2018年黑龙江省大庆实验中学高三上学期期中考试英语试题 - 在线阅读版

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大庆实验中学2018届高三上学期期中考试

高三英语试题

本试卷分为第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。全卷满分150分,考试用时120分钟。

I

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. How long will the woman work a day?

A. Eight hours. B. Nine hours. C. Seven hours.

2. What are the speakers talking about?

A. The sports. B. The plans. C. The weather.

3. What will the man do tomorrow?

A. Have fun at the beach.

B. Have classes.

C. Go for a ride with the woman.

4. Where does the conversation take place?

A. At the bus stop. B. On a bus. C. In a car.

5. What does the man want the woman to help to do?

A. Open the door for him. B. Look for the key to the door. C. Hold the packages.

第二节 15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段对话,回答第67题。

6. How long has the dog been ill?

A. For about two days. B. For about three days. C. For about four days.

7. What does the man advise the woman to do?

A. To take the dog to the hospital.

B. To walk the dog outside for a while.

C. To give the dog little food.

听下面一段材料,回答第89题。

8. How did the woman know the result?

A. By watching TV at home.

B. By listening to the radio.

C. By watching the game by herself.

9. When is the man’s next match?

A. On Friday this week. B. On Monday this week. C. On Monday next week.

听下面一段材料,回答第10至第12题。

10. Where does this conversation take place?

A. At a restaurant. B. At a police station. C. At a wallet shop.

11. Who paid the bill?

A. The man. B. The man’s friend . C. The woman.

12. What can we learn from the conversation?

A. The man is sure he took his wallet out.

B. The table has been empty since the man left.

C. The man left 2 hours ago.

听下面一段材料,回答第1316题。

13. What is the relationship between the speakers?

A. Brother and sister. B. Classmates. C. Father and daughter.

14. Which item did the woman buy by her credit card?

A. Some DVDs and a DVD player.

B. A TV and a DVD player.

C. A digital camera and a TV.

15. Why does the woman obtain a student credit card?

A. She wants to buy things at a discount.

B. She hopes to establish a good credit rating.

C. She doesn’t want to borrow money from her parents.

16. In the man’s opinion, what is the problem of having a credit card?

A. People generally have a difficult time getting out of debt.

B. Students often apply for more credit cards than they need.

C. The interest rates on student cards are very high.

听下面一段材料,回答第1720题。

17. What level class had Dotty struggled through?

A. Level 3. B. Level 4. C. Level 5.

18. Why was Dotty feeling terrible?

A. The teacher spoke too fast. B. The class was too boring. C. The words were too difficult.

19. What’s the homework for the first day?

A. An essay with no limit in words against gun control.

B. A 400-word essay supporting medicine control.

C. A 400-word essay supporting gun control.

20. What do we know about Dotty?

A. She likes English very much.

B. Her native language is English.

C. She wanted to drop the class.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分35

第一节(15小题;每小题2分,满分30

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

A

I’ve been living in the United States for over a decade, and I now say thank you about 50 times a day. Often I do it without thinking. I say thank you to the cashier at the coffee shop. I say thank you to my wife and my 5-year-old daughter several times a day for various things. When I first moved to the United States, I didn’t know I was supposed to thank someone who took my money for something I bought at a store. I had no idea I was supposed to thank people when they asked how I was doing.

I grew up in the northern Indian city of Lucknow, in a culture in which saying thank you is not done lightly. I learned to say thank you in English in elementary school, and when I thanked anyone, I said it in English, which was less embarrassing and more casual than doing so in Hindi. I reserved my thanks for those who had done huge favors for me. And I rarely thanked my friends or classmates. When I did, they either smiled quizzically at me or regarded the act as a playful way to practise English.

Saying dhanyavaad, or thank you in Hindi, to someone without looking at him or her is just as good as not saying it at all. As a kid, I heard my father say dhanyavaad to people of his age, and he did it as sincerely as possible, with his hands joined in front of his chest. He wasn’t just thanking someone for something, but asking for an opportunity to return the favor.

Now, when I travel to India, I often offend people by saying thank you to them. On a recent trip home, I was invited to my uncle’s house for dinner. He’s been a father figure to me, teaching me many things at every step of my life. That day, I made the mistake of telling him, in English, “Thank you for inviting me” before leaving his house. He didn’t respond, but I saw his expression turn sour. I couldn’t even apologize for thanking him. The damage was done.

  1. From the first paragraph we can learn that the author ______.

A. thinks Americans are too polite B. appreciates the American culture

C. is used to the American thank-you culture D. is popular with Americans for his politeness

22. When he was a child, the author ______.

A. felt it embarrassing to say thank you B. tended to say thank you in a casual manner

C. often practiced English by saying thank you D. thanked his friends in English for their kindness

23. The underlined word “quizzically” in Paragraph 2 most probably means ______.

A. happily B. warmly C. coldly D. amusedly

24. According to the text, when saying dhanyavaad in Hindi, one ______.

A. should speak it in a gentle and sincere voice

B. must put his hands in front of his chest

C. is supposed to look at the person

D. had better wear a big smile on his face

B

Shower Radio—Guarantee and Directions

Introduction

Before using the radio, please read all directions, fill out and mail in the guarantee card, and put the guarantee information in a safe place. You may need to refer to the guarantee information at a later time.

Guarantee

This radio is under guarantee for one year. If it fails to work because of a problem of materials, please return it to the address on the guarantee card.

We will not pay shipping costs for returning the radio. We will either repair or replace the radio. Please allow at least four weeks for looking at the problem and repairing the radio. If you have not heard from us within six weeks, call our customer service department at 1-800-123.

Radios that are returned not for problems will pay service fee and the cost of the repairs. Customers will be informed of the charge by postcard. Radios will not be returned to customers until these fees are paid.

Directions

This radio is designed and built to operate well in a damp environment.

To Operate the Radio

1. Put two AA batteries following the introduction.

2. Turn the POWER dial in a clockwise direction until it clicks.

3. Press the station selection button for your desired station. The station’s call number will be visible on the digital screen.

4. To switch between AM and FM stations, move the sliding AM/FM switch.

To Operate the Timer

1. Each time the button is pressed, five minutes will be put on the timer. The amount of time on the timer will be visible for five seconds on the digital screen.

2. When the time on the timer doesn’t work, a sound will be given off for ten seconds. The timer may be reset again after one minute.

Troubleshooting

Before returning the radio for service, please check the following items:

Problem: Radio cannot be heard.

1. Check batteries.

2. Check Power/Volume Control.

Problem: Timer does not work.

1. Check batteries.

2. Follow directions above for setting timer.

3. Turn the power control on.

4. Adjust the volume control.

25. If you don’t receive a repaired radio in six weeks, you can ______.

A. spend fewer shipping costs B. make a phone call

C. require a new one D. write a letter of complaint

26. The digital screen will show both ______.

A. the volume level and the AM/FM indicator B. the AM/FM indicator and the radio station

C. the time remaining on the timer and the date D. the call number and time on the timer

27. Which of the following is covered within this text?

A. How to operate the radio and the timer. B. Other owners’ opinions about the radio.

C. People who benefit from using the radio. D. Where to purchase the radio.

28. According to the text, what should you do before returning the radio for service?

A. Contact the store where you purchased it. B. Check whether certain problems exist.

C. Call the producer for a repair number. D. Consult the telephone book for local repair service.

C

Dirty Britain

Before the grass has thickened on the roadside and leaves have started growing on the trees, it is a perfect time to look around and see just how dirty Britain has become. There is much chewing gum that has been spat out on the sidewalks and quantities of throwaway fast food packages in the river. I still remember traveling abroad and being saddened by the plastic bags and deserted bottles at the edge of every road, years ago. Nowadays, Britain seems to look at least as bad. What has gone wrong?

The problem is that the rubbish created by our increasingly mobile lives lasts a lot longer than before. If it is not cleared up and properly thrown away, it stays in the bushes for years—a semi-permanent reminder of what a dirty little country we have now.

Firstly, it is estimated that 10 billion plastic bags have been given to shoppers. These will take 100 to 1,000 years to rot. However, it is not as if there is no solution to this. A few years ago, the Irish government introduced a tax on non-recyclable carrier bags and in three months reduced their use by 90%. When he was a minister, Michael Meacher attempted to introduce a similar arrangement in Britain. The plastics industry protested, of course. However, they need not have bothered; the idea was killed before it could draw breath, leaving supermarkets free to give away plastic bags.

What is clearly necessary right now is some sort of combined action, both individual and collective, before it is too late. The alternative is to continue going downhill until we have a country that looks like a vast rubbish tip. We may well be at the tipping point. Yet we know that people respond to their environment. If things around them are clean and tidy, people behave cleanly and tidily. If they are surrounded by dirt, they behave dirtily. Now, much of Britain looks pretty dirty. What will it look like in five years?

29. According to the writer, the problem is that ______.

A. rubbish can not be cleared up B. rubbish lasts longer than it used to

C. our society is increasingly mobile D. people in Britain are awful

30. What can be learned about Michael Meacher?

A. He managed to follow the Irish example with a tax on plastic bags.

B. He was bothered by the Irish government.

C. His attempt to follow the Irish example with a tax on plastic bags was welcomed.

D. He failed in his attempt to introduce a tax on plastic bags.

31. What does the writer state in the last paragraph?

A. It’s too late for people to take immediate action.

B. Going downhill is a good choice for people.

C. Britain will become an extremely dirty country in five years.

D. People tend to behave according to what they see around them.

D

Hummingbird (蜂鸟) nests often appear in clusters, but for years researchers couldn’t figure out what attracted the birds to certain areas. The answer turned out to be “good neighbors.”

Biologist Harold Greeney was doing fieldwork in Arizona in 2007 when he and his team realized that breeding hummingbirds often appeared around hawk () nests. By 2009, Greeney and company were able to report that the hummingbirds nesting close to hawks were actually more successful at raising chicks. Now in a study published recently, they are explaining exactly why that seems to be the case.

Hawks don’t feed on hummingbirds or their nests—there’s not enough meal in a hummer to be worth the effort, apparently. But not only are hawks not a threat—it seems that they may actually protect hummingbirds from their natural enemy, Mexican jays (松鸦).

We know that timid species often hang out near more aggressive species for protection. Sometimes they’re trying to avoid one predator (捕食者) in particular. Geese, for example, sometimes nest near Snowy Owls because the owls eat the foxes that would otherwise eat the geese. But it’s often tricky to figure out which predator acts as the “middleman” in such a situation—who, exactly, is hiding from whom ? So the researchers looked at several hummingbird predators, including squirrels, snakes, and chipmunks, before setting on Mexican Jays as the likeliest suspect.

In their further research into hummingbird and hawk nests with the locations where jays were searching for food, they expected to see “a big circle around the hawk where the jays just never went,” said Greeney. Instead they discovered that while jays do search close to hawk nests, they do so at higher altitudes than normal, staying above hawk that typically hunt from above and then suddenly come down on their target. Greeney found that hummingbirds build the nests under the hawks’, in a“cone-shaped (圆锥形) space where jays never go, right around the hawks.”

Hummingbirds’ strategy seems to work. And their nesting success depended not just on closeness to hawk nests but also on whether the nest was within the jay-free cone Greeney and his researchers were able to define.

“Not only for the first time did we figure out who the middleman was , but we also found the exact spacial relationship of how this was working,” said Greeney.

“It’s a pretty extraordinary result and very interesting,” says University of British Columbia hummingbird researcher Douglas Altshuler. On the hummingbird side, Altshuler says, “the strategy is that the enemy of my enemy is my friend.”

32. Why do hummingbirds nest close to hawks ?

A. To trick jays. B. To protect their young.

C. To guide hawks. D. To get food easily.

33. What does the underlined word “middleman ”in paragraph 4 probably refer to ?

A. Jays. B. Hawks. C. Foxes. D. Hummingbird.

34. What can be learnt from Greeney’s recent research?

A. Hummingbirds never search close to hawk nests.

B. Jays get close to hawk nests only at higher altitudes.

C. Hawks are attracting jays by living near hummingbirds.

D. It’s safe for hummingbirds to stay in the big circle around the hawk nests.

35. The main purpose of the text is to ______.

A. compare and evaluate B. examine and assess

C. argue and discuss D. inform and explain

第二节(5小题;每小题1分,满分5

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项有两项为多余选项。

Making Music is the Key to a Happy Retirement

Researchers found that the old people who learned to play instruments or joined choirs enjoyed themselves more than those who took up painting, or yoga, or who joined book groups. 36 One woman who took up music after her husband died said it had proved an invaluable support, adding, “Singing is always uplifting and it is difficult to be sad while playing the guitar.”

It comes after a Finnish study found that music treatment can help people overcome depression. 37 Prof Sue Hallam, who led the new research, said, “Our research is significant for these reasons but also because of the extraordinary demography (人口统计学) change that are under way in the UK.” For the first time ever, Britain’s over-65s now outnumber those under the age of 16. There is therefore a need for ways that support older people’s happiness, particularly as the number of people in this age group suffering from depression is too high. 38

In the year-long study, researchers questioned 500 people aged between 50 and 93 who were taking part in leisure activities organized by The Sage Gateshead, Westminster Adult Education Service and the Guildhall School of Music and Drama. Of these, almost 400 were learning to play musical instruments ranging from drums to the guitar, singing in groups or taking music appreciation classes. The remaining 100 were either attending art classes, learning languages, reading for book groups or taking part in yoga lessons. 39 Meanwhile they got more enjoyment from their activities than those in the less creative activities. They also felt it helped keep them mentally active, improving concentration and memory

Prof Hallam added, “ 40 When they were performing for others they also felt that they were giving something back to the community. They were extremely focused too, partly because music requires total concentration but also because they didn’t want to let down the other people in their music group.”

A. The “music-makers” were found to have more positive relationships with other people and a brighter outlook.

B. Our research suggests that music-making can often help in this respect.

C. The findings could be significant as Britain’s population ages and rates of depression rise.

D. However, this did not work with some old people unwilling to try their hands at music.

E. The people we interviewed had a real sense of achievement because they could hear that they were getting better.

F. They also had a more positive outlook, felt more in control of their lives and said the activity helped keep their minds sharp.

G. A recent study has confirmed that making music is the key to a happy life, particularly among the retired.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共三节,满分50分)

第一节 完形填空(20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  Last month I went to visit my old neighborhood. As l walked along the street, my mind was 41 by memories of the past. I saw the 42 apartment building where I had lived and the playground where I had played. As I 43 these once familiar surroundings, 44 of myself as a child there came to mind. 45 , what I saw and what I remembered were not the same. I sadly 46 that the best memories are those 47  untouched.

My old apartment building, as I remember, was 48 with activity. It was 49 just a place to live in. It was a movie house, a space station, or whatever my young mind could imagine. I would 50 away with my friends and play in the basement. This was always 51 because it was so cool and dark and there were so many things there to hide among. There was a small 52 at the back of the building. We would go there to lie in the 53 of the trees and enjoy ourselves.

But what I saw was 54 different. The apartment building was now in  55 , which looked hardly worth living in, windows broken and once clean walls covered with dirty 56 . The river was polluted, hardly  57 . The trees and flowers were all dead. It was really heartbreaking to see all this.

While I do not  58 having seen my old neighborhood, I don’t think my 59 childhood memories can ever be the same. I 60 it is true when they say, “You can never go home again.”

  41. A. drowned    B. fixed    C. interrupted    D. flooded

  42. A. old   B. historic    C. modern     D. bright 

  43. A. stared    B. spied    C. viewed     D. searched

  44. A. pictures     B. slides    C. photos   D. drawings

  45. A. Therefore    B. Moreover    C. However    D. Anyway

  46. A. reflected   B. observed    C. realized     D. obtained

  47. A. gone    B. remained   C. left    D. deserted

  48. A. alive   B. popular    C. busy    D. fashionable

  49. A. other than  B. rather than    C. more than   D. better than

  50. A. move    B. jog    C. walk    D. steal

  51. A. shocking   B. exciting    C. boring    D. embarrassing

  52. A. factory     B. river    C. school    D. lake

  53. A. safety    B. shelter    C. shade    D. structure

  54. A. nearly    B. completely    C. mostly    D. slightly

  55. A. disaster    B. disorder    C. disrepair    D. discomfort

  56. A. signs    B. marks     C. signals D. scenes

  57. A. visible    B. recognizable     C. changeable    D. comfortable

  58. A. remember  B. enjoy    C. regret    D. mind

  59. A. difficult    B. normal    C. innocent    D. lonely

  60. A. imagine    B. suggest    C. insist    D. suppose

第二节 单项填空(10小题;每小题1分,满分10

从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

61. Misunderstandings ______ from lack of social communication, unless ______ properly, may lead to serious problems.

A. arisen; handling B. arising; handled C. rising; handled D. risen; handling

62. —This is the first time I ______ my first picture with my own hands.

—It’s time that you ______ a picture for me.

A. took; took B. have taken; took C. took; will take D. will take; have taken

63. It was with great joy ______ he received the news ______ his lost son would soon return home.

A. because; that B. that; that C. because; which D. that; /

64. ______ is known to all is that the old scientist, for ______ life was hard in the past, still works very hard in his eighties.

A. As; whom B. What; whom C. It; whose D. As; whose

65. The young man rushed out of the room, ______ into his car and started it hurriedly, ______ to get home as soon as possible.

A. got; hoped B. getting; and hoped C. got; hoping D. getting; hoped

66. He suggested that the problems ______ paid special attention to.

A. referred to being B. refer to being C. referred to be D. referring to be

67. The poor man stood there, with his hands ______, ______ his eyes on the dark cave.

A. crossed; focusing B. crossing; focusing

C. crossed; focused D. crossing; focused

68. —It’s so near to the station. We could have walked.

—Yes, we ______ a taxi.

A. didn’t need to take B. needn’t have taken

C. needn’t take D. mustn’t take

69. —It is five years ______ I saw you last.

—Yes, and what a pity it is since it will be several years ______ we see each other again.

A. before; since B. when; when C. since; before D. when; then

70. —How elegant and attractive our teacher is today!

—Yes. The red dress ______ her hidden beauty.

A. takes out B. brings out C. lets out D. gives out

II

第三部分 语言知识运用(共三节,满分50

第三节 语法填空(10题;每小题1分,满分10

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

There are two main reasons 71 the temperature of the air is always 72 (change). One reason is 73 the air around you moves in from somewhere else. Air often moves in large bodies 74 (call) air masses. Some air masses, with cold air that causes the temperature 75 (drop), move in from the north. Air masses also move in from the south. They 76 (usual) have warmer air that makes the temperature rise.

Temperature changes during the day or night can be great 77 small. This depends partly on how many clouds there are in the sky. When there are many clouds during the night, they act 78 covers on your bed. They blanket the earth and keep the air from losing much of 79 (it) heat. The temperature might not drop much during such a night. When there are many clouds during 80 day, some of the sun’s energy will not reach the earth. The temperature does not rise much on such a day in this case.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35

第一节 短文改错(10小题;每小题1分,满分10

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Union is strength. Whenever we’re face with difficulties or in a dilemma, cooperation plays an important part in getting us out of trouble. There was a time when I was too proud that I overlooked my classmate, refusing to work together with them. Therefore, it was no doubt that I was left alone, suffering from loneliness and failure. Fortunately, a teacher impressed on me the value of cooperation. From then on, I learned to help others and turn to my friends for the help whenever I had difficulty finish a task on my own. Surely cooperation made a great difference. Now I am getting well with my friends. My experience has teach me that only if we attach great importance with cooperation can we go beyond ourselves. As the saying go “United we stand, divided we fall”.

第二节 书面表达 满分25

假如你是李华,你校学生会将举行一次主题为“我爱中国古典诗词”的读书活动。你将代表全体学生,在启动仪式上发言。请根据以下提示,用英文写一篇发言稿。内容包括:

  1. 说明活动的目的;

  2. 从中国诗词特点的角度陈述热爱它的理由;

  3. 学习中国古典诗词的意义。

注意:

  1. 词数100左右;

  2. 可以适当增加细节.以使行文连贯;

  3. 开头语已经为你写好,不计入总词数。

Good morning everyone!

Welcome to our Reading Activity. _________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

听力 ACBBC ABCCA BBABB CAACC

阅读 CADC BDAB BDD BABD FCBAE

完形 DACAC CCACD BBCBC BBCCD

单选 BBBBC CABCB

语填71. why 72. changing 73. that 74. called 75. to drop

76. usually 77. or 78. like 79. its 80. the

改错face-faced too-so classmate-classmates it-there the

finish-finishing on/along teach-taught with-to go-goes

作文

Good morning, everyone!

Welcome to our Reading Activity. It is a great honor for me to be here to introduce our activity, the topic of which is “ I love Chinese Classical Poetry”. The activity is aimed at motivating us students to learn Chinese as well as passing on Chinese culture.

Why I love Chinese poetry is that it has a certain rhyme and is written in simple language, making it easy to learn and recite. Besides, it usually conveys the writers’ true attitudes towards family, friends or the country, which can arouse our emotion.

In my opinion, classical poetry, which is a treasure of Chinese culture, helps improve our writing skills and deepen our understanding of our culture. I hope the activity will be a great success and everyone can learn much from it.

That’s all. Thank you.



——

·14·


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