respectable 31 on leap years(闰年).This would not add or subtract a single day from the calendar year.It’s a great idea.And unlike Julius and Augustus,I won’t even demand a month named in my honor. 29.The first Roman calendar had only 10 months because_________. A.February hated to be squeezed between the big months B.the god of war always fought with January and February C.the Romans did not like the cold winter weather D.it was Considered unnecessary to divide winter 30.Which of the following is closest to Numa Pompilius’calendar? 3 1.The writer sounds_____in the passage. A.sad B.humorous C.happy D.angry D One important thing during the pre-Christmas rush at our house was the arrival of my daughter’s kindergarten report card.She got high praise for her reading,vocabulary and overall enthusiasm.On the other hand,We learnt that she has work to do on her numbers and computer skills,though the detailed handwritten report her teachers prepared is absent of any words that might be interpreted as negative(负面的)in describing her efforts.A number System indicates how she’s measuring up in each area without any mention of passing or failing. The debate over whether formal grades should be given to kids has long existed.At one level,the advantages and disadvantages are obvious.A grade system provides a straightforward standard by which to measure how your child is progressing at school—and how he or she is getting on compared to other children.But as writer Sue Ferguson notes,”Grades can deceive(欺骗).”The aim should be“to measure learning,not simply what a student can remember on a test.”The two aren’t the same—and if you doubt that as an adult,ask yourself whether you could sit down without any preparation and still pass those high-school-level examinations. If you’re old enough,You’ve lived through this debate before.At one time,it was considered unfair to put children in direct competition with one another if it could be avoided.The intention behind that may have been good,but it ignored the fact that competition,and the will to come out on top,are essential components of the human condition. 32.Which of the following seems to be weak on the daughter’s kindergarten report card? A.Reading. B.Vocabulary. C.Enthusiasm. D.Numbers. 33.what did the teachers try to do when preparing the report card? A.Avoid using negative words. B.Describe the facts as they really were. C.Use numbers instead of words. D.Avoid showing weak areas. 34.What does the writer suggest by the underlined part in Paragraph 2? A.Most adults can pass high-school-level examinations without preparation. B.There’s no doubt that most high-school-level examinations measure learning. C.As an adult,you should not doubt your ability to pass high-school-level examinations. D.It’s difficult for most adults to pass high-school-level examinations without preparation. 35.Which of the following would the writer most probably agree with? A.Schools should not give formal grades to kids. B.Schools should give formal grades to kids. C.Giving formal grades to kids has no disadvantages at a11. D.It’s unfair to put children in direct competition with one another. 第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Every living thing has genes.Genes carry information.36 They make sure that humans give birth to humans and cows give birth to cows.They also make sure that a dog doesn’t give birth to a frog,or an elephant to a horse.However,genetic engineers take genes from one species—for example,a snake,and transfer them to another—for example,corn. 37 Such new life forms have been described,by some scientists as a real-life Frankenstein. Genetic engineers put duck genes into chicken to make the chickens bigger.They put hormones(激素)into cows to make them produce more milk.They put genes from flowers into beans and from fish into tomatoes.38 It just makes them easier and faster for the farmer to grow. The effects of genetic engineering on the natural world may be disastrous.The engineers may create strange life beings,or monsters.that we cannot contro1. 39 They’11have to find one,fight for one—or kill for one.It may be your land they fight for—or you that they kill.Moreover,the effects of these experiments can often be cruel.In America,pigs were given human genes to make them bigger and less fatty.The experiment failed.The pigs became very ill and began to lose their eyesight. We would all like a better,healthier and longer life,and genetic engineering might give us this.On the other hand,it may be a dangerous experiment with nature.In the story of Frankenstein,the doctor created such a terrible and dangerous monster that he had to destroy it.40 A.The information tells us what to do or what not to do. B.We must make sure that this tale remains a story—and no more than that. C.This doesn’t make them cheaper,tastier,or healthier. D.The new life forms have no natural habitat or home. E.Then they feed the tomatoes to the fish. F.In this way a new life form is created. G.They are passed on from generation to generation. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分。满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Once upon a time,a student was in a physics class.He had achieved an 41 perfect score,but the marker had 42 him poorly on one question.The question had asked him how he would 43 the height of a building using a barometer(气压计). The student had written down.“Go to the 44 of the building. Drop the barometer and 45 the seconds until it drops on the sidewalk below.46 use the formula(公式)for acceleration by gravity to 47 the height of the building.” Of course,with the help of a barometer,the 48 expected the student to use air pressure as a tool for measuring height.So he couldn’t 49 that part of the test. When the student brought up that his answer 50 solve the question being asked the professor promised he would let the student answer the question again with a different 51 .And if the student solved the problem 52 ,he would award him the marks for the question. Immediately the student 53 that he would use the barometer to knock on the 54 of the landlord in the building.When the landlord answered the door.he would ask,“How 55 is this building?” At once,the professor 56 what the student was doing.He asked him if he knew of any 57 methods to reach the answer.The student answered that he would 58 a long string to the barometer and measure the length of the string. The professor decided to 59 the student the marks.As the story goes,the student was young Niels Bohr,later becoming the famous 60 and discovering the nature of electrons inside atoms. 41.A.otherwise B.outstanding C.obvious D.actual 42.A.understood B.graded C.asked D.fooled 43.A.climb B.build C.meet D.measure 44.A.front B.back C.top D.inside 45.A.follow B.count C.adjust D.1eave 46.A.Thus B.Therefore C.Although D.Then 47.A.determine B.divide C.deliver D.defend 48.A.friend B.manager C.tester D.1awyer 49.A.answer B.pass C.fail D.reach 50.A.did B.could C.might D.would 51.A.barometer B.tool C.test D.method 52.A.immediately B.slowly C.again D.easily 53.A.responded B.believed C.proposed D.challenged 54.A.roof B.door C.wall D.bell 55.A.much B.old C.big D.tall 56.A.saw B.asked C.wondered D.doubted 57.A.great B.scientific C.other D.known 58.A.put B.tie C.give D.pull 59.A.avoid B.accept C.abandon D.award 60.A.physicist B.dentist C.biologist D.artist 第Ⅱ卷 注意事项: 用0.5毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第二节(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Rene Laennec was a French doctor who learned to tap on people's chests to find out illness from an Austrian doctor 61(name)Leopold Auenbrugger.As a boy,Leopold used to tap wine containers in his father’s inn to see how much wine they held.A full one made a different sound 62 an empty one.When he became a doctor,he tapped people’s chests to see how much liquid was in their lungs.Laennec did 63 same and learned to tell by tapping carefully on a chest 64 it was diseased or not. But he was even more interested in diseases of the heart,and he wished that he could hear heartbeats 65 (clear).In those days,a doctor would place his head on a patient’s chest to listen,but if the patient was extremely fat it was 66(possible)to hear any heartbeat at a11. One day when Laennec was walking in the park,he saw some girls 67(play)with a see-saw(跷跷板).One of them scratched the end of the board while the others placed their ears against the other end.On walking up,the doctor 68(ask)why the sounds travelled along the wood.“The sounds are magnified(放大),girls,er…”Suddenly he turned and rushed back to the hospital.Quickly taking some thick paper,he rolled it up like a tube and 69 (begin)listening to patients’chests.He heard the heartbeats and their breathing clearly.Laennec soon made a better instrument of wood,70 he called a stethoscope.Later,they were made of steel and rubber. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改l0处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 Dear Mr.Sadler, I'm writing to express my interest for the tourist guide position offering in your advertisement.I’ve learned English for so long that can communicate with native speakers of English without difficult.What’s more,I’ve worked as a guide ago and know all the tourist attractions in my hometown very well. I’11 be available during the winter vacation,from Feb.10 to March 10,but I don’t have any problem working evenings and weekends.As for the best places to visit,the first two that comes into my mind are Qufu,Confucious’birthplace,and Weishan Lake,a largest lake in North China. If you need further informations about me,here is for my email address:sdjnlihua@163.com. Thank you for your consideration. Yours sincerely, Li Hua 第二节 书面表达(满分25分) 下面是英语老师推荐的两本课外阅读书籍,请根据以下提示用英语写一篇100词左右的短文: 一.说明你会选择哪一本书阅读; 二.该书的大概内容; 三、你选择该书的理由。 资源来源网络,https://www.kuaiwen.net ·14· 
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