2018年山东省菏泽市七县一中(郓城一中、曹县一中等)高三上学期期中考试英语试

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菏泽七县一中(郓城一中、曹县一中等)2018届高三上学期期中考试

英语

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Where Is Spring Break

Where is Spring Break going to be? The options are endless. Do you want to get your blood pumping from thrilling travels? Look no further! These tours and destinations will keep you on your toes all week long.

Panama: This underrated destination is a little-known secret of the most travelers! Through this tour you’ll get to hike, snorkel(浮潜) and explore all the best sights this beautiful country has to offer! Eight days tours for $250/day.

Canada: This diverse country is full of options. Explore the East of Canada and visit cities such as Montreal, Quebec or Toronto. If you’re feeling adventurous, explore the Western part of the country with a Canadian Rockies Tour. During this twelve days tour you will hike a glacier to beautiful scenery and wander through postcard-worthy villages. Tours to Canada for $200/day.

Iceland: Check off one of the seven wonders of the world with a tour of the Northern Lights and Golden Circle. Spend seven days full of adventure like hiking glaciers, snowshoeing through Thingvellir National Park, relaxing in the Geysir Hot brings and of course experiencing the glory of the Northern Lights! Seven days tours for $300/day.

South Africa: Discover the diverse culture and wildlife that makes up South Africa. Your tour plan includes a journey along the coast known as “Rainbow Nation.” Here you will enjoy beautiful scenery, a hunting travel through Addo Elephant National Park and the wildlife in Tsitsikamma National Park. Nine days tours for $230/day.

21. What is the common characteristic of the travels mentioned in the text?

A. Exciting B. Risky C. Educational D. Environmental

22. According to the text, Panama is a destination which .

A. is not as famous as the other three

B. you can go to for enjoying surfing

C. offers an option to hike in the park

D. takes the most time of the four tours

23. Which destination costs tourists the most money?

A. Panama B. Canada C. Iceland D. South Africa

24. What can be learned from the text?

A. Tourists can take a hot shower only in Iceland

B. Tourists can hike glaciers in both Canada and Iceland

C. Canada offers Rockies Tour for tourists to explore the East

D. Tourists can enjoy a hunting travel through Tsitsikamma National Park

B

When Hai started college, he weighed over 250 pounds. Healthy food choices were difficult for him, and he was emotionally distraught(忧心忡忡). However, when he left home for college, he was able for the first time to start taking his life and weight into his own hands.

He started by shopping at a local farmers’ market, an experience that inspired him profoundly. The idea that a farmer’s market represents local, sustainable, healthy food with a human connection where you can interact with the people that grow your produce was extremely appealing to him, and he began to think about the food that people at his university were eating. From what he saw at farmers’ markets, Hai realized that dining hall food was not “real” food. A lot of it is frozen or processed, and has unhealthy additives. His ideas continued to develop as he started taking classes about food sustainability at university, and after the summer of 2014 during which he cooperated with other students, he launched into his senior year at the University of California full force with the Real Food Challenge(RFC) campaign, a project he co-founded that aims to reinvest university spending in food that is “real”: ecologically-sound, community-based, humane, and fair; as opposed to those traditional purchases with those unhealthy additives and processed products.

Not only has Hai started a movement of change across the university dining system, but he has also grown extremely as an individual, now with strong leadership abilities and great vision. In addition, after he started learning about food sustainability and taking action at university, Hai has lost over 100 pounds, and has been able to start enjoying activities such as backpacking and swimming that were not a possibility for him previously. He is confident instead of distraught now.

25. When did Hai get the idea of “real” food?

A. When purchasing the locally-made food

B. When reforming the university dining system

C. When reinvesting university spending in food

D. When organizing the Real Food Challenge campaign

26. What benefit has the campaign brought to Hai’s occupational development?

A. He has been hired by the university

B. He has become an expert in food field

C. He has got excellent leading ability

D. He has become much thinner than before

27.According to Hai, “real” food is .

A. rich in nutrition B. made by experts

C. frozen or processed D. healthy without additives

C

As more people opt for the single life, adult friendships also grow more important. For people in relationships, having a reliable group is important, too—your mate will be much happier if you’re spreading your anxieties beyond his or her ears and you will also feel better.

In a recent study, researchers made some fascinating findings about how “who we are” informs the friendships we hold. The study was based on the most popular personality construct in contemporary psychology, the Big 5 personality traits(特征): extraversion, or how much you love attention and interacting with people; neuroticism, or how easily worried you are by things; agreeableness, or how warm and kind you are; conscientiousness, or how careful you are about life’s many duties; and openness to experience, or how much you’re into discovering new things, whether they’re ideas, people, or places.

For their study, the research team recruited 434 students. They took a personality questionnaire in the lab, then rated how satisfied they were with their friends and their life overall, and then researchers asked them to recommend half a dozen friends to rate their personality. Gathering these ratings together, the researchers found that openness to experience didn’t have anything to do with friendship satisfaction, at least in this study. Neuroticism was linked to lower satisfaction (probably because emotionally unstable people may be dramatic or hard to please, at least in my personal experience). But having high scores in the three remaining sunny traits-conscientiousness, extra version, and agreeableness-predicted higher friendship satisfaction. However, it’s a pretty intuitive(直觉的) result, since it’s easy to be friends with someone who’s always on time, always saying that you’re right, and always up to hang out. But if you don’t exactly identify with all that, fear not: Your personality is so much more than your traits.

28. What does the author think of the friendship?

A. It is helpful to dating and work B. It can relieve your negative emotions

C. It has nothing to do with personality D. It is based on the 5 popular personality traits

29. What did the recent study find?

A. The biggest 5 personality traits

B. The methods of informing the friendships

C. The ways to form the most popular personality

D. The relationship between personality and friendships

30. What does the underlined word “neuroticism” in Paragraph 2 mean?

A. Determination B. Nervousness C. Hesitation D. Optimism

31. What opinion does the author hold?

A. It’s hard to please emotionally unstable people

B. A punctual person can surely make more friends

C. Friends are more important than families for single persons

D. The five traits are equally demanded in getting higher friendship satisfaction

D

A typical school day in the UK starts around 8:30 am. This is often even earlier elsewhere in the world, with students sitting down to their first lesson at 7:30 am in the US. The average teenager ideally needs eight to nine hours’ sleep each night, but in reality a lot of teenagers struggle to get this much. A lot of the problems arise because our sleep patterns are not fixed, and they change as we grow.

So a later school start time could help to solve this problem, by ensuring teenagers to get their eight plus hours of sleep and react properly to their body’s natural rhythms. There has been a general shift over the past 25 years to shorten the school day. This is not at the cost of teaching time (which has remained constant) but at the cost of natural breaks, which has led to reduced lunch time and lesson breaks.

Later start times could help teens’ grades and health. This is mainly because it makes the management of children easier. Supervising(监管) hundreds of children “playing” requires effective staffing. And there is always the fear that behavior worsens during breaks. So the theory goes that having them in class and strictly supervised must be better.

But this means that students barely have enough time to absorb what they were doing in maths before suddenly they are thrust into ancient history. And teaching staff also transit from one class to another, with hardly a rest or time to refocus.

Clearly rethinking the school day could benefit everyone involved. Anyway, it could also lead to better achievement in teenagers and less of a struggle for parents in the mornings. For teachers, it could also mean a less stressful day all around=and what could be better than that?

32.How do schools often shorten the school day?

A. They increase more holidays.

B. They reduce the teaching time

C. They properly adjust children’ natural rhythms

D. They reduce children’s lunch time and lesson breaks

33.What’s the purpose of the children’ short lesson breaks according to the text?

A. To reduce children’s excitement

B. To make children quickly take in what they learned

C. To supervise children more easily

D. To make children behave better in class

34.What can we learn about later school start time from the text?

A. It will add to the teacher’s pressure

B. It has always been there for 25 years

C. It benefits the students only

D. Parents may support it

35.What can be the best title for the text?

A. The benefits of a less stressful day

B. How to solve teenagers’ sleep problem

C. The benefits of later school start time

D. The reasons why teenagers sleep differently

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

I have been living in Toulouse for over four months now and I can safely say that my ability to talk to French people has improved in an unbelievable way. I was told before I came out to France by a man I respected that living abroad would be the making of me. 36 Here is my four-step guide to living in a foreign country:

1.Integrate(融合) with the culture and the people. It is very easy to go to work and just come straight home but this will lead to periods of huge boredom and loneliness. 37 Until recently, I did not believe that a friend made on a year abroad is a friend for life but now I do.

2. 38 I joined a church in Toulouse and as a result I now have a place to go to practice my faith. If you are a religious person this point could really help you. If you enjoy your exercise, joining a gym is also a good idea.

3.Speak the language. Even if you can’t speak the local language well, at least make efforts to try and improve. 39

4.Travel. 40 More importantly, it gives you memories that allow you to tell others of your experiences.

These are four things that allowed me to safely integrate into a totally foreign culture. Trust me, you don’t know how young and inexperienced you are until you live abroad for the first time.

A. Travelling around the country passes the time

B. I can tell you that his words proved to be true

C. Share with others some of the things you have

D. Get into organizations that help you meet people

E. Good luck to anyone who reads this and goes abroad

F. The best thing to do is to go out and meet people everywhere

G. This helps you become a more fluent speaker and more people will talk to you

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选取可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

I’m proud of myself for this kindness I did last night. I did it 41 and did the right thing. However, I was unwilling to 42 , because by sharing I am also sharing the 43 and more self-centered side of myself.

It was last night and I 44 my shift at work. It was late and I wanted to go straight home. On my way out of the door I 45 a fellow staff member and colleague. She doesn’t have a 46 and usually either catches a taxi home or 47 for an hour waiting for 48 staff member and friend of hers to finish work.

In the past I’ve 49 to drive her home as she 50 on my side of town. But last night I really did not want to. I wanted to 51 straight home, alone. And I did not have to make “small talk”.

So I tried to 52 her, walking past her, heading down, and stealing out(偷溜) to the 53 without letting her see me and 54 without offering her a lift.

Yet, something in myself was stopping me. Something in myself made me 55 her and put myself in her shoes. She had young 56 who she wanted to go home to attend to and, she could go home right now 57 I took her, not an hour later when the other staff member and friend of hers who was taking her. So I offered. She 58 . And of course, she was extremely 59 .

Well, I learned a great 60 last night about not being so self-centered and selfish!

41. A. nervously B. proudly C. exactly D. carefully

42. A. share B. remark C. do D. consider

43. A. pleasure B. respect C. honour D. selfish

44. A. changed B. kept C. finished D. missed

45. A. noticed B. greeted C. followed D. helped

46. A. home B. choice C. friend D. car

47. A. hangs around B. hides away C. watches over D. calms down

48. A. each B. another C. either D. that

49. A. hated B. happened C. offered D. refused

50. A. works B. lives C. plays D. remains

51. A. fly B. ride C. drive D. walk

52. A. remind B. avoid C. attract D. please

53. A. workroom B. office C. playground D. park

54. A. therefore B. even C. however D. instead

55. A. rely on B. spy on C. look at D. point at

56. A. neighbours B. pets C. children D. friends

57. A. since B. although C. as D. if

58. A. accepted B. hesitated C. approached D. urged

59. A. reliable B. upset C. generous D. grateful

60. A. gift B. lesson C. treasure D. method

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The history of air conditioners(空调) started in the early days with the need to preserve food. The food 61 is kept at room temperature spoils easily due to the growth of bacteria. At temperature below 4, the growth of bacteria reduces 62 (rapid). As a result of the development in food refrigeration, other following applications include air conditioning and manufacturing processes.

The 63 (discover) of the principles of the absorption type of refrigeration in 1824 showed that liquefied ammonia(液氮) could cool air. At first, the commercially available use of air conditioning applications was based on the need to cool air for industrial processes rather than 64 (person) comfort. The first electrical air conditioning 65 (invent) by Willis Haviland Carrier in 1902. He was also known 66 the Father of Modern Air Conditioning. 67 (he) invention was designed to improve the manufacturing process of a printing factory. By 68 (control) the temperature, the process was made more efficient.

The Carrier Air Conditioning Company of America was set up by him 69 (meet) the demand of better productivity in the workplace. Today, Carrier Corporation is 70 biggest air conditioner manufacturer and marketing corporation in the world in central air conditioning.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文,文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

When I was young, I lived in the countryside. At that time, the trees there were very green, that left a deep impression on me and the water there was so much clear that I even could see the fish swimming. When it gets dark, the air was cooler than it in the daytime. People liked to walk out their houses to chat together. I liked to play games with my friends but ran along the village happily. As the moon rose highly in the sky, the village was lighting. When I looked up, I could see the moon and a few star. They were so close to me. It seemed that I could touch them. The life in the countryside were so wonderful.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你校国际学生中心(International Student Center)将在本周六举办一年一度的假日派对,请给你的留学生朋友Jack写一封邀请信。主要内容包括:

1.排队时间、地点;

2.派对活动内容;

3.期待他的参与。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

山东省菏泽市七县一中(郓城一中、曹县一中等)2018届高三上学期期中考试英语试题参考答案

21-24 AABB 25-27 ACD 28-31 BDBA 32-35 DCDC 36-40 BFDGA

41-45 BADCA 46-50 DABCB 51-55 CBDAC 56-60 CDADB

61.that/which 62.rapidly 63.doscovery 64.personal 65.was invented

66.as 67.His 68.controlling 69.to meet 70.the

短文改错

When I was young, I lived in the countryside. At that time, the trees there were very green, that left a deep

which

impression on me and the water there was so much clear that I even could see the fish swimming. When it gets

got

dark, the air was cooler than it in the daytime. People liked to walk out their houses to chat together. I liked to

that of

play games with my friends but ran along the village happily. As the moon rose highly in the sky, the village was

and high

lighting. When I looked up, I could see the moon and a few star. They were so close to me. It seemed that I could

lighted/lit/light stars

touch them. The life in the countryside were so wonderful.

was

书面表达

One possible version;

Dear Jack,

I’d like to tell you that the International Student Center in our school will hold an annual holiday party in the school sports center this Saturday, whose theme is “fun”.

There are some activities for students to choose from in this party. Firstly, indoor swimming contests are especially for swimming lovers just to have fun. Secondly, there will be a student concert where we can really entertain and relax ourselves. What’s more, an activity for making friends will be arranged to help us communicate across borders and cultures, happily and freely.

Please join us to enjoy the special fun. Looking forward to your early reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

——

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