湖南省衡阳八中、永州四中、郴州一中湘南三校15-16年高一下学期理科班入学分

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衡阳八中、永州四中、郴州一中湘南三校联盟

2015-2016年度高一年级理科分班联考综合检测

英语(试题卷)

注意事项:

1.本卷共72题,满分150分,考试时间为120分钟。

2.考生领取到试卷后,应检查试卷是否有缺页漏页,重影模糊等妨碍答题现象,如有请立即向监考老师通报。

3.考区填写:衡阳八中 A1 永州四中 A2 郴州一中 A3

4.分数线通告:经过三校命题组联合商议,三校的分数线分别如下:


A

B

C

控制线

衡阳八中

130

108

79

53

郴州一中

125

96

68

47

永州四中

130

102

74

50






第一部分 听力(每题1.5分,共30分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. How will the woman travel tomorrow?

A. By train. B. By air. C. By ship.

2. Where does this conversation probably take place?

A. At school. B. In a shop. C. In a hospital.

3. What is the man looking for?

A. The math teachers' office.

B. The principal's office.

C. The physics teacher's office.

4. What have the speakers planned to do?

A. Buy tickets. B. See a movie. C. Call the police.

5. What does the man imply?

A. He was busy eating.

B. He didn't notice who Barry was talking to.

C. Barry was meeting the new guest.

听下面5段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6-8题。

6. What does Miss Kelly do?

A. An English teacher. B. A Chinese teacher. C. A Japanese student.

7. What languages can she speak?

A. English and a little Japanese.

B. English and a little Chinese.

C. Japanese and a little Chinese.

8. Why does she like living in China?

A. She enjoys the scenery.

B. She likes Chinese food.

C. She likes the people.

听第7段材料,回答第911题。

9. What sport is popular in the man's country?

A. Swimming. B. Basketball. C. Football.

10. What's the man’s favorite sport?

A. Football. B. Basketball. C. Table tennis.

11. Where does the woman come from?

A. America. B. Japan. C. China.

听第8段材料,回答第1214题。

12. When did the earthquake happen?

A. At a quarter to two.

B. Before a quarter to three.

C. After a quarter to three.

13. Which floor does the man live on?

A. On the first floor. B. On the second floor. C. On the third floor.

14. What happened to the man's building'?

A. It fell down. B. The damage to it was serious. C. It wasn’t affected at all.

听第9段材料,回答第1517题。

15. Who used to live in the room?

A. The woman's husband. B. The woman’s son. C. The woman.

16. How does the man feel about the room?

A. It is nice but not quiet.

B. It is a good place to cook in.

C. It is just the kind of room he is interested in.

17. What does the woman ask the man to do first?

A. To move in as soon as possible.

B. To pay her 80 dollars before he moves in.

C. To come again the next morning.

听第10段材料,回答第1820题。

18. Why did money fall from the sky?

A. A strong wind blew the cash into the air.

B. A young clerk threw the money into the air.

C. The envelope was so small that some money fell out.

19. Where was the clerk going when the incident happened?

A. To the company. B. To the bank. C. To a bus station.

20. How much money was lost in the end?

A. 15000 dollars. B. 17600 dollars. C. 32400 dollars.

第二部分 阅读理解(每题2分,共40分)

A

Your house may have an effect on your figure. Experts say the way you design your home could play a role in whether you pack on the pounds or keep them off. You can make your environment work for you instead of against you. Here are some ways to turn your home into part of diet plan.

Open the curtains and turn up the lights. Dark environments are more likely to encourage overeating, for people are often less self-conscious(难为情)when they’re in poorly lit places-and so more likely to eat lots of food . If your home doesn’t have enough window light, get more lamps and flood the place with brightness.

Mind the color1 s. Research suggests warm color1 s fuel our appetites. In one study, people who ate meals in a blue room consumed 33 percent less than those in a yellow or red room. Warm color1 s like yellow make food appear more appetizing, while cold color1 s make us feel less hungry. So when it’s time to repaint, go blue.

Don’t forget the clock-or the radio. People who eat slowly tend to consume about 70 fewer calories(卡路里) per meal than those who rush through their meals. Begin keeping track of the time, and try to make dinner last at least 30 minutes, And while you’re at it, actually sit down to eat. If you need some help slowing down, turn on relaxing music. It makes you less likely to rush through a meal.

Downsize the dishes. Big serving bowls and plates can easily make us fat. We eat about 22 percent more when using a 12-inch plate instead of a 10-inch plate. When we choose a large spoon over a smaller one,total intake(摄入) jumps by 14 percent. And we’ll pour about 30 percent more liquid into a short, wide glass than a tall, skinny glass.

21.The text is especially helpful for those who care about_______.

A. their home comforts B. their body shape

C. house buying D. healthy diets

22.A home environment in blue can help people_________.

A.digest food better B.reduce food intake

C.burn more calories D.regain their appetites

23.What are people advised to do at mealtimes?

A.Eat quickly. B.Play fast music. C.Use smaller spoons.D.Turn down the lights.

24.What can be a suitable title for the test?

A. Is Your House Making You Fat? B.Ways of Serving Dinner

C.Effects of Self-Consciousness D.Is Your Home Environment Relaxing?


B

Across Britain, burnt toast will be served to mothers in bed this morning as older sons and daughters rush to deliver their supermarket bunches of flowers. But, according to a new study, we should be placing a higher value on motherhood all year.

Mothers have long known that their home workload was just as heavy as paid work. Now, the new study has shown that if they were paid for their parental labours, they would earn as much as £172,000 a year.

The study looked at the range of jobs mothers do, as well as the hours they are working, to determine the figure. This would make their yearly income £30,000 more than the Prime Minister earns.

By analyzing the numbers, it found the average mother works 119 hours a week, 40 of which would usually be paid at a standard rate 79 hours as overtime. After questioning 1,000 mothers with children under 18, it found that, on most days, mums started their routine work at 7 am and finished at around 11 pm.

To calculate just how much mothers would earn from that labour, it suggested some of the roles that mums could take on, including housekeeper, part-time lawyer, personal trainer and entertainer. Being a part-time lawyer, at £48,98 an hour, would prove to be the most profitable of the “mum jobs”, with psychologist(心理学家) a close second.

It also asked mothers about the challenges they face, with 80 per cent making emotional(情感的) demand as the hardest thing about motherhood.

Over a third of mums felt they needed more training and around half said they missed going out with friends.

The study shows mothers matter all year long and not just on Mother’s Day. The emotional, physical and mental energy mothers devote to their children can be never-ending, but children are also sources of great joy and happiness. Investing(投入) in time for parenting and raising relationships is money well spent.

25. How much would a mother earn a year if working as the Prime Minister?

A. £30,000. B. £142,000. C. £172,000. C. £202,000.

26. The biggest challenge for most mothers is from .

A. emotional demand B. low pay for work

C. heavy workload D. lack of training

27. What is stressed in the last paragraph?

A. mothers’ importance shows in family all year long.

B. The sacrifices mothers make are huge but worthwhile.

C. Mothers’ devotion to children can hardly be calculated.

D. Investing time in parenting would bring a financial return.

28. What can we conclude from the study?

A. Mothers’ working hours should be largely reduced.

B. Mothers should balance their time for work and rest.

C. Mothers’ labour is of a higher value than it is realized.

D. Mothers should be freed from housework for social life.

C

Let’s face it: Teenagers spend hours texting, socializing on Facebook and playing video games. And it’s driving their parents nuts.

Sure, there are real dangers connected with all this screen time—everything from cyberbullying(网络欺凌) to couch-potato obesity. Not to mention driving while texting, and shortened attention spans(持续时间).

Douglas Gentile, who studies the effects of media on children, says texting, Facebook and video games are not naturally bad. Nor are they naturally better or worse than watching TV, although they do lead to different risks, such as cyberbullying.

But research has shown that the more time kids spend in front of screens—whether it’s TV or instant-messaging—the worse their school performances are. “That doesn’t mean it’s true for every kid, but it makes sense, that for every hour a kid is playing video games, it’s an hour that they’re not doing homework or reading or exploring or creating,” he said. If screen time is taking the place of doing their homework, that’s bad. But if their homework is done, well, so what?

The study also found that the more time kids spend with media, the lower their grades and levels of personal satisfaction are. Gentile said the influence of screen time on school work can be reduced by what he calls “protective factors”. Those might include good teachers and a high-performing school, love of reading, coming from a family where education is valued. “If you had all these protective factors, then that one little risk factor, who cares?”

One thing parents should worry about is the way electronic devices encourage multitasking(多任务处理).

As adults, your response speeds up, you’re quicker to look over your shoulder and notice little noises or lights. However this is not what the kids need when they get to the classroom. Scanning to see when the next message comes may not be good for kids. The more distractions(分心的事物) you have, the worse your performance is.” Getting kids to turn off their phones, iPods in order to let them concentrate(集中) on homework is a fight worth having.

29. What statement may Gentile agree to?

A. Kids get bad marks when using Facebook.

B. TV or texting affects kids equally.

C. Kids prefer video games to books.

D. Watching TV is better than playing video games.

30. By saying “one little risk factor”, Gentile referred to ________

A. love for reading     B. valuing education           

C. screen time       D. good teachers

31. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that________.

A. kids can give quick answer to questions if texting

B. Multitasks aren’t really good for every kid

C. electric devices increase the attention of kids

D. kids perform well if doing many tasks together

32. What might be the most suitable title for the passage?

A. Are kids suffering cyber bullying on Facebook?

B. Are texting and Facebook worse for teens than TV?

C. Are kids willing to turn off their electric devices?

D. Are texting causing kids to lose interest in reading?

D

The European Union on Monday prohibited the use of X-ray body scanners (扫描仪)in European airports, parting ways with the U. S. Transportation Security Administration, which has used hundreds of the scanners as a way to screen millions of airline passengers for explosives hidden under clothing.

The European Commission, which enforces common policies of the EU’s 27 member countries, adopted the rule "in order not to risk doing harm to citizens' health and safety."

As a ProPublica/PBS NewsHour investigation detailed earlier this month, X-ray body scanners use ionizing radiation (电离辐射)a form of energy that has been shown to damage DMA and cause cancer. Although the amount of radiation is extremely low, equal to the radiation a person would receive in a few minutes of flying, several research studies have concluded that a small number of cancer cases would result from scanning hundreds of millions of passengers a year.

European countries will be allowed to use an alternative body scanner relying on radio frequency waves, which have not been linked to cancer. The U. S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has also used hundreds of those machines —known as millimeter-wave scanners —in U. S. airports. But unlike Europe, it has decided to use both types of scanners.

The TSA would not comment specifically on the EU 's decision. But in a statement, TSA spokesman Mike McCarthy said, "As one of our many layers of security, TSA uses the most advanced technology available to provide the best opportunity to detect dangerous items, such as explosives.

We strictly test our technology to ensure it meets our high detection and safety standards before it is placed in airports," he continued. "Since January 2010, advanced imaging technology has detected more than 300 dangerous or illegal items on passengers in U. S. airports nationwide."

Body scanners have been controversial (有争议的)in the United States since they were first used in prisons in the late 1990s and then in airports for tests after 9/11.

33. Why did the European prohibit the use of X-ray scanners in European airports?

A. Because they are made in the USA. B. Because they are not effective in use.

C- Because they might do harm to passengers. D. Because their radiation is extremely low.

34. Which of the following is true about the new body scanners to be used in Europe?.

A. They will risk doing harm to passengers. B. They use ionizing radiation heavily.

C. Their radiation is extremely high. D. They won't risk causing cancer.

35. What can we infer from TSA’s statement?

A. The TSA will stop using the X-ray scanners.

B. The TSA won't use EU’s alternative scanners.

C. The EU’s alternative scanners are not advanced.

D. The X-ray scanners are safe and effective.

E

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

Finnish Translation: Be Aware of False Friends

False friends, those tricky words that are a translator’s enemy and that can be found in almost every document we translate, also exist between English and Finnish. 36 

So, what’s a false friend? Well, as many of you might know, a false friend (from the French faux amis) is a word or an expression that shares a similar written form in two languages, but which has different meanings. 37When you see them, you might assume they have the same meaning as a similar word in your native language.

38 Even professional translators can be misled by a false friend. That’s why, as a translator, it’s necessary to be familiar with them. Remember that when it comes to translation, ‘false friends are worse than bitter enemies’, as the Scottish proverb says, and you should keep your eyes open, because they might be waiting for you around every corner.

It seems no language is free of false friends. 39 During the years I’ve been working as a translator, I’ve come across many false friends; they were in that urgent assignment, or that translation I finished off without first having my coffee, trying to confuse me. 40 Therefore, I would like to help you in your war against false friends by sharing some of them with you.

A.The Finnish language is no exception.

B.Research key words while doing translation.

C.This is the first of a two-part series on the topic.

D.Therefore, false friends can cause a lot of problems.

E.Luckily, I was able to spot them and translate them properly.

F.Sometimes, even fluent users of a language can confuse them.

G.So you should avoid a nightmare caused by it during your next translation project.


第三部分 完形填空(每题1.5分,共30分)

读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B,CD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

It has been said that friendship isn't about who you've known the longest. It's about who walked into your__41 and said, "I'm here for you," and proved it.

There are people who 42 our lives for a reason, a season or a lifetime. When I moved to McGregor 13 years ago, I found a(n)   43    person who walked into my life, and I   44    she would continue to walk along the road of life by my   45 .

My husband once__46  me to my new neighbor, Julie, and I'll be forever grateful for that  blessing.  Apart from  47 coffee and conversation or an occasional board game, I believe my friend and I both agree that our most  48 moments are the ones we've shared on our walks clown the little country road around the corner. It is 49 we paved the way for our deepest bond.

We've definitely 50 a  long distance on that road, often sharing secrets and discussing every topic   51 ——children, family, marriage, losing our parents, faith and life in general. The trees along our  52 route' have certain leaves dropped in on some deep dialogue. Over the years, I've shared her pain and    53   and she's shared mine--all on that little country road.

We've   54 a special birthday gift bag for many years that has the perfect words about 55 :"The only thing better than taking a moment for yourself is    56  one to a friend.  Enjoy the  moment !" Our gifts are always put in that special   57  ,which has often been exchanged on that rural road along with a wonderful   58 .

My neighbor   59  moved to her new home 12 miles    60  ,but the friendship will continue forever.

41. A. house    B. life     C. apartment    D. trap

42. A. enter    B. ruin    C. upset      D. organize

43. A.ordinary B. selfish    C.  generous   D. special

44. A. ignored   B. trusted    C. settled    D. disagreed

45. A. hand    B. Shoulder   C. foot    D. side

46. A. pulled   B. paced    C. introduced   D. recognized

47. A. drinking  B. preferring  C. pouring    D. sharing

48. A. curious    B .precious    C. painful    D. powerful

49. A. where     B. that    C. what     D. when

50. A. covered    B. measured    C. run  D. driven

51. A. pitiful    B. hopeful    C. valuable    D. imaginable

52. A. rough    B. simple     C. familiar   D. wooden

53. A. care     B. shock     C. item    D. joy

54. A .received   B. bought    C. taken    D. kept

55. A. invitation  B. expression   C. friendship D. hardship

56. A. giving    B. promising   C. burying    D. attacking

57. A. package    B. bag    C. vase    D. suitcase

58. A. moment    B. song    C. guidance   D. overcoat

59. A .repeatedly  B. equally    C. entirely   D. recently

60. A .along     B. over    C. away    D. ago


第四部分 语法填空(每题1.5分,共15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Jenny: What do we need to keep the body 61 (go)? 

Tom: We need to eat the right food.

Jenny: What do you mean 62 “right”?

Tom: “Right” means quality and quantity. We need to eat healthy food and the right 63 (mix) of different kinds of food. 

Jenny: How does the right food help the body?

Tom: When we have the right kinds of food, we have energy to learn, work and play.

Jenny: 64 else do we need? 

Tom: We need to drink plenty of water 65 more than half of the body is water.

Jenny: Anything else?

Tom: We also need enough sleep and exercise.

Jenny: Can you explain that?

Tom: The body’s systems restore 66 during sleep, and exercise 67 (improve) the function of the heart and lungs. And strong hearts and lungs get energy and oxygen to the muscles 68 (quick). 

Jenny: 69 can we make our hearts and lungs stronger?

Tom: Some ways 70 (make) our hearts and lungs stronger are riding a bike, dancing, walking and swimming. 


第五部分 短文改错(共10分)

71.请修改下面的短文。短文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单 词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(A ),并在其下面写上该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

注意:1.每句不超过两个错误;

2.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

3.只允许修改10,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

It’s reported that there have eighty million disabled people in our country. If our government has done a lot for them, it’s not enough.

As student, what should we do for the disabled? To begin with, we should respect them and treat them good. We shouldn’t look down them or ignore their value to the society. Additionally, we should care for them and try our best to help them, make their life easier. Lastly, it’s  necessary for us to help develop our confidence, which is the first step to succeed.

In conclusion, if everyone does his or her best, the disabled are sure to live a happy life but they will make a great contribution.


第六部分 书面表达(共25分)

72.春天是旅游的好季节,某外国语学校校长要求各班同学就春游一事展开讨论。讨论的主题是:学校要不要组织学生春游。校长还要求班长就讨论的情况用英语写一封信给他。

假定你是某班班长李华,请你根据下列表格中的信息客观地介绍讨论情况。

注意:1、信的格式已为你写好;    2、词数:120字左右;

3、生词:拓宽 broaden

70%的学生赞成春游

1、可以领略大自然的优美风景;

2、拓宽视野,增长知识;

3、呼吸新鲜空气,有益于身体健康。

30%的学生反对春游

1、时间紧,耽误学习;

2、增加父母经济负担;

3、担心安全。

Dear Headmaster,

I’m writing to tell you the discussion we’ve had on whether the school should organize a spring outing for the students.                     

Yours truly.

Li Hua 



2015-2016年度湘南三校联盟理科入学联考英语参考答案

题号

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

答案

B

C

A

B

B

A

B

C

C

B

题号

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

答案

C

B

B

B

B

C

B

A

B

B

题号

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

答案

C

A

D

D

B

A

B

C

B

C

题号

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

答案

B

B

C

D

D

G

D

F

A

E

题号

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

答案

B

A

D

B

D

C

D

B

A

A

题号

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

答案

D

C

D

D

C

A

B

A

D

C

选择题部分

非选择题部分

61.going 62.by 63.mixture 64.What 65.because

66.themselves 67.improves 68.quickly 69.How 70.to make

71.

1.have-are 2.If-Though/Although 3.student-students

4.good-well 5.down后加on/upon 6.the society-去掉the

7.make-making 8.our-their 9.succeed-success

10.but-and

72.Dear Headmaster,

Im writing to tell you about the discussion weve had on whether the school should organize a spring outing for the students.

Opinions on the question are divided as follows: 70 of the students think that the school should organize the spring outing. They believe that the spring outing can make them enjoy the beautiful scenery of nature, which can broaden our vision and fill us with more knowledge. They also say that the air in the open fields is fresher. Whats more, fresh air does a lot of good to our health.

On the other hand, the rest dont like the idea of going out for a spring outing. In their opinion, time is very precious, so they have to grasp every minute to work hard at their lessons. Traveling costs much money. In that case, it will add to their families burden. Above all, no one can be sure of the safety of every student.

Im looking forward to your reply.

Yours truly

Li Hua


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