河南省许昌市三校2015-2016年高一上学期第四次(期末)联考英语试题 - 在线阅读版

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许昌三校联考高一上学期第四次考试

英语试卷

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Are there any foreigners in your city? How do you address(称呼) them in English when you want to talk to these foreigners? The following may be some simple rules the beginners should follow.

  1. When talking to strangers there is often no special form of address in English. In most cases, if you want to catch the attention of a stranger it is necessary to use such phrases as “Excuse me”.

  2. In British English “Sir” and “Madam” are considered to be too formal for most situations. They are used mostly to customers in shops or restaurants .While in American English “Sir” and “Madam” are not so formal and are commonly used between strangers, especially with older people whose names you don’t know.

  3. When you talk to some people you know, you can use their names directly. If you are friends, use their first names; if your relationship is more formal, use “Mr.”, “Mrs.”, “Ms.”, etc, before their family names.

  4. There are many other forms of address which can be used between friends and strangers. However, many of these are limited in use. For example, “pal” and “mate” can be used between strangers, but are usually only used by men talking to other men.

If you meet foreigners, do remember not to address them in wrong ways.

1. According to the passage, “Excuse me” is mainly used to _______.

A. address a person you don’t know B. apologize to others

C. catch the attention of a stranger D. suggest good manners

2. If John Smith is your best friend, according to the passage you should often call him______.

A. John B. Smith C. Mr. John D. Mr. Smith

3. What is the title of this passage?

A. Foreigners in Your City B. How to Introduce Others

C. Politeness Education D. How to Address Foreigners

B

Do you want to get home from work knowing you have made a real difference in someone's life? If yes, don't care about sex or age! Come and join us, then you'll make it!

Position: Volunteer Social Care Assistant

(No Pay with Free Meals)

Place: Manchester Hours: Part Time

We are now looking for volunteers to support people with learning disabilities to live active lives! Only 4 days left. Don't miss the chance of lending your warm hands to help others!

Role:

You will provide people with learning disabilities with all aspects of their daily lives. You will help them to develop new skills. You will help them to protect their rights and their safety. But your primary concern is to let them know they are valued.

Skills and Experience Required:

You will have the right values and great listening skills. You will be honest and patient. You will have the ability to drive a car and to communicate in fluent written and spoken English since you'll have to help those people with different learning disabilities. Previous care-related experience will be a great advantage for you.

4. The text is meant to ______ .

A. leave a note B. send an invitation

C. present a document D. carry an advertisement

5. What does the underlined part in Paragraph 1 mean?

A. You'll make others' lives more meaningful with this job.

B. You'll arrive home just in time from this job.

C. You'll earn a good salary from this job.

D. You'll succeed in getting this job.

6. The volunteers' primary responsibility is to help people with learning disabilities ______.

A. to get some financial support B. to properly protect themselves

C. to lean some new living skills D. to realize their own importance

7. Which of the following can first be chosen as a volunteer?

A. The one who can drive a car.

B. The one who has done similar work before.

C. The one who has patience to listen to others.

D. The one who can use English to communicate.

C

Most people know that Marie Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, and the first person to win it twice. However, few people know that she was also the mother of a Nobel Prize winner.

Born in September, 1987, Irene Curie was the first of the Curies’ two daughters. Along with nine other children whose parents were also famous scholars, Irene studied in their own school, and her mother was one of the teachers. She finished her high school education at the College of Sévigné in Paris.

Irene entered the University of Paris in 1914 to prepare for a degree in mathematics and physics. When World War I began, Irene went to help her mother, who was using X-ray facilities(设备) to help save the lives of wounded soldiers. Irene continued the work by developing X-ray facilities in military hospitals in France and Belgium. Her services were recognized in the form of a Military’s Medal by the French government.

In 1918, Irene became her mother’s assistant at the Curie Institute. In December 1924, Frederic Joliot joined the Institute, and Irene taught him the techniques required for his work. They soon fell in love and were married in 1926. Their daughter Helene was born in 1927 and their son Pierre five years later.

Like her mother, Irene combined family and career. Like her mother, Irene was awarded a Nobel Prize, along with her husband, in 1935. Unfortunately, also like her mother, she developed leukemia because of her work with radioactivity(辐射能). Irene Joliot-Curie died from leukemia on March 17, 1956.

8. Why was Irene Curie awarded a Military Medal?

A. Because she received a degree in mathematics.

B. Because she contributed to saving the wounded.

C. Because she won the Nobel Prize with Frederic.

D. Because she worked as a helper to her mother.

9. Where did Irene Curie meet her husband Frederic Joliot?

A. At the Curie Institute. B. At the University of Paris.

C. At a military hospital. D. At the College of Sevigne.

10.When was the second child of Irene Curie and Frederic Joliot born?

A. In 1932. B. In 1927. C. In 1897. D. In 1926.

11.In which of the following aspects was Irene Curie different from her mother ?

A. Irene worked with radioactivity. B. Irene combined family and career.

C. Irene won the Nobel Prize once D. Irene died from leukemia.

D

Honey from the African forest is not only a kind of natural sugar, it is also delicious. Most people, and many animals, like eating it. However, the only way for them to get that honey is to find a wild bees' nest and take the honey from it. Often, these nests are high up in trees, and it is difficult to find them. In parts of Africa, though, people and animals looking for honey have a strange and unexpected helper----a little bird called a honey guide.

The honey guide does not actually like honey, but it does like the wax in the beehives (蜂房). The little bird cannot reach this wax, which is deep inside the bees' nest. So, when it finds a suitable nest, it looks for someone to help it. The honey guide gives a loud cry that attracts the attention of both passing animals and people. Once it has their attention, it flies through the forest, waiting from time to time for the curious animal or person as it leads them to the nest. When they finally arrive at the nest, the follower reaches in to get at the delicious honey as the bird patiently waits and watches. Some of the honey, and the wax, always falls to the ground, and this is when the honey guide takes its share.

Scientists do not know why the honey guide likes eating the wax, but it is very determined in its efforts to get it. The birds seem to be able to smell wax from a long distance away. They will quickly arrive whenever a beekeeper is taking honey from his beehives, and will even enter churches when beeswax candles are being lit.

12. Why is it difficult to find a wild bees' nest?

A. It's small in size. B. It's hidden in trees.

C. It's covered with wax. D. It's hard to recognize.

13. What do the underlined words "the follower" in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A. A bee. B. A bird.

C. A honey seeker. D. A beekeeper.

14. The honey guide is special in the way .

A. it gets its food B. it goes to church

C. it sings in the forest D. it reaches into bees' nests

15. What can be the best title for the text?

A. Wild Bees B. Wax and Honey

C. Beekeeping in Africa D. Honey-Lover's Helper

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

Public Speaking Training

Get a coach

__16__so get help. Since there are about a billion companies out there all ready to offer you public speaking training and courses, here are some things to look for when deciding the training that's right for you.

Focus on positives

Any training you do to become more effective at public speaking should always focus on the positive aspects of what you already do well. Nothing can hurt confidence more than being told that you aren't doing well. __17__ so good public speaking training should develop those instead of telling you what you shouldn't do.

__18__

If you find a public speaking course that looks as though it's going to give you lots of dos and don'ts, walk away! Your brain is so full of what you're going to be talking about. __19__. As far as we're concerned, there are basically no hard and fast rules about public speaking. Your audience can be your friends.

You are a special person not a clone

Most importantly, good public speaking training should treat you as a special one, with your own personal habits. __20_. Your training course should help you bring out your personality, not try to turn you into someone you're not.

AYou aren't like anybody else

BYou already do lots of things well

CTurn your back on too many rules

DCheck the rules about dos and don'ts

EWhatever the presentation, public speaking is tough

FThe one thing you don't want is for them to fall asleep

GSo trying to force a whole set of rules into it will just make things worse

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分75分)

  1. (一)完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分)

  2. 阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意,从每题所给的 ABCD 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

The Fitting-in of Suzy Khan

The first time I saw Suzy Khan, I knew I had to help her. She was really small for her age of 12. The boy in my class often 21 about her and laughed their heads off. She would open a book, pretending to read, with tears dropping on the open page.

All I knew was that she was an orphan (孤儿) from Africa. She had just been adopted by a family in town who 22 that the best way for her to learn American ways of life was to be with American kids. I looked down at this 23 girl and promised myself that somehow I would help her.

But how could I help her 24 in with us? There had to be a 25 .[:]

One day, when I went into the classroom, I saw that Suzy had 26 her geography book to a picture of a train, and in her notebook, she had made a(n) 27 copy.

I was surprised and thought that she could do something in the coming 28 show. So, I took her to see the art teacher, Miss Parker, and showed her what Suzy had 29 . “why, it’s wonderful,” said Miss Parker, who then showed us a poster she had painted 30 the talent show. “I need more of these, but I just don’t have enough 31 . Could you help me, Suzy?”

On the day of the talent show, Suzy’s 32 were everywhere ---- all over the hall and all over the school, each one different.

“And finally,” said Mr. Brown, the schoolmaster, at the end of the show, “we have a (n) __33 _ award. I’m sure you’ve all noticed the wonderful posters.” Everyone nodded. “one of our own students 34 them.”

I could hear everyone whispering. “Who in our school could draw 35 well?”

Mr. Brown waited a while before saying, “ 36 this student worked so hard on the posters, she deserves a 37 , too. Our mystery(神秘) artist is our new student ---- Suzy Khan!”

Mr. Brown thanked her for all the wonderful posters and gave her a professional artist’s set. “Thank you,” she cried.

I 38 , at that time when I was looking at her excited face, she’d probably never _39_ anything in her whole life.

Everyone started to 40 their hands. Suzy Khan gave them a shy smile and the applause(掌声) was deafening. I knew then Suzy was going to be all right.

21. A. joked

B. cared

C. trained

D. worried

22. A. reported

B. decided

C. complained

D. questioned

23.A. rich

B. proud

C. tiny

D. popular

24.A. come

B. fall

C. fit

D. tie

25.A. manner

B. pattern

C. choice

D. way

26.A. read

B. taken

C. opened

D. put

27.A. free

B. perfect

C. final

D. extra

28.A. are

B. talk

C. quiz

D. talent

29.A.colored

B. written

C. carved

D. drawn

30.A. at

B. after

C. for

D. around

31.A. room

B. time

C. paper

D. interest

32.A. gifts

B. books

C. photos

D. posters

33.A. special

B. academic

C. national

D. royal

34.A. painted

B. found

C. printed

D. collected

35.A. very

B. that

C. quite

D. too

36.A. If

B. Though

C. Unless

D. Since

37.A. prize

B. rank

C. rest

D. place

38.A. replied

B. realized

C. remembered

D. regretted

39.A. offered

B. valued

C. owned

D. controlled

40.A. clap

B. wave

C. raise

D. shake

(二)完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

Joe Simpson and Simon Yates were the first people to climb the West Face of the Siula Grande in the Andes mountains. They reached the top 41 , but on their way back conditions were very 42 . Joe fell and broke his leg. They both knew that if Simon 43 alone, he would probably get back 44 . But Simon decided to risk his 45 and try to lower Joe down the mountain on a rope(绳).

As they 46 down, the weather got worse. Then another 47 occurred. They couldn’t see or hear each other and, 48 , Simon lowered his friend over the edge of a precipice(峭壁). It was 49 for Joe to climb back or for Simon to pull him up. Joe’s 50 was pulling Simon slowly towards the precipice. 51 , after more than an hour in the dark and the icy cold, Simon had to 52 . In tears, he cut the rope. Joe 53 into a large crevasse(裂缝)in the ice below. He had no food or water and he was in terrible pain. He couldn’t walk, but he 54 to get out of the crevasse and started to 55 towards their camp, nearly ten kilometers 56 .

Simon had 57 the camp at the foot of the mountain. He thought that Joe must be 58 , but

he didn’t want to leave 59 . Three days later, in the middle of the night, he heard Joe’s voice.

He couldn’t 60 it. Joe was there, a few meters from their tent, still alive.

41.A. hurried

B. carefully

C. successfully

D. early

42.A. difficult

B. similar

C. special

D. normal

43.A. climbed

B. worked

C. rested

D. continued

44.A. unwillingly

B. safely

C. slowly

D. regretfully

45.A. fortune

B. time

C. health

D. life

46.A. lay

B. settled

C. went

D. looked

47.A damage

B. storm

C. change

D. trouble

48.A. by mistake

B. by chance

C. by choice

D. by luck

49.A. unnecessary

B. practical

C. important

D. impossible

50.A. height

B. weight

C. strength

D. equipment

51.A. Finally

B. Patiently

C. Surely

D. Quickly

52.A. stand back

B. take a rest

C. make a decision

D. hold on

53.A. jumped

B. fell

C. escaped

D. backed

54.A. managed

B. planned

C. waited

D. hoped

55.A. run

B. skate

C. move

D. march

56.A. around

B. away

C. above

D. along

57.A. headed for

B. traveled to

C. left for

D. returned to

58.A. dead

B. hurt

C. weak

D. late

59.A. secretly

B. tiredly

C. immediately

D. anxiously

60.A. find

B. believe

C. make

D. accept

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。

Some years ago, SARS broke out in the mainland of China, causing some people to be killed or nearly got close to(61) _______ (die). The situation was so severe that there was no time (62) _______(debate) who is to blame. The most important thing for the government to do is to find out the cause (63)_______ this deadly disease. They invited all the most experts in this field to discuss and quite a few suggestions (64)______ (put) forward. Some of the top experts picked out those suggestions and tested them to see (65)_______ they were useful or not. Doctor Zhong Nanshan chose one patient (66) _________was seriously ill and had little hope of picking up and had the new medicine (67) _________ (test) on him. To his great joy, this patient recovered! He made his way to his office and telephoned to the top official, (68)_______(tell) him this exciting news. For (69)_________(convenient), he moved to live in his office. His method (70)______(do) make sense. Not soon after that, the other hospital also controlled this terrible disease and kicked it out finally.
61. 62. 63. .

64. 65. 66. .

67. 68. 69. .

70. .

第三部分 写作(共两节;满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

文中共有10处语言错误, 错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用()划掉。修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

This is a story was told by my father: “When I was boy, the most excited thing was to

celebrate the Spring Festival. My grandma was the best cooker in the world but could make the

most delicious dishes. One time, I just couldn’t wait for the Spring Festival dinner. As I was

about take a piece from a cooked duck, I saw Grandma in the kitchen looking at me. Shake her

head, she said, ‘It isn't a good time to do that, dear.’ At once I apologize and controlled me at

my best till the dinner started. You know, that was a dinner I had waited for several month.”


笫二节书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,正在英国接受英语培训,住在一户英国人家里。今天你的房东Mrs. Wilson 不在家,你准备外出,请给Mrs. Wilson 写一留言条,内容包括:

1.和朋友一起外出购物.

2.替房东到图书馆还书.

3Tracy 来电话留言 1)咖啡屋(Bolton Coffee)见面取消

2)此事已告知Susan

3) 尽快回电

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


Mrs. Wilson,

____________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Li Hua

高一英语期末考试参考答案


  1. 阅读理解

1 - 15 CAD DADB BAAC BCAD

16-20 EBCGA

二.完形填空

21-40 ABCCD CBDDC BDAAB DABCA

41-60 CADBD CDADB ACBAC BDACB

.语法填空

61. death 62. to debate 63. of 64. were put 65. whether
66. who/that 67.tested 68. telling 69. convenience 70. did

.改错

71.去掉was was前加which/that 72. boy 前加 a .

73. exciting 改为excited 74.cooker 改为 cook

75. but 改为 and 76. take to 77.Shake 改为Shaking

78.apologize 改为 apologized 79. me 改为 myself

80.month 改为 months

.【参考范文】

Mrs Wilson,

I’m going out shopping, and won’t be back until about 5:00 pm. I have taken with me the two books you asked me to return to the library. At about 1 o’clock this afternoon, Tracy called, saying that she couldn’t meet you at Bolton Coffee tomorrow morning as she has something important to attend to. She felt very sorry about that, but said that you could set some other time for the meeting. She wanted you to call her back as soon as you are home. She has already told Susan about this change.

Li Hua


欢迎访问“中试卷网”——

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