2018年安徽省A10联盟(合肥八中、屯溪一中)高三11月联考英语试题 - 在线阅读版

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安徽省A10联盟(合肥八中、屯溪一中2018届高三11月联考

英语

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时 间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a laboratory. B. In a library. C. In a classroom.

2. Why doesn’t the man want to lend his car to Bill?

A. Bill had an accident last time.

B. He is going to give his car to the garage.

C. He is going to lend his car to the woman.

3. What does Chris Paine probably do?

A. He is a book seller.

B. He is a writer.

C. He is a computer engineer.

4. Who left the book on the desk?

A. The man. B. The woman. C. The woman’s husband.

5. What color does the man like better?

A. Pink. B. Yellow. C. Blue.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. What does the man think of the woman’s cooking?

A. It’s not to his taste.

B. It’s very good indeed.

C. It’s better than what he does.

7. What does the woman ask the man to do?

A. Bring his wife next time. B. Have more rice. C. Have some soup.

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Jack’s teachers. B. Turner’s school. C. The woman’s son.

9. How does Jack often go to school?

A. By bus. B. On foot. C. In the car.

听第8段材料,回答第10l2题。

10. What are the two speakers doing?

A. Looking for a gift for the woman’s mother.

B. Looking around the store for biscuits.

C. Looking for a gift for the man’s mother.

11. Which of the following does the man suggest buying?

A. Some Chinese tea. B. Some grape wine. C. Wine glasses.

12. What does the woman decide to buy as a gift at last?

A. A teapot. B. A frying pan. C. A pair of glasses.

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. Why did the man choose the evening train?

A. It is cheap. B. It saves time. C. It is fast.

14. Which train will the man take?

A. D301. B. D305. C. D313.

15. How much did the man pay in all?

A. 930 yuan. B. 990 yuan. C. l,000ynan.

16. What will the man do next?

A. Go to the phone booth. B. Buy a phone. C. Go to the toilet.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. How long did Bart work as an engineer in the steelworks?

A. For four years. B. For fifteen years. C. For forty years.

18. What was Bart after his 55th birthday?

A. A manager. B. An advisor. C. A volunteer.

19. What does Bart like doing most now?

A. Playing golf. B. Painting pictures. C. Making articles.

20. How is Bart’s life in the retirement community?

A. Dull. B. Busy. C. Colorful.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

If watching kids isn’t quite the part-time job you’d want to keep yourself busy with during the summer holidays, then here are some of the coolest jobs for teens.

Camp Counselor (辅导员)

Though it’s kind of a babysitting job, it’s much more fun as it exposes you to many skills such as team working and many other activities. Another advantage of this kind of job is that you are more likely to make new friends as you will be working with a number of people.

Life Guard

This will not be a job for anyone as it is quite demanding when you’re really needed. Under calm conditions, the job involves sitting by the poolside as you watch over swimmers and helping them in case of emergencies. For life guard tasks, special training and certifications are required.

Dog Walker

For animal lovers, you have not been left out. This job involves taking care of dogs and walking them. Fun as it is, dog walking can be a boring exercise especially if you have more than one dog to walk. As for this job, you need to advertise yourself in your neighborhood by using flyers or approaching dog owners to ask if they need your services.

Retail & Food Service

If you are 14 and above then you may consider getting a “real” job as a store or restaurant attendant this summer. Creating a resume (简历) for yourself with all the required information such as contact information and any skill or working experience that you’d like your employer to know about is important.

21. As a camp counselor, we can .

A. have chances to make more new friends

B. earn much more money than other jobs

C. get a real job in a store or restaurant

D. learn to stay calm in case of emergencies

22. Which job requires making yourself known to neighbors?

A. Camp Counselor. B. Life Guard.

C. Dog Walker. D. Retail & Food Service.

23. What’s the purpose of writing the text?

A. To encourage teens to take summer jobs.

B. To recommend cool summer jobs to teens.

C. To warn teens of the risks in summer jobs.

D. To introduce summer jobs for teens to parents.

B

Maybe you want to give back to your community, but you don’t know where to begin. It was something Rebecca Reeder used to hear from friends whenever they learned she volunteered around the Los Angeles area.

The idea finally took shape during her 30th birthday celebration. Reeder and her brother put together a surprise party for her guests. They rented a party bus in secret and invited everyone she knew to a mystery (神秘) event. The surprise bus ride was not only a hit but also an effective ice breaker. Many guests had never met before that night but they were all fast friends by the end of the trip.

Reeder and a friend realized this might be the answer for friends seeking fun ways to do good.

Then they began Do Good Bus and hosted their first community ride in 2010. Everyone assumed it would be a one-off event, but participants had such fun and felt so good about giving back that they demanded another. And then another. “This kind of things just snowballed from there,” says Reeder, who is now a full-time director of the growing nonprofit organization.

Over the past seven years, Do Good Bus has offered once-a-month public rides in Los Angeles. Volunteers board the bus and ride to a mystery community service project. Reeder likes to keep the locations and causes a secret to add an element of fun and mystery, and to prevent people from arriving with too much expectation.

Participants pay $ 45, with 10 percent going to the day’s cause and the rest going to Do Good Bus to help cover costs and run the program.

Rides usually last four to five hours and include everything from working in homeless shelters to beach cleanups to planting community gardens.

The aim, says Reeder, is to raise awareness about causes, and encourage continued support in the community while having a good time.

24. Why did Reeder say the bus ride on her birthday was an ice breaker?

A. It exposed the need of the poor to people.

B. It made people realize how to do good deeds.

C. It made people brave enough to stand the cold ice.

D. It helped people get connected in the activity.

25. What do we know about their first ride in 2010?

A. It took place in winter. B. It was disappointing.

C. It was a great success. D. The author organized it alone.

26. How does Reeder get the money for the activities?

A. Participants pay for them.

B. The government supports her.

C. She raises money in society,

D. Community covers 10 percent of the cost.

27. What can we infer about the Do Good Bus?

A. It takes about 5 hours on the way.

B. It offers a pleasant way to do good deeds.

C. It raises money for the participants’ community.

D. It gives a surprising and friendly celebration.

C

With technology entering almost every aspect of our lives, the demand for computer programmers can only increase. To train the workforce of the future, companies around the world are wildly developing computing languages to introduce children to the appealing world of programming both in and out of school.

The only drawback is that to learn or observe the results of their programming efforts, children have to be able to see. As a result, kids with limited or no vision (视觉) are prevented from participating in this exciting trend. To change that, researchers at Microsoft’s Cambridge, UK Lab have developed a new physical programming language that can be learned by all children.

Project Torino allows visually damaged kids aged 7 to 11 to create code (编码) that plays music, stories, or poetry by connecting physical pods (检测装置) together. Once done, an accompanying app changes the physical code into digital code. The smart system covers all the major concepts and is ready to adapt to the needs of each student and set challenges based on the individual’s skill. Most importantly, it provides instant feedback, enabling educators to assess students’ progress and provide assistance as needed.

The Microsoft team is currently developing the system further. Among the changes is adding color to the previously all-white pods because it helps children with limited vision to learn better. The size of the pods is also being increased since kids working in pairs were more engaged when they could both physically hold the pods and touch hands.

The program will be expanded to 100 elementary school children in the UK this fall, and, once perfected, to kids across the world. While the system was created with visually damaged children in mind, Cecily Morrison, one of the researchers working on the project, hopes that it will appeal to everyone.

28. Why do companies introduce children to the programming world?

A. To satisfy children’s curiosity. B. To develop children’s potential.

C. To foster the future programmers. D. To make children more competitive.

29. What does the underlined word “that” probably refer to?

A. The exciting trend. B. The drawback.

C. Limited and poor sight. D. A physical language.

30. What is the advantage of the new smart system?

A. It can help judge children’s progress.

B. It bases the challenges on kids’ vision.

C. Children with poor sight can see the code.

D. It gives children guidance and instructions.

31. What is mainly talked about in Paragraph 4?

A. The size of the pods. B. The color of the pods.

C. The Microsoft team’s hard work. D. The improvement to the new system.

D

They train four hours a day, often waking up at 4:30 or 5 for before-school practices. Their evenings and weekends are eaten up by twice-weekly travel games. Every day is the same; there’s no break. No, these aren’t Olympic athletes; they’re kids.

The benefits of sports are obvious. So, it’s not surprising that, according to CNN, 41 million American children play competitive sports. But when does this become too much of a good thing?

Seven years ago, a survey in SportingKid magazine found 84 percent of athletes’ parents had observed belligerent behavior in other parents at games and that 80 percent had been targets of this behavior. What does this say about sports culture, and our culture as a whole? Some parents have become so crazy about their children’s winning that they don’t stop to think about what example they are setting.

If athletes are constantly surrounded by adults who scream at coaches and attack sports officials, they may think that this is acceptable behavior. They’ll try to win at all costs. In other words, they won’t know how to accept defeat, and learn from it.

The amount of time some athletes spend practicing can be dangerous. According to Sports Illustrated, over 3.5 million athletes younger than 15 suffered from a sports-related injury—that’s nearly one in ten! Many injuries cause permanent (永久的) damage if not treated.

So what can we do about this situation? Some argue that there is no problem, because sports has always been and will always be competitive. But did your grandparents spend hours each day practicing tennis or volleyball? No, they probably played with the neighborhood kids after school, not worrying about winning. All they wanted was to have fun. And that’s what we need to change in youth sports—focus on enjoyment.

32. What does the underlined word “belligerent” refer to?

A. Aggressive. B. Mild. C. Elegant. D. Reasonable.

33. What’s the consequence of adults’ bad examples?

A. Young athletes’ scores will be affected.

B. Young athletes’ performance will suffer.

C. Young athletes won’t know how to succeed.

D. Young athletes won’t deal with failure properly.

34. What is the tone of the text?

A. Relaxed. B. Critical. C. Objective. D. Humorous.

35. Which is the best title for the text?

A. More practice, less failure B. Fight for victory to the last second

C. Enjoyment first, competition second D. Prohibit kids from competitive sports

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。

Tiny Tomatoes

Tomatoes come in a variety of sizes, shapes and colors. And the little tomatoes are some of the most fun to grow and are perhaps the most rewarding.

Little tomatoes are classified into plum, cherry, grape or currant (醋栗) tomatoes. 36 Plum tomatoes are the largest of the groups listed, and currant tomatoes are the smallest. There are also differences in color, flavor (风味) and skin thickness, but these differences are more relative to specific varieties. 37

Plum, cherry and other small tomato types are fun to grow because they always produce abundant crops of flavorful fruit. They are fun to snack on while working in the garden or while daydreaming about working in the garden. 38 They are typically sweeter than large tomatoes, and little tomatoes contain less juice and fewer seeds than large tomatoes.

To grow little tomatoes, select a site that receives at least six to eight hours of full sun per day. Use a large container set in a sunny spot if a sunny planting site is otherwise unavailable.

39 You could also plant seeds, but already-started plants will provide fruit much more quickly. Water infrequently to help plants grow deep roots before the heat of summer arrives.

Harvest fruits when they are ripe. They will generally slip from the plan at this point. 40 Store harvested fruit indoors and unrefrigerated as cool temperatures change the flavor.

A. The best time to grow tomato plants is March.

B. All of them are delicious and nearly of the same size.

C. But at the same time they should still feel firm in your hand.

D. The classifications most commonly refer to differences in size.

E. Small tomatoes are also good additions to salads and cooked dishes.

F. Flavor and skin thickness are also influenced by growing conditions.

G. Select plants from your favorite local garden center, farmers, market etc.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Years ago when my husband and I were dating I bought two coffee cups; the kind that has your name on it and a(n) 41 of what your name means. People used to make fun of our coffee cups but that’s okay. I didn’t 42 them to impress anyone.

We have kept those cups for 25 years. They are cracked (有裂痕的), worn and no longer 43 .

In 2008, I had a long 44 with breast cancer-numerous surgeries. Pretending to be 45 and unafraid I moved on with a smile. Only those 46 to me, my family, really knew I was cracking beneath the 47 .

One morning, my husband Doug poured coffee into my ‘"Terri” cup as usual. The cup could no longer 48 the heat. It finally cracked. This was a(n) 49 to me. I lost it. I began to cry.

“Doug, 50 I break? This means something! I am broken! What if I can’t be fixed?” I said.

He hugged me and 51 me down. Then he quickly left the room and 52 with some glue. He took that cup telling me he was going to 53 it and that nothing was going to happen to me. I would be 54 and cancer was not going to “break” me.

Doug fixed that cup with such 55 .

He did the same to me with his care. The cup is not the same as it was before but it still sits in our cupboard.

I am the same but I am 56 changed; a little cracked but not completely 57 . I will never forget that day my husband 58 to save my favorite coffee cup. It was a turning 59 for both of us. And that cup like Doug will stay with me 60 I live.

41. A. description B. assumption C. preparation D. construction

42. A. occupy B. purchase C. interrupt D. support

43. A. attractive B. special C. usable D. typical

44. A. connection B. battle C. history D. record

45. A. serious B. curious C. nervous D. fearless

46. A. closest B. friendly C. grateful D. similar

47. A. mind B. surface C. skin D. expression

48. A. adjust B. promote C. take D. preserve

49. A. sign B. attention C. concern D. joke

50. A. how come B. what about C. so what D. what if

51. A. put B. let C. set D. calmed

52. A. sent out B. folded up C. returned D. withdrew

53. A. fix B. clean C. decorate D. color

54. A. protected B. cured C. cherished D. pursued

55. A. tendency B. preference C. determination D. imagination

56. A. nearly B. slightly C. hardly D. partly

57. A. broken B. left C. discovered D. hit

58. A. afforded B. arranged C. expected D. managed

59. A. moment B. chance C. point D. page

60. A. now that B. even if C. in order that D. as long as

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

If you’ve never heard of an egg-laying mountain, you probably don’t know about Chan Da Ya, 61 fantastic cliff (悬崖) that lays stone eggs every 30 years.

Located in China’s Guizhou Province, Chan Da Ya, 62 means “egg laying cliff”, has been puzzling geologists for decades. The cliff has a rough surface spotted with dozens of round and oval-shaped stones of various sizes. As the elements (自然环境) continue to eat away at the cliff, the harder “eggs” become even more exposed and 63 (eventual) fall out.

The egg-laying phenomenon of Chan Da Ya 64 (consider) unique, so geologists who hope to come up with an 65 (explain) have had to travel to the remote mountainous region 66 (study) it first-hand.

The local people have known about the egg-laying cliff for generations, and many of 67 (they) frequently visit it to touch the “god eggs” for good luck. In recent years, Chan Da Ya 68 (become) so popular as a tourist destination that most of the eggs have been sold 69 profit. There are only about 70 eggs in Gulu today, and any new ones ready to fall off from the cliff are often stolen by treasure hunters.

70 Chan Da Ya is the largest egg-laying cliff on Mount Gandeng, it is certainly not the only one.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;毎小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I was entering the underground parking lot when I heard a little girl shouted, “Mama, Mama!” I looked around and saw the girl in a car alone. I went over to ask her how was the matter. She said she needed to go to the washroom badly. I tell the girl to get out and I would take him to the washroom. She was very gladly and ran with me to the washroom. After she washed her hand, I took her back to car. Still, her mom didn’t come. I really hoped the girl would tell her mom what had been happened. But next time the mom wouldn’t leave her little daughter in the car on herself.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Jim将作为交换生来中国学习,他来信向你询问如何更好地融入到寄宿家庭和应该注意的餐桌礼仪方面的问题,请你就此内容给他写一封回信。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。




英语试题答案

第一部分 听力

1—5 BABCC 6—10 BACBA 11—15 CABCB 16—20 ACBAC

第二部分 阅读

第一节 阅读理解

21—23 ACB 24—27 DCAB 28—31 CBAD 32—35 ADBC

第二节 短文填空 36—40 DFEGC

第三部分 语言知识运用

第一节 完形填空

41—45 ABCBD 46—50 ABCAD 51—55 DCABC 56—60 BADCD

第二节 语法填空

61. a 62. which 63. eventually 64. is considered 65. explanation

66. to study 67. them 68. has become 69. for 70. While/Although/Though

第四部分 写作

第一节 改错

I was entering the underground parking lot when I heard a little girl shouted, “Mama, Mama!” I looked around

shouting

and saw the girl in a car alone. I went over to ask her how was the matter. She said she needed to go to the washroom

what

badly. I tell the girl to get out and I would take him to the washroom. She was very gladly and ran with me to the

told her glad

washroom. After she washed her hand, I took her back to ∧ car. Still, her mom didn’t come. I really hoped the girl

hands the

would tell her mom what had been happened. But next time the mom wouldn’t leave her little daughter in the car on

删除been So / And by

herself.

第二节 书面表达

Dear Jim,

I’m glad to know you will come to China as an exchange student. Here are my suggestions about your behavior in a Chinese family.

As far as I am concerned, helping your host family with some housework is definitely an effective approach to engaging with them. Furthermore, a warm and harmonious atmosphere can be created. When it comes to table manners, we often let the seniors eat first to show respect for them. Besides, you should avoid tapping the bowls with chopsticks, which is impolite. In fact, the best policy is “When in Rome, do as the Romans do”.

Looking forward to seeing you soon.

Yours,

Li Hua

附听力部分录音原文:

Text 1

M: You can only keep the books for two weeks.

W: Fine. I’ll be certain to return them on time.

Text 2

W: Is anything the matter?

M: It’s Bill-he wants to borrow my car. Last time he borrowed it, he had an accident.

W: Why don’t you tell him that it’s in the garage for repairs?

Text 3

W: I like to read Chris Paine.

M: So do I. I hear he writes on his computer.

W: When will his new book come out?

M: Next week.

Text 4

W: Thank goodness! My book is on your desk. I’ve been looking for it for a long time.

M: Well, it was your husband who left it here when he was taking care of the baby.

Text 5

W: Which color do you think we should paint our house, pink or yellow?

M: Neither of the two, in my opinion. Why not light blue?

Text 6

W: Well, I’m afraid my cooking isn’t to your taste.

M: Actually, I like it very much.

W: I’m glad you enjoy it. Let me serve you some more fish.

M: No, thank you I’ve had enough fish, but I’d like some soup.

W: Here it is. Help yourself!

M: Thanks. I didn’t know you were so good at cooking. If only my wife could learn from your cooking skills.

W: Why not bring your wife next time? I haven’t seen her for quite a while.

M: OK, I will. She will be very glad to see you, too. Thank you for the wonderful meal.

Text 7

W: Hello, Mr. Turner. How are you?

M: Fine, thanks. How’s your boy, Jack?

W: He’s a bit tired. You know, he goes to school at half past seven every morning. He doesn’t get home until after six. Then he does his homework after super. It often takes him a couple of hours to finish it.

M: Poor boys. They work hard at school nowadays, don’t they? Does he like it?

W: School, you mean? Yes, he does. He likes his teachers, and that always makes a difference.

M: Yes, it does. Does he go to school by bus?

W: No, he walks. He likes walking. He meets some of his friends at the comer and they go together.

M: What does he do when it rains?

W: My husband takes him in the car. He passes the school on the way to the office.

Text 8

M: Here’s the store I was telling you about. I think you can solve your problems here.

W: I hope so. Buying a gift for my mother’s birthday gets harder and harder every year. Getting something for people who have almost everything isn’t easy.

M: Well, we can begin by looking around the store. They have all kinds of great things.

W: Look at this frying pan. I wonder what it’s for.

M: It’s for making eggs, I guess. Come over here. These biscuits look delicious. I wonder how they taste. There’s a sign that says: “Help yourself to a free biscuit”.

W: These are delicious, but they don’t solve my problem.

M: What about these wine glasses? Would your mother like them?

W: I doubt it. She has dozens of wine glasses already.

M: Here’s a usual gift-a beautiful Chinese teapot. And it’s not expensive at all. It’s only $ 10.45. Do you think your mother would like it?

W: It’s hard to make up my mind. But I think this is a good choice. Thanks for helping me.

Text 9

W: Can I help you?

M: I want to buy three tickets from Beijing to Shanghai on March 15th.

W: There are three trains to Shanghai that day. Trains D301, D305 and D313. Which one do you like to take?

M: The one that leaves in the evening is OK. Taking an evening train can save me much time.

W: Let me see. Train D301 leaves at 9:30pm and D313 leaves at 10:00pm.Which one do you prefer?

M: The earlier one is better. I want three tickets for D301.

W: Sorry, sir. Only two tickets for the D301 are left.

M: What a pity! Then give me three tickets for the D313.

W: OK, three tickets for D313 on March 15th.

M: Here is 1,000 yuan.

W: OK. Here are your tickets and change, 10 yuan.

M: Thank you. Oh, my phone is out of power. Is there a public phone around here?

W: Walk straight and you will see one at the comer beside the toilet.

M: Thank you very much.

Text 10

I’m glad to be here to talk about myself with you, especially about the most recent years since my retirement. My name’s Bart. I’m 74 years old and I live in a retirement community with my wife Kathy. I retired nine years ago from a steelworks factory where I had worked as an engineer for forty years. After my fifty-fifth birthday, I applied to work as an advisor like most of experienced plant employees and spent the last part of my career there.

Soon after I retired, I moved to the retirement community. The staff here focuses mainly on improving the strength and energy of each person living in the community as well as meeting their needs and interests. I’m engaged in many activities: oil painting, watercolor, and so on. My major interest, however, is golf. Weather permitting, I play every day. We have a golf course in the community, and since I play more often than I used to before I retired, my game has improved a lot.


——

·16·


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