2018年黑龙江省牡丹江市第一高级中学高三上学期期中考试英语试题 - 在线阅读

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2017-2018学年高三学年上学期期中英语试题

I

第一部分(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 阅读理解 (15小题;每小题2分,满分30)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD), 选出最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑

A

Jonathan Cranwell sat on a hard bench behind the long narrow desk and watched the flies fly lazily in the sun. The drone of the younger boys reading letters and the older boys reciting Latin verbs made him sleepy. Jonathan had to force his eyes to stay open. He wanted to learn something new!

He looked up at the schoolmaster’s high desk in the front of the room. The new teacher was from Harvard College. Jonathan’s father had been impressed with him. The boys had already had several other teachers, but none of them seemed to inspire Jonathan. So far, there was nothing to show that this one was special , though he’d only been there two days.

It’s too hot to sit and memorize lessons,” the schoolmaster said. “We’ll move outdoors for the next part of our lesson.” He led the group of boys into the schoolyard. “You younger boys, dig for grubs and beetles ( 幼虫和甲虫). Count their feet. See if you can describe their shells”

Jonathan watched the teacher surrounded by laughing young students. No one had ever used the schoolyard itself for a classroom. “What next ?” he thought. He didn’t have time to think about the younger boys, for he was running after butterflies and dragonflies himself.

Jonathan and his friends liked this new way of learning.

It will be a clear night tonight. Go outside and look at the sky,” said the schoolmaster. “Look at the stars and notice their brightness and the patterns they make. These patterns have names from Greek mythology(神话), names like Orion, Aries, and others. Tomorrow we will learn about the ancient stories on them.”

How is the new schoolmaster ?” asked Jonathan’s father that evening, when Jonathan announced he was going out to look at the sky.

He’s different from any other schoolmaster we’ve had,” Jonathan admitted. “He seems interested in everything around him, and he wants us to be curious too. He even used the schoolyard as a classroom!”

So Mr. John Adams and his new ways make school useful to you after all,” joked Jonathan’s father.

I believe he has,” said Jonathan. “I know I won’t forget the lessons he has taught us!”

1. What does the underlined word “drone” in Paragraph 1 mean ?

A. Clear speaking voices B. Continuous low dull sounds

C. Enthusiastic responses D. High spirits

2. Which statement shows that the new schoolmaster understood the children ?

A. “Go outside and look at the sky,… ”

B. “ See if you can describe their shells.”

C. “ It’s too hot to sit and memorize lessons,…”

D. “Tomorrow we will learn about the ancient stories…”

3. From the last but one paragraph, we can learn that __________.

A. Mr. Cranwell had met the new schoolmaster

B. Jonathan had previously complained about school

C. Mr. Cranwell was not satisfied with the new ways

D. Jonathan had shown his father his homework

4.What is the main idea of this story?

A. Science is all around us. B. School provides us with the best education.

C. Homework is an important part of education. D. There is more than one way to learn.

B

For the business traveler who is all about efficiency: Check out these hotels that will get you in and out with a minimum of trouble. When you are pressed for time on a business trip, nothing can infuriate you more than a slow hotel check-in process. On your next trip, try these hotels that offer a speedier check-in process.

1. Yotel New York

The self-service kiosks at this high-tech New York hotel work just like the ones you’d see at an airport. There are just five-steps to register and obtain your card key. There is even a robotic luggage bellboy. You tap in the number of bags you are carrying and sizes, then wait for a robot arm to swing down and store your luggage in a locker (say, for a day trip). This also speeds up the check-in process if the first thing you need to do, like me, is head to a series of meetings.

2. Marriott Detroit Airport

Another option for business travelers in a hurry: Marriott is rolling out its mobile check-in app to 325 hotels this year, including the Marriott Detroit Airport hotel. (I’ve tested the app itself but not for a real visit quite yet.) Here is the basic idea: you download the iphone or Android app. The night before, you can “check-in” virtually. When you arrive, you get an alert that the room is ready and your key, which is already tied to your reservation, is waiting for you at the desk.

3. Hyatt Regency Minneapolis

I happened to stay at this hotel recently and liked how fast the kiosk check-in works. Like the Yotel, the kiosk asks you to insert your credit card, similar to an airport terminal. The whole process took about three minutes, when I left, I was equally impressed with the fast check-out. An agent meets you in the lobby with an ipad and asks for an email to use for a receipt. The big advantage: you never have to wait in line.

4. Radisson: LaCrosse

The Radisson is trying to make the kiosk process even faster, at a few select hotels like the Radisson Lacrosse in Wisconsin, you use a mobile app to register and then receive a barcode by email or text. When you get to the kiosk, you scan the barcode to get your key without any other steps required. It’s super fast. You can find this new check-in system at the Radisson hotels in Salt Lake City, Seattle, and Phoenix as well.

5Which two hotels offer a mobile app for customers to check in?

A. Yotel New York and Marriott Detroit Airport.

B. Marriott Detroit Airport and Radisson: LaCrosse.

C. Marriott Detroit Airport. and Hyatt Regency Minneapolis.

D. Hyatt Regency Minneapolis and Radisson: LaCrosse.

6Which hotel will send you a receipt by email?

A. Yotel New York. B. Marriott Detroit Airport.

C. Radisson: LaCrosse. D. Hyatt Regency Minneapolis.

7Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. At Yotel New York, a robot will help you with all the check-in process.

B. With its check-in app, you may enter your room in Marriott without a key.

C. The barcode you receive from Radisson contributes to the fast check-in.

D. Hyatt Regency Minneapolis is close to an airport terminal.

C

You may think, salt is just a simple cooking element we shake on our food for a little extra taste. But salt is much more than that. Without salt our muscles would not move. Our nervous systems would not operate. Our hearts would not beat.

But do not think rubbing salt into a wound will help. Doing that would be painful and not heal the wound. “To rub salt into a wound” is an idiom that means to purposefully make a bad situation worse.

Early humans got the salt they needed to stay alive from the animals they killed. But advances in agriculture led to a diet low in salt. So, humans needed to find other sources. Those who lived near the ocean or other natural sources for salt were lucky. Those who did not had to trade for salt. In fact, people used salt as a method of payment in many parts of the ancient world. The word “salary” comes from the word “salt”.

Salt also played an important part in population movement and world exploration. Explorers understood that if they could keep food fresh, they could travel longer distances. So they used salt to preserve food and explore the world.

Salt was so important that, according to food historians, it was traded pound-for-pound for gold. Today, people still use the expressions “worth one's salt” or “worth one's weight in salt”. The expressions describe a person of value.

A person might also be called “salt of the earth”. That description means he or she is dependable and trustworthy. However, when you say “I think we should take what he said with a grain of salt”you mean you accept it but maintain a degree of doubt about its truth.

8. What can we learn from the first paragraph?

A. Salt plays an important part in our life. B. Salt makes food tasty.

C. Salt is considered to be part of our muscles. D. Salt is sure to damage nervous systems.

9. A beggar’s bread was stolen last night, which means_________.

A. salt of the earth B. rubbing salt in a wound

C. a diet low in salt D. worth his salt

10. If you describe a person as a great help, you mean_________ .

A. he rubs salt in a wound B. he is often taken as a grain of salt

C. he often uses salt to preserve meat D. he is worth his weight in salt

11. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A. Salt Is More Than a Four-letter Word. B. Salt Is a Basic Element in Cooking.

C. Salt Is a Word with a Long History. D. Salt Is Popular with Different People.

D

A new study has discovered that meditation(冥想)and oxygen sport together reduce depression. The Rutgers University study found that this mind and body combination, done twice a week for only two months, reduced the symptoms for a group of students by 40 percent.

We are excited by the findings because we saw such a meaningful improvement in both clinically depressed and non-depressed students,” said lead author Dr. Brandon Alderman. “It is the first time that both of these two behavioral ways have been looked at together for dealing with depression.”

Researchers believe the two activities have an interactive effect on combating depression. Alderman and Dr. Tracey Shors discovered that a combination of mental and physical training (MAP) enabled students with major depressive disorder not to let problems or negative thoughts defeat them.

Rutgers researchers say those who participated in the study began with 30 minutes of focused attention meditation followed by 30 minutes of oxygen sport. They were told that if their thoughts drifted to the past or the future they should refocus on their breathing, enabling those with depression to accept moment-to-moment changes in attention.

Shors, who studies the production of new brain cells in the hippocampus—part of the brain involved in memory and learning—says scientists have shown in animal models that oxygen sport exercise keeps a large number of certain cells alive.

The idea for the human intervention(干预)came from her laboratory studies, she says, with the main goal of helping individuals acquire new skills so that they can learn to recover from stressful life events.

By learning to focus their attention and exercise, people who are fighting depression can acquire new learning skills that can help them process information and reduce the overwhelming recollection of memories from the past, Shors says.

We know these treatments can be practiced over a lifetime and that they will be effective in improving mental health.” said Alderman. “The good news is that this intervention can be practiced by anyone at any time and at no cost.”

12. What made the research so different?

A. Adopting a way of meaningful talk.

B. Combining the two behavioral ways to treat depression.

C. Treating depression with special medicine.

D. Comparing the depressed with the non-depressed.

13. The underlined word “combating” in Paragraph 3 can be replaced by ______.

A. fighting   B. identifying   C. distinguishing   D. examining

14. What did the participants do in the research?

A. They did oxygen sport half an hour before thinking.B. They thought quietly and then took exercise.

C. They took exercise longer than they thought. D. They took exercise while thinking quietly.

15. What is Shors’ main purpose of her studies?

A. To find out certain brain cells of humans. B. To study the production of new brain cells.

C. To offer people a new method to treat stress. D. To decide the links between stress and exercise.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,共1 0分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

How can I fight laziness?

Lazy people will never amount to anything in life. However, laziness can be defeated once a few changes have been made in your mind.

__16__Many people lack sleep constantly, since they stay up too late and get up too early to prepare for work. These people have little motivation once they arrive home. Laziness works hand in hand with a lack of motivation and a tendency to put off things. By adjusting your sleep schedule to provide a few more hours of meaningful rest, you can fight laziness throughout the day.

Another way to fight laziness is to change your mind from passive to active. Some people treat their lives as if they were pushed from task to task. Others take a more proactive approach, viewing each task as a challenge they must overcome alone. ___17____

Some people fight laziness by removing the temptations that surround them. A television in the living room may provide entertainment, but watching too much TV often contributes to laziness. Create a reward system for yourself, just as parents do for a child to promote responsibility. ___18____

___19____ Spouses and children may all have different energy levels, but laziness can be spread if not dealt with immediately. To fight household laziness, lead by example. Be the first to collect and wash dishes after a meal. Others in the home may eventually follow your example and perform their own task. It is difficult to practice laziness when your are surrounded by motivated people.

____20___ Enough exercise and a balanced diet can help you to develop a healthy lifestyle, thus enabling you to have more energy and help lift your spirits.

A. Knowing how to fight laziness is important.

B. One way to fight laziness is to get enough sleep.

C. Laziness can also be a lasting problem at home.

D. Complete a few tasks and reward yourself with what you enjoy , such as a good dinner or a film.

E. Finally, taking exercise regularly can help you fight laziness.

F. With strong determination, you will be able to achieve your goal.

G. Laziness sets in when you no longer feel in charge of your own life.


第二部分 英语语言知识运用(共四节,满分75分)

第一节:完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文, 从短文后所给各题的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白的最佳选项。

A couple of weeks ago, when we were leaving one of those horrible giant trampoline bouncy(弹跳床)places, my 11-year-old daughter said to me, “I don’t think I’m very 21 . You know, like Rocket (her brother). He seems to be really good at sports.”

What came out of my mouth 22 me: “No, you’re kind of not.”

Okay, let me back up. As you may have guessed, this child has been with me for about 11 years, 23 I’ve had enough time to 24 her engaged in physical acts: jumping, climbing, running, and organized sports.

And the kid is just 25 me: two left feet. If anybody was ever NOT a “natural” 26 , that person is me.

But even 27 these facts, my first instinct(本能反应)was to snow her with some 28 : “Oh, no, honey. You’re good at sports! You just have to keep 29 !” But I decided to tell her the 30 , and I could see it hurt a bit.

So I said more: “Ava, we all have things we are particularly, 31 good at. Like you and 32 . You’re in the 5th grade and read Charles Dickens. That isn’t 33 , but you’ve done it without even trying. But all of us also have things that we are 34 in. If we want to get good at those things, we have to put in twice the 35 of the people around us to get to a decent(相当的)point and even harder if we want to be 36 .”

She was nodding. She totally 37 it. Why? Because it’s the truth. Sometimes I wonder why we run around talking nonsense(胡扯)to our kids when they can 38 the truth. And they can smell rubbish from a mile away. In other words, they can easily recognize you are 39 . In addition, if they don’t know where they 40 now, they’ll never know how to get somewhere new.

21. A. clever B. energetic C. social D. athletic

22. A. surprised B. offended C. amused D. worried

23. A.however B. therefore C.but D. so

24. A. invite B. give C. observe D. prevent

25. A. for B. like C. with D. against

26. A. nurse B. judge C. captain D. athlete

27. A. knowing B. ignoring C. checking D. minding

28.A. information B. facts C. rubbish D. beliefs

29. A. trying B. waiting C. looking D. smiling

30. A. idea B. truth C. news D. failure

31. A. probably B. naturally C. unexpectedly D. gradually

32. A. listening B. speaking C. reading D. writing

33. A. normal B. important C. special D. useful

34. A. poor B. different C. experienced D. interested

35. A. money B. courage C. effort D. confidence

36. A. worse B. lower C. higher D. better

37. A. got B. forgot C. deserved D. did

38. A. hide B. avoid C. suffer D. handle

39. A. joking B. lying C. struggling D. regretting

40. A. fall B. live C. stop D. stand

II

第二节:语法填空 (共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Youth is a kind of wealth. It will gradually disappear 41 time going by. What can we do to fulfill our youth?

For one thing, it is to realize our value, and our dreams 42 matters a lot. 43 our dreams are, we must try hard to achieve them. When we are young, we are full of energy, and we have many 44 (opportunity). We have good conditions in our lives, good memories, good understanding and so on. We should make the most of them to learn more.

For 45 , we should do as many things as possible. Of course, they must 46 (rich) our lives, which can make it possible for us to gain many different experiences that are worth 47 (remember) when we are old.

Then when we are really old, and when we cannot move any 48 (much), we can be proud of something 49 (achieve), for we have lived our life to 50 fullest.

第三节:单词拼写(共10个小题,每小题1.5分;满分15分)

51. The students were p_________(惩罚) for cheating.

52. Please r_______(提醒)me to buy some milk tonight.

53.He acquired a good r__________(名誉) as a doctor.

54. The news has s____________(传开) throughout the country.

55. They were s____________(成功的) in achieving both aims.

56. In t__________ (传统的)Chinese culture, marriage decisions were made by parents for their children.

57. I’m not very good at German, but I can make myself u__________(理解,明白).

58. Will you speak in s___________ (支持) of this idea?

59. The year 1849 w____________(目睹) a great war in that country.

60. As a child, he would like to s___________(分享)his toys with others.

第四节:单句语法填空(共10个小题,每小题1.5分;满分15分)

61.______is also normal to lift the noodle or soup bowl to mouth so that food doesn’t spill.

62. There were so many people watching the fire that firefighters couldn’t get close______the building

63. As Jack left his membership card at home, he wasn’t allowed ________ (go) into the club.

64. Read this story, _______ you will realize that not everything can be bought with money.

65. He hurried to the station, only _________ (tell) the train had left.

66.Britain __________major changes in the last 100 years.(experience)

67. Word has come _______ some visitors will come for a visit to our school next week.

68. Young ______she is, she is quite experienced in the work.

69. He got the first prize in the English talent show________made us very proud.

70.When he moved to Germany in_______1950s, he was already in his sixties.

第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文

中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用()划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

On a storm night, I was alone at home. After finishing my homework, I was about to go to bed. All of sudden, the light went out. Meanwhile, there was a flash of lightning following by thunderstorms. I was so scared that I ran to my bed but hid myself under the blanket. To make matters bad, my parents went to hospital to accompany with my sick grandfather. I felt too frightened because my mind was full of scary thought. After some time passed, I fall asleep at last. At breakfast I told my parents that I had seen last night. My parents were also frightened and they promised that they would ever leave me at home alone.

  1. :书面表达(满分25分)

假设你是李华,你的英国笔友Mike即将完成学业,不久前来信就是否到中国工作询问你的意见。请根据以下提示回一封电子邮件。

1) 建议他可以来中国;

2) 阐述你的理由(就业机会多,专业受欢迎,不同的文化体验等);

3) 承诺可以提供帮助。

注意:

  1.  词数不少于100

2) 可适当加入细节,使内容充实、行文连贯;

3) 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Mike,

I’m very glad to have received the letter you sent me last week. ____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

Best wishes.

Yours, Li Hua

答案


阅读1--4 BCBD 5—7 BDC 8—11 ABDA 12—15BABC 16—20BGDCE

完型 21-40 DADCB DACAB BCAAC DADBD

语法填空

41.with 42. that 43. Whatever 44. opportunities 45. another

46. enrich 47. remembering 48. more 49. achieved 50. the

单词拼写

51. punished 52. remind 53. reputation 54. spread 55.successful

  1. traditional 57.understood 58. support 59.witnessed 60. share

单句语法

61. It 62.to 63. to go 64. and 65.to be told

  1. has experienced 67. that 68. as/ though 69. which 70. the

短文改错

storm-stormy; sudden 前加a; following- followed; but-and; bad-worse; with去掉; thought-thoughts; fall-fell; that-what; ever-never

作文

One Possible Version

Dear Mike,

I’m very glad to have received the letter you sent me last week. I have been thinking about the question you asked me. From my point of view, you can choose to come to China after finishing your studies.

For one reason, China’s development over the past 30 years offers quantities of job opportunities for the young. What’s more, what you are studying is badly needed in China nowadays. In fact, many big companies in our city are hoping to hire people like you.

For another reason, China is a country with so different cultures and traditions from the west that many foreigners enjoy living and working here. Why not come and join them? I’m sure you will adapt to the environment quickly. If you come here, I will do what I can to help you. So what are you waiting for?

I’m looking forward to your coming.

Best wishes!


——

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